Sunday, May 5, 2019  On the Road to Emmaus

FIRST READING:   A Reading from the Book of Acts 9:10-19

There was a disciple in Damascus named Ananias. The Risen Christ called to him in a vision, "Ananias". Ananias answered, "Here I am." The Christ said, “Get up and go to the street called Straight and ask at the house of Judas for a man from Tarsus named Saul. He is there praying. In a vision, he has seen a man named Ananias come in and lay hands on him, that he may regain his sight.” But Ananias replied, “I have heard from many sources about this man, what evil things he has done to your holy ones in Jerusalem. And here he has authority from the chief priests to imprison all who call upon your name.” But the Risen One said to him, “Go, for this Saul is a chosen instrument of mine to carry my name before Gentiles, rulers, and Israelites. I will show him what he will have to suffer for my name.”

When Ananias entered the house where Saul was staying, he laid his hands on Saul with the words, "Saul, you are kin to me through Jesus the Christ. I have been sent by the Christ, who appeared to you on the way here, to help you recover your sight. Be filled with the Holy Spirit!" Immediately, something like scales fell from Saul's eyes, and he regained his sight. He got up and was baptized. When he had eaten, he recovered his strength.

The Word of an Early Church Historian.

SECOND READING A Reading from the Book of Revelation 4:1-3, 6b-8

After the letters to the seven churches were opened and read, I looked. There, in the heavens, a door stood open. The first voice I had heard speaking to me like a trumpet, spoke again: “Come up here, and I will show you what must take place.” At once I was spirited away. There in the heavens stood a throne, with one seated on the throne. The one seated there looked like jasper and carnelian. Around the throne was a rainbow that looked like an emerald. Also around the throne, and on each side of the throne, were four living creatures, full of eyes in front and behind. The first living creature was like a lion, the second living creature like an ox; the third living creature had a face like a human face; and the fourth living creature was like a flying eagle. The four living creatures, each of them with six wings, were full of eyes all around and inside. Day and night without ceasing they sing, “Holy, holy, holy, Holy God, Supreme in Love, Who was, and is, and is to come.”

The Vision of a Late First Century Writer, known as John.

The Good News attributed to Luke 24:13-33, 35

Glory to You, O God

Two of the disciples were making their way to a village called Emmaus - which was about 7 miles from Jerusalem - discussing all that had happened as they went. While they were discussing these things, Jesus approached and began to walk along with them, but they were kept from recognizing Jesus. Jesus asked them, “What are you two discussing as you go on your way?”

They stopped, grief stricken. One of them, Cleopas by name, asked, “Are you the only one visiting Jerusalem who doesn't know the things that have happened these past few days?” Jesus said to them, “What things?” They said, “The things about Jesus of Nazareth, a prophet, powerful in word and deed in the eyes of God and all the people - how our religious authorities and leaders handed him over to be condemned to death and crucified him. We were hoping that he was the one to set Israel free. “Besides all this, just today - the third day since these things happened - some women of our group brought us some astonishing news. They were at the tomb before dawn and didn't find the body. They returned and informed us they had seen a vision of two angels who declared that Jesus was alive. Some of our number went to the tomb and found it just as the women said: they didn't find Jesus.”

Then Jesus said, “How misguided you are! How slow of heart you are to believe all that the prophets have announced! Did not the Messiah have to suffer all this and then enter into glory?” Then, beginning with Moses and all the prophets, Jesus interpreted for them every passage of Scripture which referred to the Messiah.

By now they were near the village where they were heading, and Jesus appeared to be going farther. But they said eagerly, “Stay with us. It's nearly evening. The day is practically over.” So Jesus went in and stayed with them.

After sitting down with them to eat, Jesus took bread, said the blessing, then broke the bread and gave it to them. Their eyes were opened! They recognized Jesus, who immediately vanished from their sight.

They said to one another, "Weren't our hearts burning inside us as he talked to us along the way and explained the scriptures to us?" They got up immediately and returned to Jerusalem. There, they found the Eleven and the rest of the disciples assembled… The travelers recounted what had happened along the way as they left Jerusalem, and how they had come to know Jesus in the breaking of the bread.

The Gospel of the Resurrection.


Why do we love this story so much?  I love today’s gospel because it is so common, so casual and yet so powerful and surprising. 

Today’s Gospel tells us about two very unhappy people, Cleopas and his companion, who was probably his wife, although has been called another “man” by theologians for centuries.  It would not be uncommon for a couple to be returning to their home.  And, when they arrive they invite Jesus to stay with them because they are the hosts, the owners of the home.  This is what a couple would do; not two male friends.  Just saying….  So this couple are returning home after a horrific week of highs and lows.  Starting with Palm Sunday and ending with the crucifixion and then the waiting.  They were grieving.  Everything. Their hopes, their dreams for a new future was gone. Jesus was dead and had not risen.  They knew his body was missing but what did that mean?  And, it was the end of the third day or Easter afternoon.  So, why not go home?  What’s there to stay for now?

Then, they encounter a man, a man who seems to know nothing of what has just happened.  Impossible, they think.  And isn’t it strange that in that same day, Mary of Magdala and now these two do not recognize Jesus?  What does he look like?  How is the resurrected Christ so different from whom they had followed and heard speak for the past three years.  So, they do not know it is Jesus.  They are only too willing to tell him all about himself.  He listens.  Then, his patience has ended and he gives an impassioned rendition of what his whole life has meant.  Didn’t you get it?  How could you doubt?

Even as this amazing person details Jesus’ life, it never dawns on the couple who he might be.  They never put two and two together?  How would a stranger know so much?  But isn’t that just like us.  We are often too busy and distracted by life.  We aren’t giving our best attention to the very things we should.

I’s not until Jesus breaks bread that they see.  It is in the sacrament of Eucharist that Jesus is revealed because that is what he has left us as his memory; his living memorial.  It’s the meal, a time when we are fed and nurtured; something we do every day, something we can’t live without. And it’s when we are most broken, that we can more often recognize that God is here, with us.  But often afterwards, right?  Maybe when we are on the verge of healing.

Then Jesus vanishes.  Gone.  Poof.  I cannot imagine the mixed emotions that these two disciples must’ve felt as they realized what they had not realized all along.  How could we be so close to reality and yet so far away.  Their grief was healed in that instant.  Quickly they ran back to Jerusalem to tell the others.  Some say it was 7 miles, others say more like 20.  The town of Emmaus no longer exists so we can only guess its exact location.  But they were clearly overjoyed and anxious to tell the good news.  The eleven had to hear about this.

Truly these two were to become the example of what it means to walk by faith and not by sight.  Their sight had failed them in truly seeing.  And even their faith was beginning to waiver, which is probably why Jesus responds with such fervor.  Let your faith be enough!  You will be tested again and again, he seems to say.

Has your heart ever burned within you?  Burned with a passionate knowing beyond what is logical or expected?  I can remember when Patricia Fresen (the matriarch of the RCWP movement) spoke and how her words affected me.  She told her story of being ordained and then being asked to be ordained a bishop for the US.  She knew her call.  And her Dominican nun family rejected her.  She was so stunned that her sister nuns of 45 years would not agree with her that women should be ordained.  They were following the party line.  It was then that her new life started with RCWP. 

After her emotional story, she asked the audience if anyone felt called to the priesthood.  I could feel this deep well of yes-ness coming from deep within.  It’s a scary, wonderful feeling—that yes-ness because I knew it’d been part of me for a long, long time, just waiting for a time to be affirmed.  And here it was!

It's those times when we can’t fully explain why but we just know something is true or right because it comes from within us.  It’s part of our being, perhaps the deepest part of our being, the source, who is God.  Whenever we feel that knowing, we can be certain it is from God.  And that’s when we have to make the choice to believe regardless of what comes next.  The choice to believe and become fulfilled. 

For a New Beginning

In out-of-the-way places of the heart,
Where your thoughts never think to wander,
This beginning has been quietly forming,
Waiting until you were ready to emerge.

For a long time it has watched your desire,
Feeling the emptiness growing inside you,
Noticing how you willed yourself on,
Still unable to leave what you had outgrown.

It watched you play with the seduction of safety
And the gray promises that sameness whispered,
Heard the waves of turmoil rise and relent,
Wondered would you always live like this.

Then the delight, when your courage kindled,
And out you stepped onto new ground,
Your eyes young again with energy and dream,
A path of plenitude opening before you.

Though your destination is not yet clear
You can trust the promise of this opening;
Unfurl yourself into the grace of beginning
That is at one with your life’s desire.

Awaken your spirit to adventure;
Hold nothing back, learn to find ease in risk;
Soon you will be home in a new rhythm,
For your soul senses the world that awaits you.

–John O’Donohue


April 28, 2019

2nd Sunday of Easter Homily                                                     

By Nick Smith

 Joyce and I for many years did little projects with the grandchildren for Christmas and Easter in an attempt to make sure that the kids understood the significance of these important Christian holidays.  One Easter we had those stained glass crafty things that the kids colored into a stained glass sun catcher. I had carefully written little stories and pieces of information explaining the resurrection.  After all the activities, I asked my grandkids, “What do you think was said when people first saw the risen Jesus?”  My 3 year-old granddaughter, Aleah, shouted, “Surprise!”  Caden thought maybe they said “happy birthday?” (so much for my lessons on the significance of Easter) When I think about it, though, I think maybe they were both actually right—it was certainly a surprise, and it was certainly the birth date of the Christian religion.

In today’s readings we see the risen Christ.  Saul [Roman Paul] is struck by the vision of light and the voice of Christ asking why he is persecuting Jesus and the church.  Having seen and heard, Paul believed in the risen Christ.  John of Patmos sees the risen, glorified Christ in his vision.  John already believes in the resurrected Christ because he has seen him, but, now, he sees a vision of God as the First and the Last, as the living One of all eternity—alive forever!  Then in today’s gospel we see the faith of Christ, the faith of Christianity and the faith of the resurrection.

On the first day of the week, very early in the morning, the women took the spices they had prepared and went to the tomb. 

The four gospels place the following women at the crucifixion and at the tomb.

Mary the mother of Jesus [cross]

Mary Magdalene [cross and tomb]

Mary the mother of James and Joseph [cross/tomb]

Salome, mother [James and John] [cross/tomb] maybe sister of Mary or Jesus

Joanna [cross/tomb] Junia and Andronicus [Andrew] Paul’s letter to Romans 57

Mary of Clopas [cross]

and "other women" who followed Jesus out of Galilee [cross and tomb]

Mirianne – Sister of Philip and Bartholomew, Martha – sister of Lazarus, Mary – sister of Lazarus, Miriam [possibly Mary’s sister or Jesus’s sister], Arsinoe,

Susanna, Pricilla, Tavitha, Lydia, Phoebe, Tryphena, Julia, Nympha, Apphia, Thecla, Veronica

They found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus.  

These women were not stupid or confused.  They went to the last place they had seen Jesus: the tomb where Nicodemus and Joseph had placed the body.  These women had gotten up early because, with love and honor, they didn’t want to leave his body in the tomb without proper burial preparations.  When they got there, surprise! Nothing was the way they thought it would be.  The guards were gone, the stone rolled away, and inside they found the burial wrappings scattered about.

While they were wondering about this, suddenly two men in clothes that gleamed like lightning stood beside them.   In their fright the women bowed down with their faces to the ground, but the men said to them, “Why do you look for the living among the dead?  He is not here; he has risen!

Doesn’t this sound like a rebuke or a sarcastic remark?  The angels imply that these women should have known better than to come to the tomb looking for a dead Jesus.  They should have known that Jesus would be alive on this morning—Jesus had prepared them for this morning.  Again and again, from Galilee to Jerusalem, He had told them how he must suffer, be crucified and rise on the third day.

Remember how he told you, while he was still with you in Galilee:  ‘The Son of Man must be delivered over to the hands of sinners, be crucified and on the third day be raised again.’ ” Then they remembered his words.  

Perhaps they should have understood and trusted Jesus’ promise, coming to the tomb with hope and joy, but as soon as the angels reminded them of Jesus’ words, they remembered and they realized that Jesus had indeed risen.  They believed by faith alone and not by sight.  It is interesting that in this gospel, the women do not see the risen Christ, but they still believe.  Also note:  the women were among the apostles (or were apostles) when Jesus taught about his death and resurrection because they “remembered” Jesus’ words—words that he only told his apostles.

When they came back from the tomb, they told all these things to the Eleven and to all the others.   It was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the “others” with them who told this to the apostles.   But they did not believe the women, because their words seemed to them like nonsense. 

Jesus has risen, the women report, but no one believes them.  Not only are the women considered unreliable witnesses in Jewish culture, they don’t have any proof—there is no body.  In Latin, the term is Habeas corpus…”show me the body.”  The disciples don’t believe [won’t believe] until they have some sort of empirical truth of resurrection.  Even if one uses the gospels where Mary Magdalene and other women report that they have seen Jesus and spoken with Him, habeas corpus is still the stumbling block—don’t tell me about the body, show me the body.

Eventually, as we know, that’s what happens.  Jesus appears to the disciples individually, in the upper room, by the Sea of Galilee and they believe.  It is easy to believe when you see because seeing takes away all doubt.  Seeing is a fact and takes no faith to believe.  In this gospel, however, the women at the tomb do not see and yet they believe so intently that they report the resurrection as a fact.

And now we must ask: what about these women at the tomb of Christ?  After the Sabbath, as the first day of the week was dawning, Mary Magdalene and the other women went to see the tomb. They barely had time to process the sight of Jesus’s tomb when their world was turned upside down again. Indeed, the very earth could be said to be turned upside down herself.

The earthquake, the angel, the blinding clothes, the paralyzed guards, one sensory shock after another, piled up, with no time to process what it all meant. And now the tomb is open, maybe they could go and sit with him, see him, touch him one last time. But this creature who is not of this earth speaks… Fear not. They were way past fear.  And then, those words: He is not here; for he has been raised, as he said. This is the gospel. This is the heart of our faith.

Matthew’s gospel has the angel saying: He is not here; He has risen, just as He said! Come; see the place where He lay. Then go quickly and tell His disciples, ‘He has risen from the dead and is going ahead of you into Galilee. There you will see Him.’ [Matthew 28: 6-7]

Come, see the place where he lay, then go and tell… “Come and see” is an invitation to experience that death and remember it.  And where did Jesus lay?

Jesus lay at the place where the poor and dispossessed are ground underfoot by the powerful and power hungry. Jesus lay at the place where people of one race, religion and ethnicity dominate people of another race, religion and ethnicity. Jesus lay at the place where the unjust render judgment over the just. Jesus lay at the place where police brutality goes unchecked.  Jesus lay at the place where capital punishment is used to shape the social order, executing the innocent and guilty alike. Jesus lay at the place where the cost of protest and resistance was death. Jesus lay at the place where bodies kept falling in death because Rome kept killing, kept crucifying. Come, see the place where he lay, then go and tell…


Go and tell his disciples… “His disciples.”  Mary Magdalene will come to be known as the Apostle to the Apostles, but the gospels hoard the title “disciple” for men. Jesus also lay at the place where hierarchies were challenged, rejected and reasserted.  So God appointed women to witness to the resurrection, women who could not legally testify to anything.  In the place where Jesus lay there were hierarchies within and without.  Some gospels will have men come and see the place where Jesus lay, but they will not understand—they will not believe.

And men will believe the male disciples, and the movement they start will embrace the old hierarchies and the empire that could not hold Jesus in death, excluding women in the very church built by women’s labor.  People will remember the names of the disciples who were neither at the cross nor at the tomb, but the women who were at both will be collapsed into a cloud of Mary’s.

The angel sent the women to proclaim the gospel in a world in which crucifixions continued and violence between persons and between nations has never abated. We are called to proclaim the gospel in this world where we have closed our doors to refugees while we bomb them at home. We are called to proclaim the gospel in this world where our nation was built on stolen land and builds walls rather than come to terms with the plight of others. We are called to proclaim the gospel in this world where immigrants are welcome as long as they are white and Christian. We are called to proclaim a gospel so radical, so threatening to the entrenched powers that they will do anything to hold on to their power.

From the Garden of Eden to the hill of Golgotha to the open tomb comes the Easter message that the ground is level at the foot of the Cross and at the tomb for all people.  It is up to us to regain what has been lost and return to the roots of our Christian faith—to celebrate the birthday Christianity and the surprise of the resurrection.

Sunday, April 21, 2019   EASTER SUNDAY

Second Reading:  A Reading from a Letter of Paul to the Romans 6:3-4
 Don’t you know that when we were baptized into Christ Jesus, we were baptized into Christ’s death?  We’ve been buried with Jesus through baptism, and we joined with Jesus in death, so that as Christ was raised from the dead by God’s glory, we too might live a new life.

  The Word of the Apostle Paul.

Thanks be to God.

Gospel Reading: The Gospel of the Resurrection, attributed to John 20:1, 11-18

Early in the morning on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary of Magdala came to the tomb.  She saw that the stone had been rolled away from the entrance.

Mary stood weeping beside the tomb.  Even as she wept, she stooped to peer inside.  There she saw two angels in dazzling robes.  One was seated at the head and the other at the foot of the place where Jesus’ body had lain.  They asked her, “Why are you weeping?”  She answered them, “Because they have taken away my Rabbi, and I don’t know where they have put the body.”
No sooner had she said this than she turned and caught sight of Jesus standing there, but she didn’t know it was Jesus.  He asked her, “Why are you weeping?  For whom are you looking?”

 She supposed it was the gardener, so she said, “Please, if you’re the one who carried Jesus away, tell me where you’ve laid the body and I will take it away.”  

Jesus said to her, “Mary!”  
She faced him and said, “Rabboni!”—which means
Jesus then said, “Don’t hold on to me, for I have not yet ascended to my loving God.  Rather, go to my disciples and friends. Tell them, “I am ascending to my loving God, and to your loving God, my God and your God!’”

Mary of Magdala went to the disciples.  She proclaimed the good news, “I have seen the Teacher!”  She reported what he had said to her.
The Gospel of God.
Praise to You, Jesus the Christ.

 Homily:  Last week I received an email from one of our members, David Fitzgerald that had a cartoon.  In the cartoon there is a gathering of people.  On the left are three women from the time of Jesus and on the right is a large group of men and the leader says, “So Ladies, Thanks for being the first to witness and report the resurrection and we’ll take it from here.”  It made me roar with laughter because of course that’s exactly what’s happened, right?  (Naked Pastor is actually David Hayward who has left the church; that explains a lot.)  Then, I heard about popesplaning—having to explain the words of a pope because they are so crazy, they truly make no sense but bishops want to try to cover the embarrassment.  This has to arisen from Pope Benedict’s recent writings which I sent our recently.  Emeritus can mean many things; in this case it means go back to your retirement.

Today’s gospel is the reason we are here. This cartoon reflects it nicely.  Because the men have tried and failed, it’s time for change.  It’s the reason we are members of Full Circle, and it’s how we’re going to change the church.  RCWP proclaims that Jesus commissioned women when he told Mary to “Go to my disciples and friends.  Tell them, “I am ascending to my loving God, and to your loving God, my God and your God.” Jesus appeared to Mary first!  This is the reading of the resurrection that is not read in the traditional church, and if it is, they typically stop before verse 12 before Jesus appears to Mary.

They want the focus to be on Peter, the man, right?  Peter should be the important one here not Mary so let’s “rewrite” the story or leave out important parts or only read the parts that fit with our version of the Church.  Mary is clearly given direction to tell the men what she has seen and heard.  Jesus first reveals himself to a woman.  That’s significant.  We believe it is a commissioning, a sending forth to preach the good news.  And yet, the traditional church says, “No.  Women are not allowed to be priests.  They are not allowed to preach from the pulpit.  They have other gifts.  If women are called to be priests, it must be their delusion, their mistake, not ours.”

Mary is told to go tell the others, the men who are in hiding for fear of being killed themselves, the ones who came earlier only because Mary had seen that the tomb was empty.   Once they saw for themselves, yep, empty tomb, they go back into hiding. They have stopped looking for Jesus but not Mary.  She continues to seek Jesus.  Jesus appeared to Mary because she was looking for him.  In her grief, she wanted to know where he had gone.  “Where have you laid him.  Tell me and I’ll go to him.”  Like Mary, we need to know who we’re looking for?  Who are we longing to see and follow for the rest of our lives? 

Mary was so surprised once she realized it was Jesus.  He simply says her name, “Mary.”  “I know you Mary.  I know your grief, your heart, your hopes.  It’s all going to be okay now.  Tears are for the dead, not the living.  I am alive again”.  What an incredible moment of changed awareness.  I didn’t know this could happen!  You said it but I didn’t know it meant this!  You are back with us, never to leave us again.

The men stopped looking for God and have been using themselves to promote the Church.  This maintains their power and authority.  Often, we must ask ourselves, who is our authority?  Mary gets it right.

We are reminded of God with us, all the time, if we are looking for Her. Think of the many times when you arrived at just the right time.  This has happened to me often in the hospital.  I’ll decide to take the stairs and get off on this floor and there is the wife of the man who just died.  What are the odds?  So often, I’ll be in the right place at the right time—and I give thanks because I know it’s not something I could’ve orchestrated.  I know that God is with me, and whatever the encounter, it’s going to be okay now. 

My favorite surprise of God with us was the birth of two of our sons on Easter.  That was not supposed to happen, right?  But it has anchored me in my Christian faith.  Anna was due on Easter,  but she had to do her own thing because that year I expected it to happen.  Maybe it’s why I love Easter so much; my experience of new life was tangible, made real, twice.  Many of Matt and Jon’s birthday celebrations included an Easter egg hunt.  Like Mary of Magdala, the kids were looking for something, not as big as a risen Jesus, but you have to start somewhere.

We can help bring these God encounters to people by living with deep compassion, as Jesus did when he met the grieving Mary.  “I’m so sorry.  Life is tough.  I’m here for you.”  Whenever we encounter the stranger and offer compassion, we, come to know them as like us and God is there.  Whenever kindness happens, God is clearly at work.  God is waiting to be discovered by us in times of encounter, when we engage with those on the margins, those who have been told they are not welcome or worthy.  Be delighted when it happens—it’s a mini-resurrection experience.

I continue to search for God, mostly because I’ve learned that Jesus was the Master of Love, the one who has shown me how to do it better, more readily and without so much baggage of my own.  Just when I think I might explore some other spiritual leader, I come back to Jesus.  Christian, yep that’s who I am.  I believe in a suffering God who places love before all else.  It’s why I get so angry when people pose as Christians but have no idea how to love.  Jesus teachings are radical—they were then and they remain so today, unfortunately.  Someday these lessons will be learned by humankind and there will be peace around the world.  In the meantime, we may need to cry like Mary did when all seems lost.  Ultimately, we will come back to this story again and again because it reminds us of what can be, it reminds us of what love can make possible.

For whom or what are you looking?    Do you want to find meaning in your life?  Are you looking to love more authentically?  Do you want to discover more?    Jesus’s questions continue to guide us today.  We need not cry nor fear.  We can trust that with Jesus, we are learning to love, in ways that will sustain us during dark times all the days of our lives.  That’s resurrection—death is not the end, fear cannot prevent us from living a life of love, a life of discovery and of encounter with the Risen God.  As for the cartoon, we are the women and men who respond, “Sorry guys, We have some better ideas.  We have found God!”  Amen.  Alleluia. 

​Sermon Luke 13:1-9                                                                    March 24, 2019

By Nick Smith 

Today’s readings raise considerable questions, especially the gospel.  I mean, on the one hand, Jesus says that the view of God, based on a system of reward and punishment—a belief thatsuffering is a consequence for sin and prosperity is a reward for righteousness—was incorrect.  On the other hand, in the midst of deconstructing this theology, Jesus seems to create a new system of the same sort—repent and you will be saved; don't repent and you will perish. It sounds like that reward and punishment thing to me all over again.

These apocalyptic warnings of "repent or perish” have endured for thousands of years. Every time there's a disaster, it is declared to be God's punishment on the perceived sins of people.  The terrorist attack of 9/11 was God's judgment on abortionists, feminists and gays.  Hurricane Katrina was God's punishment on New Orleans for their gay pride celebration. Hurricane Sandy was due to the legalization of same-sex marriage and the re-election of Obama.  Hurricane Maria was God’s retribution for electing Donald Trump. The recent terrorist attack in New Zealand was the fault of Chelsea Clinton’s remarks against anti-Semitism.

Scapegoating entire groups of people by blaming them for disasters is nothing new, and this is a dangerously simplistic theology that demonizes entire groups of people and leaves us asking "Why do bad things happen to good people?” "Why do the wicked prosper?” and "Why doesn't God intervene in obvious situations?" The concept of reward and punishment is an archaic way of viewing God's action in the world and it is simply not true. Christians seem to be drawn toward anything that’s punitive, shame-based, exclusionary of the “wrong” people, or anything that justifies the status quo. They tend to emphasize the almighty, all-powerful nature of God, who is made into the Great Policeman in the sky. God does not work that way and the most frustrating part of it all is that Jesus has already addressed this failed theology.

In John 9, Jesus walked by a man who was blind from birth and his disciples asked him, "Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?" And Jesus rejected the premise of their question and said, “neither this man nor his parents have sinned." It is overly simplistic to make a direct link between sin and suffering; Jesus had no patience for the kind of theology that scapegoats people

and blames them for the tragedies they face in life. A similar exchange took place in today’s gospel where a group came to tell Jesus about an event where some Galileans were murdered by Pilate while offering their sacrifices to God.

It didn't take long for Jesus to respond. He attacked their presumptions directly and said, “Do you really think these Galileans suffered in this way because they were worse sinners than all other Galileans?” Jesus was trying to overturn their view of God, based on a theology of reward and punishment. In frustration Jesus said, “No, and unless you repent, you will perish as they did.” Then Jesus used another example. He said, “Those eighteen who were killed when the tower fell on them—do you think they were worse offenders than all others living in Jerusalem? No, but unless you repent, you will perish just as they did. 

Ok, I get it.  There is no relationship between wrong-doing and the events of our lives.  But I’m still stuck with the same Baltimore Catechism concept that unless one repents they will perish.  If you’re good, you go to Heaven, and if you’re bad, you go to Hell.  Jesus’ reply, however, to the crowd and the fig tree parable focused on the concept of repentance.

Repent: English language dictionary definition

to turn from sin and dedicate oneself to the amendment of one's life, to feel sorrow, regret or contrition for one’s sins, to feel sorry, self-reproachful, or contrite for past conduct, to regret or be  conscience-stricken about  a  past  action, attitude, etc., to remember or regard with self-reproach 
6th definition - to change one's mind  

How can “repent” mean to “change one’s mind”?  In Greek, the language of Luke’s gospel, the word repentance is metanoia [me-ta-noya]. Meta means "change" and noia means, "mind" or “heart.” The word refers to a change of mind, a new way of seeing, and the discovery of a different perspective. What was translated intoEnglish as ‘repent’ is not a moralistic concept or a mea culpa at all; it is a clear strategy for enlightenment in the world. 

As Richard Rohr puts it, "Jesus' very first message in the Gospels, which is usually translated as "repent," is the Greek word metanoia, which quite literally means to "change your mind”.  Jesus’ first word to us was "change"—and a mind change at that!  So we have a theology based on a mistranslated word from the gospels; therefore, Christians use the English definition of repentance—an expression of regret, or being filled with shame, or tormented by guilt, to distort Jesus’ true intent and desire for the people of God’s Kin-dom.

Metanoia cannot be reduced to a conversion, or a confession of sin. It refers to a reoriented self, a new consciousness, and an entirely new worldview. At its root, repentance [metanoia] is about thinking and perception. It refers to a wholesale change in how a person understands something. It implies an utter reconfiguration of your perspective on reality and meaning, including a reorientation of yourself toward God and other people.   Even Jesus changed his mind:

Matthew 15:  Leaving that place, Jesus withdrew to the region of Tyre and Sidon.  A Canaanite woman from that vicinity came to him, crying out, “Lord, Son of David, have mercy on me! My daughter is demon-possessed and suffering terribly.” Jesus did not answer a word. So his disciples came to him and urged him, “Send her away,for she keeps crying out after us.” He answered, “I was sent only to the lost sheep of Israel.” The woman came and knelt before him. “Lord, help me!” she said.  He replied, “It is not right to take the children’s bread and toss it to the dogs.”  “Yes it is, Lord,” she said. “Even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their master’s table.” Then Jesus said to her, “Woman, you have great faith! Your request is granted.” And her daughter was healed at that moment.

Jesus changed his mind after this encounter with the Canaanite woman and opens the Kin-dom of God to the gentiles. Your behavior might change as a result of a new perception, certainly; but repentance first involves seeing things differently and coming to a new understanding of what God makes possible. It is not a one-time act that we do before we get “saved.”  It's a practice we do every day. It's a way of life—constantly changing our minds.

 Jesus was telling the people who came to inform him about the sins of the Galileans that they needed to change their thinking. They needed to stop focusing so much on the sins of others and stop trying to make sense of all the violence of the world through a simplistic theological system. Jesus understood that this way of thinking about God and others was literally fruitless. It would lead them to become dogmatic, obsessed with doctrine, apathetic, indifferent, and stubborn—much like Church hierarchies today.  It would produce nothing but frustration. They needed a new way of thinking and that is why Jesus told the parable of the barren fig tree—to change their perspective. Jesus was trying to illustrate to those who were attached to an erroneous theology that they needed to stop talking about other people's sins and start bearing fruit. They needed to begin to live in the kin-dom of God and the only way to do that was to be liberated from this closed theology and to be transformed by the renewing of their minds.

“Repent” is a beautiful and sacred invitation to us, not a command. Not a warning. And definitely not a form of punishment or condemnation, meant to shame us into feeling bad or remorseful about our failings. When Jesus preached about repentance, he was inviting us to allow our conscience [our minds] to guide our moral judgement. We have to unlearn (repent – change our minds) as we follow Jesus, and we have to continue to learn from Jesus (“the way, the truth, and the life”). We are disciples who are learning and unlearning at the same time. We are learning God’s ways, and we are unlearning our own.

I invite you to take just a moment to think of the ways you have changed your mind over time concerning God’s truth, your understanding of God, your understanding of other people and your understanding of God’s Kin-dom.

Love is Not Logical
Sunday, February 24, 2019

FIRST READING  A Reading from the First Book of Samuel 25:2-23, 32-34

David went down to the Desert of Maon.  There was a wealthy property owner in Carmel who had a flock of 300 sheep and 1,000 goats.  It was shearing time.  The owner was named Nabal and his wife was named Abigail.  Abigail was an intelligent and attractive woman, while Nabal, a Calebite, was unattractive, surly, mean, and difficult. Learning that Nabal was shearing, David sent ten younger attendants with greetings, saying, “Long life and good health to you and your household! Good health to all your flocks! I see that you are shearing.  When your shepherds were in our area, we were hospitable to them, and never did they find anything missing while they were staying in Carmel.  Ask your herders and attendants and they will confirm what we say.  Be kind to our troops, for this is a festive season.  Please donate to them what you can manage.”

When David’s troops delivered David’s message to Nabal, they paused for a response.  Nabal answered, “Who is David? Who is this child of Jesse? In our times, many servants flee their owners.  Am I to take my bread, my water, and the meat I slaughter for my shearers and give it to strangers?”

David’s troops returned to David.  They reported what the wealthy herder said.  David responded immediately by strapping on his sword and commanding, “Everyone, strap on your swords!”  About 400 went up with David, while 200 stayed back to guard their supplies.  One of Nabal’s attendants told Abigail, “David sent a delegation from the desert with greetings to Nabal, but he insulted them.  They were very good to us when we had our herds in their territory.  We found nothing missing and they did not mistreat us.  The whole time we were there, they formed a protective wall around us night and day. What can we do?  For it is certain that disaster threatens.  Nabalis so stubborn no one can reason with him, even at a time such as this.”

Abigail quickly collected 200 loaves, two skins of wine, five dressed sheep, five measures of roasted grain, 100 bunches of raisins, and 200 cakes of dried figs, which she loaded on donkeys.  Saying nothing to Nabal, she instructed her attendants, “Move out ahead of me, and I will follow you.”

As she traveled on her donkey, hidden by the hills, David and his troops met her on the road.  David said, “It was a waste of our time to protect Nabal’s property in the desert.  He repaid us with evil for our goodness!  David swore a solemn oath, “May God do the same to me and more if I leave even one of his men alive by morning.”  When Abigail spotted David approaching, she quickly dismounted and prostrated herself in homage before him, saying:  “Please sir, place the burden on me.  Please allow me, your humble servant, to speak.  How can you even take notice of this wretched Nabal?  He embodies the meaning of his name, ‘Fool’. He is a fool!  I, your servant, missed seeing your messengers when they arrived.” 

David said to Abigail, “Blessed be the God of Israel, who today sends you to meet with me.  Blessings to you for your good sense.  Blessings to you for saving me today from the guilt of bloodshed and from avenging myself with my own hands.  Otherwise, as surely as God lives, if you had not come quickly to meet me, not one of Nabal’s men would have been left alive at daybreak.

The Word of an Ancient Historian

SECOND READING  A Reading from the First Letter of Peter 3:8-12

Please, all of you, be of one spirit.  Be sympathetic, loving, compassionate, and humble.  Never return evil for evil, or insult for insult.  Instead, give blessing.  You were called to do this, to inherit a blessing yourself.  For, “Whoever would love Life and see good days must keep the tongue from evil words and the lips from deceitful talk.  They must turn from evil to good.  They must seek peace and pursue it.  For the eyes of Our God turn toward justice, and the ears of Our God hear the prayers of the just.  But the face of God is unseen by evildoers.”  

The Word of an Early Church Pastor

GOSPEL  The Good News attributed to Luke  6:27-38

“To you who hear me, I say: love your enemies.  Do good to those who hate you.  Bless those who curse you and pray for those who mistreat you.  When someone slaps you on one cheek, turn and give them the other.  When someone takes your coat, let them have your shirt as well.  Give to all who beg from you; and, when someone takes what is yours, don’t demand it back.  “Do to others what you would have them do to you.  If you love those who love you, what merit lies in that?  Even evildoers love those who love them.  If you do good only to those who do good to you, what merit lies in that?  Even evildoers do as much. If you lend to those and expect repayment, what real credit is that to you? Evildoers lend to other evildoers, expecting to be repaid in full.  Love your enemies.  Do good to them.  Lend without expecting repayment, and your reward will be great.  You’ll rightly be called children of the Holy One, since God is good even to the ungrateful and the  wicked. “Be compassionate, as your loving God is compassionate.  Don’t judge, and you won’t be judged.  Don’t condemn, and you won’t be condemned.  Pardon, and you’ll be pardoned.  Give, and it will be given to you: a full measure—packed down, shaken together and spilling over—will be poured into your lap.  For the amount you measure out is the amount you’ll receive.”  

The Gospel of God.   Praise to You, Jesus the Christ.


I’ve entitled my sermon, “Love is not logical.”  Time and again, we see how illogical love is, and that’s the point.  Our instinct is always, always to use our anger to destroy, to fight back, to respond with vengeance and retaliation.  It’s part of our human nature to fend for ourselves, to survive no matter what.  So, when Abigail meets David on the road in our First Reading, she is trying to interrupt his instincts.  She has good food to please his belly, to help slow him down, to shift the adrenaline that is poised on murder.  Perhaps, because she was beautiful, David was willing to stop and hear what she had to say.  (Unfortunately, David had an eye for pretty women.  Remember Bathsheba?) It’s a pity that beauty was so important to a woman in that era.  But, it was often all she had to get the attention of a man of power.  Then, she could offer her wisdom.  She could be heard. 

Abigail knew she had David’s ear and that he was listening to her.  She builds a bridge by agreeing that her husband is a fool.  He was a fool, mostly for not realizing that his wife should be his consultant.  Instead, Abigail had to sneak out of the house, without Nabal knowing she was gone to help rectify his blunder.  Nabal then, was ignorant on two fronts; for not respecting his wife for her wisdom and for not taking seriously the visit by David’s attendants.  Nabal hears their request for a donation.  Afterall, they had protected him and his people.  He acts as if he doesn’t know who David is and blatantly disrespects what David had done for him.  He is offensive, as is his nature.  No effort to pause and consider what has been said, just a knee jerk reaction of anger to these men.  Once this message reaches David, he is enraged.

But, thanks to Abigail and her intervention, David doesn’t just back down, he admits how his anger had gotten the best of him.  He thanks Abigail for saving him from the guilt of what he was about to do.  How amazing is that?

I’ve never heard the story of Abigail before, have you?  This is why we use our RCWP Comprehensive Lectionary.  Once we are able to hear the stories of lost women in the Bible, it affirms our abilities as men and women to effect change.  We want to be wise like Abigail and not act out of vengeance or foolishness.  Abigail paves the way for Jesus’ message of love.

(Before we go on, I have to tell you what happens to Abigail and Nabal. Nabal got drunk that night, and Abigail didn’t tell him what she had done.  Then in the morning, when Nabal was sober, his wife told him what she had done, and his heart failed him and he became like a stone. About ten days later, the Lord struck Nabal and he died.  Then, David asked Abigail to become his wife.  Abigail agreed and became his third wife.)

In our second reading, Peter is pleading with his followers to be in relationship based on love and unity.  He knows how fragile such love is in the world, that we must protect it. He says, “Be sympathetic, loving, compassionate, and humble.”  These are the essentials of any good relationship.  Can we give each other the benefit of the doubt, that we have good intentions for one another?  Do not be so quick to judge or to assume injustice.  Once that anger starts, we often find ways to keep it burning.  We feed on being in the right rather than pausing and gently shifting our mindset.  Perhaps this is because we do not believe we are God’s beloved.  We prefer the quick satisfaction of putting someone else down because it makes us feel better.  But not for long.  Just as David realized he would have had to deal with guilt, most who act on their anger regret it.  There are so many stories of road rage, which is anger unleashed in such a violent way.  Adults acting like children in real-life cars that can kill.  Which is why Peter is pleading with us.  Please, be of one mind; the mind of love.

Jesus’s lesson today is probably his most radical message.  I cannot imagine what the people who first heard his words must’ve thought.  What?  Did he just say that I should turn my other cheek to a man who has struck me?  How strange?  Why would I do that?  That doesn’t make any sense.  Love is so illogical. 

Then, Jesus says the key phrase of his argument:  “Even evildoers love those who love them.”  That’s so easy, so simple, so logical.  Can you do what’s much more difficult?  Can you mature and rise above the logic of anger?  Can you take responsibility for being a more loving person?  Can you interrupt your instinct to react?  It must’ve caused many of them to walk away, shaking their heads, saying, “What a crazy man.  Too radical for me.  Love like that doesn’t make sense.”

We know that love like that doesn’t make any sense. Love like that is ultimately what brings us the most challenge and the most reward.  It’s that secret recipe for change.    And it takes practice, practice, practice.  Count to 10.  Pause.  Wait.  Don’t say that mean, awful thing you want to say.   

I spent a lot of time this weekend chipping away at ice on my driveway and sidewalks.  Trying to get to the concrete.  I wonder if we need to find those relationships that have iced over and find ways to begin chipping away at the resentment and anger.  Eventually we will get to the core of what Jesus teaches; love and forgiveness go hand in hand.  Love and gentleness work best together.  Love is not logical but it’s what calls us to our best selves.  Love makes our relationships work and that helps to deepen our commitment as Christians, to eventually change the world through each act of love.

Who do you need to forgive?  What does love call you to do that’s not logical?

February 17, 2019                               Homily                            by Nick Smith

Todays’ readings center on the basic concept of trusting in God, rather than the things of this world.  These small sections provide a brief insight on the problematic areas of living a moral life in a world that is so overshadowed by wrongs and superficiality.

Jeremiah 25: 2-34

The folly of trusting in humans is contrasted with the wisdom of trusting in God. The kingdom of Judah was committed to ba’al-zebub [Beelzebub] or Idol worship. 

Judah trusted in an alliance with Assyria and Egypt for their protection against the Babylonians.  Jeremiah warns that trusting in anything but God will bring ruin upon the people of Israel.  They do not heed his warning, were destroyed by the Babylonians and taken into captivity.
It is not wrong to trust people, but it is wrong to trust IN people—to invest our deepest faith in others or to derive our dearest hope from false idols—to give them the place in our hearts that rightfully belongs to God—is not the way to live. We must make a choice.  We can trust in flesh and objects or we can trust in God.  We cannot have it both ways.  To turn toward something other than God is to turn away from God.  We can’t face both directions at the same time. 

1st Letter of Peter 3: 8-12 

The Christians in Asia Minor were being slandered and maligned. Death does not seem to have been a threat at that time. Still, the loss of friends and family connections would be cruelly felt by people whose identity and security were embedded in a community that now ostracised and slandered them. As wonderful as a new life in Christ is, the cost of converting was high for some Christians, and some converts felt pressured to return to their former life.

Peter says, “Living for Christ is the best life you can have, and it always includes suffering.” You can’t escape it. What it comes down to is this—society or Christ? So what if they threaten you because of your faith? Peter’s answer is clear: “Don’t be ashamed.”  Trust in God, keep your eye on the prize and don’t fall prey to the things of this world.

Gospel—Luke 6: 17-26

In Matthew’s Sermon on the Mount, Jesus speaks of “Beatitudes,” but in Luke’s Sermon on the Plain, Jesus drops a series of bombshells.  He takes the accepted standards of the times and turns them upside down:  To those who are considered the “haves” of society, Jesus warns “Woe to you!”—wealth and power are not the stuff of the Kin-dom of God; but to the “have nots,” Jesus says, “Happy and blessed are you” – love, selflessness, compassion and generosity are the treasure of God's realm.  Jesus promises his followers poverty, suffering, persecution and grief -- but their hope in God will be rewarded with perfect and complete joy.

In the Sermon on the Plain, Jesus challenges us to put aside the “woe” of self-centeredness and embrace the “blessedness” that can only be experienced by seeing ourselves, not as the center of the world but as a means for transforming the world for all.  Luke's version of the Beatitudes challenges everything our consumer-oriented society holds dear.  While wealth, power and celebrity are the sought-after prizes of our society, the treasures of God's Kin-dom are eternal, lasting and transformative.  In freeing ourselves from the pursuit of the “things” of this world, we liberate ourselves to seek the lasting Kin-dom of God.

In this first lesson, Jesus pronounces a blessing on those people who are poor, hungry, weeping, and hated.  Immediately we see that there is something radical here.  From the world’s standards those are the very people who are not blessed.  Our culture would say that the rich, full, happy and liked are the folks, who have been blessed, and Jesus says something else; to make sure we understand that He’s not mistaken, He says the same thing in a negative way.  What He does is declare woes, which is the opposite of blessed, on the ones who are rich, full, happy, and liked.

Ultimately, the question is…Will you be happy with the world’s riches or will you hold out for a greater treasure, namely, Jesus Christ and the Kin-dom of God?

Whichever it is, today’s reading is a core teaching.

Jesus begins by describing how the Kin-dom works.  He says, the poor and hungry are blessed, while those with plenty of money and food are not. That sounds great if you’re poor, but does it jive with our experience?  How do we make sense out of this contradiction between Jesus’ teaching and the world around us?  Some say that yes, bad people may win sometimes on Earth, but after death, the good will be rewarded and the wicked will be deprived. Or that after the Second Coming, everyone will get what they deserve.  But there’s a far more radical understanding of what Jesus is saying.  In Luke 17, Jesus says it flat out: “The kin-dom of God is not coming with things that can be observed; nor will they say, “Look, here it is!” or “There it is!” For, in fact, the kin-dom of God is among you.” The Kin-dom of God is here now, among us, in us, if we live the way Jesus describes.  And what is that description:

Don’t seek wealth, excessive comfort, security or frivolous happiness. Approach everyone with love — non-judgmentally and with an open heart — whether family, neighbor or stranger, friend or enemy, whether you think they’re worthy, whether you find them grateful or know them to be sinners.  Love everyone!

Cultivate presence; be here now, fully alive, seeing and feeling the truth in front of you. Measure success, not in power or possessions, but in living in harmony—giving and receiving love and being of help to others.

No one does this perfectly, but to the extent we do, we are blessed. Blessed in scripture is rendered happy, not shallow happiness but the true happiness that comes with living from the heart, connected to God and those around us.  Blessed doesn’t mean, live this way and you’ll be rewarded or praised; it means you are truly happy through living this way. So, the poor are not happy as a reward because they have suffered; the poor are happy because they’re connected to God.

What Jesus is telling us is profoundly more countercultural than some idea that eventually the poor will rise up and win a victory over the rich. He’s saying the game is a lie. Stop playing it! Not just the game of materialism, of consumer culture, but the game that the sick and handicapped are being punished, and the view, prevalent then and still common today, that those right with God will prosper on Earth, with its implied judgement that those struggling may not be right with God.

Jesus is saying, No! The ones in union with God are the poor and the marginalized. Join the poor by giving up your attachment to possessions and your illusion of security; join the poor by putting your focus instead on relationships and dependence on God, and then you will be truly happy.

But then Jesus says, if everyone loves you be worried, and if you’re reviled celebrate, because folks admire the wrong people anyway.  Over and over, throughout the Gospels, Jesus focuses not on behavior but on living from the heart:

on loving people, all people, not things and reputations,

on restoring and strengthening your connection to God, and

on being fully alive and present.

on living in the Kin-dom of God today.

Fifth Sunday in Ordinary Time:  Feb. 10, 2019

The History of Women Deacons

FIRST READING:  A Reading from the Prophet Isaiah 6:1-8

In the year that the Ruler Uzziah died, I saw the Holy One sitting on a throne, high and lofty.  The hem of God’s robe filled the Temple.  Above, seraphs were in attendance.  Each had six wings: with two they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they flew.  Calling out to one another, they cried, “Holy, holy, holy is the God of the Cosmos, whose glory fills the earth.”  The threshold shook to its foundations at the sound, while the Temple began to fill with smoke. Then I said, “Woe is me!  I am doomed.  For I am of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips.  Yet my eyes have seen the Ruler of all, the God of the Cosmos.”  Then one of the seraphim flew to me, holding a live coal which the creature had taken with tongs from the altar.  With this, it touched my mouth and said, “Look, this has touched your lips. Your guilt has fled.  Your misdeeds have been blotted out.”  Then I heard the voice of God saying, “Whom shall I send? Who will go for us?”  And I said, “Here am I, send me!”

Second Reading: A Reading from Paul's First Letter to the Corinthians 15:1-11

Dear ones, I want to remind you of the gospel, the good news I proclaimed to you. You made this good news your own. You have taken your stand on it.  If you hold firm to the word that I proclaimed to you, you will be free; you will not have believed in vain. What I received I also passed on to you at the outset: that Jesus died as a servant of all, according to the Scriptures; that he was buried; that the Christ was raised on the third day, according to the Scriptures; that the risen Christ appeared [to Mary Magdalene]* and Peter, then to Jesus’ closest followers; that the risen Christ later appeared to more than 500 of the disciples at the same time, most of whom are still living, although some have since died; that the risen Christ spent time with James and all the rest of the apostles who were commissioned to continue Jesus’ good work; and that, last of all, the risen Christ appeared to me, as to one untimely born.  I am the least of all the apostles and don't even deserve to be called an apostle because I persecuted the church of God; but, by God's grace, I am what I am.  This grace was not without effect, for I have reached out to the Gentiles more than all the others.  Yet it was not I who did it, but God's grace that was in me.  So, whether you heard it from me, or from the others, it's all the same. This is what we proclaim.  This is what you believed.  The Word of the Apostle Paul. Thanks be to God.

Gospel Reading:  Luke 4: 38-44

On leaving the synagogue, Jesus entered the house of Simon and his family.  Simon’s mother-in-law was in the grip of a high fever.  They asked Jesus to help her.  Jesus stood over her and rebuked the fever.  The fever left her.  She got up immediately and “deaconed” to them, served them at table.  At sunset, people who had a variety of diseases were brought to Jesus.  He laid hands on each and cured them.  Demons departed from many, crying out as they did so, “You are the Chosen One of God!”  Jesus rebuked them and forbade them to speak, for they knew he was the Messiah. The next morning, Jesus left the house and went to a desert place.  The crowds followed.  When they found Jesus, they tried to keep him from leaving them.  Jesus said, “I must proclaim the Good News of God’s reign to other towns too.  That is what I was sent to do.”  And he preached in the synagogues throughout Judea. The Gospel of Our God. Praise to You, Jesus the Christ.


Today I want to share with you the history of women deacons in the church.  Growing up I never heard that there were women deacons.  I knew about male deacons but we never had one in our parish.  More recently, married male deacons are becoming more common.  Are you aware that the wife of a deacon MUST attend all classes that her husband attends but is never able to become a deacon herself?  Such is the ongoing injustice of our church. 

Sadly, the Catholic church ignores that there is a woman deacon listed in scripture.  Her name is Phoebe and she is found in Paul’s letter to the Romans, chapter 16, verses 1-2.  Isn’t that incredible?  She’s been there all along.  Others, we’ve had to search for like in today’s gospel reading. Thus, there is no question that there were women deacons in the past, both in the Eastern and Western churches.

The story of Peter’s mother-in-law being healed and then “serving” Jesus and his disciples is really a story about the impact that women had on the Jesus Movement from its very inception. The Greek word used by this evangelist was already, at the time the Gospel was written, a word describing a formal ecclesial office of deacon.  The audience would have heard the verb “diakonos or deaconing” used in reference to Peter’s mother-in-law in this context.  Wealthy women patrons, often widows, played an indispensable role in the expansion of Christianity throughout the Greco-Roman world.  So, Peter’s mother-in-law was probably a widow, living with her daughter and son-in-law because she wouldn’t have had anywhere else to go.  Or they could’ve been living in her house, if she had wealth.  Women who had influence (typically because of an inheritance or being highly intelligent and becoming influential) became involved in political and administrative leadership within the earliest Christian communities, including presiding at Eucharist in their homes, at least during the late first and early second centuries.  In some places, including Rome, enrolled widows were accepted as a part of the clergy, Throughout the Gospels and even into Acts, we are told of the role that women played in not just preparing meals and tending to the needs of Jesus and the disciples, but also how they gave of their sometimes significant financial resources to make sure the ministry tour could continue.  The Marys, Joanna, Susanna, Salome, Lydia, and the daughters of Deacon Philip all play integral roles in the spread of the Gospel during Jesus’ life and well into the first generation of the Church. 

Numerous references to women deacons appear in epigraphs, letters, chronicles and, most importantly, ordination rites for women deacons in the Western and Eastern churches.  The Greek word used in scripture is diakonos which means servant and has no gender association.  This is the same word used for those servants at the wedding feast at Cana who helped Jesus to fill up the water jars.

Not until the third and fourth centuries did the role of deaconess appear, specifically women deacons who were chosen as women to help the male priest. These women were almost invariably either widows or celibates who had chosen some form of the monastic life. Their duties largely consisted of charitable works and participating in the baptisms of adult women, in the days when immersion baptism was universal and it would have appeared scandalous for a male priest to immerse a naked woman. These deaconesses sometimes assisted priests at the liturgy—a not uncommon practice among nuns whose only male contact was their priest. Women deacons did what all deacons do, provide service to community, preach and help at eucharist.  They cannot consecrate the Eucharist or confer absolution for confession or do anointing of the sick but they can perform weddings.

What is key is that the order of deacon arose out of a need for more help in spreading the gospel.  Each community could determine the need and ordain accordingly.  Thus, some women deacons were married and had children, some were virgins and remained so, others were married to male deacons and chose to both be celibate.  Thus, celibacy was not an issue.

Deaconesses disappeared from both the Western and Eastern Orthodox Churches during the Middle Ages, when the office of “deacon,” with its specifically liturgical functions of preaching and reading the Gospel, became a formal part of Holy Orders and thus open only to men.

And so here we are, at a time when most Catholics think that having women deacons would be radical change.  In truth, it’s simply coming full circle to the way the church was.  We’ve continued to go even further from they way things were in recent days with the story of Pope Benedict having closed a convent in France because the nuns there were raped by priests.  This was in 2013 but was kept silent until now.  Silence is commission; it allows such horrific abuse to continue elsewhere without any consequences.

In the RCWP movement, we have only had trasitional deacons, that is, those on their way to priesthood are ordained as deacons first and then, typically a year later, as priests.  Sadly we had a woman who approached our region requesting to be ordained as a permanent deacon.  Since I was the program coordinator at that time, I took her request to the region for discernment.  After several meetings and some heated discussion, a vote was taken.  I was in the minority being in favor of a permanent diaconate to respond specifically to a woman’s call, whatever that call may be.  My sister priests felt that it was creating more clericalism, to have another role that was not leading to priesthood.  Thus, I had the awful task of being the messenger for this woman, to tell her that “no, we would not honor her call to becoming a deacon.”  Even in movements where inclusion and integrity are promoted, there can be a difference of opinion. 

What I am proud of as RCWP is that in our ordination rites, we do not pledge obedience to the bishop.  We pledge obedience to God and to God alone.  When we lie prostrate on the ground, the bishop is off to the side so that it is clear.  This is an integral change and one of the reasons we may never see eye-to-eye with Rome.

Still, it is women like Peter’s mother-in-law, nameless but still seen and honored in today’s gospel who can help to change the church.  May we see the option of women deacons come to fruition in our lifetime as a very hopeful stance by the church in reclaiming its history.  We praise Phoebe and all the women who have led the way towards true equality as what God’s plan has been about from the start.


JANUARY 27,2019

SERMON   BY NICK SMITH                                                            

LUKE 1: 1-4; 4: 14-21                                    

 Jesus delivers the shortest sermon in history: “Today, in your hearing, this scripture passage is fulfilled.” That was it! Jesus offered no illustrations, provided no definitions, didn’t deliver a single joke and neglected to relate the liturgical reading to one’s everyday life. Apparently, Jesus thought that his message was clear enough.  Next week we will learn what the congregation of Nazareth thought of Jesus’ sermon, but I’ll leave that for next week.  For now, let me just say that even though we’re reading this passage two thousand years after Jesus gave this short sermon—the sermon remains the same: “Today, in your hearing, this scripture passage is fulfilled.”

And what does this scripture say?  Good news for the poor, release to captives, sight for the blind, freedom for the oppressed, and what is called the Year of Jubilee!  This Year of Jubilee was set at every seven years and every fifty years. No business as usual can be done—slaves must be set free, families can return to any lands they lost, farmland and fields are given a rest, debts are cancelled, there’s to be a moratorium on marketing.  The Jubilee Year is to be a little taste of the kin-dom of heaven.  Liberation, restoration, equalization: a whole array of social justice revolutions.


This Scripture is Jesus’ agenda, an outline of his ministry, the foundation of his gospel.  This Scripture is Jesus’ inaugural address, his vision, his challenge to each one of us – and it is all about our connection to the poor and the marginalized. That relationship is the essence of Jesus’ politics – and so it must be at the core of ours as well.        


There isn’t a word in Jesus’ inaugural address about anything but social justice issues: there is no talk about the sanctity of private property, the glory of a free market economy, no talk of sword rights, nor building a wall, or eating fish on Fridays. It's all about how society is to be changed--how there's to be a kinder, gentler more equal society.” Jesus presents his politics, his gospel and the foundation of his ministry through a reading from the Prophet Isaiah.


When I say politics I’m including not only elected officials and the governmental process, I’m also including you and me, the opinions we hold, the decisions we make, and the ways we relate to one another.  Regardless of what politics might mean today and regardless of how it’s practiced today, it’s most basic concern is about the ordering of relationships. It’s about the way we live together and how we get along. It’s about people. Those concerns are central to the practice of Christianity. We believe that God has something to say about how we live and the way we relate to one another. We open ourselves to God’s ordering of our lives and relationships.


Jesus’ political identity begins not with party affiliation or constituents but with his baptism.  From there he was led by the Spirit in the wilderness where he overcame the great temptations and corrupters of all politics: materialism, power, self-interest. He left the wilderness empowered by and filled with the Spirit and taught in the synagogues of Galilee. The people liked what they heard. Jesus “was praised by everyone.”


Then, Jesus comes to Nazareth, the town where he grew up, to the synagogue where he worshipped, and to people who know him.  His words describe his politics. They are not campaign promises but a present reality, a reality made present in Jesus. Those words from Isaiah and Jesus’ comment on them are the first recorded words of Jesus’ public ministry. The words Jesus read from Isaiah are not an exact quotation of Isaiah. Jesus has intentionally and purposefully chosen and arranged particular portions of Isiah’s text to create a specific message.  He is describing the character of his ministry. He is establishing his priorities and the direction of his work. He is casting his vision for the reordering of relationships.


Jesus’ political agenda is not determined or influenced by who is good or bad, or an insider or outsider. It doesn’t seem to matter to Jesus who you are, what you have done or left undone, or what your life is like. Divine favor is not given to the poor, the captive, the blind, or the oppressed because they are good or righteous but because God is good and righteous.


What if we adopted Jesus’ political platform as our own?  Presence with and compassion for another human being would replace resolving issues, fixing problems, and winning votes. We would listen more than we speak. Power would look like cooperation and collaboration. We would have to have the courage and will to stand with another in his or her pain, and the vulnerability to risk letting another stand with us in our pain. We would open rather than close places, people, and ourselves to the divine favor. We would know the fulfillment of “this scripture” here, today, right now.

Sunday, January 20, 2019

MLK Celebration/Wedding Feast at Cana


FIRST READING:  MLK’s Mountaintop Speech

SECOND READING:  A Reading from Paul's First Letter to the Corinthians12:12-22, 24b-26

As the human body is one, but has many parts; and as all the parts of the body, though many, are one single body, so it is with the Christ. We were all baptized by one Spirit to form the one body of Christ, Judeans or Greeks, slaves or free; and we were all given the one Spirit to drink; and the body of Christ is not made up of one part, but of many. Now if the foot should say, “Because I am not a hand, I don't belong to the body,” it would not for that reason stop being part of the body.  If the ear should say, “Because I am not an eye, I do not belong to the body,” it would not for that reason stop being part of the body.  If the whole body were an eye, where would the sense of hearing be?

If the whole body were an ear, where would the sense of smell be?

But as it is, God has placed the parts in the body, every one of them, just as God wanted them to be.  If they were all one part, where would the body be?  There are many parts, but one body.  The eye can't say to the hand, “I have no need of you!” And the head can't say to the feet, “I don’t need you!”  On the contrary, those parts of the body often deemed "weaker" are indispensable in the body of Christ...God has put the body together, giving greater honor to the parts that were not given honor, so that there should be no division in the body, so that its parts should have equal concern for one another.  Thus, if one part suffers, every part suffers.  If one part is honored, all rejoice together with it.

The Word of the Apostle Paul.

Thanks be to God.

GOSPEL:  A Reading from the Gospel attributed to John 2:1-11a

Glory to You, O God.

A wedding took place at Cana of Galilee.  The mother of Jesus was there.  Jesus and his disciples had also been invited.  And the wine ran out.  So Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no wine.”  Responding, Jesus said, “Mother, what concern of that is ours?  My hour has not yet come.”  His mother said to the wedding servers, “Do whatever he tells you.”  Now, standing there were six stone water jars, intended to hold water for ritual cleansing: each could hold twenty or thirty gallons.  Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water,” and they filled them to the brim.  Continuing, Jesus instructed, “Now draw some out and take it to the head steward of the feast.”  They did so.  When the head steward tasted the water it had turned into wine.  Not knowing its source, (‘though the servants knew), the head steward of the feast called to the bride and bridegroom and said, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and then the inferior wine after the guests are well wined, but you have saved the best wine for last.”

 This was the first of Jesus’ signs.

The Gospel of Our God.   Praise to you Jesus the Christ.


Last week I had a really good day at work.  I was praying with a woman who was dying and chose a scripture reading that I thought would be good.  Afterwards, the daughter said, “How did you know?”  “Know what” I asked.  That that scripture reading was not only my mom’s favorite but it was what her mom read to her over and over.  We’re reading it for her funeral.”  Then, I went to visit an older man whose daughter was in the room when I entered.  As soon as I said the word chaplain, she said, “OMG.  I was just going to go to the chapel to see if I could find a chaplain for my dad and here you are.”  Finally, remember the prayer blanket we made last Sunday?  It was navy with plaid on one side and snowflakes on the other.  I brought it to a family for their dad who was dying and they said, “Oh, it’s perfect.  He was in the Navy so he loves anything navy.”   That was a good day.  A day when it felt like I could do no wrong but also a day when God’s spirit was so evidently working through me.  None of those situations was something I did because I knew it’s what was needed.  It was all part of God helping to synch me up to other people’s needs.  And it felt wonderful.  That doesn’t happen all that often.  And I shouldn’t need to be reminded that God is at work. 

I wonder if MLK had those kind of days, times when it was so evident that God was giving him the words and the insight and the drive to keep speaking truth to power.  He seemed to have that spirit in each of his speeches, moving crowds to cheer and renew their efforts.  In this speech, King is in Memphis, TN in 1968.  In his speech we hear him speaking such truths in his preacher voice with its cadence and the way it builds to encourage and empower the people.  King had to have felt that he was using the gifts God had given him to move the kin-dom forward.  He was confident that “we will get to the promised land.”  He said that he had been to the mountaintop; that he had seen the promised land.  He insisted that, “we will get there.”  Did you notice how he said, “I may not get there with you.”  It became an eerie prophecy.  Less than 24 hours later, he was shot on the balcony at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, TN. 

And then there’s Mary at the wedding feast at Cana.  Oy veh!  Mary, Jesus’s Jewish mother, was doing what so many Jewish moms would do.  She was instructing her son to “get on with it.”  She knew what he was capable of.  She knew that Jesus had gifts to be used to move the kin-dom forward.  And that day at that wedding, it was time.  Jesus didn’t believe it was time.  But his mom insisted.  She may have sensed his hesitation to thrust himself into the limelight, to begin a life of protest and empowerment of others.  And yet, she used her gift as a mother, who knew her son would be obedient, to start his ministry. 

There is a song that says, “The gifts we are given, we are given to share.”  But what happens when injunctions and rules prevent us from using our gifts?  King was referring to an injunction handed down by the courts that was barring the civil rights group from assembling on April 8.  This speech was on April 3, five days earlier.  After his assassination on April 4, there were 4 days of rioting and revolt.  The people were outraged that such a man as King was taken from them.  He was their fearless leader who was helping them to shape a future.  Instead of a peaceful assembly, there was violence, the very thing King spoke against.

King’s dreams are our dreams for the world and the Church.  His hopes are our hopes for the world and the Church.  Where do we go from here?  What do we do?  As Martha said, “We can be noisier.”  We could use social media more.  We can write editorials for online versions of the newspaper.  This year, we will continue to focus on social justice, reaching out to those on the margins.  This coming Tuesday is the JCIC meeting at 6:30pm at Old Brick.  I invite any of you to join me and Nick, to see what is happening to help change racism in Iowa City.

Let us use our gifts without affirmation that they’ve made a difference.  May we continue to do what we feel called to do regardless of any notice or reassurance that we are doing the right thing.   Jesus was never acknowledged for his water into wine miracle.  The servants knew.  And the host may have wondered but there was never any public announcement of it.  May we use our gifts with quiet gratitude for the opportunity to do so and with the wise awareness that we still need to make a place for more women and children to use their gifts specifically in the Church.

We do not know what the future of the Catholic church is, but I pray it is not the same old Church that we see today, with the hierarchy firmly in power and the pope mimicking what his cronies want him to do and say.  It may cost him his life, but I pray that this pope may find the opportunity to use his gift of insight to make change, change especially for women.

Perhaps we need to hear Mary’s words for ourselves: “Do whatever he tells you to do.”  Let us respond to Jesus in action as we continue to hope for our Church to see the mountaintop and to get us all to the promised land.

What are your gifts?  How can you use them to move the church forward?


January 6, 2019

Epiphany 2019     

FIRST READING:  A Reading from the First Book of Kings 10:1-13

When the Queen of Sheba learned of Solomon’s fame and learned of his God, she came to test Solomon with hard questions.  She arrived at Jerusalem with a huge retinue: camels carrying spices and great stores of gold and precious stones. She came to Solomon and opened her mind freely to the ruler.  Solomon had a response to all of her queries.  Not one of her questions was too obscure for the ruler to give her reply.

When the Queen of Sheba, who also was wise, saw all the wisdom of Solomon, the royal residence he had built, the food on his table, the organization of his court, the service and attire of his attendants, his wine service, and the burnt offerings made at the Temple, she was left breathless. She said to Solomon, “The report I received in my own country about your wisdom and your accomplishments is true.  But until I came and saw it with my own eyes I could not believe what they told me. Clearly, they told me less than half!  For wisdom and prosperity, you surpass the report I heard.  How happy your people must be!  How happy your officials, and happy your courtiers who attend you every day and hear your wisdom! Blessed be the Name of your God who delights in you and who sits you on the judgment seat of your people! God loves God’s people eternally, and so made you ruler to maintain law and justice.”  Then the queen presented Solomon with four tons of gold, spices in great abundance, and precious stones.  Never again did anyone bring such a quantity of spices as the Queen of Sheba gave to Solomon.

Besides these gifts from Sheba, Hiram’s fleet of ships, which had brought Solomon gold from Ophir, also brought him huge cargoes of sandlewood and precious stones from Ophir.  Solomon used the wood to make supports for the Temple of God and for the royal residence, as well as lyres and lutes for the singers.  No such quantities of sandlewood have ever been imported or even seen since that time.  All that the Queen of Sheba desired, Solomon gave her.  Because of her wisdom, she left with more gifts than she brought.  She returned with her courtiers to her own country.

Second Reading:  A Reading from a letter of Paul to the Galatians 3:26-28

Each one of you is a child of God because of your faith in Jesus the Christ.  All of you who have been baptized into the risen Christ have clothed yourselves with a new way of being in the world.  In Christ there is no Judean or Greek, slave or free, male or female.  All are one in Jesus the Christ.  The Word of the Apostle Paul.  Thanks be to God.

GOSPEL:  A Reading from the Gospel attributed to Matthew2:1-12

Glory to you, O God.

After Jesus had been born in Bethlehem in Judea during the reign of Herod, Magi from the East arrived in Jerusalem, asking, “Where is the newborn leader of the Judeans?  We observed the child’s star at its rising and have come to pay homage.”  When Herod heard this, he was greatly disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him.  Summoning all the chief priests and religious scholars of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born. “In Bethlehem of Judea,” they informed him, “for this has been written by the prophet: And you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah, for from you shall come a leader who will shepherd my people.”

Then Herod secretly called for the Magi and learned from them the exact time of the star’s appearance.  He sent them to Bethlehem, having instructed them, “Go! Search diligently for the child.  When you have found the newborn, bring me word so that I may also go and pay homage.” 

After their audience with Herod, they set out. The star which they had observed at its rising went ahead of them until it stopped over the place where the child lay.  When they saw that the star hovering, they were overwhelmed with joy. On entering the house, they found the child with his mother, Mary.  They bowed down and paid homage.  Opening their treasure chests, they offered the child gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.  Having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they left for their own country by another route.

The Gospel of Our God.    Praise to you Jesus the Christ.


Thanks to Helene’s questions on Christmas, I spent some time examining the traditional stories/history of Epiphany and the Magi. We must remember that so much of the Bible is metaphor, stories embellished by its writers to teach a lesson, often using the mindset of the author to make a point.  Thus, it is difficult to know the exact truth of any story.  The same is true for the story of Epiphany. 

What we have come to accept is that there were three wise men from various locations around the world who came to visit the newborn Jesus and to pay him homage.  As for the three gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh, these were probably made up to emphasize Jesus’ three roles of King, spiritual leader and savior.  Not until the fifth century were the visitors called kings and named, Caspar, Balthasar and Melchior. Caspar is portrayed as black to represent all the diversity of the Eastern Gentile world. Later, it was discovered that these kings were more likely astrologers who practiced Zoroastrianism, an ancient religion founded by Zoroaster.  Also, we now know that often, after the birth of some famous person an author will include “signs in the skies” that proclaim or predict his birth. Remember, the Bible is not a historical record but a book written by men who sought to recount history within their own historical and social experience.  None of the authors wrote simply to record history.

OK.  So that’s what we know.  What I want us to wonder about is, what if these three magi were women?  In an NCR article by Christine Schenk, she wonders this too.  You’ve all heard about the joke, “If three wise women were the Magi, they would have asked for directions, arrived on time, helped deliver the baby, swept the stable, made a casserole and brought practical gifts.”  But there is real seriousness in considering the fact that women were part of the Magi.

Schenk writes, “Dominican Fr. Benedict Thomas Viviano, believes it entirely possible that women could have been among the Magi.” Viviano is professor emeritus at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland.  According to Viviano, "The main reason to think of the presence of one or more women among the magi is the background story of the queen of Sheba, with her quest for Israelite royal wisdom, her reverent awe, and her three gifts fit for a king." Even more compelling is that in the Middle East it would have been inconceivable for men to be in the presence of a woman without the presence of other women. Joseph is conspicuously absent when the Magi visit. The phrase "the child and his mother" is used five times in the Magi-flight-into-Egypt narrative (Matthew 2:11, 13, 14, 19, 21). For Viviano, "The presence of Jesus' mother Mary is an explicit statement of the presence of a woman at the time of the magi's visit.  In support of Viviano's thesis, Zoroastrianism allowed women to serve as priests and in ancient Persia there were female astronomers and rulers.

This is an amazing discovery and one that gives me great hope for the future.  Women keep popping up in the most unexpected places. 

Like in our first reading; I had never heard the story about the Queen of Sheba visiting King Solomon but it is a well known story in other religions. In Jewish legend, the Queen of Sheba was the Queen of Egypt and Ethiopia. In others, she is the Queen of South Arabia, or current day Yemen.  Solomon taught Sheba about his god, Yahweh, and then they exchanged gifts.  The Queen of Sheba was credited with bringing the first balsam tree to Israel. Most tales revolve around her meeting with the biblical King of Israel, Solomon, with variations on what occurred during that visit. In some tales she is tricked into sleeping with him, ultimately leading her to bear him a son. In other versions, she is tricked into revealing her hairy legs, which repulses Solomon. In other variations, she simply delivers spices to Solomon, uses riddles to test his wisdom, and then returns home. Some Ethiopians believe that this is how Christianity was originally brought to their area.

Many believe that this story is a precursor for the Magi having at least one woman who came to give gifts to the child Jesus.  Schenk challenges us to think outside the box, especially since the box has very suspect walls.

We should not be threatened by such new ideas.  In the recent past, no one would have allowed for such musings in the traditional Catholic church.  Which is why we need women with new ideas to help expand and explore different interpretations of scripture.  May the men of the hierarchy and the priests in our own diocese open their minds to women and accept that women’s leadership holds more for the faith, not less.  Women as magi is no more scary, challenging or odd than the idea that three men came so far to pay homage to a child, an infant. 

As for Herod, he could’ve easily paid astrologers to find the child and killed him on sight.  That never came to be.  Yes, even dreams inform wise people of what they are to do to serve God.  We continue to dream for change in the church.  May those dreams help guide us in the way we are to go.

McGlone says, “There is the irony that strangers were willing to go to great lengths to encounter Emmanuel, while the religious leaders of the chosen people were content with their theology.”  That is true even today.  McGlone says, “Emmanuel is still waiting to be discovered in what we might think are the most unlikely places and by the most unlikely people.”  We are those unlikely people who need to keep speaking truth to power.  Can we do that?  How will you bring new awarenesses to others?  What Epiphany will you invite our leaders to embrace?  Let’s venture outside our comfort zones, outside our walls to go and find our God who seeks to change the world.

Happy Epiphany.


Christmas 2018

FIRST READING:   A Reading from the Prophet Isaiah 9:2-7

In darkness, a light was born. From deep darkness, a crest of dawn shines.  You enlarged life, and Your people were born.  Even though they knew pain and suffering, You increased their joy.  They rejoice before You as with joy at the harvest, as children exult at play, and delight in sharing gifts.  For You have shattered the yoke that burdens them, the bar across their shoulders, the rod of their oppressor.  Every warrior’s boot used in battle and every garment rolled in blood will be destined for burning, will be fuel for the fire.  For unto us a baby is born.  For unto us a child is given on whose shoulders our future rests.  The child will be called:  Wonderful Counselor, Strength of God, Everlasting One, Voice of Peace.  And of the peace the Child brings, there will be no end.

The Word of the Prophet Isaiah.  Thanks be to God.

SECOND READING:  A Reading from the Book of Hebrews 1:1-3, 6, 8-9

In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways.  In these last days, God has spoken to us through Jesus, the Christ, heir of all things, and also through whom the cosmos was made.  This Cosmic Christ is the radiance of God’s glory and the fullness of God’s being, sustaining all things by a powerful word. After Jesus’ life and death, the Cosmic Christ filled the majesty of the heavens. When God brings a holy child into the world, God says:  “Let all God’s angels praise.”  About the Christ, God says:  “Your reign will last for ever and ever!  A scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kin-dom.  You have loved righteousness and shunned evil.  Therefore God, your God, has made you-in-all, anointing you with the oil of joy.”

The Word of an Early Church Apologist.  Thanks be to God.



GOSPEL:  Luke 2:1-20

In those days, a decree went out from Emperor Augustus that all the world should be registered. This was the first census and was taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria.  All went to their own towns to be registered. Joseph also went from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to the city of David called Bethlehem, because he was descended from the house and family of David and Bathsheba. He went to be registered with Mary, to whom he was pledged to be married and who was expecting a child. While they were there, the time came for her to deliver her child. She gave birth to her first born and wrapped the babe in bands of cloth.  She laid the newborn in a manger, because there was no place for them in the inn. In that region, there were shepherds living in the fields, keeping watch over their flocks by night. Then an angel, a messenger of God, stood before them. The glory of God shone around them, and they were terrified. But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid. For I am bringing you good news of great joy for all people.   The Gospel of our God.  Praise to You, Jesus the Christ.

Sermon:   “In darkness, a light was born.”  This is how Isaiah announces the birth of the Messiah—a light breaking through the darkness and despair of life. Alleluia.  Amen!  Merry Christmas! This language of darkness and life is not just a metaphor.  There is very real darkness in our lives.  Darkness that causes fear.  Darkness that causes us to doubt the meaning of life.  Darkness that kills.  We are living in an age when darkness is a regular part of life.  We have the darkness of a president gone amuck whose very life is one of ignorance and deceit, both which we associate with darkness. 

So I invite us on this Christmas celebration to try to understand why we are so touched and encouraged by the simple events of a woman giving birth in a cold cave or manger some 2,000 years ago.  Why does it matter? 

Since we are a church who tries to give voice to women, and especially the women of the Bible who have been silenced, whose lives were seen as unimportant, I wanted us to see Mary in a historical context, one that has been created through different lenses, based on Jewish archeology and Jewish history.

First, there’s the whole virgin birth issue.  Jewish religious have debated the belief that Mary was a virgin.  And of course, this is difficult to prove.  What they note is that Mary was not stoned; had she become pregnant and had no engagement, she would not have survived.  Jewish law is that strict.  So the engagement of Joseph was honored. Also, if Jesus had had an older brother or sister then we would know Mary was not a virgin.  There is evidence that Jesus had no older siblings; thus Mary could’ve been a virgin.  As for the divine conception of Jesus, little is said.  Still, it is remarkable that Jewish authorities (70 leading rabbis) have been willing to confirm that Mary was a virgin and not a “young maiden” as could’ve been translated instead.

Then, there’s the elements of the journey to Bethlehem from Nazareth. Joseph and Mary had to travel 90 miles to the city of Joseph's ancestors for the census.  That’s like going to Des Moines or Waterloo or Keokuk from Iowa City by donkey, remember.  Mary and Joseph would’ve gone south along the flatlands of the Jordan River, then west over the hills surrounding Jerusalem, and on into Bethlehem. James F. Strange, a New Testament and biblical archeology professor at the University of South Florida says this: "It was a fairly grueling trip." "In antiquity, the most we find people traveling is 20 miles a day. And this trip was very much uphill and downhill. It was not simple."

Strange estimates that Joseph and Mary likely would have traveled only 10 miles a day because of Mary's impending delivery.   Rev. Peter Vasko, a Catholic priest and director of the Holy Land Foundation says that Mary and Joseph had to bring their own provisions. "In wineskins, they carried water, and they carried a lot of bread. .Breakfast would be dried bread, lunch would be oil with bread, and herbs with oil and bread in the evening."

And the trip through the Judean desert would have taken place during the winter, when "it's in the 30s during the day [and] rains like heck," said Strange. "It's nasty, miserable. And at night it would be freezing." Some have asked, “What was Mary thinking?” seeing as how she delivered Jesus one week after they left Nazareth.  She must’ve known this was likely.  Did she prepare for this?  Perhaps with extra clean cloth or other provisions.  And she was an obedient wife, trusting her husband and her God to provide for them, whatever the circumstances of her labor and delivery.

Luke doesn’t talk about where Mary delivered Jesus.  He doesn’t have the “no room in the Inn” message. .Instead, Luke moves quickly, saying, “While they were there….she delivered.” No details, nothing.  We are left to imagine the birth itself.  How did it happen? Some historians say that a small hamlet like Bethlehem wasn't large enough for a hotel. Most historians today think that Mary and Joseph were more likely guests in a home where there were two parts to the home: family quarters (upstairs), which is sometimes called an "inn," and animal quarters (downstairs) where the "manger" was.  Some believe that Mary wanted a private birth so went to the “manger area of the household” to deliver.  These are interesting details that we can’t prove. 

In the Book of James (which was omitted from the New Testament) he says that two midwives were present for Mary’s delivery. Authorities consider it unlikely that a young woman who had not borne children would have ended up alone during her birth. Labor, for a first-time mother, would have been 12-36 hours long and was a dangerous endeavor. Many women died. "There's another account of the Nativity . . . where it says that when it was time to have the baby, Joseph went out looking for a midwife.  In the Jewish tradition, women handled most medical issues so it’s quite possible that there was a Jewish midwife or woman nearby who could help.

The other reason why there had to be other women there is that other women would’ve noticed Mary’s advanced pregnancy and offered to help.  Women would’ve helped to encourage Mary with her breathing and her pain, ensuring that this would not end in death but in life.  I picture several women, one holding a candle for light, one rushing to get warm water off the fire, and another at Mary’s side, guiding her through her labor.  Women help other women, especially at momentous times such as this.

In that darkness there was great risk: What if the baby were breech?  What if Mary’s contractions weren’t strong enough?  What if bleeding started that couldn’t be stopped?  And what if there were infection, perhaps the greatest risk of all.  Jon said that in some countries, people used dirt to care for the umbilical cord, which led to tetanus for the infant.  And yet Mary and Jesus survive. 

A successful journey through the dangers and miracles of conception, carrying a pregnancy, and giving birth are seen as direct evidence for divine support. The authors of the Hebrew Bible recognized that giving birth and undergoing crisis are both existential human events, where a threshold is crossed into either life or death.  So the metaphor of birth is often used to signify great causes; great victories for men and women.  Thanks be to God and to those who helped Mary and Joseph in the darkness.

When we are in darkness, we long for a touch, a reassuring word or a light of guidance.  These are feminine responses to fear.  Mary had gone through such darkness and had the benefit of care and concern.  She now becomes a model for how to support those who live in fear.  Mary was grounded in love.  Mary knew how to be compassionate, to be with others in their pain, just as she was accompanied in her pain.  She learned that it is love that brings light and hope amidst despair and pain.

Mary teaches us at Christmas that love is the only authentic response to darkness and fear.  Power and violence are not true solutions; they simply mask the fear or further move it to anger.  What is most needed to help calm and reassure is simple acts of kindness, tenderness, a caring gesture from one human being to another.  This is what Mary provides for us.  The quiet, gentle image of a person enduring the darkness, laboring through the unknown and trusting that light will come, that truly the darkness will end in goodness. 

So, yes we celebrate Jesus as our Savior, the Messiah who will teach us the way.  And we celebrate Mary, his mother, who taught Jesus by her example of love to help dispel the darkness of life. Whenever we light a candle or turn on a light may we be reminded of how our actions can birth light for one another.   May our Christmas celebration be one of hope for the New Year, one where we renew our faith in a God who is immersed in our humanness and transforms our darkness into light.  Merry Christmas.

DECEMBER 9, 2018

SERMON: LUKE 1: 26-38                                               


The Second Vatican Council adopted this position on Mary:  Mary is the woman in the service of others—of God, Christ, the Church, redemption—and the ultimate meaning of history.  She has no theological meaning of her own: she is the co-redemptrix, co-mediatrix, prototype of Church, full of grace after Christ; she is the symbol of new being, she recapitulates [i.e. restates briefly] eschatological [i.e. end of the world] history inaugurated by Christ.” 

The principal difficulty with this image of Mary is that she has been used in Church spirituality as icon, ideal and role-model for all women: the ideal of virgin-mother, which is impossible for ordinary people. The patriarchal interpretation of virgin motherhood has been disastrous: it has limited the vocations of women to that of motherhood in both a biological and spiritual sense. It has served as a stumbling block toward the discovery and achievement of self-affirmation for real women.  Women are to emulate the purity of the Immaculate Mary: to serve unseen, as supposedly Mary did, during the hidden Nazareth years. 

This idealized relational language about Mary perpetuated by the Church has forever kept women as the passive, submissive, inferior other.  We need to discover the real Mary through her relationships both personally and spiritually. To see in Mary an ideal image of woman, does not correspond to a concrete reality, and is dangerous. Mary, like it or not, cannot be an ideal. Using Mary as a model of “spiritual” womanhood in contrast to “normal” womanhood puts women in an untenable position within the Church, limiting female “gifts” to child baring, floor scrubbing, cooking and dish washing.

Mary’s significance should be found in her involvement in God’s redemptive plan, not in her divinity. Christ had to be born of a woman. Mary was that woman. The early Christian fathers lost sight of that fact when they named Mary the Mother of God in an attempt to ward off polytheism and explain the humanity of Christ. Intellectualizing Mary as a divine icon, rather than emphasizing her role in the Christian movement led ultimately to the loss of her personhood as a real woman and a disciple of Christ.

Let me illustrate what I mean.  Peter was called to be a disciple of Christ.  In his story, he is allowed to have his personhood with all his faults, doubts and mistakes. He has a temper; he fights; he denies Jesus, not once but three times.  He displays a less than perfect picture of a believer, yet he comes back to and remains a disciple of Christ. He is depicted as being human—just a man stumbling along to understand the way of Jesus.  I can relate to him because I am also an imperfect man attempting to find the way of Jesus.  Mary, on the other hand, was called to be the mother of the Messiah, birther of God. Mary became perfect in the liturgy of the Church, removing her intellectually from the realm of personhood to that of spiritual icon, spiritual ideal, and the pyridine of womanhood.  Who can relate with that elevated image? 

The activity of the Spirit and the virginal conception was misunderstood as “removed,” “apart from,” the created order.  The relationship between spirit and flesh, between the natural and the supernatural reduced the “spirit” to the intellect. Such separation and reductionism easily led to contempt for women and an  “apartheid theology.”

 Luke gets it right, and I’ll tell you why.  Mary, from the beginning, fulfills the criteria of discipleship. The first two chapters of Luke’s Gospel are composed as a “prelude to Pentecost.” Mary appears for the last time in the midst of the community waiting and praying for the Holy Spirit: “All these with one accord devoted themselves to prayer, together with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers” (Acts 1:14).  According to Luke, what was experienced as the Spirit’s overpowering in the upper room in Jerusalem had already begun 30 years before in the Galilean village of Nazareth.  God’s messenger “enters” into the daily life of a young woman hardly more than 12 years old who is engaged to a carpenter. From now on God’s revelation no longer occurs in the priestly cult, but in the daily events that rank very low in society.

Mary has a question: “How can this happen”?  The angelic proclamation sounds an important theme in Luke’s theology: the reversal of all values in a new world where the gospel will be preached to the poor. This theme permeates Jesus’ preaching in Nazareth and the upper room disciples preaching at Pentecost—all one hundred and twenty of them, both male and female. This theological redemption is revealed at Pentecost by the “outpouring of the Spirit over all flesh.” The angel’s answer to Mary’s “how” question needs a parallel: “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you ....” God’s Spirit comes upon Mary (as it did upon the community in Acts 2 at Pentecost) as an “overshadowing” cloud; an image that points to God’s presence. This Holy Spirit is the power of God who creates something new and sets it in motion.  

It is the human Mary that Christians need to see, not the goddess Mary.  I’m not saying that the spiritual image of Mary in Church theology is not true; I’m saying that more of the human side of Mary would have really changed the world, especially for women over the last 2,000 years.  Mary isn’t a virgin because virginity is more holy. She is a virgin because Mary is the visible unity of all women: single, married, divorced, widowed. Mary is the first Christian. She is close to us and understandable. She is not the Mary who has been dogmatized beyond recognition. 

Mary—a young woman in a patriarchal society - carried and brought her child into the world. She did not do it in an angelic manner (as the theologians maintain), but in the manner of poor people, without the security of a home. For Luke, Mary is a real human woman who willingly takes part in God’s plan for salvation—nothing more and nothing less.

 She is not a woman who wears a Carolina blue robe, exudes piety from a somber face, holds her baby son in her arms, and barely makes eye contact with us. She is not a blond, blue-eyed European fashion model.  No, Mary is a person.  I’d like to call her the Blessed Valorious Mary because of her numerous acts of valor and bravery at the risk of her own life.  She wears home-spun clothing, is, at best, five foot tall, has one gold earring and a gold ring in her nose, both from her dowry.  Her hair is jet black and her skin is olive brown.  She utters poetry fit for a political rally, she fearlessly faces death and scorn, goes toe-to-toe with Herod the Great, gives birth to a child, flees her homeland to become a refugee, musters her motherliness to reprimand her Messiah-son for dallying at the temple, holds her family together as a single parent, demands that Jesus fix a wine supply problem at a wedding, and then finds the feistiness to take her children to Capernaum to rescue Jesus from death threats. Mary follows Jesus all the way to the Cross—not just as a mother, but as a disciple, even after his closest followers desert him. She is there in the upper room at Pentecost, receives the Holy Spirit and joins the other disciples in spreading the good news of the resurrection. 

She leads us to a Christmas marked by a yearning for justice and the courage to fight for it. Mary is not the passive, subservient, fragile China-doll person she has been portrayed as by the Church. The Mary of Christian tradition is one more reminder of the way in which no woman can live up to the image of perfection - perpetual virgin/perfect mother - created by centuries of male theologians. What can speak to us, though, is Mary’s personhood.  We should allow Mary, the mother of Jesus, to shine forth in our minds as a real person—just like us.

November 28, 2018

​Sermon by Nick Smith

John 18:33-37                  

For those of you who follow the lectionary, today is the last Sunday of the church year. Next Sunday, the first Sunday in Advent, begins a new lectionary cycle. Today is called Christ the King—probably one of the most direct contradictions of Jesus as we could find to celebrate.  In my research, l learned that Christ the King is a fairly new development in the church.  Pope Pius Xl brought Christ the King Sunday into the church’s liturgical in 1925.

I think it is interesting that in the gospel account, when Jesus is asked if he is king of the Jews, he avoids the question. He asks if Pilate is asking this based on what others have told him. Later, Jesus talks about his kingdom being from another world. So Pilate picks up on that and says, “So you are a king?" But then Jesus replies, “You say that I am a king.”—not me.  Jesus isn't comfortable with this term. In fact, he never calls himself a king. It’s others who call him a king. After feeding the 5,000, the crowd insisted on making Jesus their king, but Jesus withdrew from them to a mountain. Jesus rejected the whole idea of being a king and calls us also to reject this idea and to think of ourselves as being servants to others, not superiors.

Some call today the Sunday of Jesus the Servant-- and rightly so.  Jesus tried so hard to help his followers understand that he came not to dominate but to serve. Jesus chose to associate with all sorts of people, not just those who had power and money. In fact, he tended to be with people who didn't have power—women, children, the poor and the outcasts. What kind of a king surrounds himself with those types of people?


Christ’s life and death on the cross are the supreme examples of his commitment to being a servant. There are several passages of scripture within the Bible that define the servant role of Jesus.

For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” – Mark 10:45
“…I have come down from heaven not to do my will but to do the will of him who sent me. – John 6:38
“For who is greater, the one who is at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who is at the table? But I am among you as one who serves.” – Luke 22:27
One of the strongest examples of the servant attitude of Jesus is when he washes his disciples’ feet in John, chapter 13.


This afternoon then, we are called to celebrate this Feast of Christ the Savior; I think we must acknowledge that in so many ways, this idea of Jesus being a king goes against the genuine way of Jesus because he rejected power over others. He wanted to be the servant of all. He rejected excessive wealth; he wanted everyone to share in the goods of the world that God made for all, and not for a few. Above all, Jesus rejected violence. He chose the way of suffering and death, showing forth love for those who were doing this to him. We must recognize that Jesus does not act according to the ways of the world. He brings about the reign of God, which is where God's ways permeate our ways, God's thoughts becomes our thoughts, and this way leads to the fullness of life, peace in this world, and peace forever.


The church is very attached to its hierarchies. It loves its leaders to dress up and parade around. It loves to be ‘established’ and part of the fabric of our nation. It loves to feel still important, valued and influential. Now don’t get me wrong! I’ve see how the church (and the other faith groups) can make a real and lasting difference to the lives of so many people and communities. The church can be inspirational. But, at the same time, it’s still very much in love with the notion that the best way of understanding what Christianity is about is through the idea of the kingdom.  The church has found itself too closely modelling the earthly kingdoms by encouraging an understanding of authority as power ‘over’ other people rather than the original notion of authority as ‘nurturing’ or ‘training.’ By encouraging deference and submission, rather than empowering people to discover spiritual maturity and wisdom for themselves; by closely guarding faith from all questioning, change, and on-going inspiration and by promoting particular understandings of ‘respectable’ lifestyle, identity and behavior, the Church has become a kingdom for itself.


We have been using Kin-dom here at Full Circle for a very long time, and it is a good word and better reflects the kind of society Jesus envisions—as a shared community of equals who serve each other. The Apostle Paul planted small house churches, and when he wrote to them, he called them adelphoi [ADEL-FOY]—sisters and brothers—united in a kin-group not by blood but in a common loyalty to Jesus. To these tiny outposts, Paul promises the coming victory of God over all other empires, through the return of Jesus.

Our objective as Christians is to be servants to all. There is no hierarchy of power, potency, and prestige in the Kin-dom of Christ. In His Kin-dom, worth is measured from the bottom up. Christ is as much in those the world calls the least and the littlest; the frail and the forgotten; the abused and the abandoned as He is anyone else.  The real purpose of God is to build Kin-dom, globally and internationally, between different religions, between friends and enemies, between ourselves and those we never speak too, and with all those who are different from us.

The Jewish authorities, because of their hardened hearts, and their legalistic and ritualistic zeal for works, were blind to their need for spiritual deliverance and the true righteousness of God, which must be born into the heart. That is what led them to ask this of Jesus: "And when he was demanded of the Pharisees, when the kingdom of God should come, he answered them and said, The kingdom of God comes not with observation: Neither shall they say, Lo here! Or, lo there! For, behold, the kin-dom of God is within you."

The Kin-dom of Jesus Christ is the place where God reigns in the hearts of people. God reigns now in our hearts, and one day God’s reign will be over all the earth, but for now, God has a family. If you will, you may call them "His kin." We have a forever family. Kin-dom is a word that reflects the kin of the God, or in other words, God’s believers.  Christians are united in a family of people who share a common loyalty to God. 


In the end, I come full circled to the kin-dom of God. It signifies that we are all interrelated (kin) and that as family; we are relationally joined through Jesus the Christ. Our related-ness is our prominent characteristic. What defines us? It is our connection to the divine/transcendent/reality in which we live and move and have our being.

I hope that we can reflect deeply on these truths about Jesus, and as we celebrate this Eucharist, recognize that what we're doing is making present on our altar the life -- the sufferings, the death and the resurrection of Jesus.

So on this, the last Sunday of the church year, take a moment and ask yourself, how did I follow Christ, who redefined what it means to be a king? How did I draw on the Circle for support on my journey? How did I support others on their journey to follow the servant leader? Happy Feast of Christ the Servant Sunday!

Nov. 18, 2018  Soweto and the Apocalypse

FIRST  READING:  A  Reading  from  the  Book  of  Daniel 12:1b,  3

A messenger  from  God,  a  human  figure spoke  to  Daniel  in  a  vision:  “A time  of  unsurpassed  distress  is  coming, a  time  of  anguish, such  as  has  never  been  known  since  nations  first  came  to  be.    “Yet,  the  wise  will shine  brightly, like  the  splendor  of  the  night  sky. Those  who  guide the  people  to  justice,  will  shine forever,  like  the  stars.”

A  vision  of  a  Judean  Sage  and  Prophet. Thanks  be  to  God

SECOND READING:  A  Reading  from  the  Book Hebrews10:32-39

Remember  the  days  past  when,  after  you  had  been  enlightened,  you  endured  a  great  contest  of  suffering.  At  times, you  were  publicly  exposed  to  abuse  and  affliction.  At  other  times, you  associated  yourselves  with  those  so  treated.  You  even  joined  in  the  sufferings  of  those  in  prison.  You  joyfully  accepted  the  confiscation  of  your  property,  knowing  that  you  had  a  better  and lasting  possession.    Therefore,  do not  throw  away  your  confidence!    It will  have  great  recompense.  You  need  endurance  to  fulfill  the  desire  of  God’s  heart and  receive  the  promise:“After just  a  brief  moment, the  One  who  is  to  come  will come, and will not  delay.  Those  who  are  just  live  by  faith.  In those  who  draw  back,  I  take  no  pleasure.” We  are  not  among  those  who  draw  back  and  perish,  but  among  those  who  have  faith  and  will  possess  life.  

The  Word  of  an  early  church  pastor  and  theologian.

GOSPEL:  A  Reading  from  the  Gospel  attributed to  Mark13:1-32

As  Jesus  was  leaving  the  Temple,  one  of  his  disciples  said,  “Look,  Rabbi,  what  large  stones  and  what  grand  buildings!”    Jesus  asked,  “Do  you  see  these  great  buildings?    Not  one  stone  will  be  left  here  upon  another;  all  will  be  thrown  down.” When  Jesus  was  sitting  across  from  the  Temple,  on  the  Mount  of  Olives,  Peter,  James, John,  and  Andrew questioned  him, discreetly.    “Tell  us,  when  will  this  be,  and  what  will  be  the  sign  that  all  these  things  are  about  to  happen?”  Jesus  began  to  tell  them,  “Beware  that  no  one  deceives  you.    Many  will  come  using  my  name  and  say,  ‘Here  I  am!’    They  will  mislead many  through  deception.    When  you  hear  of  wars  and  rumors  of  wars,  do  not  be  alarmed.  This  is  something  that  must  happen,  but  the  end  will  be  yet  to come.    Nation will  fight  against  nation.  Empire will  fight  against  empire.    There  will  be  earthquakes  in various  places.  There  will  be  famines.  This  is  the  beginning  of  birth-pangs. “You  must  be  on  your  guard.  You  will  be  handed  over  to  the  local  councils  and  flogged  in  the  synagogues.  On  account  of  me ,you  will  stand  before  governors  and  rulers  as  witnesses  to  them.  The Gospel  must  be  preached  to  all!

“Whenever  you  are  arrested  and  brought  to  trial,  do  not  worry  beforehand  about  what  you  are  going  to  say.  Just  say  whatever  is  given  you  at  the  time.    The  Holy  Spirit  will  speak  through  you.“  Siblings  will  betray  each  other  to  death,  and  parents  their  children.    Children  will  rebel  against  their  parents  and  have  them  put  to  death.    Everyone  will  hate  you  because  of  me.  The one  who  perseveres to  the  end  will  be  made  whole.“  When  you  see  ‘the  abomination  that  causes  desolation’  standing  where  it  does  not  belong—let  the  reader  understand—then  let  those  who  are  in  Judea  flee  to  the  mountains.  Let  no  one  on  the  housetop  go  down  or  enter  the  house  to  take  anything  out.    Let  no  one  in  the  field  go  back  to  get  their  coat. How  dreadful  it  will  be  in  those  days  for  pregnant  women  and  nursing  mothers!  Pray  that  this  will  not  take  place  in  winter,  because  those  will  be  days  of  distress  unequaled  from  the  beginning,  when  God  created  the  world,  until  now—and  never  to  be  equaled  again.“ If  God had  not  cut  short  those  days,  no  one  would  survive.  For  the  sake  of  the  chosen,  God has  shortened  them. At  that  time, if  anyone  says  to  you,  ‘Look,  here  is  the  Messiah!’  or,  ‘Look, over there!’  do  not  believe  it.  False  messiahs  and  false  prophets  will  appear  and  perform  signs  and  wonders  to  deceive,  if  possible,  even  the  chosen.  Be  on  your  guard!  I  have  told  you  everything  ahead  of  time.

In  those  days,  following  that  distress, the  sun  will  be  darkened, the  moon  will  not  give  its  light, the  stars  will  fall  from  the  sky, and  the  heavenly  bodies  will  be  shaken.  “At  that  time, people  will  see  the  Human  One come in  clouds, with  great  power  and  glory.  Angels will  be  sent to  gather  the  chosen  ones from  the  four  winds,  from  the  ends  of  the  earth  to  the  ends  of  the  heavens.“ Take  the  fig  tree  as  a  parable  and  learn  its  lesson. As  soon  as  its  twigs  get  tender  and  its  leaves  come  out,  you  know  that  summer  is  near. In  the  same  way,  when  you  see  these  things  happening,  you  know  that the  one  coming  into  the  world is  near,  right  at  the  door.    This  generation  will not  pass  away  until  all  these  things  have  happened.    The  heavens  and  the  earth,  the  whole  cosmos,  will  pass  away,  but  my  words  will  never  pass  away.  “As for that  day  or  hour,  no  one  knows it; neither the  angels  in  heaven,  nor  the  one  born  of  God.  Only  God  knows,  and  God  alone.”  The  Gospel  of  Our  God


Sermon:  Today’s gospel is called the Little Apocalypse which seems to be an oxymoron of a word.  Apocalypse is typically world-ending catastrophe and is never “little.”  It can also be a revelation but rarely have I heard it used that way.  Mark’s intent was not to discourage people but to encourage them.  They were in the midst of persecution and Mark is telling them to hang on, to trust and to believe that God will prevail.  God will give them the words to justify them and they will be saved.

These are big ideas, Martin Luther king like pronouncements, words that are meant to rally their audience.  Which is what happens when people are oppressed.  Someone among them rises up to encourage and to inspire.  The Soweto Gospel Choir does just that.  For those of you who were able to attend their performance last Sunday, you felt this.  They were able by their movement and voices to stir a group of privileged affluent white folks to move, to feel, to become more passionate about life.  Did you notice all the colors?  Beauty is so important during dark times.  It’s probably why we send flowers at funerals or when people are sick.  We are hoping to cheer them with color and beauty.  The Soweto Choir knows this.  They used such beautiful colors in their clothes and in the back drop on stage.  This is evidence that they too have experienced the joy and renewal of color, of beauty.  Towards the end of their performance, they asked us to stand up and to wave our arms as we sang along with them.  Thankfully, the crowd complied and once we started, we couldn’t stop.   They moved us from passivity and complacency to joy and respect and feelings of pride. 

This was a lived response to what the Soweto people have endured. Because of their history, they are a people who have been oppressed and are now redeemed.  It made me want to know more about their past. So I discovered that Soweto is a 'township' in South Africa, just southwest of Johannesburg, with a population of approximately 1.3 million.  Soweto was created in the 1930s when the white government started separating Blacks from Whites.  Blacks were moved away from Johannesburg, to an area separated from the White suburbs. Soweto became the largest Black city in South Africa, but until 1976 those living there were only seen as temporary residents, who served mostly as workers for the Whites in Johannesburg.  Apartheid or separateness began in 1948 by the National Party, an all-white government.  For me, apartheid was simply a word, not an experience.  For the South African people, it meant oppression, inequality and suffering. 

Nelson Mandela began fighting for equality in college.  He began as a non-violent protestor until 69 blacks were killed during a protest.  Then, he was arrested during another protest and sentenced to life in prison.  After 27 years, in 1990, he was released by Prime Minister de Clerk who had begun the process of changing the laws.  By 1994, Apartheid ended.  The beloved Madiba (his clan name) was free and able to speak about his love for his people and his homeland.  He served as president from 1994 to 1999 and spoke world-wide for peace.  Mandela died in 2013 but continues to live on in the hearts of his people.  Many times, the Soweto choir members raised their hands in a symbolic gesture of struggle and respect, defiance and solidarity and ultimately freedom from oppression. 

Did you know that the RCWP movement has an important link to apartheid in South Africa?  One of our first priests, Patricia Fresen, then made bishop was from South Africa and lived in a Dominican convent.  Patricia was one of the lead teachers who determined that they would break the unjust law of not teaching Black children.  There are lovely photos of her smiling with these beautiful children.  It was there that Patricia developed the mantra, “Laws that are unjust must be broken.”  Patricia was arrested by the police and tells her story in the documentary “Pink Smoke Over the Vatican.”  Eventually she was released.  After apartheid ended, she realized that the Catholic church’s exclusion of women was just like the exclusion of Blacks in South Africa; it was unjust and needed to be changed.  Because of this, her Dominican community ousted her.  She was 63 at the time.  Other heroic women provided her a salary and a home.  It was in 2007 when I heard her speak and became aware of my call.  That was my little apocalypse and I will forever respect and admire Patricia for her prophetic “yes” to God’s call.

Henri Nouwen is the author of the book, The Wounded Healer.  He writes that it is because of our scars that we become passionate about change in our lives and in our world.  The Soweto Gospel Choir are wounded healers that resonate with all people who have suffered.  And all of us have suffered in some way.  Rather than allowing that hurt to stop us, for fear to keep us silent, we must help to redeem that pain and move forward, reaching into the pain of each other’s lives to transform it. 

         This is a time of giving thanks, of harvest and of fallow fields.  I am so grateful for you and for this space and for the belief of our community that we can help change the world.  We need to discuss how we will spend our harvest in the next year.  How do we want to focus our energies and our talent?  As we give thanks for all the blessings in our lives, may we always link that to how we can give back, how we keep that little apocalypse burning within us, the fire that moves us beyond complacency and passivity.  What has your pain taught you?  How can it now be used for good?


Thanksgiving Prayer

Grateful for each hand we hold
Gathered round this table.
From far and near we travel home,
Blessed that we are able.
Grateful for this sheltered place
With light in every window,
Saying welcome, welcome, share this feast
Come in away from sorrow.
Father, mother, daughter, son,
Neighbor, friend and friendless;
All together everyone in the gift of loving-kindness.
Grateful for what’s understood,
And all that is forgiven;
We try so hard to be good,
To lead a life worth living.
Father, mother, daughter, son,
Neighbor, friend, and friendless;
All together everyone, let grateful days be endless.
Grateful for each hand we hold
Gathered round this table."
- Mary Chapin Carpenter - Thanksgiving Song Lyrics 

Sermon October 28, 2018                                                           Mark 10: 46-52

By Nick Smith 

Whenever I read about Jesus curing a blind person, I think of my home town. Many of you know that I grew up in Vinton, Iowa, the home of the Iowa College for the Blind, later known as the Iowa Braille & Sight Saving School.  The school was opened in 1851 by Samuel Bacon. By December 1852, he had the backing of Iowa state legislators to establish a larger school. In January 1853, the “Asylum for the Blind” opened in Iowa City. An offer of free land near Vinton, Iowa, proved attractive to Iowa legislators, and in 1862, the Iowa Blind College was built on the outskirts of Vinton.

As a child, I was scared to death of the blind students and blind people of the town.  They were different, strange, sunken-eyed outsiders, and I feared them. I feared that if I touched them or they touched me, I might also go blind.  In fact, most people in Vinton treated the blind as outcasts, marginalized people who didn’t really belong to our town.  There was little, if any, interaction with the blind community—they stayed in their place and we stayed in ours.

In Jesus’ time, the blind, together with cripples and lepers, were outcasts of society and kept quarantined outside the city limits.  In the eyes of the ancient Hebrews the maimed, and especially the blind, were thought to possess a debased character because of the prevailing notion that bodily defects were a punishment for sins they committed or the sins of their parents. People afflicted with physical ailments were treated as outcasts and marginalized as persons outside of the society.

How does Jesus interact with the outcasts of his time?  In today’s gospel, Jesus, his professed followers, and a bunch of other people come across Bartimaeus as they are leaving the city. He is blind. He has no way to make a living beyond begging, given his physical captivity. He is “hidden” in plain sight, a normal, accepted, if tragic part of the city’s landscape. You might recall that Jesus healed one blind man as he entered Jericho, then last week, as Jesus and the disciples passed through the city, James and John asked to be seated on Jesus’ right and left when he came into his glory.  In each case, Jesus attempts to explain to his inner core of followers just what the kin-dom of heaven is like and what is about to happen for the salvation of the world.  No one seems to understand, so Jesus tries a third time to reveal “the way” to his followers.
Bartimaeus senses that real help might be near, so he takes a chance and makes a scene by calling out to Jesus. First, he calls him Jesus (from the Hebrew name, Joshua, meaning Liberator). Then he calls Jesus “Son of David”; that’s King David, the ruler of God’s people charged with the task of creating a just political and economic system for the people.
There is no justice, of course, without mercy, so Bartimaeus calls out for mercy. None is to be found. He is not just overlooked but is vehemently dismissed and told to shut up.  Bartimaeus, with nothing left to lose, decides not to shut up this time but calls out a second time even louder. Jesus stops. He makes his disciples get involved by having them interact with the blind man. Bartimaeus can’t believe it — he throws off his cloak and springs up. Jesus directly asks Bartimaeus, “What do you want me to do for you?”—the same question he asked James and John.

 Look at what Bartimaeus wants—his sight. But notice the difference between what he wanted and what James and John wanted.  He wants to be a fully accepted, respected member of society who is treated with dignity, a man eligible to enter the holy places, who belongs there without apology. James and John want power, importance and authority in the coming Kin-dom of God.  Bartimaeus simply wants to be a member. Thanks to Jesus; Bartimaeus is able to articulate his dream to someone who actually treats him as fully human. And when Bartimaeus does this, he participates in his own liberation, for Jesus declares, “Your faith has made you well.” James and John could have asked for the same sight – or insight - into Jesus’ coming Kin-dom, but they do not; in fact, not one of Jesus’ inner circle of 12 disciples ever asks for clarification or insight. They are not “liberated” in their understanding until after Jesus has risen from the dead.

 I can’t help but wonder if it was the listening, the understanding, and the interaction that honored the human dignity of Bartimaeus that brought healing. Jesus doesn’t even touch him. Bartimaeus’ eyes are opened and he becomes a true follower of “the Way.” Jesus treats Bartimaeus in a just way—with compassion, dignity and love.

 With Bartimaeus’ story in my mind, I am struck by the many connections to today’s world and today’s marginalized people. No one wishes to be marginalized any more than they wish to be a blind beggar.  Does today’s gospel insinuate that even if we can’t fix all the problems within our society, it’s still worth stopping to help one person? Is there room for both helping an individual and critiquing and reforming whole social systems that see no incentive in investing in the marginalized? Is this text calling us to do something even in a small way to help the marginalized of our society?

Once Bartimaeus is healed, he follows Jesus. It would appear that Bartimaeus joined in on the healing ministry of Jesus and became another bearer of good news.

If we want to be agents of good news too, we will need to relate to other people in a just way. Do we participate in exploiting our neighbor, even in small, seemingly insignificant ways, or do we do what we can to assist those outside the mainstream of our world?

This gospel reveals the ethical interaction we should have with others—following Jesus-style:

 Seeks the good of the other person first, not your own selfish satisfaction
Engage the other with the deepest respect for their human dignity
Gets involved
Gets others involved
Liberate the other with compassion, dignity and love

 We can certainly do this. What would it look like for us to interact with our neighbor’s in a way that is ethical? I think today’s gospel helps us see how Jesus interacted with and treated social outcasts. And I also feel that today’s gospel directs us to do a very easy thing when it comes to our faith and understanding of the Kin-dom—just ask.  We should be like Bartimaeus and ask for what we truly need, not power or authority or importance, but common human dignity and insight into “the way” of Jesus the Christ.

 It wasn’t until I started wrestling in Jr. High School that I realized that the blind were nothing to fear.  My second match in seventh grade was against a blind kid.  I watched him take his eyes out, and then his coach led him out to the center of the mat.  We tied up.  The whistle blew; he tightened, made a fast move and threw me to the mat.  My fear and pity quickly turned to desperation and survival mode.  I won, but it was a heck of a match.

 During high school I developed several friendships with students at the blind school, even setting up “blind dates” for many of my sighted friends and acquaintances. I discovered that seeking the good in others, engaging others with respect for their human dignity, getting involved and getting others involves went a long way toward liberating others and myself.

You may hold some views on this gospel as well, and I invite you to share them with us now.

Sunday October 21, 2018: 

Greatness vs. The Power of Love

FIRST  READING:  A  Reading  from  the  Book  of  Job 42:10-17

Job  held  fast  to  the  integrity  of  his  faith  through  all  his  suffering,  disease,  loss, and  tribulation.    Finally,  God  spoke  to  Job  about  the  mystery  of  Creation,  and  the  incomprehensibility  of  its  ways.    After Job  had  prayed for  his friends  (that  God  not  deal  with  them  according  to  their  folly),  God  restored  Job’s  fortunes  and  prosperity.    God  gave  Job  twice  as  much  as  before.    All his  sisters  and  brothers,  and  all  who  had  known  him  from  former  times, came  to  see  him. They  broke  bread  together with  him  in  his  house.    They  consoled  and  comforted  him  for  all  the  suffering  with which  he  had  been  inflicted,  and  each  of  them  gave  him  a  silver  coin and  a  gold  ring. 

  God  blessed  the  end  of  Job’s life  more  than  the  beginning.  Job came  to  own  14,000sheep,  6,000  camels,  1,000  yoke  of  oxen, and  1,000  donkeys.    He  also  had  seven  sons  and  three  daughters.    He  named  the  first  daughter  Jemimah, the second  Keziah ,and  the  third,  Keren-happuch.    Throughout  the  land, there  were  no  women  who  shone  as  brightly  as  the  daughters  of  Job.    Their  father  gave  them  inheritance  rights,  like  their  brothers.    After  this,  Job  lived  for  another  one  hundred  and  forty  years.    He  saw  his  children,  and  his  children’s  children  to  the  fourth  generation.    Then,  old  and  full  of  days,  Job  died.

The  Word  of  a  Wisdom  Writer. Thanks  be  to  God

SECOND  READING:  A  Reading  from  the  Book  of  Hebrews 3:12-15b

Be  careful,  friends.    Make  sure  you  have  no  resentment  in  your  hearts,  throwing  you  off  course.    Make  sure  no  evil  diverts you  from  the  living  God.  Encourage  each other  daily; for  each  day  is  a  gift.    Do  not  be  taken  in  by  deceit.    Do  not  become hardened,  unable  or  unwilling  to  hear  the  truth.  We  have  become  partners  with  the  risen Christ.    Hold  fast to  the  faith  we  started  out  with  to  the  very  end.  May these  words  continue  to  sound in  our  ears: Today,  if  you  hear  God's  voice, harden  not  your  hearts.

The  Word  of  a Late  First  Century  Judean  Christian

GOSPEL:  A  Reading  from  the  Gospel  attributed to  Mark10:35-45

Glory  to  You,  O  God. 

Jesus  and  his  followers  were  on  their  way  to  Jerusalem.    Jesus  was  ahead, leading  the  way.    The  disciples  and  other  followers  were  puzzled,  and  not  just  a  little  afraid.    For  the  third  time, Jesus  took  the  Twelve  aside  and  told  them  what  was  going  to  happen  to  him: “We  are  going  up  to  Jerusalem  where  the  Chosen  One  will  be  handed  over  to  the  chief  priests  and  teachers  of  the  law,  and  will  be  condemned  to  death.    Then  the  Chosen  One  will  be  handed  over  to  the  Gentiles,  mocked  and  spat  upon,  flogged  and  killed;  and  three  days  later  will  rise.”  Then  James  and  John,  of  the  Zebedee  family, came  to Jesus.  “Teacher,”  they  said,  “we  want  you  to  do  for  us  whatever  we  ask.” “What  do  you  want  me  to  do  for  you?”  Jesus  asked.  They  replied,  “Let  one  of  us  sit  at  your  right  and  the  other  at  your  left  in  your  glory.”  “You  don’t  know  what  you’re  asking,”  Jesus  said.  “Can  you  drink  the  cup  I  drink  or  be  baptized  with  the  baptism  I  am  baptized  with?” “We  can,”  they  answered.  Jesus  said  to  them,  “You  will  drink  the  cup  I  drink  and  be  baptized with  the baptism  I  am  baptized  with,  but  to  sit  at  my  right  or  left  is  not  for  me  to  grant.  These  places  belong  to  those  for  whom  they  have  been  prepared.”

When  the  others heard  about  this,  they  became  indignant  with  James  and  John.  Jesus  called  them all  together  and  said,  “You  know  the  rulers  of  the  Gentiles  “lord” it  over  them,  and  their  high  officials exercise  power over  them.    Not  so  with  you.  Instead,  whoever  wants  to  become  great  among  you  must  be  your  servant.    Whoever wants  to  be  first among  you must  be  servant of  all.  Even the  Chosen  One did  not  come  to  be  served,  but  to  serve,  and  to  give  up life that  others  might  live.”  The  Gospel  of  Our  God.

Praise  to  You,  Jesus  the  Christ


This past week, I went to see the movie, The Hate You Give, which is named in reference to the Thug Life.  Tupac, a black rap artist was killed by a gang in 1996.  He has become somewhat of a martyr for those trapped in the system of drugs and violence in the black community.  Much of what he rapped about was how the white man kept black men in the cycle of violence; encouraging them to sell drugs, which often leads to being arrested then feeding the incarceration system.  Often once released, a black man has little alternatives and goes back to the streets selling drugs.  It’s only the white man who benefits.  The movie educates us all about this cycle and how often, young black males are killed by the police—as part of this ugly cycle.   They are seen as a simple casualty with one young white teen saying, “Well, he was probably gonna be killed by someone anyways.” As if the death of a black man is easy collateral for the life we have.

The American journalist Kamal Khashogghi was also just one man killed by Saudi Arabia.  But we have an $110 billion arms deal with the Saudis.  Even Pat Robertson said, “We’ve got an arms deal that everybody wanted a piece of…it’ll be a lot of jobs, a lot of money come to our coffers. It’s not something you want to blow up willy-nilly.”  This reminded me of the song in Jesus Christ Superstar, “Let one man die and the nation survive”.  Sound familiar?  Arms are weapons; these will be used to kill the people in Yemen. How’s that for a Christian perspective Mr. Robertson?

Implicit bias is a real thing and we whites suffer from it the most.  Our privilege doesn’t allow us to experience the consequences of our hate.  So another young black man dies.  So what?  How does that affect me?  Sadly, until we recognize our own implicit bias, the cycle of violence and the system that supports it will continue.

In today’s gospel, the disciples suffer from implicit bias.  James and John believe that they are one of the chosen, insiders who deserve positions of power.  They are simply following what they’ve been taught to believe: a Messiah is coming and he will wield great power over their enemies and then they, James and John, will be in power.  So, of course, they feel justified in asking if they can sit on either side of Jesus, in his kingdom to come.  It’s all about thrones and power and who’s who. 

Jesus is grieving his impending death and all his disciples can think about is, “What’s in it for me?”  How lonely Jesus must’ve felt.  And yet he persists in trying to encourage their understanding.  I’m sure he was thinking, “Will anyone ever get this? 

Jesus must have felt utterly despairing that his own disciples had yet to see the light.  Once again, he has to tell them that to achieve power they must be servants.  This is not something the guys wanted to hear. And yet he persists in trying to encourage their understanding.

Jesus asks if they can suffer what he is going to suffer and James and John answer him way too quickly.  You can tell that they don’t have a clue.  “Sure we can.  Yep.  No problem.”  It’s no coincidence that the stories of Jesus healing the blind men bracket these announcements of Jesus death.  He is trying to help the disciples to see—they have eyes and ears but they are blind and deaf to the message.  Implicit bias makes us blind and deaf.  Only with God’s grace can we suddenly wake up and realize the truth that it’s the power of love that matters most.  The power or prestige of this world will only bring heartache and despair.

Job is another hero in today’s readings.  Finally, after all he’s been through his tragic misfortune changes.  Through it all, Job has remained faithful to the truth of his love for God.  Then, God talks to him about the mystery of creation  and the incomprehensibility of its ways.  Really?  The God who we believed could change it all now talks to Job about how the world works, seemingly free of God’s power to change it.  But then it says that God blessed the end of Job’s day, more than his beginning.  Wait.  You can’t have it both ways.  Either God sets the world in motion and we are the catalysts for change or God is all powerful and intervenes regularly whenever He wants to.  I choose to believe the former.  God is a God of love.  That’s God’s power.  God is not a grand puppeteer who makes thing happen or turns a blind eye to our suffering.

Jesus embodies a God who is with us, a God who suffers and a God who even dies, is murdered, no less.  How much we want a different kind of God, one who does make our enemies pay for their wrongs, who magically blesses us for our good efforts with a glitzy wand.   But God is different than that.  God’s power is the power of love and I do believe that our love changes things in this world, even horrible systems that are bent on killing others to maintain their power system.

Mark’s last words are such a powerful message:  “Even the Chosen One came not to be served but to serve, to give up life so that others might live.”  Jesus was murdered to help change the system.  So many young black men are being murdered and the system stays the same.  I laud Mary Cohen for her de-carceration efforts.  I laud all of us who try to change the system.  We must continue to educate ourselves so that our bias is no longer implicit.  May we help to support others who seek change, especially our young next generation.  Go see “The Hate You Give” and “Monsters and Me.”  These are direct efforts by the Black Lives Matter movement to help change the system.  Go and be inspired to be part of the change.  Amen.

Sunday, October 14, 2018 

28th Sunday in Ordinary Times

FIRST READING A Reading from the Book of Wisdom 7:3-12

 When we are born, we draw in common air.

When we fall, it is upon the same ground, the earth that bears us all.

Crying is the first sound we make, like everyone.

No leader, authority, or rich person has known any other beginning of existence.

There is only one way into life, and one way out.

 I prayed, and understanding was given to me.

I called on God, and the Spirit of Wisdom came to me.

I esteemed Wisdom more than power and privilege.

I held riches as nothing, compared with Her.

I did not liken Her to a precious stone – it is not Her equal.

All gold is a pinch of sand compared with Her. Silver ranks as clay beside Her.

 I loved Wisdom more than health or beauty.

I preferred Her to the light; Her radiance never sleeps.

In Her company, good things came to me, at Her hands, wealth that cannot be counted. I rejoiced in all Her gifts!

Wisdom is their source, though I had not realized She is their Mother.


The Wisdom of Our God.

Thanks be to God.


SECOND READING A Reading from the Book of Revelation 3:14-19

 The Human One, who is First and Last, said to John: 

Write this to the angel of the church in Laodicea.

 The Amen, the faithful and true witness, the Source of God’s creation, says this: “I know your works. I know that you are neither cold nor hot. I wish you were either cold or hot. Because you are lukewarm, neither hot nor cold, I will spit you out of my mouth. 

 You say, ‘I am rich and affluent and have no need of anything’; yet, you do not realize that you are wretched, pitiable, poor, blind, and naked. I advise you to buy, from me, gold refined by fire so that you may be rich.  Buy, from me, white garments to put on so that your shameful nakedness may not be exposed.  Buy, from me, ointment to smear on your eyes so that you may see. Those whom I love, I challenge.  Those whom I love, I call to true wealth. Be earnest, therefore.  Change your ways. 

Change your hearts.” 

 A Vision of a Late First Century Writer, known as John.

Thanks be to God.

 GOSPEL Reading:  Mark 10:17-31   

 As Jesus started on his way, someone ran up to him and fell on bended knee before him, asking. “Good Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?”

 “Why do you call me good?” Jesus answered. “No one is good—except One, God.  You know the commandments: ‘Don't murder.  Don't commit adultery. Don't steal. Don't lie. Don't cheat. Honor your father and mother.’”  

 The petitioner answered: “Rabbi, all these I have kept since my childhood.”

  Jesus looked at and loved the one before him. “One thing you lack,” Jesus said. “Go. Sell all that you have.  Give it to those who are poor.  You will have treasure in heaven. Then, come, follow me.”

 At Jesus’ response, the one who asked the question became crestfallen and went away grieving, having many possessions.

 Jesus looked around and said to his disciples, “How hard it is for those who are rich to enter the kin-dom of God!”  The disciples were perplexed at his words. Jesus said again, “Children, how hard it is to enter the kin-dom of God!  It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for one who is rich to enter the kin-dom of God.”  The disciples were even more stunned, and said to themselves, “Who then can be helped?”  Looking at them, Jesus said, “For humans, it is impossible, but not with God.  All things are possible with God.”

 Then Peter spoke up, “Rabbi, we've left everything to follow you!”  Jesus replied, “Yes. Indeed no one who has left home or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or land for me and for the gospel will fail to receive a hundred times as much in this present age: homes, brothers, sisters, mothers, children and land—persecutions too—and in the age to come, everlasting life.  

 “But many who are first will be last, and the last will be first.”


As some of you know, we were in Boston last weekend visiting our son Jon and his girlfriend, Mary Cate.  Being in a big city is very different than the usual midwestern kind of town.  We went to the Northside to get cannoli’s.  Mary Cate said that the best place is Mike’s Pastry.  The only catch was, there are no lines.  When we arrived on a Sunday afternoon, it was packed.  There was a man outside who kept saying, “There are no lines.  You have to fight for your cannoli!”  So, everyone was in good spirits, kind of enjoying the jostling you had to do to get to the front where four separate women were taking and filling orders for the masses.

         Mary Cate and I dove in and tried different strategies.  Staying together initially, we separated at some point.  We both knew the order:  4 cannolis: hazelnut caramel, florentine, chocolate mousse and chocolate chip.  Whoever got there first would order and signal the other.  Soon Mary Cate was ahead of me, just to my right.  Then, I heard her place the order and smiled.  Suddenly a woman to her immediate right said, “Well thanks for ditching in line in front of me.  I have children outside waiting for me.”  Mary Cate said, “Oh sorry.” Then, feeling defensive of her, I said to the woman, “No. You can’t say that.  There are no lines.  Remember what the guy said?” She said, “Well, we were kind of in a line and I was next.”  I shook my head and simply said, “No, it doesn’t work that way.”

Later, Mary Cate and I had to review the situation.  Mary Cate said, “The idea is first come, first served.  You have to speak up and she wasn’t speaking up, so I did.”   I agreed that she did the right thing.  Then I read today’s Gospel and laughed.  “The first will be served last and the last first.”  That would never work at Mike’s Pastry!  It’s a classic Jesus statement, going against the grain of the American way. There are lines for everything and we know how to stay in them and make sure that no one ditches in front of us.  So even when there aren’t lines, we make them up.  It’s certainly a form of control, a way of making us feel as if we have some control over fairness and how life is supposed to work.  Perhaps that’s what Jesus is challenging.  None of us has control over how life works.  Rarely if ever do we know when or how the next surprise will happen.  Just this week, Dave had a detached retina.  I got a call at 2pm at work on Wednesday and he told me he was in Ophthalmology, waiting to see the retina specialist.  Okay. Change of plans.  We are not in control.

Unexpected life events remind us of how little we can control.  And hopefully they turn us to God, for help and reassurance that God is with us in the foray of unexpected events.  Dave had surgery Thursday morning and is doing well.  The surgeons checked him on Friday and said that the retina was now fully reattached thanks to their lasers and skill.  I prayed while Dave was in surgery.  And I tried to trust that all will be well.  It’s a way of living that requires practice and support.  Many friends and family offered words of encouragement, part of a faith life that requires others to help remind us that we are not alone. 

Then we have the camel issue.  That camel cannot go through the eye of a needle and neither can the rich get into heaven.  Once again, Jesus is questioning our very way of life.  Those who are rich are often seen as blessed, especially at the time of Jesus.  Which is why the disciples say, “Well then who can ever get into heaven—if even those who are blessed cannot?”  Wealth in their world opened doors, gave people access to things that others didn’t have.  The hierarchy was well established.  How then can anyone get into heaven?  Jesus tried to calm their fears.  He emphasized that all things are possible with God.  I’m not sure that was enough to calm the disciples.  We still struggle with this in our world today.

I don’t believe that Jesus is calling us to a life of poverty but there is not a nifty way to avoid Jesus caution to those who have money.  We can try to tweak it; say that this man gained his wealth in deceitful ways—we certainly learned about others in our world this week whose wealth was gained in a deceitful manner.  But there are others, rich people who have used their wealth to change things.  I think of Princess Diana and Bill and Melinda Gates, they have used their wealth to help others.  And that makes all the difference.  Giving our wealth to those in need draws us into relationship with them.  It helps to level the societal playing field when done properly.  Our Winter Clothing drive would probably have meant more if we also volunteered to help in the distribution.  Serving meals at IC Compassion is that kind of leveling—interacting with others in their need. 

This is what our Second Reading proclaims:  “Those who are lukewarm, content and immune to the need around them are despicable.  So lukewarm that ‘I will spit you out.’  Instead, change your ways.  Learn what my words mean. Those whom I love I call to true wealth.”  True wealth is having the awareness of the gift and awareness of the need to share with others.

We can admit that wealth gives us a sense of security.  But we cannot become complacent that it is a true security.  I think of all those affected by Hurricane Michael, who have lost so much.  How will they begin to rebuild their lives?  Has their core been shaken?  I cannot imagine surviving such a tragedy, so it is easy for me to say that their meaning must run deeper than their possessions.  But what is most powerful about today’s gospel is that Jesus was asking the rich young man to trust him, to try to separate from his wealth and to believe that Jesus was sufficient.  Also, Jesus was teaching him that he could not buy his way into heaven.  Sadly, the man was unable to comply with Jesus’ request, at least at the time.  Perhaps he reflected on this interaction and was able later to begin the process.  We don’t know that.  What we do know is that our faith must ground us when change and chaos happen.  We must believe that our values are based on God’s call to relationship with all others.  Can we trust that with God all things are possible?

I invite us to examine our own lives to see if we are ready for unexpectedly losing things.  That will help us begin the process of separating from anything we value more than God.  It will reveal how deeply we trust in God.  God wants us to learn ways that are very different from the ways of the world, ways that are based on wisdom not societal standards.  

Remember what Fr. Shea taught us about the living God versus the super-ego God.  God is in relationship with us, helping us to grow beyond a sense of doing things to please God and instead, doing them because they enable us to live more fully.  May today’s gospel help us to reexamine our priorities.  Let us hear Jesus’ call to living a worthy life that is in touch with the poor, a life that values wisdom and that is grounded in love of our God.  Amen.

 What possessions or concerns get in the way of our relationship with God?

 September 23, 2018                

Mark 8:22-26/Mark 9:30-37            

Sermon By Nick Smith


The two-stage healing of the blind man in Mark 8:22-26 functions as a commentary on the disciples’ lack of understanding—they are slow and dense: they do not understand the implications of following Jesus.
In one thing this miracle is unique--it is the only miracle which can be said to have happened gradually. Usually Jesus' miracles happened suddenly and completely. In this miracle the blind man's sight came back in stages. Jesus’ first attempt seems to fail.
There is symbolic truth here. No one sees all God's truth all at once. We need to grow in our faith, and we need to keep on growing.
Mark 9:30-37 marks a mile-stone. Jesus had now left the North Country where he was safe and was taking the first step towards Jerusalem and to the Cross. For once Jesus did not want the crowds around him because he had to make sure that there were some who understood, however dimly, what he had come to say.
Even yet the disciples did not understand. The thing they did not understand was the bit about rising again. To the very end they never grasped the concept of the Resurrection. They grasped it only when it became an accomplished fact.
9:32-35 so they came to Capernaum. When Jesus was in the house he asked them, "What were you arguing about on the road?" They remained silent, for on the road they had been arguing with each other who was to be greatest. So Jesus sat down, and called the Twelve, and said to them, "If anyone wishes to be first, he must be the last of all, and the servant of all."
9:36-37 Jesus put a child in their midst. Now a child cannot give us things. It is the other way round. A child needs things; a child must have things done for them. So Jesus says, "If a person welcomes the poor, ordinary people, the people who have no influence and no wealth and no power, the people who need things done for them, they are welcoming me. More than that, they are welcoming God." The child is typical of the person who needs things, and it is the society of the person who needs things that we must seek.
As the blind man is given sight, however gradually, so the disciples, who are blind to Jesus' mission and identity, are given sight gradually.  Knowing and not knowing, understanding and not understanding are woven throughout chapters 8 and 9 of Mark. This is not a new role for disciples. Throughout Mark, they are the knuckleheads who just don't get it.
The question that the disciples are afraid to ask is the question that propelled so many early Christian to struggle with what Jesus taught. They needed an almighty God who conquers enemies, not one who suffers and dies. Underneath verses 31-32 are the basic questions of who Jesus is, and of the nature of God. 

The good news is that Jesus welcomes us even when we do not understand or do not know. This periscope closes with Jesus embracing a child, the ultimate symbol of not knowing, not understanding, immature and undeveloped. We need not fear our questions, our misunderstandings, our confusion or our curiosity in the presence of God, for God accepts everyone.


An argument often brought up in discussions about women in church leadership is that Jesus’ twelve apostles were all male, and, because there were no females among the Twelve, this means that women cannot be priests or church leaders. There were also no Gentiles among the Twelve. So, if we genuinely want to use the Twelve as a paradigm of people suitable for church leadership, we should restrict leadership to Jewish men.
I find neither of these arguments useful in discussions on church leadership because they miss a critical point: Jesus’ earthly ministry and the choosing of the Twelve occurred before the church existed. Jesus’ ministry occurred at a vital juncture between the Old Testament and the New Covenant—between “Israel only” and the inauguration of the inclusive, universal Church.
There are a few reasons why Jesus chose twelve Jewish men to be his chief disciples. For Jesus to be recognized as a rabbi he needed to have at least ten male disciples. With twelve Jewish male disciples, Jesus’ status as a rabbi was never questioned.
There is an obvious symbolism with the number twelve. Jesus himself makes a connection between the twelve disciples and the twelve tribes of Israel. When Judas Iscariot died, his place was filled to keep the number of the apostles at twelve, but once the New Covenant had been inaugurated, the significance of the Twelve was no longer relevant. There is no attempt to replace James after his early death (Acts 12:1-2) by Hared in 44 Ad.
Jesus chose Judas Iscariot to be one of the original Twelve, presumably knowing that Judas would later betray him. Since Judas Iscariot was one of the Twelve, this makes the argument untenable that Jesus intended these men to be some sort of precedent or example for church leadership. The fact that one of the Twelve never became a church leader is an important point to consider. James, the brother of Jesus (not officially an apostle), was the leader of the church in Jerusalem. Apostleship was not required.
Nevertheless, while there were no women among the Twelve, there may have been Jewish women among the Seventy-Two. Many women accompanied Jesus and the Twelve on missionary trips and supported the men from their own resources. Many women were among the most faithful of Jesus’ followers and so some (or all?) of these women may have been among the Seventy-Two.
The great paradigm shift from old to new covenant did not occur at the beginning of Christ’s earthly ministry but at its end. The first utterance made immediately after the outpouring of the Holy Spirit concerned a radical change in ministry roles. With the apostles at his side, Peter formally proclaimed that, because of the new era inaugurated by the coming of the Spirit, ministries that had been previously restricted were now universally accessible to all believers without distinctions of gender, age, or class—the Holy Spirit was poured out for the first time on all believers regardless of gender.
The argument that women cannot be priests because the twelve apostles were all male is illogical. Being a pastor and being an apostle is not the same thing.  Having said that, we do have the example of a New Testament woman who was an apostle—Junia (Rom. 16:7). Moreover, the New Testament gives us several examples of women who functioned in various leadership ministries in the early church, including being pastors and leaders of house churches.
Conclusion:  The fact that the Twelve Apostles were all male cannot be used to bar women from leadership ministries for several reasons. Jesus called the Twelve before the New Covenant had been inaugurated and before the Holy Spirit had come on all believers. He chose the Twelve to help with his ministry to Israel within a certain cultural context. The fact that Judas was one of the Twelve means that Jesus must have chosen at least one (or some?) of the Twelve for reasons other than church leadership. The “male apostle” argument cannot be taken to mean that woman cannot be priests. It might be taken to mean that women cannot be apostles; however, the example of Junia as an apostle makes even this argument untenable. Moreover, Jesus never stated that only men could be leaders. Jesus’ only instructions about church leadership are that those who lead in the Christian community should be servants not rulers.  Finally, all the disciples, male and female, grasped the resurrection only after it became a fact.

September 16, 2018

A few days ago, I sent you a letter that Fr. Shea wrote to the RCWP.  Suddenly, because of that email, we all became aware of a prophet, a scholar, a voice that was speaking truth to power.  So today, I want to highlight what Fr.Shea has been doing for the past six years because it relates directly to today’s readings.

In 2012, Fr. John J Shea, an Augustinian priest for over 50 years, wrote a letter to the Council of Cardinals led by Cardinal Sean O’Malley, asking him to challenge his fellow Cardinals to answer the question of why women cannot be ordained.  At the time, Shea was a professor at Boston College.  After this letter, his contract was not renewed.  Students wrote in protest.  Boston College said that his position had been changed and that it was a personnel matter.  It was clear that he was a beloved professor and outspoken.  And because of that, he lost his job.  Fr. Shea fulfilled today’s gospel message and stands as an example for us. 

Even though Shea was punished, again in 2014, he wrote the Council of Cardinals.  This time he said, “I am writing to ask you and your fellow bishops in your role as teachers to provide a clear and credible theological explanation of why women are not being ordained to the priesthood in the Catholic Church. I write not to challenge the teaching of Ordinatio Sacerdotalis (written in 1994 by JPII) on women’s ordination. Rather, my concern is the theological explanation of this teaching— Two years ago, I wrote to all of you with the same request.”

He says that he was dismissed from BC and that “My provincial, with the urging of several archbishops, has given me two “canonical warnings” threatening me with being “punished with a just penalty” for voicing my concerns.”

What Shea is arguing is that the papal document Ordinatio Sacerdotalis (Priestly Ordination), is an historical explanation of the issue, not a theological one. He says, “It looks back at what we think Jesus was doing when he chose the 12. But it raises lots of questions:  Was it the intent of Jesus to inaugurate ministry only males could carry out? Did he ever say this? Was Jesus only doing what he thought would work best in the patriarchal culture of his day?”

Shea as an academic says, “Historical explanations suffer from an incomplete logic:  there’s no way to know if what has been is what should be or has to be.”  But, he argues, historical explanations do give us some valid lessons.  “(These) can be helpful in challenging our tendencies to absolutize as well as in chastening some of our hallowed self-evaluations.” 

Then he gives examples from history, such as slavery and racism; these used to be sanctioned by the church and are now completely reversed.  Now the Ordinary Infallible Teachings of the church say that slavery and racism are wrong.  The third example he offers is The Inferiority of Women.  He writes:  “Women’s inferiority was seen as “natural” by the cultures that cradled Christianity. In our history, this inferiority was generously reinforced by the teachings of St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas. These two wonderful theologians— arguably the two most influential in the West—not only questioned whether women had valid souls, but they outdid each other in describing women in the most vile and profoundly dehumanizing ways. No thinking in the church is more virulent and intractable than the patriarchal strain that so disrespects women. When the Vatican reasoned in the 1970s and 1980s that women could not be ordained because “they are not fully in the likeness of Jesus,” it was affirming an “ordinary infallible teaching” with roots incredibly deep in the substrate of our church.  This continues to be affirmed today.

Then, he furthers this argument by saying, “In their ordinary infallible teaching that women cannot be ordained in the church because “they are not fully in the likeness of Jesus,” the Vatican and the bishops were offering a much needed theological explanation of the issue.” Now it is obvious that this teaching, this theology is deeply unjust.  Fr.Shea believes that it is also utterly and demonstrably heretical. This teaching says that women are not fully redeemed by Jesus!  How crazy is that?  It make me tearful because he is giving words to what I have felt for so long, as a woman in the catholic church and now as a rogue womanpriest.

“We revere Jesus as priest, as prophet, and as ruler. If “women are fully in the likeness of Jesus” in our church, they should fully share in the priesthood of Jesus—but in fact women are completely excluded from the priesthood of Jesus. If “women are fully in the likeness of Jesus” in our church, they can  speak for God as Jesus did—but women are completely without voice in the church.

As a bishop, how long will you champion the inferiority of women in the church? How long will your teaching on women be an obvious and eye-popping contradiction? How long will your demeaning patriarchal stance violate women’s human and religious equality in God’s name? 

Two more years have come and gone. The priests are voiceless. The academic theologians are nice and safe. The bishops make statements but do nothing that would be recognized as engaged teaching. Do you see how bold Shea is?  He is speaking truth to power.  He is risking his life as a priest for the truth of the gospel.  What a prophet.  What courage. 

Finally, this past August, Shea wrote Pope Francis.  I’d like to read you this letter: Dear Pope Francis,

I hope you are well and that your staff lets you read this letter. I am praying for you. Your overall concern for injustice, for the poor, for the environment, and for administrative reform in the church is welcomed. 

When first you spoke of the need for honest dialogue on the issues facing the church, it was heartening. You used to say: “dialogue, dialogue, dialogue.” You even said: “dialogue fearlessly.”

Unfortunately, there is no dialogue—fearless, gender-inclusive, or otherwise—on the ordination of women. As our Supreme Bridgebuilder, when will you undertake the one reform most critical and centuries overdue? When will you end the suffering, the hope-dashing, and the full-on disintegration afflicting the entire church?

Can the church ever be whole if every woman in it is “not fully in the likeness of Jesus”? Does not the blatant denial of the body-and-soul integrity of women—their imago Dei ignored, disparaged, and disbarred— stifle the Spirit and turn the Good News into a lie?

Pope Francis, how long until servant ministry is separated from patriarchal conceit? How long until an intelligent view of gender dawns on a vacuous, flaccid, fear-frozen, and sheep-droved magisterium?  

How long will Vatican-championed misogyny—so blatantly disrespectful and so obviously immature—continue to pervert all four traditional hallmarks of our church? (one, holy, catholic and apostolic)

How long? How long? How long? How long?

                                                      Sincerely,  John J. Shea, O.S.A.

We will never know if the pope read this letter sent less than a month ago.  And if we hear nothing more, Fr. Shea’s voice will simple reverberate in the halls of the Vatican.

But back to our gospel.  It has been suggested that one of the reasons Jesus told Peter to get behind him was so that he could lead Peter rather than Peter trying to lead him.  It appears that the Church needs to be reminded that it should get behind Jesus once again, that it too suffers from evil intentions when it strays from Jesus’ message and disregards the very people, all women, it should be defending and supporting.  Today’s readings are a challenge for us to speak truth to power.  We might even use them as part of our writings.  Let’s send email after email to our bishops and cc: Fr.Shea so that he knows that he is not alone.  His voice and his intelligent words need to be spoken, heard, written and pronounced again and again until change happens.

Let this be our statement of support for half of the human race.  Women need to be seen as fully redeemed by God, fully capable and deserving of respect.  No more honor killings, no more genital mutilation, no more rape, no more abuse, no more male dominance anywhere.  Let us move the church forward, following in Jesus’ call to live no longer for ourselves, but for others.  Amen. 

September  2,  2018

​Readings  for  22nd  Sunday  of  Ordinary  Time

The Shadow Knows

FIRST  READING:  A  Reading  from  the  Prophet  Amos 8:4-6,  8-10

Listen to this, you  who  grind  those  in  need,  and  bring  to  ruin  those  who  are  poor  in  the  land. You who say: “When will the New Moon be  over  so  that  we  can  sell  our  corn, and  the  Sabbath,  so  that  we  can  market  our  wheat, giving  short  measure  to  the  bushel and  adding  to  the  shekel  weight, fixing  our  scales  with  deceit? For then we can  buy  the  poor  for  silver, and  the  needy  for  a  pair  of  sandals, and  even  get  a  price  for  the  sweepings  of  wheat.”

Will not the earth tremble for  this?  Will not  all  who  live  on  it  mourn while  it  rises  up  and  tosses  like  the  Nile, and  sink  again  like  the  River  of  Egypt? On that Day, declares  our  God: I  will  make  the  sun  go  down  at  noon and  darken  the  earth  in  broad  daylight. I will turn  your  feasts  into  mourning, and  all  your  songs  into  lamentation.  I will  cover  the  loins  of  all  with  sackcloth, and  have  all  your  heads  shaved. I will  make  it  like  mourning  for  the  death  of  an  only  child, and  the  end  of  it  like  a  bitter  day.  The  Word  of  the Prophet Amos

SECOND  READING:  A  Reading  from  the  Letter  of  James 5:1-6

Listen,  you  rich  people!    Weep  and  wail  in  lamentation  because  of  the  misery  that  is  coming  on  you! Your  wealth  has  rotted,  and  moths  have  eaten  your  clothes.  Your  gold  and  silver  are  corroded.    Testifying  against  you,  the  corrosion  itself  will  cause  you  disease  and  eat  your  flesh  like  fire.    You  thought  you  were  piling  up  wealth.    What  you  have  piled up  is  judgment. Look!  All  the  workers  you  failed  to  pay  who  mowed  your  fields  cry  out  against  you.    The  groans  of  the  harvesters  have  reached  the  ears  of  God.    You  have  looted  the  earth  in  self-indulgence.  You  have  fattened  yourselves  in  the  day  of  slaughter.    The  Word  of  a  Late  First  Century  Christian  Writer

GOSPEL:  A  Reading  from  the  Gospel  attributed  to  Mark 7:1-23

 Religious  leaders  and  lawyers  who  had  come  from  Jerusalem  gathered  around  Jesus.  They saw  some  of  his  disciples  eating  food  with  hands  that  were  defiled,  that  is,  unwashed.    (The  religious  leaders,  and  Judeans  in  general,  do  not  eat  unless  they  give  their  hands  a  ceremonial  washing,  holding  to  the  tradition  handed  down  to  them  by  their  ancestors.    When  they  come  from  the  marketplace, they  do  not  eat  unless  they  purify  themselves  through  this  washing.  And  they  observe  many  other  traditions,  such  as  the  washing  of  cups,  pitchers  and  kettles.)  So  the  religious  leaders  and  lawyers  asked  Jesus, “Why  don’t  your  disciples  live  according  to  the  tradition  of  the  elders  instead  of  eating  their  food  with  defiled  hands?” Jesus  replied,  “Isaiah  was  right  in  prophesying  about  you  hypocrites;  as  it  is  written: ‘These  people  honor  me  with  their  lips, but  their  hearts  are  far  from  me. They  worship  me  in  vain; denying  that  their  teachings  are  of  human  origin.’ You  have  let  go  of  the  commandment  of  God  yet  you  hold  on  to  human  traditions.” 

Jesus  continued:  “You  have  a  fine  way  of  setting  aside  the  commandment  of  God  so  you  won't  be  inconvenienced  in following  your  own  traditions! Moses  said,  ‘Honor  your  father  and  mother,’  and,  ‘Anyone  who  curses  their  father  or  mother  should  be  killed.’  But  you  say  that  anyone  can  tell  their  father  or  mother,  ‘Whatever  support  you  were  to  have  from  me  is  now  Corban’  (that  is,  an  offering  to  God).  You  thus  excuse  them from  caring  for  their  father  or  mother.    You void  the  word  of  God  by  this tradition  that  you  hand on.    And  you  do  many  things  like  this.” 

Jesus called  the  crowd  together  again  and  said,  “Listen,  everyone,  and  take  this  to  heart.    Nothing  outside  a  person  can  defile  by  going  inside  a  person.    The  things  that  come  out  of  a  person  are  what  defile.” After  Jesus  had  left  the  crowd  and  entered  the  house,  his  disciples  asked  him  about  this  parable.    “Do  you  also  fail  to  understand?”  Jesus  asked.    “Do  you  not  see  that  whatever  goes  into  a  person  from  outside  cannot  defile,  since  it  enters  not  the  heart  but  the  stomach,  and  goes  out  into  the  sewer?”  Jesus  continued  on,  “What  comes  out  of  a  person  is  what  defiles  them.    For  it  is  from  within,  out  of  a  person’s  heart,  that  evil  thoughts  come—obscenity,  theft,  murder,  betrayal,  greed,  malice,  deceit,  lewdness,  envy,  slander,  arrogance  and  folly.    All  these  evils  come  from  inside  and  defile  a  person.”


This week I met with a woman who was grieving the recent death of her husband.  She said that she missed him.  And her older sister was making her life miserable.  They had buried her husband in a family plot and the sister objected to this.  Also, this sister was trying to prevent the family from putting a marker or headstone on the plot.  The woman said, “She’s just evil.”  It seemed an appropriate conclusion: someone trying to make a loved one suffer when they are already suffering.

In today’s gospel, Jesus is addressing this very tendency, the tendency to do harm, to hurt, to destroy, to kill.  It’s what is part of the human condition, what lives inside all of us, even those of us who consider ourselves to be more evolved, mature and sophisticated. 

But that is what we as humans are capable of—terrible choices and acts of revenge or hatred.  Most often this happens when we ourselves have been hurt or mistreated by others or by life itself.  We become bitter and resentful and then inflict our own anger onto others.  It’s called our shadow selves.

I can remember learning about the “shadow” way back in college.  And the professor at the time was telling us, “If you don’t think you’re capable of murder, think again.”  I was shocked to think that I could be capable of such evil.  But the more I listened, I realized it’s the truth of today’s gospel.  What he was trying to impress upon us was the problem of those who think they are beyond that kind of hatred or anger are often the very ones who commit such atrocities in a fit of passion.  Much better to know our dark side, our shadow, so as to befriend it and remove its threat of doing harm to others.  This theory was based on Carl Jung’s work.  "Everyone carries a shadow," Jung wrote, "and the less it is embodied in the individual's conscious life, the blacker and denser it is.

Molly Tibbett’s killer was not in touch with his shadow.  In his own words, he “blacked out” and woke up to discover that Molly had blood on the side of her head.  He talked about this “blacking out” as something he did when he was overwhelmed.  We would all do well to look at our darker side and to shine some light on it for our own benefit.  We can learn from our shadow. There was a book called, “Make Friends with your Shadow” by William Miller.  Unfortunately, I threw my copy out just last week.  The subtitle is “How to accept and use positively the negative side of your personality.”  So there is great benefit to examining our hidden self rather than remaining ignorant of it.  Doing this also gives us more power to make aware choices rather than just react to life unconsciously.  Today, Jesus is challenging us to discover who we are rather than focus so much energy on hand washing or other rituals.  He was way ahead of his time!  Jesus was aware of how much our heart, what is within us, determines our actions. This is what he was telling his disciples in our gospel today.  And it applies so much to our current world issues.

The church pedophile problem is once again in the news with Pennsylvania’s recent 800+ page report.  It has been a scathing reminder of how deep the problem went, with over 1,000 children being abused.  We all know it’s much worse than those numbers.  But, as long as everyone keeps pointing the finger outside themselves, we will never move forward. 

In the most recent NCR, Marie Collins spoke with Pope Francis to ask him why the 2015 Vatican Accountability Tribunal recommendations had not been implemented.  She herself had been abused by a priest who went on to abuse other girls for the next 30 years.  Francis said, that for cultural reasons such a tribunal was "not viable.” Then, he expressed the belief that she was a "bit fixated" and did not "understand" the process being used now. Marie responded to the NCR reporter, “I have no problem in admitting to being determined to see those who protect perpetrators are held accountable (though "fixated" is not how I would describe myself!)”  Do you see how putting others down as a way of shifting blame doesn’t help?  It can’t help until and unless each priest, bishop, cardinal and the pope himself admit to having a shadow self that is capable of mistakes and great harm. 

Our political world could use the same advice.  As I was working on this sermon, I was watching John McCain’s funeral.  What a wonderful reminder and tribute to someone who really tried to embrace his shadow by bravely encountering others; many with whom he didn’t agree and becoming better because of it.  It was a reminder of how far we have strayed from decency, kindness and love.  That’s what Jesus was warning us about.  Mind your heart.  Be careful not to find yourself within the long list of evils that Jesus listed:  obscenity,  theft,  murder,  betrayal,  greed,  malice,  deceit,  lewdness,  envy,  slander,  arrogance  and  folly.

Minding our hearts is what ritual should enforce and nurture.  That’s what we try to do at our liturgies, using inclusive words and by not doing that which harms.  It’s one reason why I don’t do the handwashing before Eucharist; a reminder of washing away our sinfulness.  It’s not to say that I don’t sin but we’ve lived with being ashamed for too long.  What is key is having a balance, which is what being in touch with our shadow is all about.  We recognize that we can and do make mistakes.  Our pride and confidence can get the best of us.  We can feel self-righteous and judgmental of others.  We admit that our shadow selves exist, AND we reclaim the good that we can do.  We are ever vigilant of becoming whole people, and holy people.

This is labor day weekend so I am mindful of the many laborers who have had to work without a just wage or whose work is dangerous.  There is a shadow side to labor too; the children who are forced to work, the women who must endure unequal pay, the power games that get played to reach the top.   Many laborers do not have a voice to speak out against these practices. 

May we be that voice, the voice of the forgotten person.  If we are truly in touch with our shadow, we will have compassion for the injustices that labor has wrought.  And we will work to change these systems.  May God give u the courage to befriend our shadow side, to honesty claim those parts of ourselves that are in need of healing.  When we bring our shadow side into the light, the danger is dispelled.  Then we can claim the benefits of minding our heart, in a way that allows the love of God to shine in and transform us.  What have your learned from your shadow?  Amen.

August 26, 2018
21st Sunday of Ordinary Time

Mark 7: 24—30

Jesus went to the vicinity of Tyre and did not want anyone to know it. What was going on? Well, Jesus had been spending all of his time ministering in Jewish provinces, and that ministry was drawing overwhelming crowds, and he was exhausted. So, maybe, Jesus left the Jewish provinces and went into a Gentile territory, Tyre, in order to get some rest, or, maybe, Jesus went there to escape the Pharisees arresting him for calling them out on their hypocrisy.  We really don’t know why Jesus went there, but he went.

Jesus and his disciples are trying to hide, but it doesn’t work.  A woman hears of his arrival and makes her way boldly to Jesus. She’s a Syro-phoenician and knows that she has none of the religious, moral, and cultural credentials necessary to approach a Jewish rabbi—but nothing and no one can stop her. In Matthew’s Gospel chapter 15, the parallel account, the disciples urge Jesus to send her away because she keeps pestering them, but she continues pleading with Jesus—she won’t take no for an answer.

So what is Jesus’ response to this woman as she is begging him for help?  “First let the children eat all they want,” he told her, “for it is not right to take the children’s bread and toss it to their dogs.” (Mark 7:26–27)

At first, this appears to be an insult—Jews called Gentiles “dogs.”  It is not a flattering comment; however, what Jesus says to her is not an insult. No, it’s a parable. The word parable means “metaphor” or “likeness,” and that’s what this is. One key to understanding it is the very unusual word Jesus uses for “dogs” here. He uses a diminutive form, [kaluub(a)] a word that really means “puppies.”

Remember, the woman is a mother. Jesus is saying to her, “You know how families eat: First the children eat at the table, and afterward their pets eat too. It is not right to violate that order. The puppies must not eat food from the table before the children do.” If we go to Matthew’s account of this incident, he gives us a slightly longer version of Jesus’s answer in which Jesus explains his meaning: “I was sent only to the lost sheep of Israel.” Jesus concentrated his ministry on Israel, for all sorts of reasons. He was sent to show Israel that he was the fulfillment of all Scripture’s promises, the fulfillment of all the prophets, priests, and kings, the fulfillment of the temple. His words, then, are not the insult they appear to be. What he’s saying to this woman is,

“Please understand, there’s an order here. I’m going to Israel first, then the Gentiles (the other nations) later.” However, this mother comes back at him with an astounding reply:

“Yes, Sir,” she replied, “but even the dogs under the table eat the children’s crumbs.” Then he told her, “You have argued well. For saying this, you may go. The demon has left your daughter.” (Mark 7:28–30) In the other Gospels it is made more explicit: “Great is your faith! May it be done as you wish!” (Mt 15: 28).

In other words, she says, Yes, Lord, but the puppies eat from that table too, and I’m here for mine. Jesus has told her a parable, and she gets it. She responds to the challenge: “Okay, I understand. I am not from Israel, I do not worship the God that the Israelites worship. Therefore, I don’t have a place at the table. I accept that. I may not have a place at the table—but there’s more than enough on that table for everyone in the world, and I need mine now.” She is arguing with Jesus in the most respectful way and she will not take no for an answer.

In Western cultures we don’t have anything like this kind of assertiveness. We only have assertions of our rights. We do not know how to contend unless we’re standing up for our rights, standing on our dignity and our goodness and saying, “This is what I’m owed.” But this woman is not doing that at all. This is right-less assertiveness, something we know little about. She’s not saying, “Lord, give me what I deserve on the basis of my goodness.” She’s saying, “Give me what I don’t deserve on the basis of your goodness—and I need it now.”

For example, the fact that Jesus reached out to this Gentile woman, and then decides to include this outsider into his message of salvation, has massive implications about the distinctive nature of Christian salvation. In Jewish religious culture, it was understood that one’s standing with God was predicated foremost upon their Jewish ethnicity and, secondarily, upon their degree of religious practice. Therefore, to be ethnically Gentile (not Jewish) was to be inherently outside of right standing with God. Ethnicity, then, was an important factor for your status before God.

In addition, in Jesus’ day, women were also regarded as social outsiders–in society and also in the religious spheres. To be a woman meant social inferiority, religious marginality, and political inequality. Indeed, this individual has two strikes against her–being a Gentile and a woman. Yet, this woman is the first one to hear and understand one of Jesus’ parables in the entire gospel of Mark. This account, in and of itself, shows a great deal about the nature of the salvation Jesus welcomes into the world: a salvation for all people groups and all people statuses, completely independent of people’s religious merit, and totally dependent on God’s grace.

And if we put ourselves in the shoes of the Gentile woman, I think we will find another truth that is very practical to our own lives. Here’s what I mean: quite likely, it’s only until you realize that you have no leverage in your position before God that you will finally begin to hear and understand God’s voice and- just like the Gentile woman who had nothing to offer Jesus- lean on His grace alone.

Jesus’ closest, Jewish, male disciples did not understand Jesus’ profound parables, but this Gentile woman did?

Jesus’ purpose was not about leading a political movement like everyone wanted him to (even his own disciples); instead, his purpose was to reconcile people to God. Jesus understood the blockage between humanity and God as the root cause behind all personal, political, ethical, religious, and social strife. Therefore, this story is proof that Jesus’ mission was not about fixing the apparent problems of human culture so much as it was about redeeming the inherent problem of human hearts.

This episode helps us to understand something of the mystery which envelops the person. Observing the reactions and the attitudes of the people, Jesus discovers the will of the God in the events of life. The attitude of the woman opens a new horizon in the life of Jesus. Thanks to her, Jesus discovers the role of all people, Jew and Gentile in God’s Kin-dom.

Thus, throughout the pages of the Gospel of Mark, there is a growing opening toward all people. In this way, Mark leads the readers to open themselves before the reality of the world which surrounds them and to overcome the preconceptions which prevent a peaceful living together among the people. We owe a debt of gratitude to this un-named, gentile woman because this opening toward gentiles appears very clearly in the final order given by Jesus to the disciples, after His Resurrection: “Go out to the whole world, proclaim the Gospel to all creation” (Mk 16: 1)

Sunday August 12, 2018

Open Mic

August 12, 2018

More Discussion on Miracles


FIRST  READING:  A  Reading  from  the  First  Book  of  Kings 19:4-8

Elijah  took  himself  on  a  day’s  journey  into  the  desert.    He  came  to  a  solitary  broom  tree  and  sat  down  in  its  shade.    He  asked  that  he  might  die:  “It  is  enough;  now,  my  God,  take  away  my  life,  for  I  am  no  better  than  my  ancestors.” Then  Elijah  lay  down  under  the  broom  tree  and  fell  asleep.    Suddenly  an  angel  touched  him  and  said,  “Get  up  and  eat.”  Elijah looked,  and  there  at  his  head  was  a  cake  of  bread  baked  on  hot  stones,  and  a  jar  of  water.    He  ate  and  drank,  and  lay  down  again.    The  angel  of  God  came  a  second  time,  touched  him,  and  said,  “Get  up  and  eat,  otherwise  the  journey  will  be  too  much  for  you.”  He  got  up,  and  ate  and  drank.    Then,  strengthened  by that  food,  he  walked for  forty  days  and  forty  nights  to  Horeb, the  mountain of  God.  The  Word  of  an  Israelite  Scribe


SECOND  READING:  A  Reading  from  the  Letter  to  the  Ephesians 4:25-5:2a

Put  off  all  lies  and  pretense.    Speak  truthfully  to  each  other.  We  are  all  members  of  one  body.    Be  angry,  but  don't  act  in  anger.    Don’t let  the  sun  set  on  your  anger.    Do  not  make  room  for  evil  in  your  heart.    Anyone  who  has  been  stealing,  must  steal  no  more.    Instead,  they  must  work,  and  do  something  useful  with  their  own  hands,  so  that  they  too  will  have  something  to  share  with  those  in  need.  Let  no  offensive  talk  pass  your  lips,  only  what  is helpful  for  building  others  up,  so  that  it  brings  a  blessing  to  those  who  hear  it.    Do  not  cause  grief  to  the  Holy  Spirit  of  God,  who  has  already  marked  you  as  her  own  so  that  you  will  have  life  to  the  fullest.    Get  rid  of  all  bitterness,  bad-temper,  anger,  wrangling,  and  slander,  together  with  all  forms  of  malice.    Be  kind  to  one  another,  tenderhearted,  forgiving  one  another,  the way  Christ  showed  us  that  God  forgives.    As  beloved of  God,  be  imitators  of  God,  and  live  in  love,  as  Christ  loved  us.  The  Word  of  a  follower  of  Paul

GOSPEL:  A  Reading  from  the  Gospel  attributed  to  Mark 8:9b-21 

After  Jesus  had provided  food  for4,000  people using  only  7  loaves  and  a  few  fish,  he dismissed  the  crowd.    Then  he got  into  the  boat  with  his  disciples  and  came  to  the  region  of  Dalmanutha,  a  place  near  the  Sea  of  Galilee.    There,  the  Pharisees  came  forward  and  began  to  argue  with Jesus,  seeking  a  sign  from  heaven  to  test  him.  He  sighed  from  the  depth  of  his  spirit  and  said,  “Why  does  this  generation  seek  a  sign?  Amen,  I  say  to  you,  no  sign  will  be  given  to  this  generation.” Then  he  left  them,  got  into  the  boat  again,  and  went  off  to  the  other  shore.  The disciples  in  the  boat  had  forgotten  to  bring  bread.    They  had  only  one  loaf  with  them.  Jesus enjoined  them, saying,  “Be  careful.    Guard  against  the  leaven  of  the  Pharisees  and  the  leaven  of  Herod.”  The disciples decided  among  themselves  that  he  said  this  because  they  had  no  bread.  When  Jesus  became  aware  of  their  thoughts,  he  said  to  them,  “Why  do  you  think  I  said  this because  you  have  no  bread?  Do  you  not  yet  understand  or  comprehend?  Are  your  hearts  hardened? Do  you  have  eyes  and  not  see,  ears  and  not  hear?  Don't you  remember when  I  broke  the  five  loaves  for  the  five  thousand?    How  many  wicker  baskets  full  of  fragments  did  you  pick  up?”  They  answered  him,  “Twelve.”  “When  I  broke  the  seven  loaves  for  the  four  thousand,  how  many  baskets  full  of  fragments  did  you  pick  up?”  They answered, “Seven.”  Jesus said  to  them,  “Do  you  still not  understand?”  The  Gospel  of  our  God.  Praise  to  you,  Jesus  the  Christ.

Sunday, August 5, 2018

Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes

FIRST  READING:  A  Reading  from  the  Book  of  Exodus 16:2-4,  11-15

The  whole  congregation  of  the  Israelites  complained  against  Moses  and  Aaron  in  the  desert.  The  Israelites  said  to  them,  “If  only  God's  hand  had  killed  us  in  the  land  of  Egypt,  when  we  sat  by  meaty  stews  at  night  and  ate  our  fill  of  bread.    You've  brought  us  out  into  this  desert  to  kill  this  whole  assembly  with  hunger!” Then  God  said  to  Moses,  “I  am  going  to  rain  bread  from heaven  for  you.  Each  day, the  people  will  go  out  and  gather  enough  for  that  day.    In  that  way  I  will  test  them,  whether  they  will  trust  in  my  ways  or  not.  In  the  morning,  you  will  have  your  fill  of  bread.  In  the  evening  twilight,  you  will  eat  meat.    Then  you  will  know  that  I  am  your  God.”  In  the  evening,  quail came  up  and  covered  the  camp.  In  the  morning, there  was  a  layer  of  dew  all  about  the  camp.  When  the  layer  of  dew  evaporated,  fine  flakes  lay  on  the  desert  floor,  like  frost  on  the  ground.  On  seeing  it,  the  Israelites  asked  one  another,  “What  is  this?”  They  did  not  know  what  it  was,  but Moses  told  them,  “It's  the  bread  which  God, our  God,  has  given  you  to  eat.”

SECOND  READING  A  Reading  from  the  Book  of  Acts 20:6(+4),  7-10,  12,  11

After  the  feast  of  Unleavened  Bread, we  sailed  from  Philippi  and  rejoined  Sopater...from  Beroea,  Aristarchus  and  Secundus  from  Thessalonica,  Gaius  from  Derbe,  Timothy,  and  Tychicus  and  Trophimus  from  Asia  five  days  later  in  Troas,  where  we  spent  a  week.  On  the  first  day  of  the  week, when  we  gathered  to  break  bread,  Paul  spoke  to  them  because  he  was  going  to  leave  on  the  next  day.  He  spoke  at  great  length, even until  midnight.  There  were  many  lamps  in  the  upstairs  room  where  we  were  gathered. A young  man  named  Eutychus, who  was  sitting  on  the  window  sill, was  sinking  into  a  deep  sleep  as  Paul  talked  on  and  on.  When  overcome  by  sleep,  Eutychus fell  out  the  window  from  the  third  story.  When  he  was  picked  up,  he  was  dead.  Paul  went  down.    He threw  himself  upon  Eutychus,  embraced  him, and  said  to  the  others,  “Don’t  be  alarmed.    There  is  life  in  him.”  The  boy  lived, and  those  gathered  were  greatly  comforted.    Then  Paul returned  upstairs,  broke  the  bread,  and  they  ate.    He  departed after  a  long  conversation  that  lasted  until  daybreak.

GOSPEL:  A  Reading  from  the  Gospel  attributed  to  Mark 8:1-9a

When  Jesus  was  in  the  vicinity  of  the  Decapolis,  Gentile  territory,  again a  great  crowd  had  gathered  to  hear  him  teach.    Jesus summoned  the  disciples  and  said,  “My  heart  is  moved  with  pity  for  the  crowd,  because  they  have  been  with  me  now  for  three  days  and  have  nothing  to  eat.  If  I  send  them  away  hungry  to  their  homes,  they  will  collapse  on  the  way,  and  some  of  them  have  come  a  great  distance.”  His  disciples  answered  him,  “Where  can  anyone  get  enough  bread  to  satisfy  this  crowd  here  in  this  deserted  place?”  Jesus  asked  them,  “How  many  loaves  do  you  have?”  “Seven,”  they  replied.  Jesus ordered  the crowd  to  sit  down  on  the  ground.  Then,  taking  the  seven  loaves, he  gave  thanks,  broke  them,  and  gave  them  to  his  disciples  to  distribute.  They distributed  them  to  the  crowd.  They  also  had  a  few  fish.  He  said  the  blessing  over  them  and  ordered  them  distributed  also.  They  ate  and  were  satisfied.  The  disciples collected  the bread  that  was  left  over—seven  baskets full.  There  were  about  four  thousand  people.


I don’t know about you, but I always find it interesting when God apparently intervenes in reality.  Technically these are called miracles.  We have miracles in all three readings today.  First in the Hebrew scriptures, God sends bread or manna from heaven, hoarfrost on the grass in little flakes.  The women I’m sure had to collect enough of it to make bread.  And there was quail to eat, enough to feed everyone.  This is what changed their tune from complaining and questioning to once again trusting their God.  Thanks to the miracle.

Then we have poor Eutychus in our Second Reading!  I’d never heard this story before.  A boy named Eutychus falls out of a window and dies because he is that bored with Paul’s preaching.  Then he gets resuscitated by Paul who then breaks bread.  Here we have the bread again as the key ingredient of the story.  It’s bread, whether it’s manna or some other form of bread, we take notice that it serves as the source of renewal and sustenance.  Sadly, Paul goes back to preaching the same message he was preaching when he put the boy to sleep in the first place.  I think there’s a lesson here for Paul that gets completely overlooked.   Notice your listeners and how they are doing.  At my niece’s wedding in Phoenix, one bridesmaid fainted and then the groom got woozy twice.  Instead of cutting to the chase, the officiant just kept on preaching. It was all I could do to not speak up. But back to our question, did the miracle of Eutychus help the people believe in Paul and his message?  Probably.

Finally, in our gospel, we hear of Jesus’ compassion for the people.  He is worried and clearly touched by those who had traveled so far to hear him preach.  Out of kindness and a deep trust in God, he gathers a few loaves, blesses them and then has the disciples distribute them.  There is more than enough to go around with leftovers.  A miracle!  But some have said that the real miracle was that everyone shared all the food that they were hoarding for themselves.  Thus, no technical miracle but more a change of culture (which some would consider miraculous). 

This is a hotly debated topic among theologians and preachers.  Some say that it had to be a miracle in order for their to be the seven miracles of John’s gospel—seven being a perfect number and thus an indication of Jesus’ divinity.  Others note that this story is told six different times and in every gospel.  Only the story of the resurrection gets that kind of attention.  The fact that this story is so prominently told and with very little variation causes theologians to believe its authenticity.  For those who study scripture, they have poured over the words in the story and see no indication of “sharing” as some would believe.  They note that Jesus is very clear in his action and in his words.  How much food do we have?  Bring it here.  Even the blessing of the bread and fish is seen as significant—as a precursor for the eucharist. 

Also, this fulfills Jesus’ role as the new Moses.  Just as Moses led his people and kept them from starving so now Jesus saves 4,000 men.   (It took a lot of bread and fish to feed 10,000–20,000 people or more. Jesus fed 5,000 men on one occasion, not counting women and children. Add one woman and one child for each man and you already are at 15,000.)

The question is, no we need God to perform miracles in order to believe?  It’s an important question.  How many of us believe in miracles?  I certainly do.  I remember here when we blessed Mary who needed a lung transplant and got the call that very night after we had blessed her.  I don’t know how you explain that, but it felt very amazing.  You may have your own miracle stories.  They help encourage us and renew our faith.  Is that a good thing?

What may be most important is the trust factor; that we trust God regardless of the miracles.  It’s a lot harder to do that, I will admit but it makes us more responsible for continuing to do our part without relying on the miracle to happen.

Part of the message today is that Jesus understood the physical needs of the people.  And he knew that that was the priority.  It’s a well known truth that you cannot or should not preach to those who are in need.  They cannot hear beyond their physical demands.  I’ve found this to be true in the hospital.  If someone is in pain or if there is suddenly bad news, no one can process other in-depth issues.  They need to have pain relief or they need time to grieve.  There is a basic human reality of taking care of physical needs before the spiritual can be addressed.

 In our world today, hunger is a huge issue.  Some statistics says that over one billion people still suffer from hunger today.  And yet, there is enough food to feed this overwhelming number.  In our reading, Jesus asks how much food there is.  Then he says, “Give it to me.”  Through his prayer and his touch, he is able to keep the food coming until all are satisfied.  We need to see this problem of hunger through Jesus’ eyes and trust that we can find a way to solve the problem.  As we look to the how, Jesus can help us find the way—and that may be the biggest miracle. 

How much do you believe in miracles?  Are they a cornerstone of your faith?

Sunday July 1, 2018

The Woman Bleeding who is Healed

FIRST  READINGA  Reading  from  the  Book  of  Wisdom1:1,  4,  6-7;  13-15;  2:23

You who hold  seats  of  power: desire justice; pray  to  the Holy  One  with  right intentions; seek  God  with  integrity of  heart.  Wisdom enters  souls  who  seek  her, longing  to dwell in  your  very  body.  Wisdom is a  kind spirit, a  friend  to  humans.  She  holds us  to  our words. Wisdom is  witness  to  our inmost  feelings.  She  sees  our hearts and  hears our  utterances.  Wisdom,  the spirit  of  God  that  fills the  world, holds  all  things  together. She knows  what  we  say.  God  did  not  make  death.  God  does  not  delight  in  the  death  of  the  living.  God  created  all  things  that  they  might  be; that  they  might  live.  The  generative  forces  of  the  world  are  wholesome; there  is  no  poison  in  them.  The  dominion  of  Hades  is  not  on earth, for  justice  is  undying.  God  created  us  for  life.  We  are  made  in  the  image  of  an  infinite  God.

SECOND  READING  A  Reading  from  Paul’s  Second  Letter  to  the  Corinthians 3:1-3,6a,  4:1-2,  5-6

Do  we  need  letters  of  recommendation,  either  to  you  or  from  you?    You  yourselves  are  our  letter,  written  in  our  hearts,  that  everyone  can  read  and  understand.    You are  a  letter  from  the  Christ,  entrusted  to  our  care,  written  not  with  ink  but  with  the  Spirit  of  the  living  God;  not on  stone  tablets,  but  on  the  tablets  of  human  hearts.    For  God  has  given  us  ability  and  gifts  to  be  ministers  of  a  new  covenant.  Therefore,  since  we  have  this  ministry  through  the  grace  Jesus  gave  to  us,  we  never  lose  heart.    Rather,  we  denounce  hurtful  secrecy,  for  it  is  not  our  way  to  be  devious,  or  to  falsify  the  word  of  God.    Instead,  in  God’s  sight  we  commend  ourselves  to  every  human  being  with  a  conscience  by  showing  and  living  the  truth  openly.  We  don’t  proclaim  ourselves.    We  proclaim  Jesus  the  Christ,  and  ourselves  as  servants  to  all, for  Jesus’  sake.    The God  of  Creation, who  said,  “Let  there  be  light, ”has  shone in  our  hearts. God  enlightens  all  with  knowledge  of  divine  glory,  which  shone  in the  face  of  Jesus  the  Christ.

GOSPEL  A  Reading  from the  Good  News  attributed to  Mark 5:21-43   When  Jesus  had  again  crossed  the  Sea  of  Galilee  in  the  boat  to  the  other  side,  a  great  crowd  gathered  round  him.    He was  by  the  lake.  Then  one  of  the  leaders  of  the  synagogue, named  Jairus, came. When he  saw Jesus,  he  fell  at  his  feet  and  begged  him  repeatedly,  “My  little  daughter  is  at  the  point  of  death.  Come  and  lay  your  hands  on  her,  so she  may  be  made  well,  and  live.” Jesus went  with  Jairus. A  large  crowd  followed  and  pressed  in  on  Jesus.  Now  there  was  a  woman  who  had  been  suffering  from  hemorrhages  for  twelve  years.    She  had  endured  much, under  many  physicians, and  had  spent  all  that  she  had.    She  was  no  better,  but  rather  grew  worse.    She  had  heard  about  Jesus. She  said to  herself,  “If  I  but  touch  his  clothes,  I  will  be  made  well.” She  came  up  behind  him  in  the  crowd  and  touched  his  cloak. Immediately, the  bleeding stopped.    She  felt  in  her  body  that  she  was  healed.  Immediately  aware  that  power  had  gone  forth  from  him,  Jesus  turned  about  in  the  crowd  and  said,  “Who  touched  my  clothes?”    His  disciples  said,  “You  can  see  the  crowd  pressing  in  on  you.    How  can  you  say,  ‘Who  touched  me?’”    Jesus looked  all  around  to  see  who  had  done  it. 

The woman,  knowing what  had  happened  to  her,  came to  him,  trembling with  fear.  Falling down  before  him,  she told  him  what  she  had  done.  Jesus said  to her,  “Daughter,  your  faith  has  made  you  well.  Go in  peace.  Be healed  of  this disease.” While  he  was  still  speaking to  her,  some  people  came  from  Jairus’  house  to  say  to  him,  “Your  daughter  is  dead.  No  need  to trouble  the  teacher  any  further.” But  overhearing  what  they  said,  Jesus  said  to  the  leader of  the  synagogue,  “Do  not  fear.  Only  believe.”

When  they  came  to  the  house,  Jesus  saw  a  commotion,  people  weeping  and  wailing  loudly.    When  he  entered the  house,  he  said  to  them,  “Why  do  you  make  a  commotion  and  weep?  The  child  is  not  dead  but  sleeping.” They  laughed  at  him.  Then  he  ushered them  all  outside.    He took  the  child’s  father  and  mother, and  those  who  were  with  him,  and  went  in  where  the  child  was.    He  took  her  by  the  hand  and  said  to  her, “Talitha  cumi,” which  means,  “Little  girl,  rise  up!” Immediately, the  girl  rose  up  and  began  to  walk  about.    (She  was  twelve  years  of  age.)    At  this,  her  parents were  overcome  with  amazement.  Jesus  strictly  ordered  them  that  no  one  should  know  this.    He  told  them  to  give  her  something  to  eat.


I want to begin by saying that our First Reading should be a letter to our president.  It has such a kind feel and such encouragement about wisdom.  “Desire justice.  Seek God with integrity of heart.”  Just a thought.

In our Gospel today, we have a story within a story and a miracle within a miracle.  Jairus is a big deal.  He is one of the leaders of the synagogue.  Isn’t it amazing how all questioning and doubt goes out the window when we have a personal issue?  Jairus knows what Jesus is capable of and if he’s spoken ill of Jesus behind closed doors, that is gone and forgotten.  Because now it is his twelve year old daughter who is in need.  Not himself, but his beloved daughter.  He who has power is humbling himself to ask, to hope at the feet of Jesus, begging Jesus to heal his daughter.  So we have this well-respected male who has drawn a crowd because word had spread and everyone wanted to see what would happen.  It’s a big deal.  And suddenly, quietly, trying not to be seen, there is a woman who touches Jesus garment.  She is not any woman but a woman who is lost to society, forgotten; someone who has been shunned for twelve years because of her bleeding disorder.  Let’s not miss the irony of how this mirrors the twelve year old daughter of Jairus who has been beloved for the same twelve years.  This woman who is not has suffered from bleeding, something that makes her an outcast to her community.  Blood is viewed as sacred in the Jewish tradition but when it issues forth from a woman, it causes her to be unclean and so “untouchable” by others. 

This sounds horrible to us but it is a sacred tradition in the Jewish tradition.  In Leviticus 15:19 and 24, we are told: “If a woman has an emission, and her emission in her flesh is blood, she shall be seven days in her [menstrual] separation, and anyone who touches her shall be tamei, a bearer of tum’ah or "spiritually impure", as in being separated from the presence of God, until evening.  The word tumah is a complex word that can't be directly translated into English. The simplest explanation is that it is the "energy of death" that fills the world.

There is also a special case in biblical culture for a woman’s separation from others that occurs after giving birth: for a daughter, the mother is separated from others for fourteen days, and then after 66 days she may bring a sacrifice to the Temple. For a son, she is separated for seven days, and then waits thirty-three days. One suggestion that has been made for the doubled time for a daughter is that the daughter herself bears a “fountain of blood” and so the additional separation period reflects the presence of the daughter’s body.

Mikveh is the ritual purification that a woman performs so that she can then reenter society.  At the mikveh the woman prepares herself by bathing, brushing her teeth, cleaning under her nails, removing all jewelry to make sure that her body is perfectly clean before entering the waters. She then goes into the water and immerses herself completely, and recites a prescribed blessing. The procedure is similar for a woman who has given birth. So only after mikveh can a woman be with others.  And yet our woman today cannot go to mikveh because her bleeding continues.

Another explanation of this Jewish practice is that when something happens that focuses our attention on the world such a death or birth, we need to do something to turn our minds back to the holy.  Going to mikveh is that ritual.

So, it would seem that this woman has been forced to be about focusing on things that are not holy.  She must have learned how to survive on her own, how to find food and shelter.  But she would’ve done this alone.  So much of what happened to people at that time was their fault—remember the man born blind when Jesus was asked whether his blindness was because of his own fault or of his parents?  Jesus said that it was “neither.” 

And today, Jesus’ response to this woman was to have felt her touch, to have felt power go out of him.  He stops the crowd and takes notice, something that must have astonished her.  She comes trembling with fear because she is expecting punishment, shame.  And how does Jesus address her?  As daughter.  Kin.  Relative.  Just as Jairus daughter had an advocate in her father, this woman now can claim Jesus as her advocate.  Instead of shame or persecution, Jesus blesses her, affirms her for her faith:  Go in peace.  Be healed.  Be alive.  Be welcomed back into society.  Be healed fully, body, mind and spirit.  Be free from the constraints of religion that deemed you unworthy.  Come back to life.

How wonderful that we witness two resurrections today:  this woman who had been dead to society for twelve years and a twelve year old girl who was dead, lost to her family.  Did you notice with Jairus’s daughter that Jesus has to stop the judgement, the mocking laughter that he knows is based in fear? He says, “Do not be afraid.” And then “Only believe.”  Those are the words I invite us to say over and over.  Only believe.  It sounds so simple.  Would that we could simply believe.  The woman whose bleeding stopped must have shouted her healing from the rooftops and told anyone who would listen.  The child would live her life as a witness to being resurrected.  Others would point to her as the one who had died but now lived. 

We can bear witness to coming to life as well.  How has God changed you to be a believer?  Why do follow Christ?  I know it’s because of my experience of being healed, of being loved.  I choose to follow a God of love.  We are followers of God’s healing love.  And our mantra must be, for ourselves and others:  “Only believe.”

June 24, 2018

Speaking Truth to Power (Mark 6:14-29)
By Nick Smith 

What do the following people have in common?

Jesus, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Nellie Bly insane asylums and Standard oil [Rockefeller and railroads], Gloria Steinem, Al Gore, John Dear, Dick Gregory, John Lennon, Nelson Mandela, Gandhi, Susan B. Anthony, Ralph Abernathy, Mary Kay Kusner, Madonna, Cesar Chavez, Malala - shot by a Taliban gunman in an assassination attempt in retaliation for her activism on educating girls,  Jessica Arbour –Catholic sex abuse scandal, Barbara Blaine - the Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests, which she founded in 1988 [SNAP], McKayla Maroney [Dr. Larry Nassar-Olympic doctor], and the people in this room.

All these people and thousands more have spoken truth to power.  What is “speaking truth to power?”  It is a nonviolent challenge to injustice and totalitarian forces, often perpetuated by institutions/government. It is the courage to stand upon one’s own conviction; it’s believing deeply in what you say and fighting to have it heard.  It may not be popular; it means taking a risk, it means standing for something.  It means being humble enough to accept that we only know the truth that we know, at any given point on our life’s journey. But the truth that we do know must be spoken. It means having the courage to say what we see.  It means the conviction to stand up for your beliefs even though sometimes there is a price to pay.  Speaking truth to power means: comforting the afflicted, and afflicting the comfortable. 

Speaking truth to power is no laughing matter. On the contrary, it is deadly serious, and it can be downright dangerous. In today’s gospel, we read: “King Herod heard of it,” that is, Herod heard of the ministry that Jesus was doing, preaching and teaching and calling people to repentance and casting out demons and healing the sick–“King Herod heard of it, for Jesus’ name had become known. Some said, ‘John the Baptist has been raised from the dead. That is why these miraculous powers are at work in him.’ But others said, ‘He is Elijah.’ And others said, ‘He is a prophet, like one of the prophets of old.’ But when Herod heard of it, he said, ‘John, whom I beheaded, has been raised.’”

So King Herod was saying to himself, “Geese, these reports I’m hearing about this guy Jesus–he sounds a lot like John, the fellow I just had beheaded. I wonder if this is John raised from the dead, come back to bother me all over again.” And this then is what prompts the flashback in our gospel, the account of how John had spoken truth to power and paid for it with his life. Herod had dumped his first wife and married his brother’s wife, a woman named Herodias. This was a rather immoral thing to do; a clear violation of God’s law. But Herod was in power, so who’s going to stop him?  Well, John may not have been able to stop him, but John was going to let Herod know that what he was doing was wrong. He kept on saying, publicly, openly: “Herod, you may be king. You may have a lot of power and might. But might does not make right. What you are doing is not right in God’s sight. John was not afraid to speak truth to power.

So Herod had John arrested and thrown into prison. Now, if I’m John the Baptist and I’m standing up for Jesus, and Jesus is doing miracles, I’m going to think Jesus is going to do something for me. I stand up for Him, He’ll come for me. Most likely John’s just waiting for Jesus to come for him - - - and he ends up waiting and waiting and waiting. Jesus didn’t break him out. He didn’t send 10-foot tall angels with fiery swords to rescue him. Jesus kept doing His ministry - - healing the sick, hanging out with the outcasts, while John waited.

John the Baptist was human. He did what we would have done. He started asking questions. We can see what John was thinking in Matthew 11: Now when John heard in prison about the deeds of the Christ, he sent word by his disciples and said to Jesus, “Are you the One who is to come, or shall we look for another?”  He was wondering:  “Is Jesus really who I thought He was?” John hears Jesus is healing people and performing miracles. But is He really the Christ, and maybe . . . why isn’t Jesus helping me?

In other words, Jesus, I’ve been doing all of this and you haven’t come through for me. So, maybe you aren’t the one I thought you were. How did Jesus reply? Jesus didn’t say “Hey, I’m the one. Hang on; I’m coming at midnight to break you out.” Instead, Jesus told John’s disciples:   “Go back and report to John what you have seen and heard: The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy are cured, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is preached to the poor.  Blessed is the one who does not fall away on account of me.” It is not improbable that John wished Jesus publicly to proclaim himself as the Christ.  Jesus replied that John had sufficient evidence of Jesus’ Messiahship by his works; that a person might discover this truth if they chose to; and that one is blessed or happy who believes in God’s truth, who believes in Jesus even though God appears to be taking no action to help them— that God isn’t doing something for them.  God doesn’t always do what we expect or wish for or want.

Here’s the thing: Jesus and John and Elijah and the prophets of old and the prophets I mentioned in the beginning–they are all speaking God’s truth to power. And so God is with them. And if God is with us, who can be against us? Yes, the people in power can shut you down, they can even take your freedom—your life, but they cannot stop God’s word. Speaking truth to power may be high-risk, but even more so, it is high-reward because God will vindicate the truth in the end.

We must all continue to “speak truth to power” in order to make this a better world aligned with God’s kin-dom.  Keep up your good work and fight to be heard speaking God’s truth.

​June 24, 2018

By Nick Smith


What do the following people have in common?

Jesus, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Nellie Bly insane asylums and Standard oil [Rockefeller and railroads], Gloria Steinem, Al Gore, John Dear, Dick Gregory, John Lennon, Nelson Mandela, Gandhi, Susan B. Anthony, Ralph Abernathy, Mary Kay Kusner, Madonna, Cesar Chavez, Malala - shot by a Taliban gunman in an assassination attempt in retaliation for her activism on educating girls,  Jessica Arbour –Catholic sex abuse scandal, Barbara Blaine - the Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests, which she founded in 1988 [SNAP], McKayla Maroney [Dr. Larry Nassar-Olympic doctor], and the people in this room.


All these people and thousands more have spoken truth to power.  What is “speaking truth to power?”  It is a nonviolent challenge to injustice and totalitarian forces, often perpetuated by institutions/government. It is the courage to stand upon one’s own conviction; it’s believing deeply in what you say and fighting to have it heard.  It may not be popular; it means taking a risk, it means standing for something.  It means being humble enough to accept that we only know the truth that we know, at any given point on our life’s journey. But the truth that we do know must be spoken. It means having the courage to say what we see.  It means the conviction to stand up for your beliefs even though sometimes there is a price to pay.  Speaking truth to power means: comforting the afflicted, and afflicting the comfortable. 

Speaking truth to power is no laughing matter. On the contrary, it is deadly serious, and it can be downright dangerous. In today’s gospel, we read: “King Herod heard of it,” that is, Herod heard of the ministry that Jesus was doing, preaching and teaching and calling people to repentance and casting out demons and healing the sick–“King Herod heard of it, for Jesus’ name had become known. Some said, ‘John the Baptist has been raised from the dead. That is why these miraculous powers are at work in him.’ But others said, ‘He is Elijah.’ And others said, ‘He is a prophet, like one of the prophets of old.’ But when Herod heard of it, he said, ‘John, whom I beheaded, has been raised.’”

So King Herod was saying to himself, “Geese, these reports I’m hearing about this guy Jesus–he sounds a lot like John, the fellow I just had beheaded. I wonder if this is John raised from the dead, come back to bother me all over again.” And this then is what prompts the flashback in our gospel, the account of how John had spoken truth to power and paid for it with his life. Herod had dumped his first wife and married his brother’s wife, a woman named Herodias. This was a rather immoral thing to do; a clear violation of God’s law. But Herod was in power, so who’s going to stop him?  Well, John may not have been able to stop him, but John was going to let Herod know that what he was doing was wrong. He kept on saying, publicly, openly: “Herod, you may be king. You may have a lot of power and might. But might does not make right. What you are doing is not right in God’s sight. John was not afraid to speak truth to power.

So Herod had John arrested and thrown into prison. Now, if I’m John the Baptist and I’m standing up for Jesus, and Jesus is doing miracles, I’m going to think Jesus is going to do something for me. I stand up for Him, He’ll come for me. Most likely John’s just waiting for Jesus to come for him - - - and he ends up waiting and waiting and waiting. Jesus didn’t break him out. He didn’t send 10-foot tall angels with fiery swords to rescue him. Jesus kept doing His ministry - - healing the sick, hanging out with the outcasts, while John waited.

John the Baptist was human. He did what we would have done. He started asking questions. We can see what John was thinking in Matthew 11: Now when John heard in prison about the deeds of the Christ, he sent word by his disciples and said to Jesus, “Are you the One who is to come, or shall we look for another?”  He was wondering:  “Is Jesus really who I thought He was?” John hears Jesus is healing people and performing miracles. But is He really the Christ, and maybe . . . why isn’t Jesus helping me?

In other words, Jesus, I’ve been doing all of this and you haven’t come through for me. So, maybe you aren’t the one I thought you were. How did Jesus reply? Jesus didn’t say “Hey, I’m the one. Hang on; I’m coming at midnight to break you out.” Instead, Jesus told John’s disciples:   “Go back and report to John what you have seen and heard: The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy are cured, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is preached to the poor.  Blessed is the one who does not fall away on account of me.” It is not improbable that John wished Jesus publicly to proclaim himself as the Christ.  Jesus replied that John had sufficient evidence of Jesus’ Messiahship by his works; that a person might discover this truth if they chose to; and that one is blessed or happy who believes in God’s truth, who believes in Jesus even though God appears to be taking no action to help them— that God isn’t doing something for them.  God doesn’t always do what we expect or wish for or want.

Here’s the thing: Jesus and John and Elijah and the prophets of old and the prophets I mentioned in the beginning–they are all speaking God’s truth to power. And so God is with them. And if God is with us, who can be against us? Yes, the people in power can shut you down, they can even take your freedom—your life, but they cannot stop God’s word. Speaking truth to power may be high-risk, but even more so, it is high-reward because God will vindicate the truth in the end.


We must all continue to “speak truth to power” in order to make this a better world aligned with God’s kin-dom.  Keep up your good work and fight to be heard speaking God’s truth.​

June 3, 2018

Trinity Sunday, May 27, 2018

FIRST  READING: A  Reading  from  the  First  Book  of  Kings 19:4-9,  11-13

Elijah,  the  prophet,  went  for  a  day’s  journey  into  the  desert  and  sat  down  under  a  solitary  broom  bush,  and  prayed  for  death.    “It's  enough,  now,  God.    Take  my life,  for  I  am  no  better  than  my  ancestors.”    Then  he  lay  down  and  went  to  sleep.    Suddenly,  an  angel,  that  is,  a  messenger  from  God,  touched  him  and  said,  “Get  up  and  eat.”    He  looked,  and  there  next  to  his  head  was  a  cake  baked  on  hot  stones,  and  a  jar  of  water.    He  ate  and  drank,  and  lay  down  again.   

Again,  as  he  slept,  the  angel  of  God  touched  him,  and  said,  “Get  up  and  eat,  otherwise  the  journey  will  be  too  much  for  you.”    He  got  up,  and  ate and  drank.    Then  he  went  in  the  strength  of  that  food  forty  days  and  forty  nights  to  Horeb,  also  known  as  Mount  Sinai,  the  mountain  of  God.    At  that  place,  he  came  to  a  cave  and  spent  the  night  there.  The  angel  of  God  said,  “Go  out  and  stand  on  the  mountain  before  God,  for  God  is  about  to  pass  by.”    A  strong  wind  came,  so  great  that  it  split  mountains  and  shattered  rocks  before  Elijah; but  God  was  not  in  the  wind.    After  the  wind,  there  was  an  earthquake; but  God  was  not  in  the  earthquake.    And  after  the  earthquake,  came  fire;  but  God  was  not  in  the  fire.    After  the  fire,  came  a  voice  with  the  sound  of utter  and  complete silence.    When  Elijah  heard  it,  he  wrapped  his  face  in  his  mantle  and  went  out  and  stood  at  the  mouth  of  the  cave.    A  voice  said  to  him,  “What  are  you  doing  here,  Elijah?”

SECOND  READING:  A  Reading  from  Paul’s  Second  Letter  to  the  Corinthians 13:11-13

Finally, dearly  beloved,  we  wish  you  joy.    Mend  your  ways.    Encourage  one  another.    Find  common  ground.    Live  in  peace;  and  the  God  of  love  and  peace  will  be  with  you.    Greet  one  another  with  a  holy  kiss.    All  God’s  holy  people  greet  you. The  Grace  of Jesus  the  Christ,  the  Love  of  God,  and  the  Communion  of  the  Holy  Spirit  be  with  you  all. 

GOSPEL: A  Reading  from  the  Gospel  attributed to  John 15:9-17,26-27;  16:12-14a,21-24

Jesus  said  to  his  disciples:    “As  my  Abba/Ima God  has  loved  me,    so  have  I  loved  you.  Live  on  in  my  love.    You  will  live  on  in  my  love  if  you  keep  my  commandments,  just  as  I  live  on  in  God’s  love  and  have  kept  God’s  commandments.    I  tell  you  all  this  that  my  joy  may  be  yours,  and  that  your  joy  may  be  complete.  This  is  my  commandment: love  one  another  as  I  have  loved  you.  There  is  no  greater  love than  to  lay  down  one’s  life  for  one’s  friends. And  you  are  my  friends,  if  you  do  as I  command  you.  I  no  longer  speak  of  you  as  subordinates,  because  a  subordinate  does  not  know  what  a  superior  is  doing.    Instead  I  call  you  friends,  because  I  have  made  known  to  you  everything  I  have  learned  from  my  Abba/Ima  God.

It  was  not  you  who  chose  me.    It  was  I  who  chose  you  to  go  forth  and  bear  fruit.  Your  fruit  must  endure  so  that, whatever  you  ask  of  God  in  my  name,  God  will  give  you.    This  command  I  give  you:    that  you  love  one  another.  When  the  Helper,  the  Advocate  comes,  whom  I  will  send  to  you  from  our  Abba/Ima God,  the  Spirit  of  truth  who  comes  from  God,  She  will  testify  on  my  behalf.    You  also  are  to  testify  on  my  behalf because  you  have  been  with  me  from  the  beginning...I  still  have  many  things  to  say  to  you,  but  you  cannot  bear  them  now.     

When  the  Spirit  of  truth  comes,  She  will  guide  you  into  all  the  truth;  for  She  will  not  speak  on  Her  own  but  will  speak  whatever  She  hears,  and  She  will  declare  to  you  the  things  that  are  to  come.    She  will  glorify  me...

When  a  woman  is  in  labor,  she  has  pain  because  her  hour  has  come.    But  when  her  child  is  born,  she  no  longer  remembers  the  anguish  because  of  the  joy  of  having  brought  a  baby  into  the  world.    So,  you  have  pain  now;  but  I  will  see  you  again,  and  your  hearts  will rejoice,  and  no  one  will  take  your  joy  from  you.      On  that  day,  you  will  ask  nothing  of  me.    Very  truly,  I  tell  you,  if  you  ask  anything  of  our  Abba/Ima  God  in  my  name,  God  will  give  it  to  you.    Until  now,  you  have  not  asked  for  anything  in  my  name.    Ask  and  you  will  receive,  so  that  your  joy  may  be  complete.  

Sermon:  Such long readings!  It is challenging to bring a focus to all three of today’s readings.  Mostly we hear God’s love in the challenges of our lives.  In our First Reading, Elijah is discouraged and ready to give up.  He wants to die.  But God has other plans for him.  He goes on to become one of the great prophets in spite of his deep despair.  Our Second Reading is a lovely affirmation of the young Christian community—that they should encourage each other and greet each other with a kiss. Thus begins the practice of lovingly greeting one another, an outward sign of their community.  This kiss on either cheek was a way of symbolizing that all offences were forgotten and forgiven, and that there was nothing but peace and goodwill between them.  I think our kiss of peace is a beautiful example of this; we build our connections by greeting each other with peace and friendship. 

In our gospel, Jesus has so much to tell the disciples before his death.  It sounds as if he speaks in run-on sentences.  Live on in my love; live on by keeping my commandments; I call you friends; I can’t tell you everything because it will overwhelm you but the Spirit will help you; it will be rough for a while, like a woman in labor but then your joy will be complete.  So much!  We are indeed overwhelmed.  Each of us may focus on a specific part but I can’t help focus on the context; that Jesus is dying.

Our dear friend, Mike has been actively dying for several days now.  It’s been a difficult reality, mostly because he’s been dying for several years really.  We got used to him being with us in many different states of being but now that his death is so near, it’s mind boggling.  Death has a way of being very unreal to us.  We don’t want to believe it because we are left with such a vacuum.

When Jesus died, there must have been a deafening silence.  Strange that silence can be so powerful.  Elijah found God in the still small voice of silence.  Silence is most noticeable when we are used to hearing the loud, impressive shouts of the world or when we have heard someone’s voice so often that its absence startles us. 

Friday night, Anna graduated from City High.  For those of you who don’t know, the graduation is held in Carver Hawkeye arena.  It’s a huge venue that can be filled with a loud announcer and fans cheering.  For graduation, it was more subdued.  We were sitting where I knew we could see Anna.  What I didn’t know what that each student would be on the jumbotron as they walked in.  As the 400 students passed by the video camera, some family members would cheer.  There were only four of us who were at the graduation for Anna so when she showed up, I didn’t expect much.  But, I was deeply touched when many cheered for her.  Then, when it was time for the students to cross the stage to receive their diploma, I was anxious to see how Anna would do.  First, she shook hands with the vice principal, then, as she approached the principal, she opened her arms wide for a hug.  He gave her a big hug in return and the entire audience responded with a huge cheer and applause.  I was so moved by how everyone seemed to recognize what a big accomplishment this was for Anna.  There are no words for that show of kindness.  Anna is mostly silent but even she can be heard.  Most people seem to understand that she has gifts all her own to offer.   

Today is Trinity Sunday.  I’m reminded of the Law of Three—the third way of seeing things that is what causes things to happen.  Cynthia Bourgeault teaches that this is the way of God—“Imagine how the energies of our planet would shift if we as Christians took seriously our obligation to work with the Law of Three as our fundamental spiritual praxis. Face to face with the vast challenges of our times—environmental, economic, political—we would avoid making judgments (because according to the Law of Three, denying force is a legitimate player in every equation), set our sights higher than “winners and losers”, and instead strive in all situations to align our minds and hearts with third force.”  I’ve forgotten the power of the Law of Three and wanted to invite us on this Trinity Sunday to remember it.  We are not “either or” people.  We know that there is a third force that operates in our lives.  It takes mindfulness to open our hearts and minds to this third force, to recognize its role in change. 

A good example of this is whenever there is conflict, we need to look for what might help transform the event.  Cynthia proposes we use a sacred gesture of surrender by saying, “Not my will but Thy will be done.”  It relaxes us into new possibilities.  Silence may be our gesture; a pause to shift into holding the tension of good/bad, like/dislike and to invite the Spirit to guide us.  In this way we “become a vessel for Trinitarian creativity to manifest new possibilities in our world.

This helps me with Trump, to stop my anger and to believe that perhaps his extremism is creating a force that will not allow such prejudice and disregard for human rights.  Certainly our youth are becoming outspoken proponents of change for gun laws and the environment.  We cannot know what life holds for any of us but we can use silence as a way of taking time to trust.  Let silence be our sacred gesture, a commitment to believe even when we despair. 

I invite us to take a moment of silence right now to honor those who have died in the military, for Mike, for making a commitment to the Law of Three on this Trinity Sunday.  Amen.


May 20, 2018

Sermon: John 15: 26-27 + 20: 19-22                                          
By Nick Smith

When I say “God,” what do you see in your mind?

Isn’t this [pictures] what you saw.  Of course it is!  This is what we’ve been conditioned to see since we were born. 

People, we’ve been robbed!  We’ve had the most precious gift even given to us stolen from us without permission, and it’s time we got it back.  I’m talking about the Holy Spirit ministry, the gospel preached by Jesus.  The Kin-dom Jesus presents is a family of believers grown into a nation.  Those who believe the gospel teaching of Jesus hear God's Word, they believe, they repent, they are baptized, and they receive the gift of God's Holy Spirit.  Theses believers are a new creation, a new community of God’s people, a people free and equal before their God.

In the earliest days of Christianity the effects of this Holy Spirit ministry were immediate and profound; the Holy Spirit’s presence was both a great energizer and great equalizer in the Christian community. 

In today’s gospel, on Easter evening, Jesus, after appearing to Mary Magdalene, Mary, the Mother of James, Salome, and Joanna, Peter and two disciples on the Emmaus road, breathed on the disciples and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit.”  Imagine how incredible this must have been.  On this day the Holy Spirit was poured out on the followers of Jesus—on both men and women.

And Jesus gave the Helper from our loving God as promised. Jesus said, “She is the spirit of Truth, proceeding from the mouth of God.  She is Wisdom, God’s words, God’s breath.  She will testify about Jesus. You will testify also….”

The Holy Spirit equips both men and women for ministry. In every New Testament passage that speaks about spiritual gifts there is no gender distinction implied or stated, even for leadership and teaching gifts.  The Holy Spirit gives her gifts as she determines without an apparent regard for gender, but we’ve been robbed of this gift.

And what is the wisdom of the Holy Spirit given to us?  Well, the purpose of God’s saving activity in Jesus is, as far as the Holy Spirit revealed to the disciples, the creation of a renewed community of God’s people. Within this community, all distinctions of race, sex and religious history are removed and transcended. The barriers which separated people in the old age are abolished. All disciples are equal before God and each other.  In other words, the theological context for understanding Jesus’ teachings about the role of believers in the church is the conviction that a new age of equality has begun: As St. Paul stated: “If anyone is in Christ, they are a new creation; the old has passed away, behold, the new has come” (2 Cor. 5:17)

The early disciples of the church believed the future world had already broken into the present and manifested itself as a new age. It is a new creation which reveals a conjunction with the pre-Fall creation and a complete separation from the old world. It is a community of people freed from the curse of history begun in Genesis 3. This means that [for Paul] the community under Christ and in the Spirit cannot be compared with the old world; it does not live out of its values nor is it bound to its mores, laws or societal roles.

The source of this new reality is, of course, Jesus Christ. God’s act in Christ serves to condemn this world and to justify the sinful (Rom. 4). For the early Christians, this means that the old world is destroyed; the repressive basis of its existence has been superseded by love. In the new age every person stands free and equal before a gracious God: “There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus” (Gal. 3:28).  Paul knows that there will continue to be distinctions among people, since people are different and have different gifts (1 Cor. 12), but he consistently rejects any value judgments made on the basis of these distinctions, like gender.

          The Holy Spirit’s ministry sent by God, commanding the equality between Jew and gentile, slave and free, male and female lasted for a few hundred years in the early Christian church, but by 600 CE, the influence of Jewish, Greek and Roman societal norms had displaced this understanding of Christianity with the structured patriarchal roles of society. The concept lasted longer in the Eastern Catholic Church [850 CE] but eventually it also gave way to established culture.  The early ideals of equality for all were turned into a hierarchy of powerful men running the show and subjugating everyone else.

We’ve been robbed of the Holy Spirit and our rightful place in the Kin-dom of God! Christianity became firmly rooted in the Greco-Roman culture and pursued a concerted effort to restrict the role of women and disadvantaged males in the Church.   St. Peter’s Basilica was built by Constantine in 333 CE. After that, the Greco-Roman cultures crept back into the Christian theology and the Roman system of “status” dominated the structure of the Christian church.  Once women were no longer needed for financial support or patronage, they were cut out of the church in order to eliminate their substantial influence within the structure of the early church. Women were depicted as temptresses, as the cause of all sin, as deformed males and as not having been created in the image of God.

          Aristotle and Plato were significant voices that influenced Christian thought to a large extent; their influence remains significant even today in the gender debate as both have had a substantial influence on the Catholic Church Fathers' views and ideas about women by promoting the basic patriarchal assumption that the male is the normative and representative expression of the human species and the female is not only secondary and auxiliary to the male but lacks full human status in physical strength, moral self-control, and mental capacity. The lesser 'nature' thus confirms the female's subjugation to the male as her 'natural' [divine law] place in the universe.

Let me illustrate this.  The doctrine of the Catholic Church on ordination, as expressed in the current Code of Canon Law and the Catechism of the Catholic Church, is that "Only a baptized man validly receives sacred ordination.  The Catholic Church teaches that this requirement is a matter of divine law and thus doctrinal.

Christianity was also influenced by the socio-cultural background of their own time to convey the message of God to the people of their time. Thus, human authors of the Holy Scriptures used masculine metaphors for God, especially 'Abba' or 'Father' in an analogical sense, taking into consideration the position of human beings in their own cultural situation. They used masculine metaphors for better understanding and for acceptance of God's Word as an authoritative message. Biblical authors perceived God in the same way they perceived their own societies.  Unfortunately the metaphor of God as “Father” or male is so a part of Western Christian culture that it leaves little room for other metaphors for the Divine. Patriarchal structures of history and those that exist today (in both church and secular society) preserve the dominant male metaphor, which appears in liturgy, creeds, and prayers.

It’s important to note that neither masculine nor feminine images for God are bad. The qualities we associate with them are qualities God possesses. The problem is when masculine metaphors, which tend to be about domination, authority, control, and power, take over.  The issue is not that mothers are better than fathers, but that a particular way of imaging ‘father’ can produce a distorted form of Christianity—as if Christianity is about meeting the requirements of an authority figure who will punish us if we don’t get it right.”

Christian churches [especially Roman Catholic] have translated this masculine metaphor into how women see themselves as subservient to men, and how men see women and themselves.  The Catholic Church asserts that this is divine law and cannot be changed. This is a very difficult relationship to undo because it’s been used for hundreds of years by religious authorities.  

I will submit; however, that divine law can be changed.  Pope Pious IX stated: "Slavery itself, considered as such in its essential nature, is not at all contrary to the natural and divine law, and there can be several just titles of slavery and these are referred to by approved theologians and commentators of the sacred canons. ...  This is no longer part of Canon law, having been totally removed in 1965 by the Vatican II Council. 

Here is my point concerning today’s gospel and the Kin-dom that Jesus laid out for his followers.  God is transcendent; God is beyond culture, tradition, race and gender. God as Spirit is not male nor female, but incorporeal—not composed of matter; having no material or physical existence, and God transcends all creation because God is the creator and cannot be confined to any gender, color or race.

God’s intention and Christian practice in the early church was a model of equality for every disciple of Christ.  The Holy Spirit’s presence and ministry was the great equalizer in the Church, but it was stolen by a patriarchal society, by Roman influences of male dominance, by Greek philosophies of masculine superiority, stolen by greed, stolen by jealousy and stolen by the hierarchical structure of the Roman Empire. We are so conditioned by our culture that we are hard pressed to see God as a spiritual “friend” and not as our Lord and Master, our patriarchal “father” or our king.

Our church, our equality and the Kin-dom of God were stolen from us by factors unrelated to Christ’s breathing of the Holy Spirit into us.  We were robbed of the intended heritage and future promised by Jesus.  My hope is that I am working with the Holy Spirit by promoting and fostering equality and a truly caste-less Christianity in any way that I possibly can.   I do not want to work against the Holy Spirit by being silent while there remains stifling, unjust, and damaging hierarchies and caste systems in the Body of Christ and in the world. It is time that the Church given to us by the Holy Spirit is taken back by us, the disciples of Jesus Christ.


April 22, 2018


John 10:1-18                         

Today’s gospel calls attention to the odd juxtaposition of two Jewish festivals in chapter 10.  Jesus has been in Jerusalem for the fall Festival of Booths, or Sukkot—with its emphasis on water and light.  By John 10, we find ourselves at the winter Festival of the Dedication, which takes place three months after Sukkot. This event is known as Hanukkah. During Hanukkah, Jesus declares Himself [once again] to be the light of the world, and ratified this claim by healing a man born blind.

The Pharisees excommunicated the (now healed) man born blind; thus, they have expelled from God's flock the man whom Christ Himself enlightened. They are scattering the sheep that Christ came to gather. In this way, Jesus' estrangement from official Judaism is further developed as he calls into being a people who follow him rather than the leaders of Israel. The Pharisees ask the sarcastic question, “Are we blind also?”  Jesus rebuked them for their spiritual blindness. He criticizes them for their failures as the spiritual shepherds of Israel. The teaching of Jesus is that He is the Good Shepherd who seeks out the lost sheep, and dies for His flock.

Jesus proclaims Himself to be “the door for the sheep.” There is only one door to the sheepfold, only one way into the kin-dom of God. Jesus is the only way! Jesus is the Shepherd of Israel, but His flock includes those out of every nation, male and female, throughout all of time, who respond to His call.

Who are the scattered sheep that will become one flock and who will gather them? We get a glimpse of this plan in today’s first and second readings.  We see in both the Acts of the Apostles and Paul’s letter to the Roman the unfolding of God’s plan to reach the nations and all people regardless of race, sex, or stature.

After the baptism of the spirit, 3000 people are converted through the speaking of tongues by the disciples.  Three years later, Stephen is martyred with the approval of Saul of the Sanhedrin for preaching that the temple was no longer needed because the scriptures had been fulfilled in Jesus.  Paul is converted on his way to Damascus carrying letters of extradition for Christians.  Paul teaches “the way” to the gentiles in Arabia and Asia.   At the Council of Jerusalem, Paul argues successfully that Gentile Christians need not follow Jewish law. Claudius, the Roman emperor, expels all Jews and Christians from Rome in c. 49.   Priscilla and Aquila were in Corinth after leaving Rome.  They take Paul in and work and preach together for two years.  They travel to Ephesus with Paul where they establish a church in their home while Paul goes on to Jerusalem.  They hear Apollos preaching in the Synagogue.  He was a Jew from Alexandria, Egypt, described as “eloquent,” “mighty in the Scriptures,” “fervent in the spirit” and “instructed in the way of the Lord.” However, at that time, Apollos’ understanding of the gospel was incomplete, since he was “acquainted only with the baptism of John.” This probably means that Apollos preached repentance and faith in the Messiah—but he did not know the full magnitude of Jesus’ death and resurrection. Priscilla and Aquila spent some time with Apollos and filled in the gapes of his preaching.  There seems to be no problem with Priscilla instructing a man, taboo under Jewish law and custom--there is no hint of censure in the Scriptures about Priscilla teaching a man. The fact is that women did indeed teach men, that women served as leaders and that in doing so they enjoyed God’s blessing and won the praise of other believers. Priscilla instructed the learned Apollos, Lois and Eunice taught Timothy, and Phoebe is named as an overseer and a deacon in the church at Corinth.  Furthermore, believers are enjoined to teach and to learn from one another, without reference to gender.  Always named together, the Orthodox Churches commemorate Priscilla and Aquila as apostles.

Now in the second reading, the church in Rome was already flourishing when Paul wrote his Epistle to the Romans about 57 CE.  He greets some fifty people in Rome. In addition to Phoebe, Priscilla and Aquila, there are twenty-seven names—twenty-six of them in Rome, and Phoebe (the first mentioned) on her way to Rome.

Most of these people are “ordinary” followers of Jesus who have evangelized non-Christians and helped start a number of churches in Rome.
In the closing chapter of his letter to the Romans, Paul mentions no less than ten women, and Phoebe heads the list. It is believed that Phoebe delivered Paul’s letter to the Romans; so Paul introduces her to the Roman church, and, rather than a greeting, he gives her a glowing recommendation. Paul refers to Phoebe as “our sister” and he tells the Romans that she is a minister or deacon of the Corinth Church.  Paul called Phoebe a diakonos.  Diakonoi (plural) were ministers in the early church.  Paul calls her a prostatis. The etymology of this word gives the meaning ‘one who stands before’. The word is used for church leadership elsewhere in the New Testament.
Next on the list is Priscilla, with her husband Aquila. In Romans, Paul mentions that Priscilla and Aquila had even risked their lives for him.
Paul sends greetings to Andronicus and Junia.  In his greeting, Paul states a few of their credentials: they were fellow Jews, they had suffered for their faith and been in prison with Paul, they had been Christians longer than him, and they were outstanding among the apostles [probably members of the 72].  Despite the modern mistranslation of her name as masculine "Junias" or "Junius," no commentator prior to the 13th century questioned that this

Apostle was a woman. Was the changing of her name a scribe’s mistake?  Or could it have been something more political, like an attempt to deny that women could be apostles?  All the ancient Greek and Latin manuscripts commending the outstanding apostles in Romans read either "Junia" or "Julia", both feminine forms. 

Other women greeted in Romans 16 include Mary (Rom 16:6), Tryphena, Tryphosa, and Persis (Rom 16:12). Paul writes that these women worked very hard for their Lord and the Church.
Three more Roman women—Rufus’ mother, Julia, and Nereus’ sister—are also sent personal greetings from Paul.

Other women of Paul

A letter is addressed to the Holy Apostles of the Seventy, [72] Philemon and Apphia who lived in the city of Colossa in Phrygia.  They converted their house into a house of prayer, where all those who believed in Christ gathered and attended services.
In 2 Timothy Paul warmly mentions Lois and Eunice, Timothy’s godly grandmother and mother, church leaders.
Paul wrote 1 Corinthians in response to a report sent by a woman called Chloe (1 Cor 1:10-11) who pastored in her house church.
Paul closes his letter to the Colossians with several personal comments and greetings, and he asks the church at Colossae to pass on his greetings to a woman called Nympha and to the church that meets in her house.
In his letter to the Philippians, Paul greets the whole church and especially mentions the overseers (episkopoi) and deacons (diakonoi) or “chief pastors. Euodia and Syntyche [sin'-ti-ke] were pastor and deaconess of this church.
Lydia was the first Christian convert in Philippi and the first to host church meetings there. She may also have become the first pastor in Philippi starting a trend which meant that it was not unusual for women to be priests.
Written by Paul while he was in Rome, greetings are sent from a woman named Claudia, wife of Pudens a Roman senator and mother of Linus, the second Bishop of Rome.  She heads a church in her house.

Most religious scholars agree that the majority of Christians in the early days of the church were women.  Women, according to Acts, were the first to be converted among the gentiles, they established churches in their homes and pastored to other believers.  My prayer is that the church will love and trust and listen to women, and recognize, encourage and accept their ministry. It is time for the church to stop suppressing and silencing women and start embracing Paul’s ideals of mutuality and equality.  The Apostleship of in partnership with Andronicus and and Aquila remind us that God’s intention is for men and women to partner together as equals in the home, as equals in the church, and as equals in the community to gather God’s people together. 

So, on this day, let us heed God’s plan and promote the call to priesthood by all God’s people. While the Roman Catholic Church prays for vocations, the institutional Church denies women’s access to ordained ministries, rejecting women’s vocations and silencing those who support them. The Church’s stance that women are unequal to men contributes to the global oppression of women, perpetuating and legitimizing sexism.  It is written in the Book of Wisdom that “she [wisdom] can do all things, and while remaining in herself, she renews all things.  In every generation, she passes into holy souls and makes them friends of God and prophets.”  Therefore, on Vocations Sunday I pray that the Church and its many communities throughout the world will hear clearly the prophets of this age, speaking from the font of holy wisdom, as they make known the call of women to the vocation of Priesthood.  May their priesthoods, centered in Christ, be recognized and received so that the church will be fully renewed.  I ask for this great joy to come to pass in the name of Jesus, our brother. AMEN.

Dear Nick, 

On April 22nd the Roman Catholic Church will mark the World Day of Prayer for Vocations, asking its members to welcome God's "unique story into their lives."

For women, this story is edited and erased by the institutional Church to exclude the possibility of their vocation to ordained ministry.  At the Women's Ordination Conference we refuse to let the stories of feminist ministries and women's ordination be erased.  

Catholic women are called by God: called to renewed priesthood; called to equality; called to full participation in the leadership of the church. We know these women, we walk with these women, we are these women.

For too long, women's calls have been suppressed, dismissed, or ignored by the institutional Church. Now, more than ever, is the time to triumph women's call to renewed priesthood.

In preparing for the World Day of Prayer for Vocations (April 22nd), the Women's Ordination Conference invites you to join our effort in proclaiming the good news of equality. 

Women's Ordination Conference

Kate McElwee

Executive Director

Sunday, April 15, 2018

Doubt and Faith: the Real Test

First Reading: A Reading from the Acts of the Apostles 4:32-35; 5:1-11

Now the whole group of those who believed was of one heart and mind. No one claimed private ownership of any possessions.  Everything they owned was held in common.  With great power the apostles bore witness to the resurrection of Jesus the Christ.  They were all accorded great respect.  No one among them was in need, for those who owned land or houses sold them.  They brought the proceeds of what was sold and put them at the feet of the apostles; and they were distributed to each as any had need.  However, there was a man named Ananias who, with the consent of his wife, Sapphira, sold a piece of property.  With his wife’s knowledge, he held back some of the proceeds and brought only apart to lay at the apostles’ feet. 

“Ananias,” Peter asked, “why have you fallen prey to the Tempter, lying to the Holy Spirit and keeping back part of the proceeds of the land?  While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own?  And after it was sold, were not the proceeds at your disposal?  What were you thinking?  You have lied, not to human beings, but to God.” 

When Ananias heard these words, he fell down and breathed his last.  Great fear came upon all who heard of it.  The younger among them rose to wrap up his body, carry it out, and bury him.  About three hours later, Sapphira, his wife, came in, not knowing what had happened.  Peter said to her, “Tell me.  Did you and your husband sell the land for such and such a price?”  She responded, “Yes, that was the price.”  Then Peter said to her, “How is it that you conspired together to put the Spirit of God to the test?  Listen! The footsteps of those who buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you away too.” 

At once, she dropped dead at his feet.  When the young men came in, they found her dead.  They carried her out and buried her beside her husband. A great fear seized the whole church and all who heard about these things.

The Word of an Early Church Historian

Thanks be to God.

SECOND READING:  A Reading from the First Letter of John 5:1-6

Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Anointed One has been born of God. Everyone who loves the parent loves the parent's child.  In this way, we know that we love the children of God because we love God and follow God’s commandments.  For the love of God is this: that we fulfill the desire of God’s heart for the world.  And God’s commandments are not burdensome, for whatever is born of God overcomes obstacles in the world. Our faith is the victory that conquers all fear. Who is it that conquers evil in the world but the one who believes that Jesus, who died and was raised to life, is Born of God?  This is the one who came by water and blood, Jesus the Christ, not only with the water, but with the water and the blood.   And the Spirit is the one that bears witness, for the Spirit is Truth. The Word of an Early Church Theologian.

Thanks be to God. 

GOSPEL:  A Reading from the Gospel attributed to John20:24-29

Thomas, called the “Twin”, who was one of the Twelve, was not with them when the risen Jesus first came to them in the locked upper room.  When the other disciples saw him, they said, “We have seen the Christ.”  But Thomas replied, “Unless I can see the holes the nails made in his hands and can put my finger into the holes they made, unless I can put my hand into his side, I will not believe.” A week later, the disciples were again inside where they had been that first day, but Thomas was with them this time.   Although the doors again were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you.”  Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here.  See my hands.  Give me your hand. Put it into my side.  Do not be unbelieving, but believe.”  Thomas answered, “The Messiah! My God!’  Jesus said to him, “Have you believed because you have seen me?  Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have come to believe.”

The Gospel of our God.

Praise to You, Jesus the Christ.

Sermon:  How many of you are still stuck on our first reading?  I know I was.  I’d never heard that story before and find it quite disturbing.  That people could die for not telling the truth is terrifying.  Not that I’m big on lying but how dramatic that both husband and wife die instantly for not sharing their property with the early Christian community.  I’m not sure if that would cause me to have more faith or to run for the hills.  I worry that this very scripture has given sanction to many Christian churches for public shaming.  So, I want to be very clear; yes, this is our First Reading, but I do not believe it should be used as a weapon for judgment of others.  Fear is never a healthy basis for faith.  Most of us were raised in fear:  If you’re not good, Santa won’t bring you any toys.  God is always watching.  He knows your every thought.  It works but it’s not a healthy thing.  Much harm has been done by churches operating in Jesus name by bringing a person to the front of the church and shaming them.  That will never be us.

Now we can move to Thomas.  Dear Thomas—he’s such an easy scapegoat because he’s honest.  He says what he’s thinking and when he doesn’t understand, he asks.  He’s the one who, when Jesus said that he was going to prepare a place for us said, “We don’t know where you are going.  How can we know the way?”  He states the obvious.  “We do not understand what you are telling us, Jesus.”  That takes bravery.  Most of us don’t ask the obvious.  We remain silent, wondering if everyone else gets it.  It is the one who cares enough to risk ridicule who asks.  That’s Thomas.

There is a Gospel of Thomas which was found in 1945, at Nag Hammadi, Egypt.  Some say it is the first gospel and dates back to 40 AD.  Others say the exact opposite, that much of it is based on the canonical gospels.  It is not certain who wrote it, although it is attributed to Didymus, which is Greek for “twin.” Thomas has always been known as the apostle who was a twin.  This Gospel of Thomas doesn’t tell the story of Jesus’ life.  Rather it is a collection of sayings attributed to Jesus, sometimes sayings that stand-alone or ones that are embedded in short dialogues or parables. John’s gospel seems to use parts of the Gospel of Thomas and some theologians believe that the Doubting Thomas story was an author-to-author sparring of key beliefs; that Jesus was resurrected in bodily form.  In later traditions, it was believed that Thomas was the twin brother of Jesus and died in his place.  Now that would pose all sorts of problems for the basis of Christianity!  The Gospel of Thomas has never been sanctioned as a canonical or authoritative work.  Thus, while it may be a curious find, it has never been used in any Christian theology.

What’s most important is that only in John’s gospel do we hear about Thomas.  No one is sure why that is except for the previous explanation.  Nevertheless, in John we understand that Jesus was very much aware that Thomas was missing on his first visit to the apostles after the resurrection.  Some say, Thomas was missing because he was the only one willing to be seen in public, going about his life and risking being accused as a follower.  Much like Mary Magdalene, Thomas was willing to risk his life for Jesus.  Both Thomas and Mary Magdalene were the ones who wanted to touch Jesus, showing their deep love of him.  They are seekers, wanting to understand; reaching out to God in a time of need. 

This time, when Jesus visits, Thomas is there.  Somehow, Jesus knows what Thomas has said because he addresses Thomas and his request directly.  “Go ahead.  Put your fingers here.  Touch my hands.  Believe!”  And Thomas responds immediately with the voice of belief—My Messiah and my God!  Those words are complete affirmation that Thomas is on board.  None of the other disciples are as clear.  Jesus doesn’t correct him.  Thomas has spoken the truth about who Jesus really is.  Not a ghost or an angel, but God as well as Redeemer.

And yes, Jesus does admonish Thomas but it’s indirect.  “Do you believe because you have seen?  Blessed are those who have not seen but still believe.” Perhaps Thomas is providing us the affirmation.  After all, Jesus is speaking to us too, right?  We aren’t there.  We will never be able to see with our own eyes.  Jesus knows that there is so much we cannot prove.  Can I prove that I am loved?  Not really.  Can we prove that we are worthy?  No.  We cannot even prove that God loves us except that we have this story in scripture.  This story about a man named Jesus.  And today, one of his devoted friends who claims he is our Messiah and our God.  That’s it.  That’s our proof. We can choose to live in doubt or we can choose to believe.   For me, belief is the only answer that makes sense.  Belief gives us hope and richness and meaning.  I choose to believe that I am loved by a God who understands suffering and tragedy; not a distant God who sit above and beyond but a God who is intimately part of our lives. We live and we believe.  That is enough.  Most of the time.  We all have times when we doubt, when we do not understand, when we wonder if this is all for naught.  I believe that faith is a choice.  We choose to believe.  We decide whether or not we are going to believe, even when life gives us every reason NOT to believe. 

On Weds. I met with a young couple who have two children ages 3 and 5.  The husband is dying and cannot verbalize due to metastases to his brain which has affected the speech centers.  He is aphasic which means he can understand what is being said but can only respond with yes or no.  It’s a cruel condition when his life is ending.  I spoke with his wife and parents, since children’s grief is one of my specialties.  I hope I helped them know how to talk with their children but they are being asked to bear so much.  I left, and wondered, why this is happening?  Every single time I meet a family like this, I ask why.  Why would such a young family be burdened with the unthinkable?  The wife may lose her faith because of this.  The parents may as well.  Who else will be affected by their story?  Many, for sure.  It will take time and an incredible amount of love and healing to redeem this loss. 

We cannot know all the mysteries of life.  The challenge is to not lose faith in the midst of our doubts.  I believe that’s what Thomas was doing.  Doubt comes when we do not understand.  Life holds so much mystery, how can we possibly understand it all.  Doubt helps us bridge the wide gulf between logic and mystery.  Doubt enables us to sustain hope, hope that eventually, more life will blossom from such darkness.  That’s the core of our belief; a belief in the resurrection which overcomes all darkness, ultimate darkness and death. As we heard in our second reading, “Our faith is the victory that conquers all fear.”

 May we choose to believe most of the time.  And when we doubt, may it be a bridge, suspending our hearts that so want to believe.  May we voice that doubt as Thomas did so that God can help answer it with a display of him/herself, however subtle or direct it might be.  We cannot know it all.  That’s where belief comes in.  May we all live with the blessing of belief and doubt as we live into its answers.  Amen.

How do you deal with doubt?

WHAT THOMAS WANTS (Andrew King, 2016)
(John 20: 19-31)

Thomas knows all about crucifixion.
Knows the nails driven into the victim
really tear the flesh,
damage the bones.

And he knows that this
is a crucifying world,
with all its violence,
greed and oppression

still hammering nails into the hands of justice,
still thrusting spears through the ribs of love,
still hanging mercy and kindness to die
and sealing up the tomb.

Thomas knows all about it. So he knows that any real resurrection
will have to come out of ruin,
will have to come out of suffering,

will have to come out still bearing the scars
inflicted by the unjust world.

Ask him not if he believes in
merely a God
who is greater than suffering or death;
any God worth the name
would surely prove immortal,
who may be able to pretend our pain
but could never share it in truth.

No, what Thomas wants to see
is the Lord who rises from
death by crucifixion,

who rises
from the worst that our world can do:

who rises
from hells of corruption and cruelty,
who rises
from violence and terror and hate,
who rises
from rape and torture and war,
who rises
from hunger and disease and squalor,
who rises
torn and terribly scarred
yet walking among us still,

who will touch us in our woundedness,
who will hold us in
our brokenness,
who sees in us
the prints left by the nails,

who will put his own hurt hand upon
our heartache, fear and despair
and breathe his healing peace
into our souls.

This is who Thomas wants to see – the only
Lord he wants to believe in.

Thomas just wants to see

aster 2018

April 1, 2018
First Reading: A Reading from the Acts of the Apostles 9:1-10a, 17-19

Saul continued to breathe murderous threats against the disciples of Jesus.  He had gone up to the High Priest and asked for letters addressed to the synagogues in Damascus.  The letters would authorize him to arrest, and take to Jerusalem, any followers of the Way that he could find, both women and men.  As Saul traveled along and was approaching Damascus, a light from the sky suddenly flashed about.  He fell to the ground and heard a voice saying, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?” “Who are you?” Saul asked.  The voice replied, “I am Jesus, and you are persecuting me.  Get up now and go into the city, where you will be told what to do.”  Those traveling with Saul were speechless.  They heard the voice, but could see no one.  Saul got up from the ground unable to see, even though his eyes were open.  They had to take him by the hand and lead him into Damascus.  For three days, Paul remained blind.  During that time, he ate and drank nothing.  There was a disciple in Damascus named Ananias.  When Ananias entered the house where Saul was staying, he laid hands on Saul with the words, “Saul, my kin, I have been sent by Jesus the Christ, who appeared to you on the way here, to help you recover your sight and be filled with the Holy Spirit.”  Immediately, something like scales fell from Saul's eyes, and he regained his sight.  He got up and was baptized. His strength returned after he had eaten some food.

Second Reading:  A Reading from the Letter to the Colossians 3:1-4

Christ is risen!  And you have been raised with Christ!  Since resurrection is already yours, let cosmic mysteries fill your hearts with ecstasy. Wonder at earth’s precious and finite place in the cosmos.  Set your mind on virtues that endure. Jesus died.  You also will die.  You have already known death and loss.  In baptism, you died with Jesus the Christ.  Trust that your cosmic life, like Jesus’, is already real.  It may be hidden in God, nestled in God’s womb; but, when the Cosmic Christ is revealed in fullness, you also will be birthed into wholeness.

Gospel Reading:   John 20:1,11-18

Early in the morning, on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary of Magdala went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been rolled away from the entrance.  Mary stood, crying, outside the tomb.  While weeping, she stooped down and saw two angels inside.  They were dressed in white and were sitting, one at the head and one at the feet of where Jesus' body had lain. The angels asked Mary, “Why are you weeping?”  She answered, “They have taken away my Teacher, and I don't know where they have put him.”  As soon as Mary said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there. She did not recognize him.

Jesus asked her, “Why are you weeping? Who are you looking for?” Thinking Jesus was the gardener, Mary said, “Sir, if you have taken his body away, please tell me, so I can go and get him.” 

Then Jesus said to her, “Mary!” She turned.  She said to him, “Rabbouni”--which means “Teacher.”  Jesus then told her, “Don't hold on to me! I have not yet gone to the Beloved. But tell my other disciples that I am going to my Beloved and your Beloved, my God and your God.”  Mary Magdalene then went to the disciples with the message, “I have seen the Teacher!” And she told them what he had said to her.


Have you heard about red eggs?  I brought some so you would remember the legend told about Mary Magdalene.  After the resurrection, legend has it that Mary went to the Roman Emperor to tell him about Jesus rising from the dead.  He said that he would not believe unless a nearby basket of eggs turned red.  Miraculously, the eggs turned red!  So, in many countries, eggs are died red in memory of Mary Magdalene’s bravery and to celebrate Easter.  Also, many Greek Orthodox peoples give up eggs for Lent so they boiled their eggs to keep them.  They too died these eggs and then broke their fast on Holy Saturday by eating the eggs.  Red is also the color of love, of passion and of suffering.  We cannot forget the blood that was shed by Jesus to get to the resurrection.  May we remember the whole story symbolized by these eggs.

Today we celebrate Jesus rising from the dead and we hear about Mary Magdalene who is really the patron saint of RCWP.  Mary Magdalene or Mary of Magdala was known as the apostle to the apostles.  She was a strong financial supporter of Jesus which was highly unusual at that time.  Mary became a close confidante.  His lover? That’s probably pushing it a bit too far.  What we do know is that Jesus viewed her with the same respect as the male disciples.  He taught her about his mission, he shared his message with her, just as he taught the men.  She came to believe in him as a great teacher.  Her Rabounni.  Mary trusted Jesus to never fail her.

Mary Magdalene was there at the crucifixion and witnessed it with her own eyes.  The horror.  The dashing of all hope.  Gone.  Dead.  Her grief was evident as we hear in the scriptures.  She was lost and must’ve wondered how it could’ve happened.  Jesus’ death was so unexpected, so rushed.  Because it was the Sabbath, they buried Jesus in haste.  No spices were sold, nothing was sold on the Sabbath so the women had to wait until the next day. 

Mary arrives at the tomb and in her grief must’ve forgotten that there would be a stone to roll back before she could wash and anoint Jesus, the Jewish burial ritual that women would perform for a loved one.  Did she come alone?  Today’s reading makes it seem as if she did.  What did she expect to find? 

Hoping against hope, she discovers an empty grave.  The only possible explanation is that the body has been moved or stolen.  Really?  How can this be?  Another indignity to the already overwhelming indignities Jesus suffered.  Mary cries out in disbelief, in anger.  Where is he?  Where is my God?  How is this possible?  I wanted one last time to honor him, to anoint him. 

And then, in one word, all that desperation is changed.  “Mary.”  That voice.  She’d heard it a thousand times before but this time, it takes her breath away.  Her joy cannot be contained.  It’s as if she’s been hit by lightening; a conversion stronger than Saul’s falling from his horse and regaining his eyesight.  An affirmation from her God, a God her knows her intimately.  The voice of recognition.  He loves me for me.  And all Jesus said, all he foretold has come true in that instant for Mary.  Of course!

Mary’s instinct is to hug, to embrace, something all of us as human beings want to do, especially once a loved one has died.  Just to hug them one more time.  But Jesus interrupts Mary; he is indicating that things have changed.  It’s a new story now.  He says to Mary, “Go and tell my other disciples the news.”  In these words, Jesus commissions her an apostle, an evangelist, since she was the first human being to see him as the risen Christ.  She needed to be the one.  Such a privilege.  Jesus knew he could trust Mary to deliver his message to the apostles and to the rest of the world.  This is why RCWP claims Mary Magdalene as our hero.  She was called.  We are called as well.

So why didn’t the apostles believe her?  In Jewish law we know that there must be at least two witnesses to verify an event.  And a valid witness was only a male; women didn’t count.  The male witness had to be a free man who was not deaf, mentally or morally unsuitable, or too young for Bar Mitzvah.  These men would need to both see and hear the event.  So Mary’s witness didn’t matter, at least not to the men of that time. 

Only in Mark’s gospel do we hear how the disciples react:  In chapter 16 verse 11 it says, “When they heard that Jesus was alive and that she had seen him, they did not believe it.”  And Jesus has a response to this: “Later as they were eating, Jesus appeared to the eleven and rebuked them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they did not believe those who had seen Him after He had risen.”  Jesus is not messing around.  We are fools to not believe.  April Fools for sure!  We may joke about this being the same day as April Fools this year but it is most appropriate for those who ignore this Easter celebration, who say, it never happened and it makes no difference in my life.  My own sons were asking me to tell the story since they are on the fence.  It’s painful to have to allow others to decide, to determine their own beliefs.  I would never call them fools.  But I hope that they can embrace an awareness of how different life is because of Jesus’s message.  Our world needs Jesus’ message.  The death of so many youth who now cry out for change—they are led by a God of change, change for good. 

         The main part of Jesus message is love.  What we may fail to notice is that love causes change.  And we so resist change.  But change has been part of Jesus message all along.  Why would his death and resurrection be any different? Yes, a woman is the first witness of this change where death is not the end.  Yes, a woman is commissioned to tell the story.  Yes, women are equal.  Jesus begs for radical change that our church still cannot embrace.  We have fools among us.  Mary Magdalene represents the first woman to have to endure the sins of history, being called a prostitute, mentally ill, a disgrace all because she was a strong woman who clung to her convictions, supporting Jesus through his life and death.

Men may have tried to diminish her worth, her significance but today, this Easter, by speaking Mary’s name, we give credence to her validity as an amazing witness to new life.  We claim her witness as true.  We rejoice that Jesus was so unconventional as to defy the Jewish law of his time and so confident in Mary to deliver his final message.  Now we become the messengers of the gospel, that women are valid, that all people are valid.  We become the trustworthy apostles who can speak of Jesus’ message in this day and age.  We proclaim a message of radical love.  Love changes things.  Love changes everything, if we let it. 

Finally, some have asked why Mary Magdalene was the one; why was she the one who got to see Jesus first? Some say it was because she was the only one still seeking him.  That’s what love causes; a desire to seek God in the midst of life.  It’s a lesson for all of us.  May we continue to seek Jesus each and every day of our lives.  Who knows what surprises, what conversion that will bring.

Let us celebrate this Easter as a day of change; change that means nothing will ever be the same again.  Thanks be to God.  Alleluia.  Amen.

What does Easter mean to you?

Sunday, March 11, 2018                                            Gospel of Mark 14: 1-9
The anointing of Jesus                                                       
Nick Smith

Distribute the spikenard. 

The account of the anointing of Jesus by a woman occurs in all four gospels, yet with differing portrayals of this woman and various descriptions of the act of anointing.


Before the Passover: Mark and John – Matthew and Luke give no date
At Bethany: Matthew, Mark and John, not Luke
House of Simon: Matthew & Mark at Simon the leper, Luke at Simon the Pharisee, and John at Martha, Mary and Lazarus’s house
The woman: John says Mary, Luke says a sinner, Matthew and Mark doesn’t identify
Poured the ointment: Matthew, Mark and John
Where anointed: Matthew and Mark on head, Luke and John on feet
Wipes with hair: Luke and John
Objections: Luke-Pharisee, Matthew-disciples & Judas, John-Judas, Mark unnamed
Why not sell: Matthew, Mark and John
Jesus’ rebuke: Matthew, Mark & John—Luke gives a parable
Day of burial: Matthew, Mark and John
Always have poor: Matthew, Mark, and John
Woman remembered: Matthew and Mark 

Today’s Gospel scene [the anointing of Jesus] agrees on only three points: 1) Jesus was anointed by a woman, 2) the woman used an ointment, and 3) there are objections to the act. 

We should probably look more at this woman and remember her as Jesus said. 

Though it is often dismissed as little more than preparation for death, there is more to it than a mundane burial ritual. The anointing act conjures up sacred Old Testament connotations to ancient heritage, priestly rituals, the consecration of kings, and the prophetic figure of the Messiah, which literally means “One Smeared with Oil”. 

A popular designation for the promised future king of Israel was “Anointed One.” This title evolves from God’s method of marking people set aside for a specific purpose and granting them authority. The high priest of the temple was anointed before service. Samuel, the priest and prophet, anointed King Saul and King David. Not only were these men handpicked by God for a special task, they were empowered by the presence of The Spirit and protected by their status as God’s anointed. The prophet Isaiah, looking forward to the future promised king and savior of Israel, names the one who would remove all burdens from his people as the “Anointed One.” 

The only time Jesus is literally “Smeared with Oil” is by a woman serving as God’s anointing hand. The woman reveals the identity of the Messiah, much like Peter’s proclamation “You are the Christ!” but with one significant exception.

Immediately after his declaration, Peter denied the necessity of Jesus’ death, thereby revealing a lack of understanding and immature faith – a lapse Jesus called satanic. 

The woman’s act reveals complete understanding and mature faith. Not only does she believe Jesus is the Christ, but she accepts his death is an integral part of his Messianic destiny. Jesus can only gain His throne by his pending death; therefore,

her anointing is declared by Jesus as preparing Him for the grave. She does not use her voice to declare prophecy, but her symbolic act speaks for her.  The woman’s anointing declares her faith that Jesus is the Messiah and foretells that he will die to become the Savior of his people. 

It is significant that a woman serves as the anointing agent. Anointing proclaimed kings, ordained priests, and heralded the Spirit’s work in the Old Testament. It transferred authority from God. The one who anointed and the ritual itself were recorded and lauded as defining moments. God chose this woman as the hand to anoint Jesus—the most important anointing of all. 

It is easy to let her gender confuse the true importance of this occasion. Her gender clouded the disciples to the true meaning of her act. They belittled her and esteemed her service in monetary terms only, disregarding her spiritual edge. But the symbolism was not lost on Jesus. He understood and said her act “will also be told in memory of her.” She poured the oil to memorialize him, but he says to remember her.  She is [in effect] a high priest.

The contrast between this woman and her objectors could not be starker. While critical of her, none of the disciples are willing to undertake the task of feet washing [or anointing] just a few days later at the Passover meal. It is Jesus who gets down on his knees and washes their feet to reinforce the same lesson this woman has already given them. Having done so, Jesus returns to his place and explains: “You call me 'Teacher' and 'Lord', and rightly so, for that is what I am. Now that I, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also should wash one another's feet.” (John 13:13-14). 

This woman, whoever she was, has done so without being asked. That is how love and gratitude is displayed—without asking.  The fact that a woman anointed Jesus is noteworthy. In a similar way, women were the first to receive and were entrusted with the wonderful witness of the resurrection to the male disciples. None of the eleven disciples was first to the tomb. These women met the criteria of apostleship, even though a woman’s witness was not accepted in the legal courts, and rabbinic Judaism reflected prejudicial devaluing of women.

During Jesus’ passion, the women serve as disciples in that they “follow” Jesus and recognize that Jesus’ mission includes crucifixion, burial, and resurrection on the third day. They also “embark on a journey that may lead to the loss of their own lives for his sake.” 

All four anointing narratives can be compared in that the woman is voiceless; it is men who speak, become indignant, and verbally censure either the woman or Jesus. The stories of Judas and Peter are engraved in the memory of Christians; the story of the anointing woman is virtually forgotten.” The woman in Matthew, Mark and Luke loses her name, and in the four stories, the woman’s voice is not heard. However, each time, Jesus notes that this woman is the quintessential faithful disciple. 

This woman’s action reveals the proper basis for evaluating our own actions: Do we do what we do because we love and treasure Jesus? She didn’t do this anointing out of duty or pragmatism, but out of sheer devotion for Christ. She did what she did because she had a perception of Christ that even the apostles at this point lacked. She knew that He was worthy of extravagant love. When Jesus is your treasure, you will do what you do out of love for God.

 A different reading and perspective: 

March 30, 2015 by Kay Bonikowsky

The Junia Project [blog]

It was as if I heard the words of old.  “Arise. Anoint him. This is He.” 

As Samuel before me, I thought, “What better place than in the midst of his brothers?” I glanced around at his friends; Lazarus, Simon Peter, James and the others. 

“Two days” echoed through me. Did they not hear him? He told us that in two days, he dies. He foretells his death and his kingdom in the same sermon. How could the two relate? And yet, I have seen him bawl life into my dead brother. Can he raise himself? Two days marks something terrible … and wonderful.  Death and a kingdom.  A king in death. I could not see him go to his kingdom unprepared. My sweaty hand gripped the cool stone of the vial. 

“Anoint him.” 

Meeting his eyes, I rose and pushed my way around prostrate bodies reclining at the table. I pulled the alabaster jar from the folds of my robe. His eyebrows quizzed me as I uncorked the bottle, turning its end up and letting all the contents slip out into his hair. The brown liquid dripped down his temples and began to gather in his beard and plop onto his shoulders. A warm, earthy musk invaded my nostrils. My hand cupped his cheek, smearing the nard. His features relaxed for a moment, eyes closed and head upturned toward heaven. 

Did I expect loud cries of “Hail the king?” Well, yes. Wasn’t it obvious he deserved a proper anointing?  Instead, silence buzzed my ears. Then, cries of outrage. 

“Stop it!” Judas shouted. “Why waste this perfume? It could have been sold for more than a year’s wages and the money used in a more noble fashion!” 

“Mary, what are you thinking?” Peter frowned and tried to grab the vial from my hand. My silent action, condemned. My motives, questioned. Shame spewed out over all the wrong things, threatening to invade me. Had I heard wrong?  I pulled my hand away. 

“Leave her alone!” Jesus scolded. “Why are you giving her a hard time about this?” He reached for my hand once more and squeezed. 

To me he said, “This is beautiful.”

To the others, “She has listened to me and knows I am soon to die. This perfume is for my burial. You have a lifetime to do good for others, but your time with me is limited.” 

Two days. I glanced around hoping the others would query him further. But they all bore the dull look of stubborn incomprehension.  Neither hearing, nor understanding. 

Jesus pressed my hand again in reassurance, and his words brought great comfort to me. “Believe me. What you have done will be remembered and admired wherever the Good News is preached.  All over the world!” He smiled. 

Two days is not the end, then.  But a beginning.  By my own hand, he is Messiah: God’s Anointed.

Sunday, March 4, 2018
Righteous Anger

FIRST READING:  A Reading from the Book of Exodus 35:20-29

Moses spoke to the whole community of Israelites, “This is what our God has commanded: All who are skillful among you shall come and make all that our God has commanded.  You will build the tabernacle and all that is in it, from the entrance of the Dwelling, to its frames, to the bread of the Presence, to the altar, and all the accessories.”  Then the whole community of Israelites withdrew from Moses’ presence.  And all those whose hearts stirred them, and all those whose spirit prompted them, brought an offering for the Tabernacle, the Tent of Meeting, and for all its service and for the sacred vestments.  Both the men and the women came, all as their hearts prompted them. They brought brooches, rings, bracelets, necklaces.  All those who had pledged gold to God brought golden objects of every kind. All those who happened to own violet, purple, or crimson materials, finely woven linen, goats’ hair, rams’ skins dyed red, or fine leather, brought that.  Everyone who could make an offering of silver or bronze brought it as an offering to God.  Anyone who had acacia wood, suitable for any of the woodwork to be done, brought that.  All the skilled women set their hands to spinning, and brought what they had spun: violet, purple, and crimson materials, and fine linen. All those women whose hearts stirred them by virtue of their skill, spun goats’ hair.  The leaders brought cornelians and other stones to be mounted on the ephod and on the breast piece, as well as spices, and oil for the light, anointing oil, and fragrant incense. Every Israelite man and woman brought to God such voluntary offerings as they thought best, for the various kinds of work which God had commanded Moses to have done.

The Word of an ancient, Priestly writer.  Thanks be to God

Second Reading:  A Reading from Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians1:26-31

Consider your own call, beloved.  Not many of you were wise by human standards, not many were powerful, not many were of noble birth.  But God chose what is foolish in the world to shame the wise.  God chose what is weak in the world to shame the strong.  God chose what is low and despised in the world, those deemed nothing, to reduce to nothing all those deemed something in the world. Because of this, we dare not boast in the presence of God who is the Source of our life in Jesus the Christ.  Jesus became for us Wisdom from God.  In Jesus, in Wisdom, our justice, our holiness, and our liberation are rooted, so that, as it is written: "Let anyone who boasts, boast in God."

The Word of the Apostle Paul. Thanks be to God

GOSPEL:  A Reading from the Gospel attributed to Mark 11:12-21

As Jesus and the disciples were leaving Bethany on their way up to Jerusalem, Jesus felt hungry.  Seeing a fig tree some distance away, he went to see if he could find fruit on it, but when he reached it he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs.  So, Jesus spoke to the tree, “May no one ever eat your fruit again.”  The disciples heard this.  Then they reached Jerusalem.  Jesus entered the temple and began to drive out those who were selling and those who were buying in the temple. He upset the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who were selling doves.  He prevented anyone from carrying goods through the temple.  At the same time, he taught them, “Doesn’t Scripture say, ‘My house will be called a house of prayer for all peoples’? You have turned it into ‘a den of thieves’.” News of this made it to the chief priests and the scribes. They kept looking for a way to kill him, but they were afraid of him because the crowds were amazed by his teaching.  When evening came, Jesus left Jerusalem. The next morning, as they passed by the fig tree they saw it withered to its roots.  Peter remembered.  “Look, Rabbi!” he said, “the fig tree you cursed has withered!”

 The Gospel of Our God. Praise to you, Jesus the Christ


There are many kinds of anger.  I found a list of twelve and I’m sure there are many more.   Behavioral anger, verbal anger, passive, self-inflicted anger, chronic, judgmental, overwhelmed, constructive, retaliatory, paranoid and deliberate, all kinds of anger that have been officially named.  The hope from this list is that we try to understand what kind of anger we tend towards so that, if it’s not a helpful expression that causes change, we can change and be more responsive about our anger, rather than reactive.

In our gospel reading, we see Jesus exhibiting two kinds of anger and we should give pause to his actions.  Perhaps Jesus was experiencing “overwhelmed anger” when he encountered that poor fig tree.  Being angry and hungry is also known as being hangry.  In his hangry state, Jesus reacts and verbally shames the tree.  He wanted something to eat.  Maybe figs were his favorite.  And this tree just doesn’t deliver the goods.  Jesus reacts in anger and later we find that the tree withers.  That’s the power of being hangry.  In the Snicker’s commercials, they say, “When you’re hungry, you’re just not yourself.”  We believe this to be true of Jesus in this instance; this was not his usual self but a human, hungry self who was overwhelmed by the demands of life.  We all know what that feels like.

         In the Temple, Jesus demonstrates what we often call righteous anger.  It’s also known as assertive or constructive anger; there’s a legitimate reason for the anger and our response is an effort to change the situation.  As we know, business dealings in the Temple were deceitful and greedy.  It was as if the Mafia was in charge, taking full advantage of their position and power and flinging all moral and religious imperatives aside. 

First, to fully appreciate why Jesus was so angry, we need to understand the money changers and their job.  Vast numbers of Jews streamed to the Temple from many nations to attend the feasts of Passover, (Pentecost and the Tabernacles are the other two feasts).  These faithful Jews had with them considerable sums of money in foreign currencies.  It was the job of the money changers to collect the money and to give them local monies in return.  Some added fees to this job, charging 4 to 8 percent for their services.  People coming from distant countries would bring their money in large denominations so as to avoid carrying a lot of small coins which were often needed to pay for items.  Also, it was unlawful to use Roman coins in the Temple.  Only Jewish coins were allowed.  Even widows were abused and had to promise their land in exchange for money.  Large sums of money were kept in the Temple and only the money changers had access to it.  Thus these money changers or shulhanis played a key role for worshippers.  They were essential to the whole experience.  It was a well-oiled system.

Secondly, when coming to the Temple, the faithful were expected to have brought a “worthy sacrifice” such as a bull, sheep, goat or a dove that underwent shechita (Jewish ritual slaughter).  Many could not bring an animal since they traveled so far.  But when a person would bring their own animal, it was deemed “unworthy” and didn’t meet “temple approval.”  Then, other animals were offered for pay, sometime for ridiculous prices.  A faithful person would make the payment, believing this animal was their offering to God.  It was taken away for the Jewish ritual slaughter which was done behind the scenes.  Instead, the animal was often brought back into the Temple through a back door to be resold to another unsuspecting pilgrim.  In this way, the Temple authorities made lots of money.

Jeremiah in the Hebrew scriptures talked about this very problem in the Temple long before Jesus.  He said that the Temple had become like a den of thieves. The people felt they could hide, safely protected from divine judgment, because they had access to the Temple, the place where God himself was said to dwell. They thought they could “steal, murder, commit adultery, lie, and burn incense to Baal” because, after committing all of these sins, they could escape to the sanctuary of the Temple (Jer. 7:9). But, through Jeremiah, God delivered the bad news that the Temple was not just a hideout. The people would soon be judged for their sin, and the Temple would be destroyed. 

When Jesus encounters such dishonest practices by the money changers, he reacts with great anger.  He had come to the Temple and knew it was supposed to be a house of prayer.  He recalled Jeremiah’s anger and likewise quotes the prophet by saying, “You have made it a den of thieves.”  All Jews would’ve understood this reference.  The faithful would’ve loved Jesus reaction since it’s probably what they all were thinking but had no power to change.  Jesus is shaking up the status quo and advocating for God, effectively saying, “God deserves our respect and our honesty. People of faith will not be taken advantage of in God’s name.”

One week later, Jesus is dead.  Coincidence?  We think not.  Jesus had dared to cross the line of accusing not just the money changers, but the leaders of the Temple who would’ve sanctioned these dishonest practices.  He risked his very life.  It was a high price to pay.

Trump said we shouldn’t be afraid of the NRA; that they would be open to changing gun access.  One week later, Trump is no longer advocating for this.  He dropped all talk about changing the age for buying weapons of war.  He too fell to the greed and corruption of the NRA.  Mike Pence helped him get in line.  We should be angry about this.  Many brave teenagers are taking to the streets to say, “No more.”  They have heard their pleas being placated by Senators who call them “inspiring” but do nothing in response.  These politicians are not moved by righteous anger which implicates their true value; not human lives but money and power.  Today’s gospel is alive and well in our world today.  Refusal of gun control is our country’s form of sanctioned violence.  It’s what makes the powerful more powerful and the poor and disadvantaged, deprived of a chance for change.

It will take more walk outs and more walk ins to places of political business where the status quo needs to be shaken.  We are now part of JCIC or the Johnson County Interfaith Cluster.  It is my great hope that this will be part of systematic change here in Iowa City.  Together, we want to help give a voice to those who have no voice; and I’ve got a big mouth. No longer will we stay passive in our anger, allowing it to fester and depress us because we are too timid or afraid to express it.  We will not be like the hypocrites who worry more about being liked or not making waves.  We need a tsunami of response to change the status quo. 

Just as a reminder, we too are Temples of God, we too can be houses of prayer.  May we continue to use this Lent as an opportunity for grounding ourselves in prayer for the waves of change that are coming. 

 Friday night I went to Motown the Musical.  Remember the song, War?  I was on my feet singing it with the same anger and passion from when it was first sung.  War—huh, yeah, what is it good for?  Absolutely nothing.  Say it again.  These words still apply.  We still have so much to do.  Together, let us embrace that same spirit that Jesus used to risk his own death.  Let’s use our righteous, constructive, assertive anger to change the world.  Amen.

What purpose does your anger serve?  

February 25, 2018
Mark 9: 2 – 10 Transfiguration – by Nick Smith                   

About two months ago, I had my annual physical exam.  This year was a little different.  My wife had complained from time to time that I’m losing my hearing.  So this year, I asked the doctor to check my ears.

The doctor took out one of those old wind-up clocks and placed it on the desk, asking if I could hear it ticking.

“Yes I can,” I replied.

The doctor then took the clock across the room and asked if I could hear it ticking.

“Yes I can,” I said.

Then, the doctor opened the door, walked out of the office, and placed the clock at the far end of the corridor and shouted, “Can you hear it ticking?”

“Yes I can!” I yelled back.  Returning, the doctor said, “There’s nothing wrong with your hearing, “you just aren’t listening to your wife.” 

There is, of course, a big difference between hearing and listening!  Most of us were born hearing well, but listening is something you have to work on because it is sometimes very hard to do.  Jesus has been talking both in words and deeds, but no one seems to be truly listening.  Let me, briefly, recount for you what has been happening with Jesus in the last 21/2 years prior to his transfiguration. [John]

John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! The next day John was there again with two of his disciples.   When he saw Jesus passing by, he said, “Look, the Lamb of God!”  When the two disciples heard him say this, they followed Jesus.  [Hear but do not listen]
Andrew brings his brother Simon to Jesus, who now calls several other followers as well. [Philip, Nathanael – maybe James and John]
On the third day after Jesus’ baptism, Jesus and his disciples attend a wedding at Cana in Galilee, where Jesus works a miracle, transforming water into wine.
As Passover approaches, Jesus travels to Jerusalem, where he drives the money changers from the temple, charging them to “stop making God’s house a den of thieves”.  [Hear but do not listen]
Jesus travels to Samaria, where he speaks in metaphors and figures of speech with a Samaritan woman along with his disciples. They do not understand his metaphors.  Eventually, the woman, impressed by his knowledge of her past and by his message, tells the other Samaritans that he is the Christ. Once again, a woman is first.  [Hear but do not listen]
After several months and a few miracles, Jesus’ following increases.  In Jerusalem once again, Jesus cures a sick man at the pool of Bethzatha and orders him to pick up his sleeping mat and walk around. As it is the Sabbath, when observant Jews do not carry objects outdoors, the Jews become angry with Jesus and their anger only increases when Jesus explains that God is his father. Jesus delivers a long discourse, in which he announces that rejection of Him in favor of the traditional laws is foolish, since He represents the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies. [Hear but do not listen]
Returning to Galilee, Jesus is approached by a crowd of people looking for inspiration. To feed them, he works a miracle, providing food for 5,000 people [not including women and children] with only five loaves of bread and two fish.
Later that evening, Jesus’s disciples are crossing the Sea of Galilee and are surprised to find Jesus walking across the water toward them.
The next day, crowds of people come in search of Jesus, and he explains the significance of the miracle of the loaves: “I am the bread of life,” Jesus says, “I tell you the truth, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you cannot have eternal life within you.”  Many of his listeners are appalled by this cannibalism, and most of his disciples leave him. [Hear but do not listen]
Jesus is limiting his preaching to Galilee and staying away from Judea because the Jewish authorities want to kill him.  Now the Jewish feast of Tabernacles was near.  So Jesus’ brothers said to him “Leave here and go to Judea so your disciples may see the miracles you are performing.    Jesus replied, “My time has not yet arrived, you go up to the feast yourselves.  When he had said this, he remained in Galilee.  But when his brothers had gone up to the feast, then Jesus himself also went up, not openly but in secret.   The Jewish authorities were looking for him at the feast, asking, “Where is he?”   [Hear but do not listen]
Right after the symbolic rite of the water-pouring ceremony at the altar,the voice of Jesus is heard loud and clear in the Temple: “If any one thirst, let them come to Me and drink” [Hear but do not listen]
That night there was a great ceremony called the "Illumination of the Temple," which involved the ritual lighting of four golden oil-fed lamps in the Court of Women.  All night long the light shone its brilliance; it is said, illuminating the entire city. Jesus was teaching in the court of women just after the Feast, when the authorities bring him an adulterous woman and, in an attempt to entrap him, ask him whether or not she is guilty. Jesus responds, “Let anyone among you who is without sin be the first to throw a stone”.    He declared to all who were gathered there:  “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows Me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life”. [Hear but do not listen]
Authorities and a crowd return to question him.  A long discourse ensues, in which Jesus responds to questions and accusations.  Jesus predicts his own death and ascension, and He urges the people not to hold his previous violation of the Sabbath against him, saying, “Do not judge by appearances, but judge with right judgment”.  Claiming to precede Abraham and to derive his glory from God, Jesus finally infuriates the Jewish authorities, and they try to kill him. [Hear but do not listen]
Leaving the feast, Jesus asks his disciples, “Who do people say the Son of Man is?”  They reply, “Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”  “But what about you?” he asked. “Who do you say I am?”  Simon Peter answered, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”    He then began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and after three days rise again.   Peter takes him aside and begins to rebuke him.  But Jesus rebukes Peter, saying, “Get behind me, Satan!”  “You do not have in mind the concerns of God, but merely human concerns.”  Peter doesn’t want a suffering Savior.  Peter doesn’t intend to be a suffering follower.  He wants to ride in victory with Jesus sharing His triumph over His enemies.  That’s the Messiah the rest of the Twelve are looking for.  [Hear but do not listen]

The announcement of Christ’s approaching passion and death was met with indignation by the disciples.  And then, six days later, Jesus took Peter, James, and John “up to a mountain”—by tradition Mount Tabor—and was “transfigured before them.”  Suddenly, Moses and Elijah also appeared. They spoke of Jesus’ “departure” at Jerusalem, the very event Jesus had just revealed to His disciples. Peter blurts out:  Lord, it is good for us to be here; if you wish, I will make three tabernacles, one for you, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.

What was Peter suggesting with these tabernacles? The prophet Zechariah had written that when the Messiah reigns on the earth, He will require all nations to come and celebrate the Feast of tabernacles. So, what did Peter request of Jesus on the mountain? Peter was pushing for the Kin-dom to begin now! But even before Peter could finish his words, God interrupted: “This is My beloved, My own; listen to Him!”   Peter flatly rejected the cross—and pushed to skip straight to the kin-dom. [Hear but do not listen]

The transfiguration confirmed that the only way to the glory Peter and the disciples wanted would come through the cross. There was no going around it.

As the fulfillment of the Feast of Booths, the episode of transfiguration was a revelation. Christ stood on Tabor, the great lawgiver of Israel on one side and the greatest of the prophets on the other, the summation of the old covenant.  Moses represents the Jewish Law and Elijah represents the Jewish Prophets. So, when God’s voice from heaven said “Listen to Him!” that indicates that the Law and the Prophets must now give way to Jesus who will replace the old way with the new way. He is the completion of the Law and the fulfillment of the prophecies in the Old Testament. God entered into his creation and illuminated it; the body of Christ was the very tabernacle of God.  The Feast of Booths [tabernacles] was fulfilled. In the Transfiguration, the apostles see the glory of the Kin-dom of God present in majesty in the person of Christ. They see this before the crucifixion so that in the resurrection they might know who it is who has suffered for them, and what it is that this one, who is God, has prepared for those who recognize Him.
What was the message Peter, James, and John were to hear? Not to share their experience of revelation until "the Son of Man should rise from the dead." While popular Jewish opinion held the just would rise in the Kin-dom, these three disciples have a hard time fathoming resurrection as "the sign" for the Kin-dom. They could not understand that their experience of Jesus on the mountain would be the faith of every Christian.

But you see, that’s the point of the transfiguration.  Life in the world as we live it every day is not the whole story.  There’s a reality beyond what we see and it’s glorious beyond all words.  Jesus lifted the corner of the veil and His three disciples saw unspeakable glory.  On the mountain they learn that Jesus himself is the living Torah, the completed Word of God. On the mountain they see the dynamics of the Kin-dom that is coming in Christ. 

The message of this gospel is clear.  To hear, we need to listen. To experience, we need to open our ears to the possibility of God's voice. Look at Jesus. Listen to his words. Open your mind and heart to his presence. We don't need to be on the top of a mountain to experience God's fullness. Just listen, truly listen and God’ Kin-dom will be realized. 

Since my physical, I’ve become a better wife listener.  Now, I need to work on becoming a better God listener.

Sunday, Feb. 18, 2018

Our Lenten Journey


A Reading from the Book of Genesis 7:11-18; 8:13, 18-19; 9:9-10, 12-14, 16

In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, all the underground springs
erupted and all the windows of heaven were thrown open.  Rain poured on the earth for forty days and forty nights.  On the day the rain began, Noah, his wife, their sons and their wives entered the ark.  With them came everything and anything that had the breath of life in it, creatures of all genders. Then God shut the door behind them.  The flood continued for forty days.  The waters rose and bore the ark up, high over the earth. The flood deepened on the earth, and the ark floated on the surface of the waters...In the six-hundred-first year of Noah’s life, the flood dried up.  Noah opened the hatch of the ark and saw dry ground.

Noah disembarked with his wife, their sons and daughters-in-law. 

Then all the animals, both crawling and winged creatures, –every creature on the face of the earth –left the ship family by family.  And God said, “I am making My covenant with all of you that, never again, will everything living be destroyed by floodwaters. 

No, never again will a flood destroy the earth.

“I am setting My bow in the clouds, a sign of the covenant between

Me and Earth.  When the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will see it

and remember the eternal covenant between Myself, your God, and

every living thing, every last living creature on earth.”

The Word of an Ancient Israelite Writer.

Thanks be to God.


A Reading from the First Letter attributed to Peter 3:18-22

This is what Jesus the Christ experienced:

he suffered because of the mistakes and evil acts of others.  He

clung to justice in the injustice for the sake of the unjust.  In his endurance, God was

revealed to us.  Jesus was put to death in the flesh, then transformed, alive in the Spirit.  In the Spirit, Jesus proclaimed the good news to imprisoned spirits-

Including those from the days of Noah who did not heed God’s word

when the ark was being built.  In the flood, only a few were spared –eight in all.  They were literally saved atop the waters.  The waters of baptism, which

the flood prefigures, flood us with new life.  Baptism is not a literal

cleansing of the body, but a spiritual renewal and rebirth through the resurrection of Jesus the Christ, who is with God.  Among all angels, powers, and authorities,

the Christ is the definitive word.

The Word of an early Christian Writer.   Thanks be to God 


A Reading from the Gospel attributed to Mark 1:12-15

Immediately after his baptism, the Spirit drove Jesus into the desert.  He remained in the desert for 40 days, tempted by Satan.  He was among wild beasts, and the angels ministered to him.  After John was arrested, Jesus came to Galilee proclaiming the

gospel of God: “This is the time of fulfillment.  The kin-dom of God is at hand.  Repent and believe in the gospel.”

The Gospel of our God.

Praise to you, Jesus the Christ. 


Forty days and forty nights.  Such a dramatic statement.  It’s a common phrase in the Bible.  We often use it to mean endurance, patient endurance.  It didn’t say it in our First Reading, but for Noah and his ark it rained 40 days and 40 nights.  And now we have Jesus in the desert for the same amount of time.  Moses spent 40 days and 40 nights on Mt. Sinai.  Notice that none of these references simply says, 40 days, which would imply the nights.  We know if Jesus was in the desert for 40 days he was there for the nights as well.  But the phrase always includes the 40 nights as well.  It must be for emphasis.  When you say, “40 days and 40 nights,” it’s much more dramatic.  You might want to try it to help amplify your trials:  as in, I had to spend 3 days and 3 nights with my in-laws.  Or, I’ve been away from my grandkids for 11 days and 11 nights.  So much more impressive. 

In the Bible, whenever 40 days and 40 nights is used, it’s meant to symbolize a testing period.  Noah, Moses, and Jesus were being tested.  Jesus went into the desert for this period of time, 40 days and 40 nights.  He was without food or water.  This was a spiritual quest.  At the end of his time, Satan tempted Jesus to turn rocks into bread, a true temptation because Jesus would’ve been so hungry.  As we know, Jesus was able to resist each and every temptation, even in such a weakened state.  His trust in God is solid.  His 40 days of trial deepened his faith rather than ending it or diminishing it.

We have begun our 40 days and 40 nights of Lent.  It’s meant to be a time of trial or testing of our faith.  It’s also meant to be a time of deepening our faith such that when times are difficult, we, even in our weakness, will profess our belief in God.  We need our faith to become an instinctive response; not meaningless or thoughtless but like a well-used muscle that simply moves in response to a challenge.  Faith that is reflexive like the love we have for our children.  When tested, our love remains.  Faith can become that same way—strong and resilient.  But for most of us, it takes time and deliberate intention to build that faith muscle.

Recently, I met a woman I’ll call Fae, who at age eight had surgery for a tumor on her spine.  Unfortunately, this surgery while successful at removing the tumor caused her to become paralyzed from the waist down.  As a paraplegic, Fae put herself through pharmacy school and has been a professor for many years.  Just a few weeks ago she was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer.  Instead of being angry or resentful, her reaction was astonishing.  She said to me, “This was the perfect cancer for God to give me.  Now I don’t have to decide whether or not to get treatment because nothing works anyway.”  I couldn’t believe my ears.  When does a person applaud God’s choice of cancer?  How did she get to a faith that was this trusting? 

Fae has become my role model for trust.  Now she is planning each and every day so that she can make the most of what time she has left.  She’s now staying at the Bird House.  I volunteer there on Fridays.  For the past two weeks, I was hoping to see her but she’s been too busy.  You have to get a slot on her schedule to see her.  She is living life to the fullest even in the face of death.  I have a long way to go… to develop that kind of faith.

Faith needs to be deeply rooted.  For those of us who are cradle Catholics, we’re lucky in that part of this is in our DNA.  We were hearing and seeing prayers of faith before we were born.  Lent can be a time to clarify this faith; to reclaim some past rituals.  I’ve thought about saying the rosary.  Did you know that there are now four mysteries of the rosary?  The Sorrowful, the Joyful and the Glorious Mysteries were the ones I grew up with but John Paul II instituted the Luminous Mysteries in 2002.  I faintly remembered that but saying the rosary hasn’t been part of my spiritual practice for years.  It may be time to revisit it.

Some have said “a faith that is not tested cannot be trusted.”  If life is a breeze, then faith must be somewhat shallow is the logic of that statement.  Likewise, if life is filled with challenges and struggles, faith should be strong and true.  I not sure it always works that way.  My faith has wavered many times throughout my life, most always in response to life’s challenges.  When my brother David died 26 years ago this week, I had a faith crisis.  I could not believe in a God who would allow such a tragedy for a vibrant young man of 30 who had just gotten married. David had a future. He had gifts to give the world.  Or so I thought.  It took me two long years of wrestling with my image of God, my beliefs in how life works to reclaim a faith.  Now my faith is much different that the faith I had when David died.  I see that as a good thing, not a lack of faith or a being fickle.  For me, faith must be authentic, an expression of my lived experience.  I may never have the kind of faith that Fae has—even though it intrigues me to no end. 

My hope is that I continue to care about my beliefs and how they work to help change the world.  I want to be less judgmental and more open, to risk loving even when it hurts.  That’s part of that wilderness Jesus lived through in the desert, fighting off wild beasts and searching to find his way back home.  I’m glad there were angels to help him.  But I also hope there was a big party when he finally got back home among his friends and family.  We do our spiritual practices silently and alone but they must always lead us to deeper relationship with those we love. 

May your lent be a time of intentional practice, whatever you choose that to be.  I’ve always turned off the radio in the car during Lent.  But this year I find that songs are coming into my head, songs like John Foley’s “Only in God will my soul be at rest.”  That’s it.  Not the whole song, just that phrase which has been a lovely mantra that I sing over and over.  It’s probably a 40 second thing—my little time trial for prayer.  May your 40 days and 40 nights help to deepen your faith and renew your spirit.  Like Jesus in the desert, we will all find our way home in the end.  And there’s going to be a party.  Amen.

Sunday Feb. 4, 2018

 Jesus Heals Simon Peter’s M-In-Law

FIRST READING A Reading from the Book of Job 7:1-4, 6-7

Is not human life on earth a hard service? Are not our days like the days of field workers? Like a laborer longing for the shade, a hired hand who waits for wages? We have months of futility assigned to us. Then when evening falls, troubled nights can be our lot. While in bed we toss and wonder, “When will it be day that we may rise?”, We are filled with restlessness until dawn…. Then, our days are swifter than a weaver’s shuttle, and can come to an end without hope. Remember that our life is but a breath. We may not see happiness again.

The Word of a Wisdom writer.

Thanks be to God.

SECOND READING A Reading from Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians 9:1-6

Am I, Paul, not free? Am I not an apostle? Have I not seen Jesus the Christ? Are you not my work in the Christ? Although I may not be an apostle for others, I certainly am for you! I was sent to preach the Good News to you; so you are the seal of my apostleship in the Christ. My defense against those who would pass judgment on me for receiving hospitality and support is this: Do we not have the right to eat and drink? Do we not have the right to travel with our wives as do the rest of the apostles, and Peter, and the siblings of Jesus? Is it only myself and Barnabas who do not have these rights?

The Word of the Apostle Paul.

 Thanks be to God.

GOSPEL A Reading from the Good News attributed to Mark 1:29-31

 Glory to you, O God.

As soon as Jesus and the disciples left the synagogue, they entered the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. Now Simon’s mother-in-law was in bed with a fever, and they told him about her at once. Jesus came, and took her by the hand, and raised her up. Then the fever left her; and she began to serve, to deacon, to them.

The Gospel of Our God.

Praise to you, Jesus the Christ.


I learned a new word this week:  intersectionality.  Have you heard it?  It’s been part of my education about being a white privileged woman.  And I’m learning it from my beautiful brown daughter-in-law.  Sonia is Indian as in her parents were born in India.  She was born in Canada and raised in Texas but still knows what it feels like to be seen as a minority.  Intersectionality is a theory which says that the various aspects of humanity, such as class, race, sexual orientation and gender, do not exist separately from each other, but are complexly interwoven, and that their relationships are essential to an understanding of the human condition. For example, women suffragettes won the vote for women in 1920.  But it wasn’t until 1965 that black women were able to vote.  I had never even thought about that until Sonia pointed it out to me.  That’s the invisible events that we whites don’t question or consider because they are so far from our experience.  Intersectionality is all the ways we criss-cross our judgement of others based on their skin color, their gender, their dress, their family, their job, etc. 

In our gospel we have a woman who is part of a known group—she has a daughter who is married to a man named Simon.  He and his brother Andrew were the heads of the household.  Notice that his mother-in-law has no name.  She was not important enough to be remembered and named in the scripture’s recounting of this event.  But she was important enough to Jesus.  We know she had a fever—something that could’ve been life-threatening in that day and age.  No antibiotics, no pain relievers, nothing that was going to assure her healing. 

Jesus takes her by the hand which is a very personal act.  He doesn’t just stand at the door.  He risks becoming unclean.  He risks contracting whatever illness she has.  He risks relationship out of a desire to help, a recognition of this woman as valuable.  Immediately or so it seems, she is well again.  She gets up and begins to serve.  The verb used here is diekonei, the same verb Jesus uses to describe the essence of his own ministry in Mark 10:45. Isn’t that powerful?  It is a verb that emphasizes the ability "to serve" rather than "to be served" and this is the verb that characterizes the Christ of God. The word Diekonei literally means, "kicking up dust" because the person is "on the move! We all know women like this—who you stay out of their way because they are movers and shakers.  This verb is also "to serve" that characterizes Jesus’ disciples. Simon’s mother-in-law is no  longer just someone who simply serves men all her life.  Rather she is the first character in Mark's gospel who exemplifies true discipleship. It’s important to note that it is the women who are described as having served Jesus well later in Mark. This is not a verb used to describe Jesus' male disciples who sadly do not quite "get it" within Mark’s gospel. 

Deacons are meant to serve others and to preach the gospel.  Simon’s mother-in-law is seen as the first deacon of Jesus’ ministry.  It is a profound experience of intersectionality.  She was a dependent woman, totally at the mercy of her daughter’s husband and brother.  Since she had not birthed a son, she had only one option, to stay in her daughter’s home and to serve.  Being unable to do this was risky, not just because of her sickness but for her very future.  But, the change in why she served is remarkable.  She immediately began to serve out of love, reciprocating Jesus love of her, not out of duty or tradition.  She is seen as the first deacon of the Christian faith.  Jesus, by his acknowledgement of her as a human being, released her from the demeaning lowest position in the household to a place of equality.  That’s today’s lesson in a nutshell.  The message of Jesus restores us to who we are meant to be.  Deacon, professor, activist, who are you meant to be?

Because today is Super Bowl Sunday, I wanted to point out the NFL used to be a white only group from 1933.   In 1946 two black players were signed to the LA Rams and Cleveland Browns.  Jackie Robinson changed everything just a year later.  Now the NFL’s players are 70% black.  We all know the name of Colin Kaeperick who at 29 bravely demonstrated that being black in America continues to be fraught with injustices.  Most of the time he is seen as being ungrateful, as if we whites rescued him from the throes of certain poverty and eventual prison.  Kaeperick remains unemployed, even though he played in Super Bowl 47, five years ago.  That’s his punishment for speaking up.

This week we have James Conley in Des Moines who was racially profiled by an Old Navy employee who assumed he was trying to steal the coat he was wearing when he went to check out.  She said, “You want to pay for the coat you’re wearing as well?”  She made him take off his coat so she could scan the inside label.  Then, she insisted he pay for it since scanning the label doesn’t prove anything.  James asked her to view the video of him walking into the store to prove he was wearing it when he came in.  He had gotten the coat in December.  Once they reviewed the video, they let him go but not before they reprimanded him for videotaping the incident.  By Friday that video had over 100,000 hits but by Saturday, it was hard to find.  These are subtle or not so subtle forms of intersectionality, profiling, prejudicing against the “other”; those who are not like us.

I want to encourage us to use today’s Gospel, of an unnamed powerless woman to motivate us to see others like her in our midst and to begin speaking up, stepping out to say, “This must change.”  We can be the Christ when we raise others up, restoring them to become who they are meant to be, like Jesus did for the unnamed mother-in-law of Simon. 


January 28, 2018

Commentary on Mark 1:21-28

Pope Pius IX declares: 1866 “Slavery itself, considered as such in its essential nature, is not at all contrary to the natural and divine law, and there can be several just titles of slavery, and these are referred to by approved theologians and commentators of the sacred canons … It is not contrary to the natural and divine law for a slave to be sold, bought, exchanged or given”.  This to be held definitively by the faithful.

Priests and Bishops were excommunicated for calling for the emancipation of slaves in the Americas. 
Books, critical of slavery, were placed on the Index of Forbidden Books by the Holy Office. 
Those crying out against the institution of slavery were silenced, excommunicated and disgraced as heretics, schematics and unfaithful persons.
Finally, in 1965, [52 years ago] the Second Vatican Council declared that forced slavery was an infamy that dishonored the Creator and was a poison in society.

Now, I’m not reporting this to be critical of the Roman Catholic Church; on the contrary, I report it because there were voices opposed to slavery, voices that for moral reasons persisted in voicing God’s truth that slavery—of any kind—was not a part of God’s kin-dom.  It took 1900 years for those prophetic voices of God to be heard, but they were eventually heard. 

So, you might ask: “What does this have to do with today’s gospel?”  The answer is—everything.   Mark portrays Jesus as a prophet, possessed by the Holy Spirit, fresh from successfully confronting Satan in the wilderness, preaching the reign of God, and now in the company of at least four followers, it’s time for Jesus’ public ministry to gather momentum.  Mark wants us to know, here at the outset of Jesus’ public ministry -- that Jesus’ authority will be a contested authority. Jesus’ presence, words, and deeds threaten other forces that claim authority over people’s lives, and these other authorities have something to lose. 

The man with the unclean spirit finds Jesus, initiating the exchange. His opening question, asked by the spirit that possesses him, conveys a sense of “Why are you picking this fight?” or “Couldn’t you have just left things as they were between us?”  Jesus, by his sheer presence in this synagogue, has upset the order. He has crossed an established boundary. When Jesus strips the spirits of the ability to inhabit their human hosts, Jesus denies the unclean spirits’ capability to have an entrenched influence in the world, losing opportunities to win over people’s bodies and minds; they lose the authority they were thought to have. 

The crowd’s amazement about the exorcism resonates with its reaction to Jesus’ teaching at the beginning of this passage. That Jesus was permitted to teach in a synagogue is not remarkable in itself; what captures attention is the manner of his teaching.  Mark says Jesus teaches “as one having authority.”   Apparently Jesus’ teaching style is more declarative than deliberative. That is, he interprets the law and speaks on behalf of God without engaging in much dialogue about traditions, as the scribes were known to do.  The teaching and the exorcism are connected, then, since both result in amazement and acclamations about Jesus’ authority. 

Mark depicts Jesus as the one uniquely authorized to declare and institute the reign of God. Through Jesus, then, we glimpse characteristics of God’s Kin-dom. It is intrusive, breaking old boundaries that benefited another kind of rule. It is about liberating people from the powers that afflict them and keep all creation -- including human bodies and human societies -- from flourishing. It is about articulating God’s intentions for the world, defying or reconfiguring some traditions to do so, if need be. 

At minimum, this passage provokes us to stop assuming that “the way things are” must always equal “the way things must be.” The reign of God [the kin-dom] promises more, whether the “more” can be realized now or in a far-off future.  The Kin-dom of God is growing; it is moving toward God’s will, it is moving toward God’s perfection.  It continues to evolve because the kin-dom of God is not a two thousand year old stagnate event but a living, breathing progression forward to the final realization of God’s reign. 

Most of us do not think of ourselves as prophets, and yet, if we would go back to our baptism, we would realize that every one of us is called to be a prophet.  During the ceremony, we were anointed with holy chrism.  “I anoint you with the chrism of salvation,” the priest says, and goes on to say, “As Jesus was priest, prophet and king, so may you also live always as a member of his body.”  Through baptism we have been incorporated into the body of Christ—you are called to be what Jesus was: priest, prophet and ruler. 

And that role of prophecy is to speak on behalf of God and God's truth.  Every one of us has a calling to be prophetic, to be a prophet.  In the Gospel, Jesus shows us the role of prophecy in the church, which is, speaking on behalf of God in a time when there's conflict within the community or conflict outside the community. 

In our first reading from Deuteronomy, Moses’ impending death puts the Israelite community in jeopardy.   Who will speak to God for them?  Who will reveal God’s will?   God promises that Prophets will rise from among their own people to reveal the will of God.  These speakers of truth are home grown. They know the ways and the hearts of the people they speak to and connect with them; the only function of a prophet is to declare the word of God to God’s people.

In our second reading, Paul states that he has received both the office, and the grace by which he preaches, from God.   He has not only his authority to preach, but that authority obliges Paul to preach; and if he did not, it should endanger his salvation.  We, therefore, as prophets must speak God’s truth—we are obliged to do so or we endanger our very salvation.  How can we do what Jesus asks—bring God’s love to bear on every situation in our lives.  Faith is not just about longing for and acknowledging past manifestations of Jesus’ greatness and the gospel’s power; it’s also about discovering what deserves our amazement in our current lives.

 The issues that called forth the prophetic messages of the Old Testament are very contemporary issues. There are still David’s around, whom, even though they may be good leaders and people of God at times, sometimes use their power in horribly destructive ways to achieve their own ambitious or selfish ends.  There are still Herods caught between their own delusions of grandeur and even more powerful political forces, who are willing to sacrifice whomever is necessary to secure their own comfort and survival. There are still Pharisees who are so sure that their way is God's way that they are easily willing to crucify anyone who poses a threat to the status quo of their version of the truth.

 And so, I think, there needs to be people today, Christians today, who will dare to stand and speak the truth.  A truly prophetic voice is one who has the courage, perhaps even in some sense the calling of God, to look around at the community of faith in its status quo and say, "Not everyone who says 'Lord, Lord' will enter the kin-dom of heaven." A prophetic voice is one who calls God's people to return to their calling as a people of God.  A prophetic voice is one that will not settle for the status quo, not for the sake of stability, or security, or comfort, or even for the sake of conserving traditions. A truly prophetic voice is a voice that calls for change, even if that change is a return to a vital tradition long obscured by false piety and self-righteousness.

 A prophetic voice will not gloss over injustice or oppression, will not be silent in the face of bigotry or prejudice or false pride, and will not compromise faithfulness for practical ends no matter how noble those ends may be in themselves.

The prophetic voice is empowered by a vision of how things could be, a future in which the people and their leaders will live out their calling to be the people of God as a channel of blessing to the world.  The prophets had the courage to call into question any preoccupation with the status quo on any level that interfered with that future. As a result, they were often in trouble with those who stood to lose the most if the status quo were changed and that "could be" future became a reality.

It is our duty to be modern prophets, speaking God’s truth through our words and our actions.  God’s truth, then and now, centers on inclusion in the kin-dom of God.  We must raise our prophetic voices for an inclusive Church and the inclusive reign of god.


Around the world [ according to an Australian study] priests say that domestic violence is "God's will" and that she must endure it because she'd promised in her marriage vows that she would, for better or worse.  And in too many cases priests have told women that abuse is their "cross to bear". 
The question as to why women cannot become priests is yet another challenge faced by the Catholic Church.
Those prophets who speak out through word and deed are excommunicated.
The Roman Catholic Church states they have no authority to ordain women and reason that only men can become priests due to the 12 men that Christ chose to serve as his apostles. [to be definitively held by all the faithful]

Social Justice Issues

poverty, housing, immigration, human rights, etc.

LGBTQ/Same Sex Marriage

Homosexual orientation is itself “objectively disordered” and homosexual acts are “intrinsically disordered.” 

Speak up; speak out, even though your prophetic voice gets you in trouble with the authorities of the status quo who have something to lose.  Speak God’s truth, and eventually, like the abolishment of slavery, God’s truth will be known and followed.  When the status quo asks: “Why are you picking this fight?” or “Couldn’t you have just left things as they were between us?” Be a prophet in word and deed, speak God’s truth and let us [together] build the kin-dom of God.

​January 21, 2018

FIRST READING  A Reading from the Book of Jonah, A Satire on Prophecy


The Word of God came to Jonah again: “Get up and go into the great

city of Nineveh and proclaim to it the words that I give you.”  So, this

time, Jonah set out and went to Nineveh, according to the word of God. 

Now, Nineveh was an enormously large city. It took three days to walk

across it.  Jonah began by going a day’s journey into the city,

proclaiming, “Only forty days more and Nineveh will be overthrown.”

And the people of Nineveh believed God.  They declared a fast and

dressed in sackcloth, everyone from the greatest to the least.

The news reached the ruler of Nineveh who rose from the throne, laid

aside the royal robes, dressed in sackcloth and sat in ashes.  Then, it was

proclaimed throughout the nation of Babylon: “No human being or

beast, cattle nor sheep, shall taste anything.  They shall neither eat nor

drink.  Human beings and beasts shall be covered in sackcloth and ashes

and call out loudly to God.  Everyone shall turn from their evil ways and

the violence at hand.  Who knows?  God may repent and forgive,

withholding wrath, so that we will not perish.”

God saw by their actions that they had turned from their evil ways, and

God repented from the destruction God had promised to bring upon them.  God did not carry it out.

The Word of an Ancient Story Teller.

Thanks be to God



A Reading from Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians 7:17-20, 36

The only rule is that everyone, each one of us, should live as we

were when God called us, as we were when we came to believe. I

give this rule in all the churches. If someone is called after he was

circumcised, he should not try to undo his circumcision.

If an uncircumcised person is called, he should not be circumcised.

Circumcision means nothing! Uncircumcision means nothing! 

What matters is keeping God's commandments.

Everyone should remain in the state in which we were when we

were called.


However, if anyone has strong passions toward their beloved, marry as

you wish.  It is no sin. Let lovers marry.

The Word of the Apostle Paul.

Thanks be to God.



A Reading from the Good News attributed to Mark 1:14-20; 2:13-17

Glory to you, O God.

After John had been arrested, Jesus went into Galilee.  There he

proclaimed the good news from God saying, “The time is fulfilled, and

the reign of God is at hand.  Repent, and believe in the good news.”

As Jesus was walking along by the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and his

brother Andrew on the shore casting a net into the sea–for they were

fishers.  And Jesus said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you

fishers of people.”  Immediately they left their nets and followed him.

Going a little farther, he saw James, son of Zebedee, and his brother

John, who were in their boat mending nets.  Immediately, he called

them.  And leaving their father, Zebedee, in the boat with the hired

workers, they followed Jesus.


Another day, Jesus saw Levi,

son of Alphaeus, sitting at the customs

post and said to Levi, “Follow me.”

Levi got up and followed Jesus.  While he was at table in his house,

many tax collectors and sinners sat with Jesus and his disciples.

There were many who followed him.  Some scribes, who were Pharisees,

saw Jesus eating with sinners and tax collectors and said to his disciples, “Why does he eat with tax collectors and sinners?”

Jesus overheard their question and said to them,

“Those who are well don't need a physician,

but the sick do. I didn't come to call the righteous, but sinners.

The Gospel of Our God.

Praise to you, Jesus the Christ 



Last week, I had a disturbing experience.  Call it road rage but I beeped at a driver who was trying to cut in front of me.  When she didn’t slow down, I stopped to let her go by.  In response, she slammed on her brakes, put the car in park and got out to blast me, calling me a “F--White B---”   She was a black woman.  I was shocked, then I got angry.  She put her hands on her hip in defiance.  I was not going to get out of my car.  Anna was with me and I realized that would only lead to escalating emotions.  Then, she said, “You’re just going to have to wait.”  She got back in her car and sat there, blocking me and the line that was forming behind me.  So, I pointed to my wrist and said, “I’ve got all the time in the world.”  Then I laughed at her.  It was all so ridiculous.  Finally, she moved a few feet, then stopped again.  She was baiting me to pass her.  I chose to stay behind her.  We played this game for at least two to three blocks.  Finally, we came to a stop sign and she went straight.  I turned right.  The incident bothered me for the rest of the day.   Was it because I was white that she became so enraged?  Or would she have done this to anyone?  What should I have done?  Now, looking back on it, I wish I would’ve been more kind, not shown the reaction that I did—certainly not laugh at her.   Today’s readings remind me how human we all are—even when we don’t want to be.

In our first reading, we have Jonah, brave Jonah.  He was a prophet who had come to Nineva to speak the truth.  When do any of us want to hear from a prophet?  Rarely, if ever.  A prophet comes to challenge us, to make us change our ways.  None of us want to hear that but most of us need to.

 For some reason the people of Nineveh in our first reading did listen.  Perhaps they saw Jonah come out of the whale’s mouth and thought that showed divine preference.  Maybe they had heard the stories of how he lived in the belly of a whale for 3 days and 3 nights.  Nothing symbolic about that now is there?  Perhaps it was Jonah’s manner and passion.  Being such a large city, it would take guts and stamina to deliver a message of “doom and gloom,” yelling to the masses for at least three days to walk across the whole city.  For whatever reason, even the King took notice.  He took off his robes and sat in ashes, a very astonishing act of humility for a king.  Somehow, this king heard Jonah and was moved to act; he must’ve believed Jonah; he believed God had power over him.

God did relent because of the people’s actions.  God saw that they had changed their ways.  There was no need for the threatened punishment.  I wonder what would happen if Jonah showed up today.  I cannot imagine many of us responding, especially not our King in Washington who doesn’t listen to anyone but himself.  Some of us are just as stubborn, like me with the woman yelling at me. 

In our second reading, we have Paul reminding us of what’s important—not circumcision but living out the commandments:  thou shalt not kill, thou shalt not covet, thou shalt honor thy parents.  Basic rules for how we are to treat one another.   Thou shalt not ridicule another, might be added.

Then in our gospel, we have Jesus speaking as a prophet, much like Jonah did so long before him.  Jesus steps into John’s ministry and begins choosing disciples, those who will follow him and help him to spread his message of love.  Of course, the Pharisees question him—he was taking all the attention away from them.  Afterall, they were the religious leaders of the time.  How dare Jesus a simple carpenter, suddenly show up and try to do ministry separate from the established church.  Who did he think he was?  And then he eats with sinners.  Everyone knew that would make him unclean!  But Jesus tells these Pharisees that he is here to help sinners, those who most need his help.  Jesus wants to remind the Pharisees that they too are sinners.   We are all sinners.  But that would’ve been too much of a message for the church leaders to hear.  Sometimes it’s too much for us as well.

This week we have our own Pope Francis disappointing many of us.  We believed he was different.  That he has a heart of compassion.  But for whatever reason, there’s a blindspot when it comes to one bishop, Juan Barros.  The pope appointed him Bishop of Osorno, Chile in 2015.   A survivor of sex abuse, Mr. Cruz said that Barros was present when another priest, Fernando Karadima, then the bishop’s mentor, kissed and groped him and another boy.  The people of Chile were outraged! Now in a visit to Chile, the pope poured gas on the fire, first seeming to honor victims of sexual abuse, then later affirming Barros as someone who was innocent, insisting on “proof.”  Mr. Cruz said, “As if I could have taken a selfie or photo while Karadima abused me and others with Juan Barros standing next to him watching everything," he tweeted. “Nothing has changed, and his (the pope’s) plea for forgiveness is empty."

Why did the Pope create a commission in 2014 to study the problems of clerical sexual abuse and then not follow any of its recommendations?  Two members who were survivors resigned from the commission.  This group’s term officially ended just weeks ago in 2017.

All of us are sinners.  We have our own blindspots, our loyalties, which is why we need the message of Jesus so much.  We live in a world that pulls us backwards, back into pettiness, back into anger and the sense of self-righteousness.  How often I have responded in anger when I have wanted to respond in kindness or humility.  Only later do I realize my failings.

Over and over, Jesus calls us to soften, to listen and to not feel threatened by the voices of the other side.  Perhaps it’s when everyone feels heard that progress can be made.  Friday night, congress shut down the government because no one felt heard.  Last week, white supremacist put out flyers in Iowa City.  We as white citizens need to hear what that’s about.  There’s a meeting at Old Brick on Monday night at 6:30pm to discuss this. 

We don’t need to be swallowed by a whale to become prophets.  We need only be as Christ—to listen and then act.  Women took to the streets on Saturday to voice their outrage one year after our president was elected.  The need to speak out has not diminished nor should our fervor.  Yes, we are sinners AND we can do much good.  May we start afresh to determine how we will act, how we will be prophets in our own time and place.  Now is the time to speak our truth and to become people of change.

January 14, 2018

Invitation to open mic discussions. 



A Reading from the First Book of Samuel 3:1-10, 19

Hannah’s boy, Samuel, was ministering to the Holy One under Eli. The word of God was rare in those days. Visions were not widespread. One night, Eli, whose eyesight had begun to grow dim so that he could not see, was lying down in his usual place. The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the House of God, where the ark of God was. Then God called, “Samuel! Samuel!” who responded, “Here I am!” Samuel ran to Eli, and said, “You called me? Here I am.” But Eli said, “I did not call you. Go back to bed.” So, Samuel went and lay down. God called again, “Samuel!” Samuel got up and went to Eli, and said, “You called me. Here I am.” But Eli said, “I did not call, my child. Go back to bed.” Now Samuel did not yet know God, and the word of God had not yet been revealed to him. God called Samuel again, a third time. He got up and went to Eli, and said, “You called me. Here I am.” Then Eli perceived that God was calling Samuel. Therefore, Eli said to Samuel, “Go, lie down. If God calls you, say, ‘Speak, Holy One. Your servant is listening.’” So, Samuel went and lay down in his place. Then God came and stood there, calling as before, “Samuel! Samuel!” And Samuel said, “Speak. Your servant is listening.” As Samuel grew up, God was with him and let none of Samuel’s words fall to the ground. The Word of an Israelite Court Historian. Thanks be to God.

PSALM Psalm 40:1-3, 6-8, 9-10

The Psalm response is: Your heart’s desire is our delight. R: Your heart’s desire is our delight. I waited patiently for God who turned to me and heard my cry. God put a new song in my mouth, a hymn of praise. More and more people are seeing this; they enter the mystery with faith. R: Your heart’s desire is our delight. Sacrifice and offering You do not desire, but You have given me an open ear. I said, “Here I am, I have come— it is written about me in the scroll. I delight to do Your heart's desire. Your law is within my heart.” R: Your heart’s desire is our delight. I have preached You to the whole assembly. I have not restrained my lips, as You know. I do not keep the news of Your ways a secret. I do not keep it to myself. I speak of Your faithfulness and Your love in action, holding nothing back. R: Your heart’s desire is our delight.

SECOND READING The First Letter of Paul to the Corinthians 6:12-13a, 14-15a,17,19,20b

“All things are lawful for me,” you say - but not all things are beneficial. “I have the right to do anything with my freedom,” you say - but I will not be dominated by anything. You say, “Food for the stomach and the stomach for food”; but both food and the stomach belong to God, and they will perish. The God who raised up Jesus the Christ, will raise up us too, by the same power. Do you not know that your bodies are members of the Christ? … Anyone united with the Christ in body, becomes one in spirit with the Christ. Do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own. Glorify God in your body. The Word of the Apostle Paul. Thanks be to God.

GOSPEL A Reading from the Gospel attributed to John 1:35-49

Glory to you, O God.

John the Baptizer was standing with two of his disciples, and as he watched Jesus walk by, he exclaimed, “Look, the Lamb of God!” The two disciples heard this, and they followed Jesus. When Jesus turned and saw them following, he said to them, “What are you looking for?” They replied, “Rabbi” (which translated means Teacher), “where are you staying?” Jesus said to them, “Come and see!” They went and saw where he was staying, and they remained with him that day. It was about four o’clock in the afternoon. One of the two who heard John speak and followed Jesus was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. The first thing Andrew did was to find his brother and say to him, “We have found the Messiah” (which translated means Anointed or the Christ). He brought Simon to Jesus, who looked at him and said, “You are Simon son of John. You are to be called Cephas (which translated means Peter). The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. He found Philip and said to him, “Follow me.” Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found the one about whom Moses in the Law and the prophets wrote: “Jesus, son of Joseph from Nazareth.” Nathanael said to him, “Nazareth? Can anything good come out of Nazareth?” Philip said to him, “Come and see.” When Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward him, he said of him, “Here is truly an Israelite in whom there is not deceit.” Nathanael asked, “How do you know me?” Jesus answered, “I saw you under the fig tree before Philip called you.” Nathanael replied, “Rabbi, you are one born of God! You are the Servant Leader of Israel!” The Gospel of Our God. Praise to you, Jesus the Christ.

Epiphany, January 7, 2018 

FIRST READING A Reading from Sirach, of the Wisdom Literature  24:1-4, 12-20

 Wisdom’s praises come from her own mouth;  She tells of her glory in the midst of her people; In the assembly of the Cosmic Chorus, she opens her mouth; in the presence of the heavenly hosts, she sings her glory: “I came forth from the mouth of the God beyond the galaxies and I came to earth, covering earth like mist. My tent was in the highest heavens, and my throne was in a pillar of cloud.

 I took root in a people honored by God, in God’s own portion and heritage. I have grown tall as a cedar in Lebanon, as a cypress on Mount Hermon.
I am raised aloft, as a palm in En-Gedi,  as the rose bushes of Jericho.
I have grown tall as a fair olive tree in the field, and as a plane tree by the water.
I have yielded a perfume like cinnamon and camel’s thorn. I spread my fragrance like choice myrrh, like sweet spices and the smoke of frankincense in the tent. I have spread my branches like terebinth, and my branches are glorious.
Like the vine, I bud forth delights, and my blossoms bear the fruit of glory and richness.
Come to me, all you who desire me, and eat your fill of my fruit.
For the memory of me is sweeter than honey, and Wisdom, sweeter than the honeycomb. 

The Wisdom of Our God.
           Thanks be to God.              

SECOND READING A Reading from Paul’s 1st letter to the Corinthians 1:18-25   

The message about the cross is foolishness to those who seek winning-power, but to us who are being made whole, the cross is the power of God. For it is written,
“I will destroy the wisdom of the wise,
    and the discernment of the discerning I will thwart.”

Where is the one who is wise? Where is the teacher of the law? Where is the philosopher of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the “rich and powerful”?  For since in the Wisdom of God, the world did not know God through “wisdom”, God was pleased through the foolishness of our proclamation to lead those who trust in it into the fullness of life.  

Judeans demand signs and Greeks desire wisdom, but we proclaim Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Judeans and absurd to Gentiles.  But to those who are the called, both Judeans and Greeks: Christ, the power of God and the wisdom of God. For God’s foolishness is wiser than human wisdom, and God’s weakness is stronger than human strength. 

The Word of the Apostle Paul. Thanks be to God. 

 GOSPEL:  A Reading from the Good News attributed to Matthew 2:1-12  

When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the days of Herod, Magi from the East arrived in Jerusalem, asking, “Where is the infant who has been born Ruler of the Judeans?  We observed the child’s star at its rising, and have come to pay homage.”  When Herod heard this, he was greatly troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.  Assembling all the chief priests and the scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born.  They told him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for this is what the prophet wrote: 

‘And you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,

Are by no means least among the rulers of Judah,

For from you shall come a ruler

Who is to shepherd my people Israel.’” 

Then Herod summoned the Magi to see him secretly and ascertained from them the time of the star’s appearance.  The he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, “Go and search diligently for the child, and when found, bring me word that I too may go and pay homage.”    

After their audience with Herod, the Magi set out.  And behold, the star they had seen at its rising preceded them until it stopped above the place where the child was.  They were overjoyed at seeing the star!  Entering the house, they saw the child and its mother Mary.  Prostrating themselves, they paid homage.  Then, they opened their treasures and offered the baby gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh. 

Having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed for their own country by an alternate route.

The Good News of Our God.

Praise to you, Jesus the Christ.

SERMON:  Today we celebrate Epiphany—a surprise or better, a manifestation of God’s presence in our world.  A here and now celebration of God with us.  Whether there were two or three wise men or whether these visitors were astrologers or kings, one thing we know for sure is that this story told today is one that causes us to rejoice.  An epiphany is a sudden or striking realization.  It should be something that changes us.  Once we have that “ahah”—we might then refer to it again and again as to how we think differently.

Certainly, there are always degrees of such experiences.  After our trip to Ohio, I had an epiphany that we should never do that again.  That’s a low manifestation, more obvious that striking.  One that uses logic and emotion.  Why did we ever think this was a good idea?  You may have your own variation.  But today’s Epiphany is bigger, much bigger.

For Christmas, Dave got me the book, “God—a Human History” by Reza Aslan, the same author who wrote Zealot, a very controversial book about Jesus. “God” was a fascinating read that made me think about Epiphany and how we got to this celebration.  For many years, monotheism, the belief in one God was not accepted.  People preferred praying to many gods—each for a differing need.  This polytheism enabled individuals to pick and choose their favorite god and to emphasize their concerns accordingly.  Several times an attempt was made to force mono-idolatory on people and this back-fired.  The only way it finally worked was to imbue God with an all-inclusive nature.  Aslan writes, “Think of God as a light that passes through a prism, refracting into countless colors.  The individual colors seem different from each other but in reality they are the same; they have the same essence.”  So too does God.  God is creator of all, God seeks to be in relation with us, we believe.  Our journey is towards deeper and deeper relationship with God, enabling us to learn how to be more authentic, more whole.  These beliefs are the result of years of tradition and liturgy and our own becoming as a person and as a society.

Aslan himself believes in God but says that belief is a choice, not something that can be proven.  Instead, his focus is on how our idea of God seems to be innate, something we have known instinctively from birth.  Studies have been done with children and they indicate an understanding that we have two parts to us:  body and soul.  This is called “substance dualism.”

The best study on this was done by Jesse Bering and David Bjorklund. Children were told the story of a mouse and an alligator.  The alligator is chasing the mouse and eventually eats it.  The mouse is dead.  Then the children are asked things like, “Will the mouse grow up to be a big mouse?  Does his brain still work?”  Children typically answer “no” to these questions.  But when asked, “Does the mouse still like cheese?  Does he still love his mother?  Does he know that he’s dead?” the children will typically say “yes.”  They believe that even though the mouse is not alive any more, its mental life persists.  They have a sense of something more. 

Aslan writes:  “…we enter the world with an innate sense—untaught, unforced, unprompted—that we are more than just our physical bodies….When it comes to belief in the soul, we are, to put it simply, born believers.”  From this, Aslan proposes that we can neither prove nor disprove that Creation was an act of God versus an accident of matter and energy.  Were we created without cause, value or purpose or is there something that underlies the universe and binds us all together?

This question, this search may have been what led the three astrologers to follow the star, that star, that led them to a child to whom they paid homage.  What did they hope to gain?  They certainly didn’t need anything from a mere child and his parents.   And yet, we have a sense that they leave with perhaps a peace of mind never before found in any of their other discoveries.  God born among us—how wild and wonderful.  Is that what they were seeking, wisdom that defies logic?  A God who becomes as we are in order to help release us from such limitations?  A God who experiences suffering and pain and joy is a God we can believe is our partner, our companion on the journey.

In our first reading we hear from Wisdom herself.  She is setting the stage for what is to come.  Isaiah is typically the first reading for Epiphany but I’m guessing that our lectionary creators believed that we needed to hear from a woman’s voice. Wisdom is always viewed as female, as Sophia, which is why we do our sign of the cross, invoking Sophia Wisdom instead of the Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost.  Wisdom poetically tells us of her glory, her perfume and her worth that are beyond reproach.  And, any of us who want her are bidden to come and eat of her fruit.  It is a provocative invitation.

Then, in our second reading, Paul tells us that Wisdom isn’t always what we think she is.  Power?  Not so important.  Richness?  Not where it’s at.  Those who are seen as foolish are really the wise ones.  It’s all so paradoxical.  This is setting the stage for the biggest riddle of all:  God born of a woman in the form of a baby boy.  How can this be?  For thousands and thousands of years, God has been viewed as something outside of us in the form of the sun or moon, or in an animal form—a lion or an elephant.  Something strong and big and powerful.  The earliest representations of God as human came in the form of woman, typically a very fertile woman with large breasts.  Only woman had the power to create life so she was worshiped and adored.  Imagine that—those were the good old days.  More recently, we have symbolized God as male but always with one or more superpowers:  all knowing, all powerful, able to be present everywhere!  Paul writes, “God’s weakness is stronger than human strength.”  But now here at Epiphany he is born as a tiny human being.  Why would this be? 

From today’s gospel story we come to the main event:  three total strangers go off on a quest.  On their way they stop to visit a King, to alert him to their quest.  It’s that important!  King Herod is very intrigued but only in relation to himself and the possible threat this child might be to his power.  His intention was murderous.  We are grateful that dreams held such significance at that time!  The strangers do not return to King Herod thanks to a dream, but sneak home on another route.  Still Herod’s paranoia rages and leads him to murder about 20 innocent male babies (based on population studies of Bethlehem at that time).  Remember, Herod ordered all male children under two to be killed.  Thus, Jesus may have been anywhere from a few months old to two years old at the time of the Magi’s visit. 

This past week, I got to meet my new niece, Rayven Elise.  She is one month old today and she is a beauty.  I held her for long periods of time because there is something so healing about a new baby.  When awake, she would stare into my eyes forever.  She has dark brown eyes where you can’t see her pupils so she has a sense of the eternal about her.  Staring into those eyes of hers made me smile, every single time.  And it made me feel so humbled to be holding such newness, such possibility, such purity of life. 

Is that what the wise men saw?  Perhaps they became wise after seeing the child Jesus.  Did he evoke a sense of eternity, even before he could speak?  Maybe he made these learned men feel more calm, less certain and needing to be less certain of things.  We will never know.  Some things remain a mystery, as they should.  One of the deepest mysteries is that we are unique creatures who can think and wonder and seek to better understand.  We know that there is more to us than meets the eye.  We choose to believe that we are part of God and God is part of us.  Together we hold infinite possibilities.  May God bless us as we begin a new year, as we hope for more calm, less need for certainty and more delight in the mystery of life itself.  Happy Epiphany.  Let us say it again and again, Happy Epiphany!  Amen. 

Christmas 2017

FIRST READING A Reading from the Prophet Isaiah  9:2-9 

In darkness a light was born;
From deep darkness a crest of dawn shines.
You enlarged life and Your people were born
Even though they knew pain and suffering,  You increased their joy. They rejoice before You   as with joy at the harvest, as children exult at play, and delight in sharing gifts.
For You have shattered the yoke that burdens them,  the bar across their shoulders,  the rod of their oppressor. Every warrior’s boot used in battle  and every garment rolled in blood will be destined for burning,  will be fuel for the fire.
For to us a baby is born,  to us a child is given,  on whose shoulders our future rests.
The child will be called:
Wonderful Counselor, Strength of God,  Everlasting One, Champion of Peace. And of the peace this Child brings,   there will be no end.
 From the ancestral House of David and Bathsheba this child will come,  bringing a reign built on justice, upheld with right living,  from that time forward and forever.
 The zeal of our Cosmic God will accomplish this.
The Word of First Isaiah. Thanks be to God. 

SECOND READING A Reading from a Letter to the Colossians 1:15-20  

We look at the Christ and see the God who cannot be seen;  the Christ is firstborn of all creation.  We look at this Christ and see the One in whom  all things in the cosmos were created. 
For everything, absolutely everything, above and below,  visible and invisible, even ranks of angels,  were created through this Cosmic Christ and for Christ.  The Christ was there before any of it came into existence  and the Cosmic Christ holds all things together. 
If the church is the body, Christ is its head, for the Christ is firstborn from among the dead. So spacious, so roomy is the Christ, that everything of God finds its place without crowding. The broken and dislocated pieces of the universe –  people, things, animals and atoms,  will know healing  and fit together in vibrant harmonies, reconciled.  For death did not stop the Christ’s love  from pouring out into the cosmos.
The Word of a Pauline writer. Thanks be to God 


 Our God is with you…

A Reading from the Good News attributed to Luke  

2:1-14, or 1-20                   Glory to you, O God.

In those days, a decree went out from Emperor Augustus that all the world should be registered. This was the first census and was taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria. All went to their own towns to be registered. Joseph also went from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to the city of Bethlehem, the home of David’s family, because he was descended from the house and family of David and Bathsheba. He went to be registered with Mary, to whom he was pledged to be married and who was expecting a child. While they were there, the time came for her to deliver her child. And she gave birth to her firstborn child and wrapped him in bands of cloth, and laid the newborn in a warm manger, because there was no place for them in the inn. 

In that region there were shepherds living in the fields, keeping watch over their flocks by night. Then an angel, a messenger of God, stood before them, and the glory of God shone around them, and they were terrified. But the angel said to them, "Do not be afraid; for look—I am bringing you good news of great joy for all people: 

To you is born this day in the city of David’s family, a Messiah, the Anointed One. This will be a sign for you: you will find a child wrapped in bands of cloth and lying in a manger." And suddenly there was with the messenger a multitude of the heavenly beings, praising God and singing, "Glory to God in the highest heaven, and on earth peace among all God's people!"  

(verses 15-20)

When the angels had left them, dissipating into cosmic splendor, the shepherds said to one another, "Let us go now to Bethlehem and see this thing that has taken place, which God has made known to us.  "So they went with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the child lying in the manger. When they saw this, they made known what had been told them about this child; and all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds told them. But Mary treasured all these words and pondered them in her heart. The shepherds returned to their pastures, glorifying and praising God for all they had heard and seen, as it had been told them. 
The Gospel of Our God.
Praise to you, Jesus the Christ.


Long, long ago Caesar Augustus, better known as Octavian, decreed that a regional census should be taken.  He ruled Rome and the surrounding area from 27 BC to 14 AD.  This census was probably made to help produce a registration list for taxes.  Jews would be required to make a trip to the home of their ancestry, as would all citizens.  For Mary and Joseph, the trip from Nazareth to Bethlehem was 90 miles and would’ve taken about three days times.  Any woman in her ninth month of pregnancy would have resisted such a journey.  There were too many unknowns:  Where to stay?  What to eat?  Who to protect them from strangers?  Not to mention the discomfort of riding an animal when one could barely breathe standing upright.  And yet Mary went.  We know this from the legends told, from scripture and from who we know Mary to be—no slacker, independent, devout and strong. 

Appearances are deceiving.  A young woman at Mary’s time had no power, no legitimacy except as a producer of babies, sons preferably.  And yet she is the one who allows herself to be used by God for good.  Ultimate good.  How unlikely.  How countercultural.  How strange.  In scripture and in our own lives, God surprises us again and again in ways we least expect. 

Christmas is the epitome of surprise.  We hear it in today’s gospel reading.  God’s only son is born among the dirt of creation, in a cave, laid in an animal’s eating or drinking trough, wrapped in loose strips of cloth to protect his newborn skin.  What is God doing?  How are we to believe without any grandeur or glory?  How can this fragile, innocent human being possibly find his way to Messianic legacy?  And yet, if we listen and allow our hearts to open, we discover the paradox of our faith.  It’s not a race.  It’s not a victory march for power and wealth.  It’s a very basic invitation we choose to accept.  If you look too hard, you might miss the whole message.

Because Jesus was born in such a lowly state, we who are privileged must recognize that the lessons to be learned are found where we least expect them—in people with intellectual disabilities, in persons of different colored skin, in countries we may have never heard of.  That is where God is, a God who embraces each and every one of us and who searches for those who are lost, afraid, alone, depressed.  God’s birth into our world is a story of great love and affection.  But we’ve lived a story of achievement and success and comparison, so we often miss the truth of it all. 

A theologian wrote: “As unbelievable as it may seem, the one with authority over salvation spends his first nights not in a palace but in the open air among simple people like the shepherds. Born in the ancient equivalent of a tent village, Jesus arrives to fulfill God's promise.”

And that simple beginning has continued for century upon century, inviting us to discover the beauty of our faith amidst the tragic and joyous experiences of our lives.  God invites us to choose love over all, to choose compassion over competition and to live with an eye for others rather than ourselves.  Just as a Mother would for her children, just as Mary did for her child, Jesus, we choose to live as people of hope—always longing for unity and peace.  Always.

When I was at the Women’s Clergy group, it was only our second time to meet, one woman said, “I heard the name Full Circle and I thought, that’s not a typical Catholic name for a church.”  I laughed and said, “No, it’s not.  And we are not a typical Catholic church, that’s for sure.”  We are a small but mighty community. Appearances are deceiving.  Some might think we are too small to make a difference.  But nothing could be further from the truth. No one would guess what we’ve been able to do as a community this past year, as part of our outreach to others.

Here’s a recap:  We donated $200 to Iowa City Compassion to help immigrants find ways to survive here in our community.  We donated $350 to the Consultation for Religious Community to help the poor in our midst.  We paid for a homeless woman to stay in a hotel.  Somehow, we raised $1,370 for Puerto Rico and another $350 for Hurricane relief in Florida.  More recently, we helped one of our families by giving them $1,475 dollars to help pay for medical bills.  Finally, we gave the Bird House $350.  That’s a total of $4,095.  Amazing  Also, we have to remember that we gave 63 pounds of peanut butter and jelly to the Crisis Center in February and 67 pounds of food in November.

            We are generous beyond belief.  And it continues to be our mission to challenge the notion that women cannot have the same opportunities as men.  For that, I remain extremely grateful.  Even with a pope that everyone loves, we hope to change the Church.  Yes, Francis is a much more Christlike pope than we’ve had in a long time, but he remains firm on never allowing women to be ordained.  That is an injustice that reverberates to all women, not just in the church but for all women, especially the poor and abused in countries that still see a great a divide between the sexes.  We must continue to challenge the pope on this front; if he affirmed the equality of women, there would be social and a cultural ripple effect never before seen.  That’s what Christ hoped to create; a message of love and affirmation for all.  Which is why we are committed to raising our voices for change—not just change for us and our needs but change for all people who are disrespected, betrayed and ignored.  We long for that day when there is more love than hatred, more peace than violence and where hope reigns once and for all.  Helping to affirm women would move this reality ever closer.

Towards that end, we are now using a lectionary that was created by two women, smart women who are Womenpriests as well.  Jane Via has been working on this for years and with the help of Nancy Corran was able to put it online for us to use as a faith community.  Her reason for doing this is profound.  Jane writes: “The first purpose of this lectionary is to include every significant story about women in the Bible not included in the canonical Sunday lectionary.”  So we will be able to hear all the forgotten stories of women who have been unnamed, forgotten and hidden for too long.   It brings me to tears.  From now on we will embrace the impact that women made in moving our faith forward from the very beginning.  Mary’s ‘yes’ in birthing Jesus will now be born again in our hearing on Sundays.  For that we rejoice.

Finally, let us go to the manger, or animal trough, and take time to reflect on the paradoxes of our faith.  It’s where we will find the chaos of life, not the idyllic photos of the nativity but of animals being smelly and rambunctious, and Jesus with Mary and Joseph representing the hope for all humanity.  Merry Christmas one and all.  Amen. 

Readings for the 3rd Sunday in Advent

December 17, 2017

FIRST READING:  A Reading from the Second Book of Samuel 7:1a, 2, 4-7, 12, 14a, 17

After the ruler, David, was settled in his palace, he confessed his

concern to Nathan the prophet, “Here I am, living in a house of

cedar, while the ark of God remains in a tent.”

But that night the word of God came to Nathan, saying:

“Go and tell my servant David, ‘This is what God says: Are you the

one to build me a house to dwell in?  I have not lived in a house

from the day I brought the Israelites up out of Egypt

to this day. I have been moving from place to place with a tent as my dwelling. 

Wherever I have moved with all the Israelites, did I ever say to any

of their rulers whom I called to shepherd my people Israel, “Why

have you not built me a house of cedar? 

Now, when your days are over and you rest with your ancestors, I will raise up your offspring after you, your own flesh and blood, through whom I will establish a dynasty.  It will be that one who will build a house for my Name;

and I will establish that reign and house forever.  I will be the

mother of the one I raise up. I will be the father, and the one-to-come will be my child.”  Nathan reported all the words of this revelation to David.

The Word of an Israelite court historian.

Thanks be to God. 

SECOND READING:  A Reading from Paul’s 1st Letter to the Thessalonians  5:16-24

Rejoice always. Pray without ceasing.  Give thanks in all circumstances,

for this is the desire of God’s heart for you in Jesus the Christ.  Do not

quench the spirit nor despise prophetic utterances.  Test everything. 

Retain what is good.  Refrain from every kind of evil.  May the God of Peace make you complete, holy; May the God of all make you whole.

And may you be preserved entirely blameless in spirit,

soul, and body at the coming of Jesus the Christ.  The One who calls you

is faithful and will accomplish it in you. 

The Word of the Apostle Paul.

Thanks be to God. 

GOSPEL:  A Reading from the Gospel attributed to Luke 1:26-38

In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, the angel Gabriel was sent

by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, to a young maiden

betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the House of David.  The

maiden’s name was Mary.  The messenger came to her and said, “Hail,

favored one!  God is with you.”  Mary was deeply disturbed by these

words and asked herself what this sort of greeting might mean.  The

messenger said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found

favor with God.  And now, you will conceive in your womb and bear a

child, whom you will name, ‘Jesus’.”  Mary asked the angel, “How can this be, since I do not yet know man?”  The messenger said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and

the power of the Holy One will cover you with its shadow, and so the child will be holy, and be called One Born of God.”  And I tell you this too, your cousin Elizabeth, in her old age, has conceived.  She whom people called barren, is now in her sixth month.  For nothing is impossible for God.” 

Then Mary said, “Here I am, a servant of God.  It shall be with me

according to your Word.”  Then the messenger departed from her. 

The Gospel of our God.

Praise be to you, Jesus the Christ

Sermon:  This past week I met with Dorothy Whiston.  As you know she and I have been good friends ever since I came to Iowa City, 23 years ago.  She was my spiritual director and helped me through Dave’s cancer, the birth of Anna and many other struggles.  On Thursday, we were supposed to meet for lunch at 11:30am.  About 11:20am I was driving around downtown trying to find a parking spot.  Dorothy texted me.  She said, “I just remembered.  I don’t have a car!  Can you come pick me up or should we cancel?”  I laughed out loud and texted back, “On my way.”  When I picked her up, she said, “I took my car in to get fixed this morning and completely forgot that I would need it for us to meet.  Am I an idiot or what?”  I said, “Oh this makes me feel so good.  I can’t tell you how many times I’ve done something similar.”  Then I told her about the time when I went to go shopping at HyVee and, after finishing my shopping, I went back to my car only to discover that I had left it running, keys in the ignition and doors locked.  So, it had been running that whole time. I had no idea how I did this.  Yep, we often provide our own laughter.

There’s a New York Times best seller called, “The Book of Joy.”  It’s about how the author,    , spent five days with the Dalai Lama and Archbishop Desmond Tutu together.  The author said that most of that time was spent laughing.  Both of these spiritual leaders believe that laughter is one of the best reflections of a mature spirituality.  Isn’t that awesome?  So, we must be very spiritually mature, based on how much we laugh here, right? 

I have found over time that laughing is very therapeutic, especially when I’m laughing at myself.  It takes a bit of humility to acknowledge that yep, I was too busy to notice that I had left the car running and yep, the only solution is to call Dave and to admit my mistake.  He asked if I was doing okay.  Humor, like humility comes from the same root word for humanity:  humus.  The lowly dirt, the substance of earth is the source for all three words.  To laugh at ourselves reminds us of our shared humanity and how we are all dust and will eventually return to dust.  Somewhere in between is great mystery, what I would call “sacred humor.”

Some say that laughter is the most direct link between any two people.  Others says that laughter and crying are the sides of the same coin.  One just feels better than the other.  Kahlil Gibran says, “The deeper that sorrow carves into your being, the more joy you can contain.” Sometimes the pain is very deep.  It carves into our being.  The crying is an expression of that hurt.  And yet, I’ve seen families switch from serious crying to hysterical laughing in a heartbeat while in a room with a dying loved one.  Those are the ones I don’t worry about—they’ve just demonstrated that they have a very healthy attitude towards grief.  They understand how sorrow and joy are so closely related.  If only we can remember in our sorrow that there can be, that there will be some joy that will eventually fill this space that is breaking our heart.  That is the ultimate silver lining—that Jesus comes to fulfill.  Jesus is our silver lining in the sorrow of our lives.  There will be joy, there will be meaning, even when we least expect it.

Today is Gaudete Sunday, joyous, happy Sunday.  We rejoice because God’s coming is near, one more week to Christmas.  We recognize the longing we’ve endured, like when a loved one is due to arrive home.  Our Matt is coming from London on Weds.  We haven’t seen him since June.  I get butterflies just anticipating his homecoming and I anticipate tears of joy when I first see him.  That’s the kind of joy we celebrate today.  The homecoming of our God. 

Pink is typically a color to represent baby girls but today it represents the possibility for new growth, like a pink rosebud waiting to blossom forth.  In our Gospel reading, we have the Annunciation, Mary saying “yes” to God being born in her womb.  It’s certainly a mystery, one that some question as more fiction than fact.  Yet it preserves the notion that with God all things are possible.  So rather than needing facts, today we allow our hearts to believe that God was born of woman, a holy and good woman who was given a choice.  Mary is the first woman to have begun within her a truly physical connection with God who had formerly only been known through belief and words.  Now God’s word was becoming tangible, incarnate within Mary’s body. 

It really is an amazing story.  We focus on Mary’s ‘yes’ but we understand that her yes, had been forming every day of her life. Through her prayer and spiritual discipline, Mary had been learning that saying ‘Yes’ to God is always a risk but one that can bring life and goodness.  Now Mary’s ‘yes’ would forever change the world and the way we relate to the sacred. 

In our second reading, Paul gives us the recipe for this way of risking with God: “Rejoice always.  Pray without ceasing.  Give thanks always.  Test everything and retain what is good.”  Mary was testing Gabriel when she challenged his statement.  Afterall, she knew there was a problem with the angel’s pronouncement, with the logistics:  no man, no baby.  The angel then gives an explanation that sounds very improbably and complicated.

“Not to worry, the Holy Spirit will come upon you and the power of the Holy One will cover you with its shadow.”  That sounds very scary and unbelievable.  But it’s enough to convince Mary that this is a risk worth taking.  “Yes, I’m in,” she responds.  Can we maintain a similar stance?

Yes, O God, we will trust you.  We will take you at your word and follow you.  We will continue to suspend our rational minds even when we so want to pick apart all these mysteries of our faith.  Help us to believe in a way that enables us to be authentic, holy and full of rejoicing, to believe in the unbelievable, in you, a God who comes to us as a fragile, innocent child born of a woman who said “yes.”

Maybe another word for rejoice is “yes” to a God who invites us again and again to believe, to pray for deeper faith and to laugh at how ridiculous it all is that there is a God who loves us enough to become one with us. This is our God, a God of love and risk and a God who promises us more than the darkness of life.  Amen.

Feast of the Immaculate Conception                            December 10, 2017
Nick Smith 

“I am the Immaculate Conception.” These are the words Mary spoke to young Bernadette Soubirous [Sirbedes] when she appeared at Lourdes in 1858. On December 8th, Roman Catholics around the world celebrate the Feast Day of the Immaculate Conception.  What does this mean?  Many Catholics and non-Catholics mistakenly think that this day celebrates when Mary miraculously conceived Jesus; however, this feast day refers to Mary being conceived without original sin.

Through the centuries the Church has become ever more aware that Mary, "full of grace" through God, was redeemed from the moment of her conception.  Mary was Immaculate because she had to be the Mother of God.  She, herself has received the original grace of purity and the final state of the blessed life that we also, by collaborating with Divine Grace, hope one day to receive.

That is what the dogma of the Immaculate Conception confesses, as Pope Pius IX proclaimed on December 8, 1854, Ineffabilis Deus [infallible doctrine/dogma]:  “We declare, pronounce, and define that the doctrine which holds that the most Blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instance of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege granted by Almighty God, in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of original sin, is a doctrine revealed by God and therefore to be believed firmly and constantly by all the faithful.”

Hence, if anyone shall dare — which God forbid! — to think otherwise than as has been defined by us, let him know and understand that he is condemned by his own judgment; that he has suffered shipwreck in the faith; that he has separated from the unity of the Church; and that, furthermore, by his own action he incurs the penalties established by law if he should dare to express in words or writing or by any other outward means the errors he think in his heart.” — Catechism of the Catholic Church [CCC 492] 

Only Roman Catholics believe this doctrine as an essential article of the Christian faith.  Because the basis for the doctrine is formed from tradition, rather than scripture, all other Christian denominations, including the Eastern Orthodox Catholics, reject this believe as unsubstantiated in the gospels.  Indeed, the idea of the Immaculate Conception is never mentioned once in the canonical books of the Bible and is found only in the Gospel of James, also known as the Infancy Gospel of James, an apocryphal Gospel, probably written about AD 145, which expands backward in time the infancy stories contained in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, and presents a narrative concerning the birth and upbringing of Mary, the mother of Jesus.  This gospel was very popular among the early Christians and was included in the books of the Bible until it was condemned around 500 AD.  The gospel persisted in its popularity, however, to this very day.  It is this gospel and its tradition upon which the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception is built. 

A short summary of this gospel follows:

Hanna [Anne] and her husband Joachim [WahKeem] were very wealthy.  For years they gave a double offering to the temple—one for themselves and one for the people of Israel.  As the day of the Lord approached, Rubim [high priest that year] rejected their offering, saying: “It is not right to accept your offering because you have no children.”
His wife Anne mourned in two mournings, saying: I shall bewail my widowhood; I shall bewail my childlessness.  [Song of Anne]
And gazing towards the heaven, she saw a sparrow's nest in the laurel, and made a lamentation in herself, saying:  “Alas!  I have become a curse in the presence of the sons of Israel, and I have been reproached, and they have driven me out of the temple of the Lord."
And, behold, an angel of the Lord stood by, saying: Anne, Anne, the Lord has heard your prayer, and you shall conceive, and shall bring forth; and your seed shall be spoken of in all the world. And Anne said: As the Lord my God lives, if I beget either male or female, I will bring it as a gift to the Lord my God; and it shall minister to Him in holy things all the days of its life. And, behold, two angels came, saying to her: Behold, Joachim your husband is coming with his flocks. For an angel of the Lord went down to him, saying: Joachim, Joachim, the Lord God has heard your prayer Go down hence; for, behold your wife Anne shall conceive.
And her months were fulfilled, and she brought forth. And she said to the midwife: What have I brought forth? and she said: A girl. And said Anne: My soul has been magnified this day. And she laid her down and called her name Miriam [Mary].
In Mary’s third year, she was dedicated to the temple, and Mary was in the temple of the Lord as if she were a dove that dwelt there, and she received food from the hand of an angel.  And when she was twelve years old there was held a council of the priests, saying: Behold, Mary has reached the age of twelve years in the temple of the Lord. What then shall we do with her, lest perchance she defile the sanctuary?  And behold an angel of the Lord stood by him, saying unto him: Zacharias, Zacharias, go out and assemble the widowers of the people, and let them bring each his rod; and to whomsoever the Lord show a sign, his wife shall she be.
The widowers were assembled.  The priest took their rods, entered the temple and prayed; and having ended his prayer, he distributed the rods back to them; and, behold, a dove came out of Joseph’s rod, and flew upon his head. And the priest said to Joseph, You have been chosen by lot to take into thy keeping the virgin of the Lord. But Joseph refused, saying: I have children, and I am an old man, and she is a young girl.  But Joseph was persuaded and took her into his keeping. And Joseph said to Mary: Behold, I have received you from the temple of the Lord; and now I leave you in my house, and go away to build my buildings.  The Lord will protect you.
And there was a council of the priests, saying: Let us make a veil for the temple of the Lord.  And the priest remembered the child Mary that she was of the family of David, and undefiled before God.  The true purple and the scarlet fell to the lot of Mary, and she took them, and went away to her house and spun them.
And she took the pitcher, and went out to fill it with water. And, behold, a voice saying: Hail, you who have received grace; the Lord is with you; blessed art you among women! The angel of the Lord said: Fear not, Mary; for you have found grace before the Lord of all, and you shall conceive, according to His word. And she hearing, reasoned with herself, saying: Shall I conceive by the Lord, the living God? and shall I bring forth as every woman brings forth? And the angel of the Lord said: Not so, Mary; for the power of the Lord shall overshadow you: also that holy thing which shall be born of you shall be called the Son of the Most High. And you shall call His name Jesus, for He shall save His people from their sins. And Mary said: Behold, the servant of the Lord before His face: let it be unto me according to thy word.
And she made the purple and the scarlet, and took them to the priest. And the priest blessed her, and said: Mary, the Lord God has magnified your name, and you shall be blessed in all the generations of the earth. And Mary, with great joy, went away to Elizabeth her kinswoman, and knocked at the door. And when Elizabeth heard her, she ran to the door, and opened it; and seeing Mary, she blessed her, and said:  How is this that the mother of my Lord should come to me? for, behold, that which is in me leaped and blessed you.  And she remained three months with Elizabeth; and day by day she grew bigger. And Mary being afraid, went away to her own house, and hid herself from the sons of Israel. And she was sixteen years old when these mysteries happened.
And she was in her sixth month when Joseph came back from his building, and, entering into his house, he discovered that she was big with child.  Joseph was angry and cried out: Why have you brought low your soul, you that was brought up in the holy of holies, and that did receive food from the hand of an angel? And she said: I am innocent, and have known no man.
And Joseph was greatly afraid, and retired from her, and considered what he should do in regard to her. And Joseph said: If I conceal her sin, I find myself fighting against the law of the Lord; and if I expose her to the sons of Israel, I am afraid I shall be found giving up innocent blood to the doom of death. What then shall I do with her? I will put her away from me secretly. And night came upon him; and, behold, an angel of the Lord appears to him in a dream, saying: Be not afraid for this maiden, for that which is in her is of the Holy Spirit; and she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins. And Joseph arose from sleep, and glorified the God of Israel, who had given him this grace; and he kept her.
 And Annas the scribe came to him, and said: Why have you not appeared in our assembly? And Joseph said to him: Because I was weary from my journey, and rested the first day. And the scribe turned, and saw that Mary was with child.  Joseph and Mary were brought before the tribunal.  And the priest said: Mary, why have you done this?  And she wept bitterly, saying: As the Lord my God lives, I am pure before Him, and know not a man. And the priest said to Joseph: Why have you done this? And Joseph said: As the Lord lives, I am pure concerning her. Then said the priest: Bear not false witness, but speak the truth.  You have married her by stealth, and have not revealed it to the sons of Israel, and have not bowed your head under the strong hand, that your seed might be blessed.
And the priest said: Give up the virgin whom you received out of the temple of the Lord. And Joseph protested.  And the priest said: I will give you to drink of the water of the ordeal of the Lord, and He shall make manifest your sins. And the priest took the water, and gave Joseph to drink and sent him away to the hill-country; and he returned unhurt. And he gave to Mary also to drink, and sent her away to the hill-country; and she returned unhurt. And all the people wondered that sin did not appear in them. And the priest said: If the Lord God has not made manifest your sins, neither do I judge you. And he sent them away. And Joseph took Mary, and went away to his own house.
And there was an order from the Emperor Augustus, that all in Bethlehem of Judaea should be enrolled. And Joseph said: I shall enroll my sons, but what shall I do with this maiden? How shall I enroll her? As my wife? I am ashamed. As my daughter then? But all the sons of Israel know that she is not my daughter.  And they journeyed toward Bethlehem.  And they came into the middle of the journey, and Mary said to him: Take me down from off the ass, for that which is in me presses to come forth. And he took her down from off the ass, and said to her: Where shall I lead thee, and cover thy disgrace? for there is no place is the desert.
And he found a cave there, and led her into it; and leaving his two sons beside her, he went out to seek a midwife in the district of Bethlehem. And I Joseph was walking, and was not walking; and I looked up into the sky, and saw the sky astonished; and I looked up to the pole of the heavens, and saw it standing, and the birds of the air keeping still.
And I saw a woman coming down from the hill-country, and she said to me: O man, whither art thou going? And I said: I am seeking a Hebrew midwife. And she answered and said unto me: Art thou of Israel? And I said to her: Yes. And she said: And who is it that is bringing forth in the cave? And I said: A woman betrothed to me. And she said to me: Is she not thy wife? And I said to her: It is Mary that was reared in the temple of the Lord, and I obtained her by lot as my wife. And yet she is not my wife, but has conceived of the Holy Spirit. And the midwife said to him: Is this true? And Joseph said to her: Come and see. And the midwife went away with him.  And the midwife went forth out of the cave, and Salome met her. And she said to her: Salome, Salome, I have a strange sight to relate to you: a virgin has brought forth -- a thing which her nature admits not of. Then said Salome: As the Lord my God lives; I will not believe this unless I see for myself.
And the midwife went in, and said to Mary: Show thyself; for no small controversy has arisen about you. And Salome examined her, and cried out, and said: Woe is me for my iniquity and my unbelief, because I have tempted the living God; and, behold, my skin is dropping off as if burned with fire.   And, behold, an angel of the Lord stood by her, saying to her: Salome, Salome, the Lord has heard you. Put your hand to the infant, and carry it, and you will have safety and joy. And Salome went and carried it, saying: I will worship Him, because a great King has been born to Israel. And, behold, Salome was immediately cured, and she went forth out of the cave justified. And behold a voice saying: Salome, Salome, tell not the strange things you have seen, until the child has come into Jerusalem.
And, behold, Joseph was ready to go into Judaea. And there was a great commotion in Bethlehem of Judaea, for Magi came, saying: Where is he that is born king of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and have come to worship him.  And the Magi saw the infant with His mother Mary; and they brought forth from their bag gold, and frankincense, and myrrh. And having been warned by the angel not to go into Judaea, they went into their own country by another road.
And when Herod knew that he had been mocked by the Magi, in a rage he sent murderers, saying to them: Slay the children from two years old and under. And Mary, having heard that the children were being killed, was afraid, and took the infant and swaddled Him, and put Him into an ox-stall. And Elizabeth, having heard that they were searching for John, took him and went up into the hill-country, and kept looking where to conceal him.
And Herod searched for John, and sent officers to Zacharias, saying: Where have you hid your son? And Zacharias was murdered about daybreak.
And after three days, the priests consulted as to whom they should put in Zacharias place; and the lot fell upon Simeon. For it was he who had been warned by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death until he should see the Christ in the flesh.

And I James that wrote this history in Jerusalem, a commotion having arisen when Herod died, withdrew myself to the wilderness until the commotion in Jerusalem ceased, glorifying the Lord God, who had given me the gift and the wisdom to write this history. And grace shall be with them that fear our Lord Jesus Christ, to whom be glory to ages of ages. Amen.

Anne was initially just a minor character in the legend of the Immaculate Conception derived from the gospel of James. But her role was capable of great significance because of what it could imply about the Virgin Mary and about the workings of God in this world.
In the twelfth century, a controversial question began to be raised about Mary’s conception and birth. Was she subject to sin like other human beings.  The Council of Basel endorsed the unspotted, free from sin position in 1438, and Pope Pius IX approved it definitively as a doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church in 1854.
Anne also played a useful role for medieval commentators on the Bible when they attempted to explain the extended family of Jesus.  St. Jerome [5th century] argued successfully that the "brothers" mentioned in the Gospels were Jesus's cousins, sons of Mary's sisters.
Biblical commentators in the early medieval West went on to identify those sisters with two other Maries mentioned in the Gospels (John 19:25 and Mark 16:1), to take Anne as the mother of all three, and to explain the names of her second and third daughters by creating the theory of the trinubium, or three marriages of Anne.
According to the trinubium, Joachim died soon after the birth of the Virgin Mary, so that Anne could marry a second husband named Cleophas, by whom she bore Mary Cleophas, and (after Cleophas's death) a third husband named Salome, by whom she bore Mary Salome. From these three daughters, the theory continued, came Jesus and all six "brothers" or cousins named in the Gospels. James the lesser or younger, Joseph or Joses, Simon, and Jude were explained as the sons of Mary Cleophas, who had married Alpheus; James the Greater and John the Evangelist, as the sons of Mary Salome, who had married Zebedee. Thus Anne became the grandmother of some of the most prominent apostles, as well as Jesus himself.
The trinubium theory was condemned in the twelfth century and later by a number of theologians,  but the theory had a certain amount of internal logic on its side, given the way the legend equated fertility with blessedness and connected Anne with Hannah, the mother of Samuel, who was granted three more sons and two daughters after she dedicated her firstborn to God's service. The idea of the holy family as a large and powerful kinship had another advantage in medieval culture, of course, because it conformed so well to that culture's assumptions about family and class. The theory was incorporated into later stories and by those means became generally known and widely accepted in the later Middle Ages as part of Anne's life story.

I find it most interesting that one of the central dogmas of our faith is not found in any of the approved liturgies of our faith.  Although the canonical books of the New Testament never mention the parents of the Virgin Mary, traditions about her family, childhood, education, and eventual betrothal to Joseph developed very early in the history of the church.  That icon of the Nativity, with the birth in the cave, is from the Gospel of James.  It is from this document that we have received the names of Mary’s parents – St. Joachim [WahKeem] and St. Anne.  Over the course of the centuries, as the tradition and understanding of Mary’s conception developed, it was understood that original sin was not removed from Mary’s soul; rather it never existed in the first place.

We might consider the closing of the ecumenical council as we reflect on the Immaculate Conception of Mary, which read as follows:

But note what is taking place here this morning. While we close the ecumenical council, we are honoring Mary Most Holy, the mother of Christ, and consequently, as we declared on another occasion, the mother of God and our spiritual mother. We are honoring Mary Most Holy, the Immaculate One, therefore innocent, stupendous, and perfect.  She is the woman, the true woman who is both ideal and real, the creature in whom the image of God is reflected with absolute clarity, without any disturbance, as happens in every other human creature. 

Is it not perhaps in directing our gaze on this woman who is our humble sister and at the same time our heavenly mother and queen, the spotless and sacred mirror of infinite beauty, that we can terminate the spiritual ascent of the council and our final greeting? Is it not here that our post-conciliar work can begin? Does not the beauty of Mary Immaculate become for us an inspiring model, a comforting hope?​

Advent:  Sunday, Dec. 3, 2017

FIRST READING A Reading from the Book of Lamentations 5:1-5, 8-15

 O Holy One, remember what has happened to us!

Pay attention and see our disgrace.

Our heritage has been handed over to strangers,          our homes, to those who do not know us.

We've become orphans, without fathers.

Our mothers are like widows.

We pay money to drink our own water!

Our own wood comes at a price.

With a yoke on our necks, we are driven.

We are worn out, but allowed no rest... Servants rule over us,  with no one to tear us from their hands. We risk our lives just to get bread, exposed to the desert heat.  Our skin heats up like an oven,  from the searing blasts of famine.  Women are raped in Zion,          young women in the cities of Judah.  Princes have been hanged, elders shown no respect. 

Young men carry millstones.

Boys stagger under loads of wood. The elders have abandoned the gate, the young their music.

The joy of our hearts has ceased.

Dancing has turned into mourning. 

The Word of a poet left in Judah during the Exile.

Thanks be to God.

SECOND READING A Reading from the Second Letter of Peter 3:8-15a  

Beloved, you must not ignore this one thing: that with God, one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like one day.  God is not slow in carrying out promises, as some think of slowness.  Rather God is patient, wanting no one to be lost, and all to come to repentance.  But the day of God will come like a thief, and then the cosmos will pass away with an enormous roar.  The elements will catch fire and melt away.  The earth, and all that is in it, will dissolve in flames. 

Consider, then, what sort of people we ought to be.  We must lead lives of holiness and dedication, as we anticipate and hasten the coming of the day of God, when the cosmos will go up in flames and the elements melt in the heat.  Relying on God’s promise, we wait for a new cosmos and a new earth where justice will be at home.  So, beloved, while we are waiting, strive to live and be in peace, that God may find us unblemished and above reproach. And consider God’s patience an opportunity to become healed and whole. 

The Word of an early church leader.

Thanks be to God.

GOSPEL: A Reading from the Gospel attributed to Mark 

 13:1a, 2, 3b-5a, 7-8, 14-27, 33-37

As Jesus was making his way out of the Temple area, Jesus said to the disciples, “Do you see these great buildings?  There will not be one stone left upon another.  All will be thrown down.

Later, Peter, James, John and Andrew asked Jesus privately, “Tell us when this will happen and what sign there will be when all these things are about to come to an end?...  

Jesus replied: When you hear of wars and threats of wars, do not be alarmed.  Such things happen; but it will not yet be the end. Nation will rise against nation and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes and fires...and there will be famines.  These are the beginnings of the labor pains. 

When you see the desolating sacrilege set up (in the Temple) where it ought not be..., then those in Judea must flee to the hills.  The one on the housetop must not go down to enter the house or fetch anything out.  The one in the field must not turn back to get a coat.  Alas for those who are pregnant and those who are nursing infants in those days! Pray that it may not happen in winter.  For in those days, there will be suffering such as has not been from the beginning when God created until now, and never will be.  And if God had not cut short those days, no human being would survive; but God has cut short those days for the sake of those whom God chose.

If anyone says to you at that time, “Look!  Here is the Messiah!” or “Look, there’s the one who will save us!”, do not believe it; for false leaders and false prophets will appear and produce signs and wonders to mislead the chosen if possible. Therefore, be watchful.  Remember, I have warned you of everything...

In those days, after that time of distress, the sun will be darkened.  The moon will not give its light.  The fiery stars will fall from the heavens and all the powers in the cosmos will be shaken.  And then they will see the Chosen One coming in the clouds with great power and splendor.  The Chosen One will send out winged messengers, and gather the chosen from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of the cosmos.

 In truth I tell you, before this generation passes away, all these things will have taken place.  The heavens and the earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away. 

But as for that day or hour, no one knows, neither the cosmic messengers of God, nor the Chosen One.  No one knows but God.  So, be on your guard.  Keep watch. For you do not know when the time will come.  It’s like someone going on a journey, leaving home, putting others in charge, each with their own work, and ordering the guard to stand watch.  Stay awake!  For you do not know when the owner will come home, in the evening, at midnight, at cockcrow, or at dawn.  You don’t want the owner to come unexpectedly and find you asleep. What I say to you, I say to all: Keep watch!” 

The Gospel of Our God.

Praise to you, Jesus the Christ. 


How many of you have your Christmas cards out?  I’m still working on mine.  I want it to be a snapshot of our past year and I’m struggling to choose which photos will do just that.  How many of Anna, the boys and the girls in our lives?  Where we went—London, the Grand Tetons, the adventures we had like seeing Hamilton, Lady Gaga and Bruno Mars.  How do we capture what our lives have meant or what they mean today?  The truth is we can’t.  We can’t find one snapshot or one selection of photos that will sum up what our year or our lives have meant.  Our lives are so much more than that.  But, I’ll still try.  We will all still try.

As Americans we seem to be driven to look ahead and to look behind.  We record selfies and write journal entries to remember what we’ve done, who we’ve been with, what we’ve seen.  And then we plan—I have a friend who already has her 2018 calendar pretty much planned with all her vacations and events.  I can barely plan one month in advance, sometimes one day in advance.  How organized do we have to be?

As you may have noticed, we are now using a new Lectionary.  We are in Cycle B and we’ve been using the Inclusive Bible Lectionary.  But just this past week, one of our own, a Womanpriest named Jane Via finally put out her own Lectionary.  I’ve been bugging her for years to do this, once I heard her talk about developing this kind of a lectionary.  Jane is a learned woman with a PhD and a JD!  She wanted to do it right.  Her copyright is still pending but we get to start using it for our new liturgical year.  I’m so excited.  Jane’s purpose is to put the women from scripture back into the Sunday readings.  At last!  So, not only have we switched to the Gospel of Mark, we have switched to hearing the lost stories of the brave forgotten women in scripture.  I hope you will listen with new attention.

In today’s Gospel, Mark has a lot to say—and it can sound pretty frightening.  Some believe Jesus was talking about the end time, the end of the world.  It sounds very apocalyptic and urgent.  Jesus tells his disciples to look for the signs of the times—wars and threats of wars, earthquakes.  Hmmm, sounds like our own time, doesn’t it?  Ultimately, Jesus tells us that there will be indicators but “as for the day or that hour, no one knows.”   Our only option is to “Stay awake—to be ready.”  Jesus was trying to prepare the disciples for his death, for how they would do without him at their side.  He’s been trying to prepare us as well.  Are you ready?

It’s important for us to know that Mark’s world was a dark one.  The Romans had destroyed the Jewish temple which, for his listeners, was the center of their world. 

They could have easily thought that the world was ending.  Mark is offering them the hope of God’s coming.  All is not lost, even if it seems so.  We can only imagine how desperate Mark’s audience was to hear such words of reassurance.  We need those same words to help us feel hopeful amidst the darkness of our world where celebrities, leaders and even the president have been accused of horrible acts against women. 

Today is the beginning of Advent.  A wonderful season whose focus is on finding the light; whose focus is mostly on the birth of Jesus on the 25th.  I wonder if we might see things differently this year?   Instead of our usual mode of planning and remembering, I wonder if we could hear what Jesus is saying as “Be awake, right now.”  Not in 22 days from now but here and now.  Can we, for a change, stop planning and remembering and simply be in the present?  It’s a huge challenge.  How many of you are already thinking about what you’re going to be doing after mass, or tonight or tomorrow?  We are wired to do that—to think ahead. 

I can remember learning a simple way of staying in the now and of marking the time.  Typically, we rely on our cell phones or some other device to do this.  When I was learning meditation, I was taught to take a mental snapshot of a scene.  Last night it was the moon.  Did you see it?  No photo could capture its beauty, its brightness.  Tonight it’s a super moon (which means it’s at its closest to the earth, it’s “perigee”).  I took a mental snapshot, marking it in my mind.  Now I can recall it vividly.  That’s “marking it” a simple method of intentionally capturing a space in time.   It’s really an effective way to help us be awake.  And it helps us to be aware that all we really have is right now.  This moment.  And right now, we are just fine—alive and safe.  That’s our gift, our blessing. 

Time is changing.  It’s Advent afterall. And it’s time to pay attention, not to prepare for the end of the world but to be aware of God’s appearance right now.  How is God revealing herself to you right now?  God is here with us in this very moment.  And God is ultimately in control of our time, not us, as much as we’d like to believe we are the ones who are in control.  God is directing time toward all this is good and true.  Our time should be oriented by this awareness.  God entered into our time and changed it for all time.

Peter, in our second reading gets it right.  He says, “Beloved, you must not ignore this one thing: that with God, one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like one day.”  Peter understands that God’s time is not like how we see time.  God is slower, calmer, more trusting of time.  Peter says, “So, beloved, while we are waiting, strive to live and be in peace.”  There it is, that call to be in the present time.  Take a snapshot of where you are right now.  Mark it in your mind.  See if you can’t practice doing that at least twice a day during Advent.  Perhaps it will slow you down.  Maybe it will help you breathe and be less stressed out by the season.  Most of all, I hope it will deepen your sense of God’s presence, right along side you and within you.  God is the God who comes, who already came and who is forever coming into our lives, time and time again. 

Sunday, Nov. 26,2017

Nick Smith

Matthew 25: 31-46                                                                                

Then, Jesus said:

“I was hungry and you told me that it was my own fault for being lazy and believing that I was entitled to help from hard working people and that I’d probably spent all of my money on alcohol, cigarettes and drugs anyway.
I was thirsty and you assumed that I was desperate for booze.
I was naked and you said that I would have a better chance of getting a job if I took more care of my personal appearance.
I was poor and you told me I was a user who just wanted to sponge off the state.
I was sick and you denied me any help, told me to go back to work and assumed I was faking illness in order to scrounge.
I was in prison and you demanded that the key be thrown away and that I be kept away from all respectable, law-abiding members of society because I was a bad person who could never change.
I was a stranger and you told me to go home, that your country was full and that I was only there to steal your jobs and sell drugs.

For I tell you, whenever you did this to one of the least of my brothers or sisters, you did it to me”

In the Parable of the Sheep and the Goats, we are looking at people redeemed and saved, and people condemned and lost. A casual reading seems to suggest that salvation is the result of good works. The “sheep” acted charitably, giving food, drink, and clothing to the needy. The “goats” showed no charity. This seems to result in salvation for the sheep and damnation for the goats.

However, Scripture does not contradict itself, and the Bible clearly and repeatedly teaches that salvation is by faith through the grace of God and not by our good works.  In fact, Jesus makes it clear in the parable that the salvation of the “sheep” is not based on their works—their inheritance was theirs “since the creation of the world”, long before they could ever do any good works!

The good works mentioned in the parable are not the cause of salvation but the effect of salvation. As Christians we become like Christ.  Galatians 5:22 tells us that the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, gentleness, and faithfulness. Good works in a Christian’s life are the direct overflow of these traits, and are only acceptable to God because of the relationship that exists between the saved and the Savior, i.e. the sheep and their Shepherd.

The core message of the Parable of the Sheep and Goats is that God’s people will love others. Good works will result from our relationship to the Shepherd. Followers of Christ will treat others with kindness, serving them as if they were serving Christ Himself. The unbelieving live in the opposite manner. While “goats” can indeed perform acts of kindness and charity, their hearts are not right with God, and their actions are not for the right purpose – to honor and worship God.

The arresting thing is that Jesus is clearly saying that the ultimate mark of an authentic Christian is not their creed, or their faith, or their Bible knowledge, but the concern which is shown to those who are in need. The practical demonstration of love is the final proof. And note also that Jesus does not ask anyone to present their case or argue their cause. He asks no questions nor requests any evidence. Jesus simply extends to this one group the invitation, "Come, and inherit the kin-dom." Then he explains the basis of his choice. He has simply noted that when they had opportunity to help someone in need, they did it. Nothing more is required. It is sobering to realize that Jesus identifies himself with those in need. If you help them, he says, you are really helping me; and if you ignore them you are ignoring me.

But of course the issue really is one of faith. The sheep are asked to take their place on the right hand of the throne because all through their lives their genuine faith has been producing its inevitable fruit of good works. Unthinkingly, unconsciously, born of love for Jesus Christ, they have been responding to the pleas and the needs of those about them. They kept no records, they expected no praise. For them it has been a glad privilege. They were unaware they were doing anything unusual, but found a real delight in meeting the needs of others. There was no hardship involved. They felt it was a continuing joy to be permitted to minister in Christ's name. But not one deed performed in that way has ever escaped the eye of God. There is no need for Jesus to examine them. They had laid up abundant treasure in heaven.

Nothing reveals more sharply the radical difference between God's judging and man's than this story of the sheep and the goats. Even our treasured "good deeds" are shown up for what they are in the searching light from this throne of glory. Good deeds that are not the unconscious, automatic response of a heart indwelt by Jesus Christ are not truly "good" deeds. They are planned deeds, contrived deeds, carefully performed for the public eye deeds, or if in private, done in the hope that they will purchase some merit or favor before God deeds.

But God's judgments take note only of the unconscious moments of our lives, the times when we are off guard, when we are unaware. It is then that we truly reveal ourselves. The test comes, not in our remembered actions, but in our unconscious reactions, our instinctive, unplanned responses to the needs of others. 

Sunday—33rd Sunday in Ordinary Time

November 19, 2017

(Thanksgiving Celebration)

First Reading:   Proverbs 31:10-13, 19-20, 30-31

A perfect love—who can find her?
She is far more precious than jewels. 

The heart of her husband trusts in her,
and he will have no lack of gain.
12She does him good, and not harm,
all the days of her life.
13She seeks wool and flax,
and works with willing hands.
19She puts her hands to the distaff,
and her hands hold the spindle.
20She opens her hand to the poor,
and reaches out her hands to the needy.
30Charm is deceitful, and beauty is vain,
but a woman who fears the Lord is to be praised.
31Give her a share in the fruit of her hands,
and let her works praise her in the city gates.

Second Reading:  1 Thessalonians 5:1-6

Now concerning the times and the seasons, brothers and sisters, you do not need to have anything written to you. 2For you yourselves know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night.3When they say, “There is peace and security,” then sudden destruction will come upon them, as labor pains come upon a pregnant woman, and there will be no escape! 4But you, beloved, are not in darkness, for that day to surprise you like a thief; 5for you are all children of light and children of the day; we are not of the night or of darkness.  So then let us not fall asleep as others do, but let us keep awake and be sober.

Gospel Reading:  Matthew 25:14-30

14“For it is as if a man, going on a journey, summoned his slaves and entrusted his property to them; 15to one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one, to each according to his ability. Then he went away.16The one who had received the five talents went off at once and traded with them, and made five more talents. 17In the same way, the one who had the two talents made two more talents. 18But the one who had received the one talent went off and dug a hole in the ground and hid his master’s money. 19After a long time the master of those slaves came and settled accounts with them. 20Then the one who had received the five talents came forward, bringing five more talents, saying, ‘Master, you handed over to me five talents; see, I have made five more talents.’ 21His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and trustworthy slave; you have been trustworthy in a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.’ 22And the one with the two talents also came forward, saying, ‘Master, you handed over to me two talents; see, I have made two more talents.’ 23His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and trustworthy slave; you have been trustworthy in a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.’24

Then the one who had received the one talent also came forward, saying, ‘Master, I knew that you were a harsh man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you did not scatter seed; 25so I was afraid, and I went and hid your talent in the ground. Here you have what is yours.’ 26But his master replied, ‘You wicked and lazy slave! You knew, did you, that I reap where I did not sow, and gather where I did not scatter? 27Then you ought to have invested my money with the bankers, and on my return I would have received what was my own with interest.28So take the talent from him, and give it to the one with the ten talents.29For to all those who have, more will be given, and they will have an abundance; but from those who have nothing, even what they have will be taken away. 30As for this worthless slave, throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’


This is a troubling gospel, one that I always hesitate to say, “Praise to you, Lord Jesus Christ,” as is our gospel response.  Afterall, what are we praising in this reading?  There are many troubling assumptions in this parable.  First, let’s NOT assume that the master in this story represents God.  It could be someone who has a position of power, but when we believe that it is God, we have to accept a misconception that God is a trickster.  God sets us up for failure and punishes us if we don’t get it right.  Also, if we follow the premise presented, we are left with the understanding that, when we’re given money, we should invest it and make more money. I don’t believe Jesus meant to imply that capitalism always wins. Remember all the other parables where Jesus praises those who are poor but have tremendous faith—that is the greater good.  Never did Jesus say the poor should stay poor and the rich who invest win.

Some have tried to replace the word “funds” with the idea of our “talents.”  That helps to soften the parable:  if you have talents and you use them rather than hide them, you are rewarded.   We can live with that.  But I’d like to go a step further and say that this gospel lesson is about how we should live life; that if we live by fear and never risk anything, we miss opportunities to become our fullest selves, who God meant for us to be.  This perspective helps to allow the gospel to apply to anyone, which is always a better way to see scripture.  Currently, there is much that needs to be said about living beyond fear.

In the news, we have had many in power brought to their knees.  Thanks to those who no longer live out of fear, men who have been in positions of power have now been identified for sexual harassment and abuse.  This by women with no power who have risked telling their truth.  CK Louis and Al Franken have been the latest and have at least admitted wrongdoing.  Not so-- many of the Republicans who have shamed these women, calling them liars so as to maintain their power status.  Did you know that the “Me Too” movement was started by an unknown black woman over ten years ago?  who was an agent for social change on her MySpace page 10 years ago.  Her name is Tarana Burke.  I want us to know her name. She wrote on her MySpace page ten years ago that if others had experienced sexual violence, they should respond with “Me Too.”  Tarana wanted the silence to end, for women to feel empowered to step forward.  Many of us women have carried the experience of sexual violence with us for years—out of shame and the fear that we were somehow to blame.

Fear is what underlies so much of what needs to change in our world.  And, if we noticed, our first reading is one of those readings that contributed to creating the rules that women are supposed to follow.  This is part of the problem.  It tells us that we as women are to be: “always busy with wool and with flax, bringing advantage to our man (that’s the usual translation), and instilling confidence in him.”  Then it says, “Charm is deceitful and beauty empty.”  There’s that subtle blame of women: “Don’t be too pretty or well-dressed.  You’ll only cause a man to lust after you.”  Those are the messages that have caused women to doubt whether they were part of the abuse or harassment and to keep quiet out of shame.   Tarana Burke says, “Enough of all that.” 

  Much of Burke’s work has been focused on helping women understand that they are not to blame for what happened to them. Women are taught, she said, to follow the rules that include dressing modestly and staying out of certain neighborhoods. The reality, however, is that all too often women — and young girls — are attacked when they are following the rules. Or before they even know there are rules.

While living in Selma, Alabama during the late 1990s and early 2000s, Burke worked with young people, many of whom shared stories of sexual violence.  She herself is a three-time survivor of sexual assault including rape.  One day, she looked into a young woman’s eyes and instantly knew what the young lady was going to tell her. Burke, who hadn’t quite fully dealt with her past yet, avoided the young woman. Later, she felt horrible.  “I cut her off,” Burke remembered. “She was so hurt and devastated. That moment taught me the power of empathy. All she needed was to hear the words, ‘Me, too.’”

Now we are calling all people, men and women, to be responsible for causing harm.  I’m sure many are waiting for their name to be called next.  Some argue, that that’s just the way it used to be—men taking advantage of women.  How can we use a current, more enlightened measure of character when we didn’t realize it should’ve been our measure back then?  Once the truth is made known, there is no turning back or lessening of values.  We cannot pick and choose who gets a “pass” and who doesn’t.

Fear keeps us in our safe boxes, unaware of what someone so different from us—male, female, black, poor needs to feel respected and empowered.  It may be difficult but there is no excuse.  Not anymore.  If we hear the gospel in this way, then the master’s anger feels very different.  Perhaps that master is a woman who just discovered that fear caused her employee to ignore a report of abuse, calling it fake news.  Then the anger is coming from a desire to say, “Step outside your box—risk finding the darkness of ignorance.  There is so much more to lose by playing it safe and doing nothing.”  And that’s the point.  Rather than living with all the “What ifs” that keep us in crisis and afraid, can we move with a stance of “God is on my side and I choose to believe this can cause good.”  Then, we will risk for the right reasons. 

One author challenges us with these words: “Can we live as if we have nothing to lose?” Not recklessly but with a sense of confidence that doing the right thing, being bold and outspoken, is a way to live—forever challenging the norm, the status quo, maybe even challenging our fear of failure.  That’s who we are.  We are “outside the box” people who seek to shine the light on fear and ignorance and say, “Wake up.”  Advent is just around the corner.  And Thanksgiving is this Thursday.  May we be truly grateful for hearing the truth and risking to maintain that truth.  We have so much more to lose by playing it safe and doing nothing than by living as though we have nothing to lose.  I challenge us to use gratitude as a means for empowering us.  We have been blessed with so much.  Can we move out of a sense of what we might gain instead of what we might lose?  Then, we live not out of fear but out of great hope, the kind of hope that transforms, that changes life and changes us in the process.  Amen.

Communion Meditation:

Iroquois Prayer of Gratitude

We return thanks to our mother, the earth, which sustains us.
We return thanks to the rivers and streams, which supply us with waters.
We return thanks to all herbs, which furnish medicine for the cure of our diseases.
We return thanks to the corn, and to her sisters, the beans and the squashes, which give us life.
We return thanks to the wind, which moving the air has banished diseases.
We return thanks to the moon and the stars,
which have given us their light when the sun was gone.
We return thanks to the sun, that he has looked upon the earth with a beneficent eye.
Lastly, we return thanks to the Great Spirit, in whom is embodied all goodness, and who directs all things for the good of his children.


Nick Smith


This is a Roman denarius, minted between 14 and 37 AD.  

1] It is about the size of a dime.  2] An equivalent in copper coinage today at minimum wage would be 7,250 copper coins or about 50 pounds in weight. 100 = 2 and one half tons. 3] The obverse inscription reads: Ti[berius] Caesar Divi Aug[ustil] F[ilius] Augustus” (“Caesar Augustus Tiberius, son of the Divine Augustus”), claiming that Augustus Caesar was a god.  4] The reverse shows a seated female, usually identified as Livia [Tiberius’ mother] as PAX or pontifex maximus—this inscription “PONTIF MAXIM” is the shortened version of pontifex maximus or high priest of the Pax Romana [the Roman peace] which was the Roman state religion.  5] The emperor of Rome was the high priest by Tiberius’ time and claimed imperial authority over worship and spirituality.

6] Emperor Gratian declined the title of Pontifex Maximus in 381 A.D., and it was adopted by the Bishop of Rome, [Leo I] who claims to take the place of God on Earth.  The Pope still retains this title.

The inscription called Tiberius the son of a god, Augustus, and also “Augustus” himself.  The primarily religious title “Augustus” meant “majestic.”  Tiberius was a step-son and (later) an adopted son of the (so-called) divine Caesar Augustus, but this coin claimed the “divine” role / title “Augustus” had passed down to Tiberius.  “Augustus was divine, and now I [his son] am Augustus.”  Not a son genetically, he claimed to be a son in divinity.

The Pontif Maxim or high priest of the PAX Romana is the essence of faith in Roman eyes. According to this perception of belief, Gods and Man have a treaty, in which the Gods are due certain things, and in exchange for getting them they would not unleash their fury on mankind (or on specific individuals or groups within it), and might aid mankind occasionally. This was the essence of the Peace of the Gods.  The Roman gods demanded prayers, rituals, and sacrifices and, above all, respect. The gods did not expect you to like them, much less love them, nor did they expect piety from their believers. For that reason the Romans put much stress on the external forms of worship, neglecting completely all form of spiritual revelation.

Neglecting to perform your duties to the gods was a serious offence in Rome, punishable by death, because a personal violation of the Pax could bring the wrath of the Gods on the entire city.  Thus, the worship of the Roman Deities became thoroughly identified with the operations of the state, and one's duties to it.  Worship lost all its personal meaning and instead became a tedious and tiresome mandatory practice. Consequently, people began to find other sources of spiritual guidance. Oriental religions flourished in 1st and 2nd century Rome. Large cults were formed honoring other gods. This did not violate the Pax, as in polytheism one could believe in as many gods as they wanted. The problem began with two specific oriental cults: Judaism and then later Christianity.

People who converted to one of these religions could not participate in the Pax Romana, as their faiths preached that the Roman gods did not exist. Moreover these faiths declared that one should not take part in the ceremonies of those Gods. This was a threat to the very existence and lives of the Roman city and its citizens. For this reason the authorities forbade preaching either one of these religions within the city, but as the preaching didn't stop, it lead to a declaration of war against Judaism and Christianity.

The men who came to Jesus with their question thought they were putting Jesus in a bind, that whatever He answered they would have Him in trouble.  Either they could denounce Him to the Romans as a rebel for encouraging non-payment, or they could denounce Him to the people as a supporter of Rome.  He would either be arrested or the people would rise against Him.  Either way, they had Him. 

Some err, however, in interpreting this passage as if Jesus simply gave a clever answer to wriggle out of their trap.  If that were the case, they could still have denounced Him to the people, since He was indeed saying to pay the tribute.  They wouldn’t have gone away silenced if He said something they could use.

Nor do we do the passage justice if we say Jesus simply gave these evil hypocrites sound Biblical teaching on the relationship between civil and religious responsibilities.  He wasn’t giving counsel to believers for living under godless government — they weren’t looking for wisdom, nor was He just using the coin as a visual prop in His teaching.

We have to remember that the “tribute money” was an idolatrous coin.  It bore a graven image of a false god on both sides.  It claimed Tiberius had authority over worship.  It proclaimed a man to be divine, a false god.

Jesus didn’t just call them “hypocrites” for the satisfaction of telling them off.  He made them present the coin (and acknowledge its nature) to show clearly their hypocrisy.  It wasn’t love of God that made them hesitant to pay the tribute, but love of money.

Jesus drew their attention to the inscription, as well as the image, before He answered their question. “‘Show me the tax money.’ They brought to him a denarius”.  The Torah forbids graven images. The Pharisees and Herodians [supporters of King Herod] are questioning Jesus within the walls of the temple—holy ground—and yet they have no problem producing the offending coin with its graven image, presumably from their own pockets. That act exposes their hypocrisy, because no truly observant Jew would carry a graven image in their pocket.  Refusal to carry these coins would, no doubt, be inconvenient, but it would serve to witness to the fact that God called the Jews to be a people apart—a holy people—people living in accord with Jewish law.

Furthermore, in deference to Jewish sensibilities, Rome had made provision for Jews to make their own copper coins without Caesar’s image. But carrying a silver denarius was more convenient than carrying lots of copper coins.

So Jesus says, that’s an idolatrous coin, and Caesar may have it—God certainly doesn’t need it. People still might not want to pay the tax — but they won’t fault a Teacher for showing the idolatry and rebuking hypocrisy.  “They marveled” — not only had their perfect trap failed to trap Jesus; He had turned it back on their own hypocrisy.

How is it that we might hear the impact of this story in our own contexts? What are the all-encompassing claims of ownership and right that Jesus would proclaim to his people today? At the core, the issues raised by this biblical passage are ones of allegiance. If God owns all, then we belong to God alone. Yet we live a life in which competing powers and influences vie to own us, to sway us, to capture our hearts. The tendency, for example, for what we own to exert ownership on us means we need to guard against consumerism and materialism as competing allegiances to our loyalty to God.

The questions raised by this text must address the call of Jesus to live in whole hearted allegiance to God, while navigating in life contexts that often pull at that allegiance. Such navigation is not easy, and we would do well to seek God's wisdom and discernment as we desire to follow Jesus in a world full of shinny things.  

To render to Caesar what was Caesar's was to return his own coin to him; to render to God what was God's was to render worship to God alone. Neither the image nor the inscriptions on coins in common usage should prevent the Jewish people's single-minded devotion to God. The appropriate response to living in a society whose beliefs differ from one's own is to critically evaluate and withstand its claims, not to censor such claims from being heard or to boycott all participation in the society.

We are made in the image of God. We bear God’s image, and so it is appropriate to give ourselves back to God because God created us and we are an integral part of God’s realm.  Jesus does not divide the world into two equal realms, clearly defining the boundaries between our obligations to Caesar and our obligations to God. Rather, His answer acknowledges our obligation to the state, but affirms our larger obligation to God. Coins bearing Caesar’s image may belong to Caesar, but all things (coins, Caesar, Rome, the planet, the universe) come from God. Caesar’s realm is but a speck within God’s realm. The days of Caesar’s realm are numbered, but God’s realm is eternal.  We should give ourselves to God alone and navigate the claims of government and society.  Our obligation to God is not a mere matter of words but a matter of actions—“you cannot serve both money and God" You cannot serve the state and God equally.  You must serve God alone.

Oct. 15, 2017  

The Wedding Feast: Put on Christ

First Reading:  Isaiah 25:6-10

On this mountain the Lord of hosts will make for all peoples a feast of rich food, a feast of well-aged wines, of rich food filled with marrow, of well-aged wines strained clear. 7And he will destroy on this mountain the shroud that is cast over all peoples, the sheet that is spread over all nations; he will swallow up death forever. 8Then the Lord God will wipe away the tears from all faces, and the disgrace of his people he will take away from all the earth, for the Lord has spoken.

9It will be said on that day, Lord, this is our God; we have waited for him, so that he might save us. This is the Lord for whom we have waited; let us be glad and rejoice in his salvation. 10For the hand of the Lord will rest on this mountain. The Moabites shall be trodden down in their place as straw is trodden down in a dung-pit.

Second Reading:  Philippians 4:12-14, 19-20

I know what it is to have little, and I know what it is to have plenty. In any and all circumstances I have learned the secret of being well-fed and of going hungry, of having plenty and of being in need. 13I can do all things through him who strengthens me. 14In any case, it was kind of you to share my distress. And my God will fully satisfy every need of yours according to his riches in glory in Christ Jesus.  To our God and Father be glory forever and ever. Amen.

Gospel Reading: Matthew 22:1-14

Once more Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying: 2“The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding banquet for his son. 3He sent his slaves to call those who had been invited to the wedding banquet, but they would not come. 4Again he sent other slaves, saying, ‘Tell those who have been invited: Look, I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and my fat calves have been slaughtered, and everything is ready; come to the wedding banquet.’ 5But they made light of it and went away, one to his farm, another to his business, 6while the rest seized his slaves, mistreated them, and killed them. 

7The king was enraged. He sent his troops, destroyed those murderers, and burned their city. 8Then he said to his slaves, ‘The wedding is ready, but those invited were not worthy. 9Go therefore into the main streets, and invite everyone you find to the wedding banquet.’ 10Those slaves went out into the streets and gathered all whom they found, both good and bad; so the wedding hall was filled with guests. 11“But when the king came in to see the guests, he noticed a man there who was not wearing a wedding robe,12and he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you get in here without a wedding robe?’ And he was speechless. 13Then the king said to the attendants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, and throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’ 14For many are called, but few are chosen.” 


Fear is a powerful motivator.  The final image of today’s gospel is disturbing.  Being bound hand and foot and thrown into darkness is bad enough, but then there’s the wailing and gnashing of teeth.  It’s an image of torment; horrible suffering that lasts.  It reminds me of childhood images of hell.  That’s motivating in a very negative way. 

This would not be a wedding that I’d want to attend; not with a host who has the ability to judge me so harshly and then bind me and throw me out into the darkness into torment.  Even symbolically there’s no good to be found in this.  Unless we look at it historically.  What did the audiences of Jesus’ time hear in this parable?

 Scholars have suggested that Matthew’s parable comes from “Q” a hypothetical written source (Q stands for Quelle in German or source) that both Matthew and Luke seemed to use.  It supposedly contains actual quotations from Jesus.  Some argue that of course Mark, Matthew and Luke would use the same words because they were eyewitnesses to Jesus. They all wrote between 50-65 AD. Others believe that Mark was the first gospel written and that Matthew and Luke borrowed from him.  There is no evidence of Q; that is, no tangible scroll or papyrus that has ever been found to indicate it exists.  Rather, it has been so named by scholars trying to understand the history of the gospels.  These three gospels have been named the Synoptic Gospels; like the word, synopsis, it means “seeing all together.”  Often there are parallels made between these three gospels.

First, we must remember that Jesus was speaking to the Pharisees.  He’s always more direct and authoritative in these situations.  Jesus uses events of daily life that are very much understood by his listeners.  In today’s gospel, the ruler in our Gospel is God.  He first invited Israel to the Kingdom or wedding feast and they refused. It was not that they couldn’t come; rather that they wouldn’t come.  Then those invited murdered the messengers. Everyone understands how wrong that is!   Don’t kill the messenger—they are just delivering the message and in this case, the invitation.  How absurd!  No wonder God destroyed these ungrateful, proud people.

Then the ruler does something outrageous.  He invites anyone and everyone; those who are worthy and those who are not.  What kind of a God is this?  A God who invites those regardless of their status in life, their money, their trade or reputation?  Unheard of.  Of course, these “everyone’s” are the Gentiles, those no one thought would be invited.  And, guess what, they are more receptive to God’s invitation.  How amazing is that?

Then, the key to understanding the rest of this gospel is a tradition that I never knew about.  It’s very helpful to understand wass that in those times, any host would provide the wedding garment for his guests.  This went out with the first invitation so that the guests had time to prepare themselves for the event.  Then, a second invitation would go out to say it was time to come for the celebration.  The messengers were essential to helping everyone to know when the wedding party was ready.  It would’ve been a huge insult to not wear what was provided when it took so little effort and when time was given to “put on” the wedding garment. 

The wedding garment was actually a robe.  Traditionally, the wealthier you were, the more elaborate and ornate was the robe.  These robes were often handed down in a family.  But, being invited by a king or ruler was different.  It was the king who provided the robe which helped to equalize all attendees.  It was a robe that represented the king’s power and prestige, not the guests.

So, doesn’t that help in our understanding of the reason why the slouch who didn’t wear the right wedding garment was thrown out?  He didn’t even bother—even though he was given the garment.  That shows a level of pride or distain or ignorance.  Now we know why the ruler was so angry—and had the man thrown out, gnashing his teeth in regret, perhaps.

The real point of the parable is that, we have been given the wedding garment.  We have all been invited.  The wedding garment represents God’s way of being in the world.  All we need do is to accept this generous gift and wear it, be it, accept that indeed we are God’s guests.  As in Galatians 3:27 we “put on” Christ.  It says, “Put on Christ, for all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourself with Christ.”  Or in another translation, “All who have been united with Christ in baptism have put on Christ, like putting on new clothes.”

For the Gentiles who came to the wedding and wore the wedding robe, this symbolized a change, a hearing Jesus’ lessons and believing his words so that how they behaved was different, more loving, we would hope.  Certainly less judgmental.  The wedding garment symbolizes our change of heart, the change in our outward behavior that we exemplify as followers of Jesus.  We wear the wedding garment of love.  We must “bother” to take time to dress in this manner, to wear the robe that God has provided for us and to be full of anticipation and delight for we will join the feast and celebrate.  The wedding invitation is extended to anyone and everyone, total strangers, both good and bad. This invitation is given for a feast that is one of the most joyous occasions in Jesus’ time—free food and drink for sometimes a week-long celebration.  For us, it’s for all eternity; for both our lifetime and the hereafter.

We understand this.  We are mindful of this.  All our actions should reflect the Christ we embody.  For some, there is always an excuse.  They refuse to come, even though they can certainly become a different kind of person.  It’s easier to stay in my old ways, my rut of being indifferent or too proud.  Some become defiant at the invitation and choose to kill those who would try to bring them the invitation.   They have lost all perspective on life and on what is important.

But we know that God has invited us.  Each day is an opportunity to wear that wedding robe, to celebrate that. We are not motivated by fear but by love.   How blessed are we to have been invited. 

So, I’d like us to ask ourselves, “Do we feel invited?  Is it difficult to put on the robe?  When are you aware of refusing the invitation?  Are we motivated by fear or by love?”

The Cosmic Christ by Richard Rohr

The first and cosmic incarnation of the Eternal Christ, the perfect co-inherence of matter and Spirit (Ephesians 1:3-11), happened at the Big Bang 13.8 billion years ago. Christians believe that Jesus of Nazareth was the human incarnation of that same Mystery a mere 2,000 years ago, when we were perhaps ready for this revelation. Christ is not Jesus’ last name, but the title of his historical and cosmic purpose. Jesus presents himself as the “Anointed” or Christened One who was human and divine united in one human body—as our model and exemplar. Peter seems to get this, at least once (Matthew 16:16), but like most of the church, he also seems to regress. Christ is our shortcut word for “The Body of God” or “God materialized.” [2] This Christ is much bigger and older than either Jesus of Nazareth or the Christian religion, because the Christ is whenever the material and the divine co-exist—which is always and everywhere.

Ilia Delio writes, “The conventional visualization of the physical world was changed by Einstein’s special theory of relativity, which showed that matter itself was a form of energy. . . . For all practical purposes, energy is the ‘real world.’” [3] There it is: science revealing that everything is both matter and energy/spirit co-inhering as one; this is a Christocentric world. This realization changes everything. Matter has become a holy thing and the material world is the place where we can comfortably worship God just by walking on matter, by loving it, by respecting it. The Christ is God’s active power inside of the physical world. [4]

Delio continues: “Through his penetrating view of the universe Teilhard found Christ present in the entire cosmos, from the least particle of matter to the convergent human community. ‘The Incarnation,’ he declared, ‘is a making new . . . of all the universe’s forces and powers.’ Personal divine love is invested organically with all of creation, in the heart of matter, unifying the world.” [5] For many years, imitating Teilhard de Chardin, I used to end my letters with his own complementary close,

“Christ Ever Greater!” This had little to do with my hopes for the expanding of organized Christianity, not that there is anything wrong with that. I think we are all sad to admit that organized Christianity has often resisted and opposed the true coming of the Cosmic Christ. The coming of the Cosmic Christ is not the same as the growth of the Christian religion. It is the unification of all things.

Twenty-fourth Sunday of Ordinary Time                                              9/24/17

Matthew 20: 1-16 

Workers in the vineyard 

Of all the gospels read and discussed on Sunday mornings during church, this was the one I hated the most.  I didn’t just hate it, I despised the entire parable.  It wasn’t because I disagreed with the message or the interpretation of the reading; it was because I knew that after Mass I’d have to listen to what I called the “depression annunciation.”   Here’s how it went: 

They were married in 1935.  2. They lived for two years in a room above the gas station my father worked at for room and board without pay.   3.  They moved to Vinton, Iowa to find work.  4. After a few weeks, they were declared as vagrants and ordered by the Benton County sheriff to leave the county.   5. They moved to Cedar Rapids.  6. They lived in the church rectory garage/storage shed.   7. Each day my father stood with hundreds of other men waiting to be picked as a day laborer.  8. The jobs paid one dollar per day.  9. He shoveled snow off the city streets. 

My mother always pointed out how blessed they were—they had food on the table, a growing family and a place to live.  “Count your blessings,” she’d say, “be happy with what you have and thank God for it.  They claimed that those days were some of the happiest in their lives. 

As a child in the fifties, I had little appreciation for the trials and sacrifices my parents faced in their young lives.  After all, it was the fifties and things were pretty darn good as far as I could tell.  Who cared about the old days—the depression meant nothing to me.  My little brother and I finally decided that my parents at their advanced age [they were in their forties after all] had become senile and were probably crazy.  The life lessons my parents were trying to explain were lost to me at that time.  

The Great Depression in the United States was a terrible schoolmaster.  People had to learn prudent living in order to survive. Rather than creating a spirit of envy or anger for what they did not have, they developed a spirit of gratitude for the meager, simple things, with which they were blessed, like hot, homemade bread, bean soup, enough garden produce to last the winter, family and friends.  

Now, gratitude and justice is what today’s parable is about.  With the Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard, Jesus spells out what the heavenly rewards system looks like.  Keep in mind that Jesus gave this parable in answer to Peter’s question, “What then will we have?” (19:27). Peter, who had left everything to follow Jesus, must have heard this parable with some frustration, because it implies that the rewards that the apostles will receive will be the same as the rewards that lesser disciples will receive.  That must have offended Peter’s sense of justice. 

Frankly, it offends our sense of justice too! We are accustomed to functioning in a world where one’s rewards are proportionate to one’s service. (Although I have to wonder if a professional football player is really worth as much as a thousand school teachers or nurses.)   We feel for the all-day workers, who received the same pay as the one-hour workers. Is that fair? Don’t they deserve more? Shouldn’t the employer treat them better?  Not so with the Parable of the Workers, so we share the offense of the all-day workers.  They have worked long and hard, but the employer put them on a par with all the rest. In like manner, God has put us on a par with everybody else—latecomers to the faith—and others who have done less or given less than we have.
But we don’t want to be on a par with others!  We want to be better than others!  We don’t want mercy (what God gives freely) but a sort of justice (what we have earned or merited).  If God distributes rewards fairly, then we, who have worked all day, will get more than those who arrived at the last hour. We will receive what we have earned plus a generous bonus.

Those who have borne the famous ‘heat and burden of the day’ are resentful and complain that others who turned up later are getting paid the same wage for less work. However, the employer points out that the early workers have been paid exactly as they agreed – so where is the wrong? Why should they be so envious if he decides to be generous to the latecomers?  And that, Jesus says, is what God is like! 

A part of our problem in accepting the idea of this parable stems from our experience in a world where scarcity prevails.  While some would argue that there is no scarcity (if we would just distribute goods equitably, there would be plenty for all) that fails to meet the test of our experience.  While it might be possible to insure that everyone can enjoy a daily bowl of cheerios, it is not possible to give everyone a Lincoln Navigator—or a beachfront home with a white picket fence.  At some point, life is a zero-sum game—a game where one side can win only if the other side loses. There is only so much beachfront land, and you and I cannot own the same beachfront lot.  Either it is mine, or it is yours. If I own it, then you lose it.  Knowing that some of our desires will go unmet, it is difficult for us (1) to rejoice at our neighbor’s good fortune and (2) to shift from this-world-thinking to God’s Kindom-thinking.

The ultimate reward of faith is eternal life and of that there is no scarcity.  The Kindom of heaven is not a zero-sum game. When Jesus offers eternal life to the less deserving, he takes nothing from the more deserving.  There is no need for spiritual competition, because our reward will be as good as it could possibly be.  That is a hard lesson for competitive people to learn, but one we must learn.  God takes nothing from us by showing mercy to others. 

“But it’s not fair!” we say.   That’s not justice! We want to bargain with God—to negotiate a more favorable deal for ourselves.  But this parable unveils a truth that Matthew’s predominately Jewish readership needed to hear. It unveils a truth that Peter and the other apostles needed to hear. It unveils a truth that we need to hear. That truth is this:  We are called to give ourselves unreservedly to God’s service and to trust in God.  This parable does not deal with God’s justice; it deals with God’s mercy—God’s generosity toward us.  It deals with the radical nature of God’s generosity, compassion and the promise of God’s Kindom.  The radical moment of the parable is when those who were employed not only receive payment in reverse order, but also receive equal payment for their efforts! The parable reaches its crescendo with the question: “Or am I not free to do as I wish with my own money? Are you envious because I am generous?” The owner of the vineyard reserves the right to pay his employees not on the basis of their own merits but rather on the basis of his compassion.  God views us on the basis of mercy and compassion, and we should be grateful for all the blessings we have received—thanking God, rather than complaining about what we lack. 

Some theologians have interpreted this parable as Jesus teaching his fellow Jews that the Gentiles who are only now being called into the kingdom of God should not be resented, and that they are, and should be, made just as welcome as the Jews who have worshipped and served God for centuries. However we apply it, the basic message of the parable is that God is equally welcoming to all who respond to God’s invitation, whenever they decide to do so, and that no one should object to God’s generosity to others or make jealous comparisons.  Think of the thief crucified with Jesus who asks to be with him in Paradise. 

Surely, we say, those who had been laboring all day deserved more, or had earned more in return as a matter of justice? The answer has to be yes, if we understand justice in terms of recognition of merits or “just deserts.”  We tend to described justice in terms of fairness—to identify justice with whatever would create the fairest conditions for everyone in society. It doesn’t seem fair, as in the parable, not to reward people in proportion to their efforts, or to distribute payments to people without taking into account the differences between their performances.  

All the men in the market place, however, were looking for employment, being in the most insecure social position of daily casual laborers, totally dependent on the law of supply and demand. The last were still there in the late afternoon because “they had not been hired. “Yet, they had basic needs which had to be satisfied and they had to make a regular living through their work in order to meet their own needs and possibly those of their families. 

Accordingly, when the landowner at the end of the day paid a denarius to all his workers, regardless of how much of the day each had spent in his service, we can think of him as not being simply a generous, or overgenerous, employer, but in fact as being a just employer, in the sense of being one who recognized the need that all his workers had for this amount of payment for their and their dependents’ daily sustenance, regardless of the hour at which they joined his work force.  Social justice, according to this parable, means providing for the well-being of others, not because they merit it but because they need it. 

Given the contrast between justice understood as recognizing merit, and justice understood as meeting people’s needs regardless of what they deserve, we must conclude that the latter is much more consistent with the gospel, both with regard to God’s attitude to us – as is the point of this parable – and also with regard to our desirable attitude to one another. Our whole attitude to God should not be one of claiming a proper reward for our efforts, but one of holding out our needs to God, confident of God’s continual concern for each one of us as individuals. 

Being grateful and content was [I finally realized] the important lesson my parents were trying to explain with their depression stories—it was the key to happiness.   Those who focused on what they had and how blessed they were, were never alone because God promised to sustain them, though not always in luxury. The real lesson of this parable is that justice based on need and given freely is much more important than merited justice. 

Love for friends and family, the decency we exchange with those around us, the love we show to our fellow humans and the value of not doing "great things" but small things in a great ways. Those are life's moments that lead us to gratitude and social justice.  Everyone needs to be accepted, appreciated, recognized, respected, valued, approved of and complimented.  We can fulfill the needs of others through impact of our relationships, by showing mercy and compassion and by being grateful for the many blessings we have received through no merit of our own. 

Sunday, Sept. 17, 2017

First Reading:  Sirach 28:2-7

Forgive your neighbor the wrong he has done,
    and then your sins will be pardoned when you pray.
 Does a man harbor anger against another,
    and yet seek for healing from the Lord?
Does he have no mercy toward a man like himself,
    and yet pray for his own sins?
If he himself, being flesh, maintains wrath,
    who will make expiation for his sins?
Remember the end of your life, and cease from enmity,
    remember destruction and death, and be true to the commandments.
Remember the commandments, and do not be angry with your neighbor;
    remember the covenant of the Most High, and overlook ignorance.

Second Reading: Romans 14: 7-9

We do not live to ourselves, and we do not die to ourselves. 8If we live, we live to the Lord, and if we die, we die to the Lord; so then, whether we live or whether we die, we are the Lord’s. 9For to this end Christ died and lived again, so that he might be Lord of both the dead and the living.

Gospel Reading:  Matthew 18:21-35

Then Peter came and said to him, “Lord, if another member of the church sins against me, how often should I forgive? As many as seven times?” 22Jesus said to him, “Not seven times, but, I tell you, seventy-seven times. 23“For this reason the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished to settle accounts with his slaves. 24When he began the reckoning, one who owed him ten thousand talents was brought to him; 25and, as he could not pay, his lord ordered him to be sold, together with his wife and children and all his possessions, and payment to be made. 26So the slave fell on his knees before him, saying, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.’ 27And out of pity for him, the lord of that slave released him and forgave him the debt. 28But that same slave, as he went out, came upon one of his fellow slaves who owed him a hundred denarii; and seizing him by the throat, he said, ‘Pay what you owe.’ 29Then his fellow slave fell down and pleaded with him, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you.’ 30But he refused; then he went and threw him into prison until he would pay the debt. 31When his fellow slaves saw what had happened, they were greatly distressed, and they went and reported to their lord all that had taken place. 32Then his lord summoned him and said to him, ‘You wicked slave! I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me. 33Should you not have had mercy on your fellow slave, as I had mercy on you?’ 34And in anger his lord handed him over to be tortured until he would pay his entire debt. 35So my heavenly Father will also do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother or sister from your heart.”


Forgiveness is one of the most important verbs in the Bible.  It is relational.  It is reciprocal.  It is transformative.  And it can be the most challenging act we ever do.

Today’s Gospel reading is not symbolic.  It’s not difficult to interpret. It is very straight forward.  Forgive, even huge debts and if you are forgiven, you are expected to forgive as well.  We won’t focus on the torture that comes if you don’t forgive—that’s not the point.   Lack of forgiveness is its own torture, we might say.  We can spend a long time in resentment, in being stuck in our self-righteousness, sometimes even for years.  Only forgiveness can change that.  Rohr says that 2/3 of what Jesus’ teaches is about forgiveness.  The other third is about inclusion.  I appreciate that clarity.  Jesus taught about forgiveness because he knew how difficult it is for us human beings.  We want to be right, we believe we are right—and yet, there is always more to the story.

Last week, I met a mom of a young man who was dying from a heroin overdose.  She was very angry at her son’s girlfriend who first introduced him to heroin and who left him alone.  When she returned, hours later, he was unconscious.  For several days, they kept him on life support, hoping he might “wake up.”  When it became clear that he would not recover, they took him off life support.  When he didn’t die immediately, the mom became very angry at God.  “Why would God not take him now that we’ve decided to let him go?”  I affirmed her anger—that it feels cruel to now have to watch her son slowly dying.   I wanted her to know that being angry at God is okay, even necessary.  And that God can take it.  This is what will help her.  Not shaming her or telling her she shouldn’t feel that way.

Deep down, you and I know that she’s also angry at her son and his poor life choices.  Ultimately, she is also angry at herself as well.  Any mom feels responsible for our kids and their choices, even when they become adults.  It will take time, lots of time for this mom to get to forgiveness, if she’s ever able.  In the meantime, she may lose faith in God, in herself and in the way the world works.

This is our fate.  Our world is imperfect.  We are imperfect.  And so it goes.  This is the way the world works.  And we struggle with how God is part of this mess.  One serious lesson I have learned is being able to forgive God.  That may seem like a backwards way of having faith but I believe it’s part of our relationship with God.  If we are in relationship with God, we will have anger.  God set the world in motion and this is what we get?  I certainly have some suggestions and I joke about when I get to heaven, what I’m going to ask/tell God.  What we cannot understand but still have to endure requires forgiveness.   The sudden death of loved ones, abuse of children, famine, genocide, hurricanes—this is our world.  This is life. 

Forgiveness eventually needs to become a way of life; an attitude.  Otherwise, we become reclusive, withdrawn, trying to protect ourselves from life’s many hurts. And many people have learned how to forgive.  We can learn from them.  I Googled “Stories of Forgiveness” and found so many beautiful stories.  The ones that touched me the most were those moms who were able to forgive the person who shot and killed their child.   Iranian woman Samereh Alinejad had told the The Associated Press that “retribution had been her only thought” after her teenage son was murdered. But in a dramatic turn at the gallows, literally moments before the killer was to be executed, Alinejad made a last-minute decision to pardon the man. She is now considered a hero.   Hero indeed.  If she can do that, perhaps we can forgive too.

Forgiveness never means what happened was okay.  It means we choose to move beyond the pain of what has happened.  We choose to forgive.  It’s the “giving” part that heals us.

In May 2014, New York Times photographer Peter Hiogo began a photo essay project in Rwanda to demonstrate the forgiveness between the Hutus and Tutsis—the two cultures involved in the 1994 Rwandan genocide that took millions of lives. In the photos, members from both cultures stand by side, illustrating a story of forgiveness and how the subjects’ lives are now thoroughly intertwined.   Instead of allowing their anger to make them lifelong enemies, they are now lifelong friends.  Amazing.

What keeps us from forgiveness?  Pride?  Fear?  We so want to be right.  Real forgiveness can’t be earned; it’s unconditional.  Love is the impetus to forgive—it’s what underlies the act of forgiveness.  And it’s not done for my self—but for the other.  I forgive to release the other from guilt/shame.  That’s love.  That’s at the heart of forgiveness. 

Finally, forgiveness is transformative—it changes things.  Mostly it changes the one who has granted forgiveness but it also frees up the one forgiven.  Who do we need to forgive in our lives?  I have forgiven my parents again and again.  I have forgiven my husband time and again.  And I have forgiven myself for times that I have been so resentful and self-serving.  I invite us to take time to realize how much energy we might be using to feed our woundedness rather than to move towards forgiveness.  It’s very seductive to stay angry.  It’s very difficult to shift.  God’s grace can help us when we cannot help ourselves.  May God grant us the awareness and motivation to move always in the direction of forgiveness.  Amen.


Sunday, Sept. 3, 2017
Labor Day Commemoration

First Reading:  Bread and Roses by James Oppenheim

As we go marching, marching
In the beauty of the day
A million darkened kitchens
A thousand mill lofts grey
Are touched with all the radiance
That a sudden sun discloses
For the people hear us singing
Bread and roses, bread and roses

As we go marching, marching
We battle too for men
For they are women's children
And we mother them again
Our lives shall not be sweetened
From birth until life closes
Hearts starve as well as bodies
Give us bread, but give us roses

As we go marching, marching
We bring the greater days
For the rising of the women
Means the rising of the race
No more the drudge and idler
Ten that toil where one reposes
But the sharing of life's glories
Bread and roses, bread and roses

Second Reading:  Romans 12:1-2

Sister and brothers, I beg you through the mercy of God to offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy land acceptable to God—this is your spiritual act of worship.  Do not conform yourselves to this age, but be transformed by the renewal of your minds, so that you may judge what God’s will is—what is good, pleasing and perfect. 

Gospel Reading:  Matthew 16:21-27

From that time on Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life.

 Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. “Never, Lord!” he said. “This shall never happen to you!”    Jesus turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; you do not have in mind the concerns of God, but merely human concerns.”

Then Jesus said to his disciples, “Whoever wants to be my disciple must deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me. 25 For whoever wants to save their life[a] will lose it, but whoever loses their life for me will find it. 26 What good will it be for someone to gain the whole world, yet forfeit their soul? Or what can anyone give in exchange for their soul? 27 For the Son of Man is going to come in his Father’s glory with his angels, and then he will reward each person according to what they have done.


Did you notice our First Reading?  It’s called “Bread and Roses” and Bonnie chose it in honor of Labor Day.  I had never heard of it before.  “Bread and Roses" is a political slogan as well as the name of a poem and song. It came from a speech given by Rose Schneiderman for a textile strike in Massachusetts in 1912.  Workers were fighting for fair wages and dignified conditions.  Rose had a line in her speech saying, “The worker must have bread, but she must have roses, too.” James Oppenheim wrote the words to the poem that would be the basis for the song.  “Bread and Roses” is sung in support of the laborer who is striving for respect and dignity in the workforce.  We used it to remind all of us that tomorrow is Labor Day when all workers are remembered and the hope for a fair wage and dignified conditions continues.

It’s also a wonderful segue into our Gospel Reading that speaks about the ways of human beings versus the ways of God.  Jesus is immediately angered by Paul’s seemingly innocent indignation of Jesus having to suffer.  Unknowingly, he is acting as Satan would.  Jesus understands that he must suffer and he instinctively reacts when Peter suggests otherwise.  Suffering is part of the human condition and it can lead us to a deeper sense of what’s important, like roses for workers.  We need to basics like bread to survive but we also need the beauty of life to feed our souls.

Just this past week, I was watching Ellen DeGeneres and Kim Kardashian was telling her story of being robbed at gun point last October.  She was saying that she was really glad it happened to her.  Really. (Always question those who are that thrilled about being held at gunpoint.)  But, because of that experience, she now knows what’s important in life.  And it is not material things. I’m very glad she could learn that lesson.  The point is, most of us have had to endure difficult times and have come to realize (and rarely be grateful for) what is important—It’s always the people we love not the stuff we have.   

And yet, we live in a world where having things—lots of things is the goal.  Rarely do we recognize the evil of the world, where we are conned into seeing value in stuff.  Richard Rohr says, “This may be the most hidden, the most disguised, and the most denied level of evil. We cannot see it because we are inside of it and because we cannot see beyond our own self-interest and self-protection.”  He is speaking of systemic evil, the way groups, cultures and societies organize themselves to be in control.  So, it’s almost impossible for an American to see capitalism or consumerism as a problem or a moral issue, because that’s the way our world operates. As Rohr says, “It is in our hard wiring. And, it’s difficult to critique the ground you are standing on.”

Jesus may have been trying to teach us that we need to be fully aware that evil is not so easy to identify. Even Peter, who just minutes earlier in this same dialogue had identified Jesus as the Messiah and had been lauded by Jesus for this awareness, even he suddenly gets it wrong.  Jesus stops him in his tracks and must’ve gotten the attention of all gathered.  He wants to get our attention too.   Afterall, the word Lucifer means “Bearer of Light.”  While most believe that this is referring to the King of Babylon, we often use this term to refer to the Devil.  Perhaps it can serve as a caution—even those who were in the light can change and choose evil over love.  We too can be duped in to believing something is good—prestige, wealth, fame but that can be used in negative ways—for sabotaging that which is good or loving.  Jesus knew how tempted he would be to avoid the pain of the cross.  He needed his friends to help alert and support him NOT encourage him to avoid it.  We already have that temptation as part of our human condition.  Thus, Jesus is pleading with Peter and others/ourselves included to be alert, to not fall subject to the falseness of evil that is disguised as something good.

Jesus urges us to protect our souls—the sacred part of ourselves that can be so susceptible to the allure of evil.  It’s why the bread and roses image is so powerful.  Yes, we need the basics to live—bread, water but we also need that which will feed our spirits—love and beauty.  It’s to this that Jesus alerts Peter to—be careful, don’t be fooled. 

Finally, Jesus speaks of a soul as if we all understand what a soul is— he distinguishes it from the body and even from the wants or desires of being successful.  We sometimes use the word Spirit but even that remains vague.

Perhaps you’ve heard me tell the story of my Jonathan who, in his wisdom, helped explain this “soul” idea to his two older brothers.  The story goes like this.  We were driving back from soccer practice and the boys were being silly.  Suddenly, Matt who was about 8 at the time said, “I wonder if you’re naked in heaven?”  The expected laughter came from his brother David who was probably 6ish.  And the very serious response came from 5 year old Jonathan who said, “You guys, you aren’t naked in heaven.  You don’t have a body, you just have a self.”

Ever since I have marveled at the idea of a soul being the self—the essence of who we are, the part of us that cannot fully be explained—the je ne sais quoi—or I do not know what of us.  And it is that part of ourselves that is so precious, so sacred that we must be very careful to never give it away.  Jesus gets angry for very good reasons.  Peter had his eyes opened.  Are our eyes opened? Can we distinguish between that which is evil, hidden evil and that which feeds our soul?  We must be wise as serpents and gentle as doves.  That’s one of my favorite scriptures verses from Matthew’s gospel.  It’s what Jesus tells the disciples before he sends them forth to preach and serve.  It’s how we must see the world, as holding much that is good but also much that can lead us away from the path of God.  So what would we say to “get behind us?”  For me, it would be “Get behind me, fear.  Get behind me, comparisons with others.  Get behind me, worry.”  What do you need to name?  What threatens your very self?  By naming these evils, may we be those who follow God’s path with open eyes and open hearts.


August 27, 2017

Nick Smith
Twenty-First Sunday of Ordinary Time     

Sermon: Matthew 16: 13-20                                                       

The account is also found in Mark 8:27-30 and Luke 9:18-22. The passage is treated similarly by all three Gospels. They all immediately follow the event with Jesus’ prediction of His death.

Jesus replied, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by flesh and blood, but by my Father in heaven.  And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it.  I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”  Then he ordered his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.

I will give you the keys to heaven.

So what the keys to heaven?   

Jesus Himself said in the second half of the verse?  "..Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven."  Bind and loose were Jewish terms for ruling certain actions as either forbidden or permitted.  It implies the church has the keys to determine what will be bound on people and what will be loosed.   This passage is pretty clear—Jesus gave keys to somebody and they bind and loose things. 

Presently, there are two predominant views concerning the “keys.” The first interprets binding and loosing as having to do with the church’s authority to legislate matters not specifically addressed in Scripture. This view sees the “whatever” of Matthew 16:19 and 18:18 as referring to rules or law--disciplines.   The Catholic Church can and does legislate other mandates not found in the Bible. Proclamations made by the collective church become as binding and authoritative for the church as the Word of God itself. The Church claims that what the collective church decides is law on earth, Christ also makes law in heaven.

The second--Since he would not always be with the Church visibly, Christ gave this power to others so the Church, which is the continuation of his presence throughout time (Matt. 28:20), would be able to offer forgiveness to future generations. He gave this power to the apostles, and it was a power that could be passed on to their successors and agents, since the apostles wouldn’t always be on earth either, but people would still be sinning.

So, one interpretation sees Peter as the celestial gate keeper, with the power to allow or deny entry into heaven. Another interpretation sees Peter as the chief scribe that made judgments on the Law within the Jewish-Christian community. This controversy continues to this day.  The Roman Catholic Church adopted both interpretations.

Jesus gave the church “keys to the kingdom.”  2. These keys are about “binding and loosing” on earth. 3. Whatever the church binds on earth gets bound in heaven. 3. Whatever the church looses on earth gets loosed in heaven. 4. When the church remits sins on earth they are remitted in heaven.

When the church retains sins on earth they are retained in heaven.

Acts chapter 15 expresses the first documented instance of loosening and binding; what has been later termed the Council at Jerusalem. Here the early controversy of circumcision was resolved, and loosened from being a qualification for salvation and acceptance into the community of believers.

The decision:  “It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us not to burden you with anything beyond the following requirements: You are to abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from the meat of strangled animals and from sexual immorality. You will do well to avoid these things. Farewell.” 

Now, the Church cannot change its doctrines [dogma].  The doctrines of the Catholic Church are the deposit of faith revealed by Jesus Christ, taught by the apostles, and handed down in their entirety by the apostles to their successors.

There are, however, many examples of this authority to bind and loose in the arena of Church discipline. Here are a few:

The Gratian code of canon law was established by the year 1400 with 4,000 canons.  It was replaced by the 1917 Code of Canon Law which had 2,414 canons—1,586 fewer.  The 1983 Code of Canon Law has 1,752 canons, or 662 fewer laws.  In total, 2,248 canons have been bound and then loosed.
In the early Church married men were permitted to be ordained as priests in the West. This custom was changed and since then, in the Latin Rite, candidates for the priesthood must be celibate.
Until recent years it was forbidden under pain of mortal sin to eat meat on Fridays. The Church has "loosed" this discipline and now the new revised Code of Canon Law states, “Abstinence [is] to be observed on Ash Wednesday and on the Friday of the Passion and death of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
The old canon Law stated that a Catholic who wished to receive Holy Communion had to fast from midnight on.  The current rules were introduced by Pope Paul VI on November 21, 1964, and are found in Canon 919 of the Code of Canon Law:  A person who is to receive the Most Holy Eucharist is to abstain for at least one hour before Holy Communion from any food and drink, except for only water and medicine.
The 1917 Code of Canon Law: canon 1262, stated: It is desirable that, consistent with ancient discipline, women be separated from men in church and secondly that men… shall be bare-headed… women, however, shall have a covered head and be modestly dressed, especially when they approach the table of the Lord.  This was dropped in the new ’83 code.
Canon 1101 and 1102 stated: It is not permitted to be present at the sacred rites of infidels and heretics in such a way that you would be judged to be in communion with them’.  The reason for this teaching is clear: religious commitments are naturally manifested by outward acts; and to perform an outward act expressive of a false religious commitment is a sin against the true faith.  Thus, attendance at other Christian services is prohibited.  This ban was removed with the 1983 code.
Old law required that Catholics be buried in hallowed or sacred ground, forbidding cremation, but new canon law allows for cremation; however, ashes of loved ones are not allowed to be kept in urns at home.  The new guidelines stipulate that cremated remains should be kept in a “sacred place,” most usually a cemetery. The scattering of ashes at sea, in woodland groves, or in volcanoes is now strictly prohibited. [Francis 2016]
The Roman Catholic Church made several authoritative declarations on the subject of limbo, stating that the souls of those who die in original sin only (i.e., unbaptized infants) descend into hell but are given lighter punishments than those souls guilty of actual sin.  Benedict XVI regarding Limbo: Specifically he says:  Limbo was never a defined truth of the faith. Personally, I would abandon it since it was only a theological hypothesis. The published April 7, 2007:  study declared that there are theological and liturgical reasons to hope that infants who die without baptism may be saved and brought into eternal happiness even if there is not an explicit teaching on this question found in revelation.
( Priestly Ordination) is an ecclesiastical letter issued by Pope John Paul II on 22 May 1994 in which he discussed the Catholic Church's position requiring "the reservation of priestly ordination to men alone" and wrote that "the Church has no authority whatsoever to confer priestly ordination on women."  [upheld by both Pope Benedict and Pope Francis] 

Now, in the light of what I’ve just said, I have to ask:  Why doesn’t the Catholic Church have the authority whatsoever to confer priestly ordination on women?

Come on!  The Church claims authority based on the gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke to bind and loose anything on Earth.  Because of these gospels the Church claims the authority to forgive sins, determining who can or cannot obtain salvation, but will not use the same scripture to authorized female ordination.

The Church used this concept to declare on December 7, 2016 that men “who practice homosexuality, present deep-seated homosexual tendencies or support the so-called ‘gay culture” cannot become priests.  This is new and as such has been bound by the Church.  The fact that they mixed up the definitions of homosexual and pedophile does not seem to bother the hierarchy. [9%  ped. and 58% hom.]

The Church cannot have it both ways—claim the authority to bind and loose on the one hand and then claim to not have that authority on the other.  They either do or they don’t.   Based on this scripture and the traditions of the Roman Catholic Church, I have to insist that the Church certainly HAS the authority to ordain anyone they wish.  The fact that they, so far, refuse to ordain women, therefore, must be for some other reason.  Could it be that male-only ordination is sexist on the Church’s behalf?  Could the Church be in error with some of its disciplines expressed in canon law?  I would answer, yes. After all, more than 2,000 previously bound truths have been loosed.

So what should we do as faithful Catholics?  I would suggest that we do exactly what we are doing—promote full inclusion within the Catholic Church whenever and wherever we can.  We should by our words and actions express our faith and our belief that Christ welcomes all people to the Church without regard for their gender, stature, sexual orientation, wealth or ethnicity, and we have the right and duty to do so.  We also have the authority from the Church to pursue the concepts of inclusion and to correct the errors of the Church.

According to Thomas Aquinas, every conscience binds, even an erring one. This means that if there is something that you believe you cannot do (after having taken care to form your conscience as well as you can), even if the Church commands it, then you cannot do it without committing a sin. Likewise, if there is something you believe you must do, even if the Church forbids it, then you must do it or else commit a sin.  Conscience is an authority, and, in the end, it is what one has to obey. 

Catechism of the Catholic Church [New Section]THE DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON, ARTICLE 6--MORAL CONSCIENCE

Can. 1776 "Deep within his conscience man discovers a law which he has not laid upon himself but which he must obey. Its voice, ever calling him to love and to do what is good and to avoid evil, sounds in his heart at the right moment. . . . For man has in his heart a law inscribed by God. . . . His conscience is man's most secret core and his sanctuary. There he is alone with God whose voice echoes in his depths."

Canons 1777 through 1802 basically follow the thinking of Thomas Aquinas in defining the conscience and the responsibility we each have to it.

New section of 1983 code of canon law: TITLE I : THE OBLIGATIONS AND RIGHTS OF ALL CHRIST'S FAITHFUL (Cann. 208 - 223)

Can. 212 §3. According to the knowledge, competence, and prestige which they possess, they have the right and even at times the duty to manifest to the sacred pastors their opinion on matters which pertain to the good of the Church and to make their opinion known to the rest of the Christian faithful, without prejudice to the integrity of faith and morals, [Can. 215] The Christian faithful are at liberty freely to found and direct associations for purposes of charity or piety or for the promotion of the Christian vocation in the world and to hold meetings for the common pursuit of these purposes. [Can. 222 §2.] and they are also obliged to promote social justice, and [Can. 223 §1] In exercising their rights, the Christian faithful, both as individuals and gathered together in associations, must take into account the common good of the Church, the rights of others, and their own duties toward others. 

Therefore, I believe, it is our responsibility and our duty to continuously work toward correcting the errors of discipline presented by the Church.  We must follow our consciences! According to Alexander Pope: To error is human; to forgive divine, and I’m going to add: to reform is inspired. 

August 13, 2017
Assumption of Mary

First Reading:  Revelation 11:19, 12:1-6, 10

God’s temple in heaven was opened,
and the ark of his covenant could be seen in the temple.

A great sign appeared in the sky, a woman clothed with the sun,
with the moon under her feet,
and on her head a crown of twelve stars.
She was with child and wailed aloud in pain as she labored to give birth.
Then another sign appeared in the sky;
it was a huge red dragon, with seven heads and ten horns,
and on its heads were seven diadems.
Its tail swept away a third of the stars in the sky
and hurled them down to the earth.
Then the dragon stood before the woman about to give birth,
to devour her child when she gave birth.
She gave birth to a son, a male child,
destined to rule all the nations with an iron rod.
Her child was caught up to God and his throne.
The woman herself fled into the desert
where she had a place prepared by God; there she was taken care of for twelve hundred and sixty days.

Then I heard a loud voice in heaven say:
“Now have salvation and power come,
and the Kingdom of our God
and the authority of his Anointed One.”

Second Reading:  1 Corinthians 15:20-26

Brothers and sisters:
Christ has been raised from the dead,
the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.
For since death came through man,
the resurrection of the dead came also through man.
For just as in Adam all die,
so too in Christ shall all be brought to life,
but each one in proper order:
Christ the firstfruits;
then, at his coming, those who belong to Christ;
then comes the end,
when he hands over the Kingdom to his God and Father,
when he has destroyed every sovereignty
and every authority and power.
For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet.
The last enemy to be destroyed is death.”

Gospel Reading:  Luke 1:39-56

Within a few days, Mary set out
and traveled to the hill country in haste
to a town of Judah,
where she entered the house of Zechariah
and greeted Elizabeth.
When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting,
the infant leaped in her womb,
and Elizabeth, filled with the Holy Spirit,
cried out in a loud voice and said,
“Blessed are you among women,
and blessed is the fruit of your womb.
And how does this happen to me,
that the mother of my Lord should come to me?
For at the moment the sound of your greeting reached my ears,
the infant in my womb leaped for joy.
Blessed are you who believed
that what was spoken to you by the Lord
would be fulfilled.”

And Mary said:

“My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord;
my spirit rejoices in God my Savior
for he has looked with favor on his lowly servant.
From this day all generations will call me blessed:
the Almighty has done great things for me
and holy is his Name.
He has mercy on those who fear him
in every generation.
He has shown the strength of his arm,
and has scattered the proud in their conceit.
He has cast down the mighty from their thrones,
and has lifted up the lowly.
He has filled the hungry with good things,
and the rich he has sent away empty.
He has come to the help of his servant Israel
for he has remembered his promise of mercy,
the promise he made to our fathers,
to Abraham and his children forever.”

Mary remained with her about three months
and then returned to her home.


Today we celebrate the Assumption of Mary into heaven.  It is a Catholic tradition to honor Mary in this way.  We believe that she was assumed bodily into heaven and on August 15, we celebrate this as a Feast Day.  Protestants argue that this event is no where to be found in the Bible so there is no basis for it.  Catholic theologians accuse them of Biblicism, a word I had never heard.  Just like racism, or sexism—Biblicism is seeing the Bible as the only source of truth. 

In Catholicism, we refer to other texts such as writings from early church leaders.  St. John Damascene  in 750AD calls Mary the true Ark as he recounts the story of Mary’s assumption, noting why she is seen as such an important woman.  Her faith in God and her trust are repeatedly praised.  Obedience is her hallmark—but what is overlooked is that she was asked, not TOLD to bear a child.  It was a decision.  God saw her as able to decide for herself.  Somehow I have missed this point for so many years.  Now I embrace it as another affirmation of women being fully able to be in relationship with God, a God who respects women and men and co-creates with them.

Having heard about the events in Charlottesville, VA, I wanted to be able to talk about Mary in light of all the violence.  Mary was certainly a woman of peace and wisdom.  When I thought more about this, I decided that perhaps I should tell the story of Maryam.  How better to stop violence than to learn about other’s beliefs?  So, let us hear about the story of Maryam, the mother of Eesa or Isa, Jesus in Arabic. 

In the Quran, she is the only woman who is named.  There is a whole chapter devoted to her and her name is used 34 times, more than Mary in the Bible. 

Chapter 19 of the Quran is entitled, “Maryam.”  Here is her story as told from the Quran:

 “And mention, [O Muhammad], in the Book [the story of] Maryam, when she withdrew from her family to a place toward the east.  And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen.  Then We sent to her Our Angel [i.e., Gabriel], and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned man.  She said, ‘Indeed, I seek refuge in the Most Merciful from you, [so leave me], if you should be fearing of God.’  He said, ‘I am only the messenger of your Lord to give you [news of] a pure boy [i.e., son].’  She said, ‘How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?’  He said, “Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, ‘It is easy for Me, and We will make him a sign to the people and a mercy from Us.  And it is a matter [already] decreed.’”  So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a remote place.” (Quran 19:16–22)

From the Quranic description of events, we can deduce that Maryam spent most of her pregnancy alone.  What happened to her during this period is not mentioned in the Quran.  The Quran picks up the story at the moment that Maryam goes into labor.

“And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree.  She said, ‘Oh, I wish I had died before this and was in oblivion, forgotten.’  But he called her from below her, ‘Do not grieve; your Lord has provided beneath you a stream.’” (Quran 19:23-24)

 “And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates. (Quran 19:25)

God, knowing the reaction of society, further guided her how to deal with the situation.  When she carried the baby Jesus to her people, they questioned her; and as a baby in her arms, Jesus gave them the answer.  The Quran describes this scene in detail: 

“So eat and drink and be contented.  And if you see from among humanity anyone, say, ‘Indeed, I have vowed to the Most Merciful abstention, so I will not speak today to [any] man.’  Then she brought him to her people, carrying him.  They said, ‘O Maryam, you have certainly done a thing unprecedented.  O sister of Aaron, your father was not a man of evil, nor was your mother unchaste.’  So she pointed to him.  They said, ‘How can we speak to one who is in the cradle a child?’ [Jesus] said, ‘Indeed, I am the servant of God.  He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet.  And He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and zakah as long as I remain alive  And [made me] dutiful to my mother, and he has not made me a wretched tyrant.  And peace is on me the day I was born and the day I will die and the day I am raised alive.’” (Quran 19:26-33)

And so the baby Jesus defended his mother from any accusations of adultery, and in a nutshell, explained who he was and why he was sent by God.

In this tradition, Maryam maintains her virginity both before and after her pregnancy.  This seems to be an essential belief; otherwise if she had been betrothed, it would’ve been said that her husband was the father.  Also, she would have had to consummate the marriage and would no longer be a virgin.  Upon her death, it is believed that she married Mohammed in heaven.

Knowing this story, having read it from the Muslim tradition, enables us to be able to converse with our brother and sister Muslim believers in a true honoring of Mary/Maryam.  They continue to see Jesus as a prophet and uplift him but not as God become man. 

This is a beginning of trying to understand a faith that is different from ours but not so different.  We assume so much, about others and their differences. 

How can we promote dialogue with others of differing faiths?  How could the people in Charlotte, VA have avoided such violence?

July 23, 2017
Weeds and Seeds

First Reading:  Wisdom of Solomon 12:13-19

For neither is there any god besides you, whose care is for all people, to whom you should prove that you have not judged unjustly; nor can any king or monarch confront you about those whom you have punished. 
For your strength is the source of righteousness,
and your sovereignty over all causes you to spare all. 
For you show your strength when people doubt the completeness of your power,
and you rebuke any insolence among those who know it. 
Although you are sovereign in strength, you judge with mildness,
and with great forbearance you govern us;
for you have power to act whenever you choose. 

Through such works you have taught your people
that the righteous must be kind,
and you have filled your children with good hope,
because you give repentance for sins.

Second Reading: Romans 8:26-27

In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us through wordless groans.  And he who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for God’s people in accordance with the will of God.

Gospel Reading: Matthew 13:24-43

Jesus told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. 25 But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. 26 When the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared.

 “The owner’s servants came to him and said, ‘Sir, didn’t you sow good seed in your field? Where then did the weeds come from?’

 “‘An enemy did this,’ he replied.

“The servants asked him, ‘Do you want us to go and pull them up?’

“‘No,’ he answered, ‘because while you are pulling the weeds, you may uproot the wheat with them. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn.’”

31 He told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his field. 32 Though it is the smallest of all seeds, yet when it grows, it is the largest of garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds come and perch in its branches.”

33 He told them still another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed into about sixty pounds[a] of flour until it worked all through the dough.”

34 Jesus spoke all these things to the crowd in parables; he did not say anything to them without using a parable. 35 So was fulfilled what was spoken through the prophet:

“I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter things hidden since the creation of the world.”   Then he left the crowd and went into the house. His disciples came to him and said, “Explain to us the parable of the weeds in the field.”

He answered, “The one who sowed the good seed is the Son of Man. 38 The field is the world, and the good seed stands for the people of the kingdom. The weeds are the people of the evil one, 39 and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels.

“As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age. 41 The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil. 42 They will throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever has ears, let them hear.


We know all about weeds and seeds here in Iowa.  This is the time of year when our gardens need to be fully weeded so that they can bear the fullness of their fruit.  Jesus puts a twist on this logic—in the parable, the owner tells the servants to allow the weeds to grow.  He shows mercy to the weeds.  Later, he explains that the weeds are those who follow the evil one and yet, he allows them to grow.  Some believe this shows God’s hope for people, that at any time, we can change and begin living FOR God—even to the end.  Allowing those who have done evil gives them the opportunity to amend their ways, to learn how to live well WITH God.  There’s always that chance, that hope for all of us.

The other unspoken piece here is that God is willing to take a risk for us.  Allowing the weeds to grow along with the good seed is a risk—the weeds could affect the good seed, interfere with its growth, keep it from reaching its full potential.  The weeds might  grow stronger than the good seed, taking up the resources of sun and water.  Why risk this?  Again, this is the mercy of a God who loves us and wants to see all of us grow for good, not evil.  God is willing to risk out of love.  In the end, God must believe that we are worth that risk.

Finally, there is wisdom at work here.  Wisdom to see what can be—to hope for what needs to be.  So, without saying it, the owner shows wisdom that perplexes the servants who do not understand.  They suggest tearing out the weeds, since that seems best but no, God sees beyond this initial impulse.  With great wisdom, God sees things in a very different way; not obvious to us, but full of love, mercy and great hope for what might be.

Just two weeks ago I attended the RCWP Council.  There were 79 of us womenpriests from across the nation.  It was a powerful, renewing time to be together, to do liturgy and to sing.  We also had a wonderful facilitator who helps churches and work groups learn how to thrive.  She taught us the “Seeing Things Whole” model for organizational health.  In this there are 3 dimensions.  First, Identity/Culture:  Who are we?  Second, Purpose: Why do we exist/whom do we serve? And third, Stewardship: how do we manage our resources?  Each of these dimensions needs focused energy in order for us to survive.  These three dimensions exist in a creative and holy tension.  Each dimension fights for our energy/for resources so the challenge is to balance these necessary parts.  Based on this, we spent time in small groups discussing each of the three dimensions as they apply to RCWP.  But of course, I kept thinking about Full Circle and our need to survive and thrive.  And I’d love to know how we’d answer these three questions or dimensions.  Rarely do we talk about our resources but now I see why that’s a very important dimension.  In the end, it helped us to identify some “elephants in the room” and to commit to renewed efforts for the future.

What was most exciting was how fired up the Council made me.  Here were amazing, strong women with a passion for moving forward, despite many obstacles.  I’m now determined to make bumper stickers that say, “Women Priests are Here!”  with our logo and I want to spread them far and wide. 

One woman priest named Mary Kelderman lives in Philly with Bishop Tom Paprocki who has banned any sacramental support of gays.  Her church which is called Holy Family Inclusive Church, “Where all families are holy.”  They are in the shadow of the cathedral and wanted to do something in response to Paprocki.  So they took out an $850 full page ad in the local paper.  It was risky and it was brilliant and it took effort to raise that $850.  Here’s what it said: 

All Catholics/LGBT Catholics…it’s all so simple, really.

We have confidence to believe Isaiah when he wrote, “I have called you by name, you are Mine.”  We take to heart Ezekiel’s writing:  You shall be my people and I shall be your God.”  We take it very seriously when week after week Jesus tells us to “Take and eat.  Do it and remember me.”  There are no caveats to his directive, no lists of who can or cannot eat the bread.

It’s all so simple, really.  Just as Jesus would have welcomed all into his home in Nazareth, everyone is welcome at Holy Family.  We would love to have you join us.  We have formed a catholic community where “all families are holy—all are welcome to communion.  No qualifiers.

Then they give the time of their mass, “every Saturday at 4:30pm” which I think is an interesting time to meet.

Pretty bold, don’t you think?  The ad was on the opposite side of an interview with Paprocki which they didn’t know would happen.  Also, there was a cartoon lambasting Paprocki in the same paper.  Those last surprises were part of God’s doing for sure.  So, if God is willing to take risks with us, I think we should be willing to take risks as well.  We’re going to send Paprocki a letter once we all agree on what it should say.  And I think we should send it to Mary’s church and the local paper as well. 

Then, I want to invite us to think about doing a rather large project.  Victoria Rue, another womenpriest and professor at San Jose University has written a play about the similarities of Mary and Maryam of the Quran.  The stories of their lives are so similar that many believe they are the same person.  Maryam is the only woman’s name in the whole Quran; it is written 34 times and one whole chapter is devoted to her.  Victoria showed us a video of the play from a performance in LA.  She is wanting others to do the play or to do a reading of the play where both Christians and Muslims come together to talk about it.  It is an act of outrageous diversity aimed at unity.  I think our community could pull this off, especially if we use the help of the Comparative Religions Dept at the U.  But I would need your help. 

I’d like us to begin risking more.  Will you join me?  What other risky things might we do?  

May 28, 2017
The Ascension
Nick Smith 

We give very little time and little thought to the ascension of Christ.  There are no pageants, no out-door scenes in front of our churches, no gift giving, no hymns of praise, no ascension rabbits or ascension “peeps” in ascension baskets, and no ascension tree branches or ascension flowers, yet the ascension of Jesus into heaven should be one of the greatest celebrations in Christianity because it marks the beginning of Jesus’ new position as High Priest and Mediator of the New Covenant.  It is the great event of reversal and continuation into new life.

The ascension, however, cannot be understood unless we look at the 40 days between the resurrections and the ascension.  Put the 4 Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles together and we get the following: 

Mary Magdalene and some women [the other Mary, Salome and Joanna] go to the tomb.  They are commissioned to tell the other disciples.  Mary Magdalene sees and touches Jesus.  They tell the other disciples but are not believed.  2. On the road to Emmaus, Cleopus and his companion [wife] see the risen Jesus.  3. On their return to Jerusalem, they are told that Simon Peter has seen the risen Jesus.  4. Ten disciples [not Thomas] see Christ.  5. Cleopus and the other disciple see Christ a second time with the other disciples. The ten disciples [and those who were with them] see Christ a second time.  6. The eleventh disciple [Thomas] sees the risen Christ for the first time, along with the other disciples.  7. Peter, Thomas, Nathanael, James & John Zebedee, and two others saw the risen Christ at the Sea of Galilee.   8. On a mountain in Galilee, eleven disciples saw the risen Christ. 9. More than 500 brothers and sisters saw the risen Christ, according to Paul, of whom the greater part remain to the present, but some have fallen asleep. 1 Cor 15.4-6.  10. James saw the risen Christ.  11. Then by all the disciples.  12. At the mount in Bethany, the Apostles saw the risen Christ, and watched as He ascended in the clouds.  13. 120 disciples—both men and women—saw the ascension and 9 days later receive the Holy Spirit in the form of tongues of fire.

The disciples touched Christ's body, felt His wounds, heard Him speak, & sat with Him as He ate food.   In summary, the FORENSIC FACTs of Christ's resurrection are attested to by hundreds of eye-witnesses, who saw Jesus during multiple appearances over a period of 40 days.

I think the key to the new covenant lies in the very actions of Christ during these forty days, and although the future Church tried to “malinize” [made up word to be opposite of feminize] the new covenant of Christ, we can still see God’s grand commission in Jesus’ words and actions.  Let me be clear: What I’m going to say is not the stance of the Catholic Church, so if you want to cover your ears or leave the room to avoid blasphemy, heresy or corruption, please feel free to do so.  
Why did Jesus choose to reveal Himself first to Mary Magdalene and the other women after His resurrection? Why did He send them forth to the disciples as the first witness of His Good News of resurrection?  What does this mean?  2. We begin to answer these questions by noting how Jesus again broke with tradition. In first-century Israel, women were not allowed to testify in a court of law: They were considered unreliable witnesses. Yet when Jesus was raised from the dead, and He wanted this fact proclaimed to the world, He first commissioned His female followers to spread the news.  3. This is Christ’s first commission and “a great reversal” of what I was taught by the Catholic catechism, but by using the garden imagery from Eden on the morning of His resurrection, God made it clear that He was breaking the curse of sin that came on the earth after the Fall—which became known as original sin.  He was also saying that He has a new role for men and women in His plan.  4. Under the curse of original sin, the woman—Eve—not only came under the bondage of sin in a general sense, but was placed at a disadvantage in her relationship with men. God told her that her husband would rule over her (see Genesis 3:16. She would know pain, oppression, abuse and heartache. And she would also lose her voice.  After the “Fall” [original sin] women did not exercise the authority that Eve enjoyed in the Garden.  5. Through the redemption of Christ, the woman got her voice back. Mary Magdalene was appointed to go and tell. She was commissioned to preach. Jesus did not limit her, restrict her or tell her to stay out of the pulpit. Instead, He ordained her to be a carrier of His glorious Gospel.  6. This tells me that women are no longer to be subservient; they are no longer relegated to suffer in silence in the face of abuse; they are no longer expected to blend into the background. Jesus has now called women to be His missionaries and His preachers.
 7. This was dramatically illustrated on Easter morning, when Mary Magdalene was sent by Jesus to announce His Good News. Jesus did not pick Mary to be the first evangelist simply because she woke up earlier than the others that day. He was making it clear that, in Christ, there is “neither male nor female” (Galatians 3:28). Under the New Covenant, through the power of the Holy Spirit, both men and women can serve as ministers of His grace. And when He was raised from the dead, He commissioned His faithful disciple Mary Magdalene and the other women to blaze that trail for all women to follow.  8. In most of Jesus’ post-resurrection appearances, women are present as equal disciples with the men. 

So why is the ascension so important?
It is about the ongoing function of Christ in the world. When we say in the
Apostles’ Creed, “he ascended into heaven,” we as Christians are making the claim that there is something cosmic at work here, something too big and grand to be limited by our narrow earth-bound categories.  Jesus took all of human life, which he cared for so deeply, and brought it to God—to Herself.  And as if that is not dramatic enough, Jesus says his on-going work will be enacted through us, his church, in the power of the Holy Spirit. 

The work of Jesus continues by the power of the Spirit wherever and whenever an act of goodness, or kindness, peace or justice, is done in Christ’s name by us—God’s disciples.  This is what it means for the church to be the Body of Christ, to reach out to the suffering refugee, the abused child or spouse, the victim of war, the lonely one in the nursing home, the student who struggles with depression or a lost sense of worth, those who are sick, all who are in difficult transitions in life.

This is what it means to be empowered by the Spirit. The ascension then is not a doctrine to be puzzled through in our minds and proved with a data set, but rather is to be embodied in our daily living.

Today we celebrate the ascension of Christ—God’s communion and commitment and commission to us.  The bread that we will share today is a tangible reminder that we are the body of Christ in the world.   

By being here today, we are saying that we accept and believe in the new covenant and commission given to us by Jesus.  We accept the covenant to evangelize the good news, to bring people to Christ through our words, and actions, and to teach others how to carry out God’s desires.  We attest by our presence here today that we affirm the new covenant to include all people in God’s Kin-dom, to see the dignity of all regardless of their station in life.  We profess the rule of God in our lives and strive to enact God’s on-going work here on Earth.  I’d like to end with a prayer written by St. Mother Theresa. 

“Christ has no body on earth now but yours. No hands but yours. No feet but yours. Yours are the eyes through which to look at Christ’s compassion to the world. Yours are the feet with which he is to go about doing good. And yours are the hands with which he is to bless us now.” 

Let us live our lives as the voice for the new covenant of God.  Let us carry on God’s work in each of our lives.  Let us strive for inclusion, justice, dignity and peace in our world as commissioned as purveyors of the new covenant of God.
Anyway, that’s my take on the Ascension.   Would anyone like to comment or discuss? 

Mother’s Day 2017
May 14, 2017

First Reading:  by Joan Chittister

Gerard Manley Hopkins, the great Jesuit poet, said in his poem, “The May Magnificat,” that the reason May is Mary’s month is that it is the season of growth. In Mary grew the vision that made her open to the Incarnation; in Mary grew the image of the strong and independent woman; in Mary grew the Christ who changed the lives of all of us. Mary is not a plaster statue. Mary is the woman whose commitment and courage saved the world from self-centeredness.

Mary, our mother,” is one of Mary’s most common titles. We cling to it all our lives. Why? Because “mothering,” the sense of being cared for and protected, supported and understood, is the human being’s primal need. “Mother’s Day” is the call to all of us to remember those—both women and men—who have “mothered” us in life and then be conscious of our call to mother those around us, as well.

Hear the Word of Joan.  AMEN.


Second Reading:  1 Peter 2:4-9

Come to him, a living stone, though rejected by mortals yet chosen and precious in God’s sight, and 5like living stones, let yourselves be built into a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. 6For it stands in scripture: “See, I am laying in Zion a stone, a cornerstone chosen and precious; and whoever believes in him will not be put to shame.” 7To you then who believe, he is precious; but for those who do not believe, “The stone that the builders rejected has become the very head of the corner,” 8and “A stone that makes them stumble, and a rock that makes them fall.” They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do.9But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s own people, in order that you may proclaim the mighty acts of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.

The Word of God. 

Gospel Reading: John 14:1-12

“Do not let your hearts be troubled. Believe in God, believe also in me. 2In my Father’s house there are many dwelling places. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare a place for you?3And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, so that where I am, there you may be also.

4And you know the way to the place where I am going.” 5Thomas said to him, “Lord, we do not know where you are going. How can we know the way?” 6Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. 7If you know me, you will know my Father also. From now on you do know him and have seen him.”8Philip said to him, “Lord, show us the Father, and we will be satisfied.”9Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you all this time, Philip, and you still do not know me? Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 10Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own; but the Father who dwells in me does his works.11Believe me that I am in the Father and the Father is in me; but if you do not, then believe me because of the works themselves.

Very truly, I tell you, the one who believes in me will also do the works that I do and, in fact, will do greater works than these, because I am going to the Father. 


What if this were the picture of the Blessed Mother? (Rosie the Riveter by Norman Rockwell) We are so used to the cowering, subservient images that I think it is difficult for us to remember how strong a woman Mary was.  Any of us who were raised by mothers know that it takes a strong woman to make a household work.  All that was just assumed—but for those of us here today, we live in praise of strong women.

My mother is still alive but her mother, my grandmother is my role model.   She was a strong woman, who when I was about twelve, on a hot summer afternoon in Cincinnati, washed off ice cream from my hands with the sponge from the holy water font, to my delight and horror. She said, “Don’t worry. God understands.  Just don’t tell your mother.”  And that’s what made me love her.  She truly knew what God was like, gentle, nurturing and with a good sense of humor.  That’s the God I soon began to believe in once I got to college.  That’s still the God I most resonate with, Grandmother God who chuckles, who is a little sneaky and who knows that rules are more important to the men in power than to those of us who simply want to live life, not control it. 

In our gospel from John, Jesus is trying to reassure his disciples, trying to help them understand his message.  He offers the image of home in the afterlife, a place that has been prepared for each of us.  I often read this scripture passage to those who are dying, to help remind them that all of us have a home in God.  That’s a mom thing to do, to help others feel that they are taken care of, always.  Both Thomas and Philip ask for clarification—they want to better understand exactly what Jesus is meaning.  And Jesus responds first with talk about the Incarnation which I’m not sure helped.  That theology had yet to be developed.  But the part they could understand was about his works, that we are to do what he has done, that our works are what matter.  

Who imitates Christ more than a mother does, typically being very other focused as part of who she is.  Mothers who work to show their children a better life.  Mothers who clean and cook and clothe their children to show them love and nurturing.  Mothers who show great emotion with the highs and lows of life, teaching that being emotional is not a sign of weakness, it’s a sign of love, deep, enduring love.  Men are not exempt—they too can be oh so mothering if they are confident enough to allow their strong side to show.  Strong in terms of caring, encouraging, being sensitive.  That’s how Christ would act.

Jesus goes one step further and says we will do greater work than he has done.  That’s a bold and intimidating statement.  Who of us has suffered?  Who of us has healed another person?  Who of us has been able to love without condition?  All of us have—and such love is what can change the world. 

Today, we honor Mary who was strong and defiant, who broke the rules and transformed societal norms.  She is a modern day Rosie, who challenges us to see beyond expectations of what a woman should do. 

This past Thursday, there was an article on the front page of the Gazette about a woman trying to do good works and being punished by the religious leaders.  She’s a Methodist minister who officiated at the wedding of a lesbian couple—an official act of sanctioning love. How terrible! Seventeen of her male clergy have filed a complaint against her for a second time.  Her first offense was outing herself as gay.  Such a brave stepping forward, out into the light.

In response, this woman named Anna Blaedel, (of course her name is Anna) said, “I knew that officiating at this wedding could cost me my credentials, could cost me my job.. But I also knew that saying “no” to one of my best friends would cost me my integrity and my soul.”  Do you hear that?  She is trying to help the good ole boys hear the word of God, that of love and inclusion.  Just like Mary, she is trying to be brave and independent and to save the world from self-centeredness, like Joan Chittister (another very strong and prophetic woman) said.  The Methodists use the Book of Discipline, which is probably the first problem.  No ‘Book of Love’ here or ‘Book of Affirmation’.  Maybe that’s where they should start in their complaint process.  I called and left a message of support for Anna. Maybe we could all send her a Mother’s Day card, as she mothers all clergy who live in fear.

For today, let us remember all those who have helped grow new life, whether that be through physical birth or emotional, spiritual birth.  Peter in our second reading reminds us: “You are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s own people, in order that you may proclaim the mighty acts of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.” As we step back into the sunlight of today, feel empowered to continue the work of many mothers and do what you can to do good works that will birth this world beyond its current state.  Happy Mother’s Day. 

April 23, 2017

​If doubt is an attitude of uncertainty or a wavering of belief, then Thomas is anything but doubting.   I believe that the tried and true sermons on doubting Thomas are not true to the text, and other approaches should be tried.

From the start, it is important to realize the story is not about Thomas. Rather, the story is about varied responses to the reality of the resurrection.  Thomas’ response (though quite vivid) is but one in an assortment of responses presented in John 20. Various initial responses to the resurrection in 20:1-18 include: 

Mary Magdalene's first response is one of consternation, because she concluded that Jesus' corpse was moved to some unknown location.  Then, depending on the account, Mary sees the risen Jesus, believes and accepts the commission to tell the other disciples.
Peter's response is quite ambiguous. He sees the immediate evidence (the position of the linen clothes and the face cloth) but comes to no definitive conclusions.
The response of the Beloved Disciple is to see and believe even without knowing the scriptural prophecy regarding Jesus' resurrection.
Subsequently, Jesus moves Mary Magdalene to a response of faith in which she carries out Jesus' commission and testifies to the fact that she has seen the Lord. 

As the text opens, the disciples display an initial response of fear because of the Jews. They are letting the world, rather than the risen Jesus, control their actions and attitudes. Jesus, however, breaks into their locked up, fearful lives and bids them peace as fulfillment of his promises. This triggers their new resurrection response of joy.  The gift of the Holy Spirit enlivens the disciples to continue Jesus’ ministry without rendering them perfect believers. 

Jesus immediately imparts the Holy Spirit onto those present, and commissions them to participate in the ongoing mission for which God had originally sent Jesus. As Mary Magdalene responded obediently to the commission the risen Lord gave her, so it is anticipated that the disciples will respond obediently to the commission the risen Jesus has given them regarding the forgiveness and retention of sins.

Thomas is missing when the other disciples encounter Jesus. Yet he hears from them the same proclamation they heard from Mary Magdalene: “We have seen the Lord!”   Like Thomas, the disciples were not immediately transformed by Mary’s proclamation of the good news. They remain behind locked doors, where they are gathered out of fear. Like Thomas, the disciples only respond with joy to Jesus’ presence after he shows them his hands and his side. 

Thomas presents a very different response to the reality of the resurrection. For their part, the disciples continue to reflect the proper Easter faith response in their report that they have seen the Lord, virtually repeating Mary's Easter faith response.  Thomas responds, not with doubt, but with definite and emphatic conditions for believing. 

The Greek construction is a clear-- "if this...then that ..." condition stated negatively. Essentially, Thomas is saying that if the conditions he establishes are not met, then he will definitely not believe.

Rather than "doubting Thomas," the text presents "conditional Thomas."

How often do we approach our faith relationship as a legal contract in which we seek to establish the terms by which we will respond with faith? "If I have historical proof...If I have a sign...If near-death experiences can verify...If God would do...If Jesus would cure...Then I will believe in Christ...Then I will know that God exists...Then I will know that there is life after death...Then I will make a commitment of faith."

We replicate the folly of conditional Thomas each time we establish for Christ how Christ needs to operate in our lives and each time we ground our faith in what we demand from God, rather than in what God does in Jesus Christ and through the Holy Spirit.  An initial reading of this gospel might lead one to conclude that Thomas comes to believe because Jesus meets his conditions. John's text, however, is more subtle than that. 

On the one hand, Jesus gives several commands to Thomas, echoing the conditions Thomas had established in the first place. On the other hand, Thomas never physically examines or inspects Jesus' wounds as he claimed he needed to do before he would believe.  Instead, the key is the closing command Jesus gives, "Don't be unbelieving but believing."  Thomas responds, "My Lord and my God." 

Through the series of responses to the reality of Easter presented in this Gospel, we discover that believing is neither a matter of physical proofs nor having our conditions met. Likewise, believing is not simply a matter of seeing but transcends seeing, as Jesus' congratulatory remark makes clear —“You have become a believer because you saw me.  Blessed are they who have not seen and yet have believed.” 

Although the narrator proclaims “blessed” the one who has not seen and yet has believed, this is true of none of Jesus’ disciples, except perhaps the beloved disciple.  Instead, John portrays the disciples as still reaching toward belief in Jesus.  Even Thomas’s confession, “My Lord and my God!” does not mark the completion of faith. His statement is a significant confession, but it is not the end of the story. The disciples embody a belief that reaches toward but never quite achieves complete understanding of Jesus. 

The question this Gospel raises explicitly is the reader’s relationship to Jesus’ disciples. What is expected of later followers of Jesus, and should they understand themselves as like or unlike the disciples of the story?   Jesus breathes the Holy Spirit onto the disciples. Is this a special possession of the early church? Some interpreters imagine “the disciples” here as a limited group of the twelve (minus Judas and Thomas) who are commissioned as official apostles with particular duties that raise them above the level of the average believer. Jesus’ words to them, “If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them...” reinforces the perception for many that the disciples have a unique role.

Yet it may be better to understand the disciples as a group that reflects John’s understanding of discipleship as a whole. As is often the case in John, “the disciples” are unnumbered and unnamed. Although John clearly knows of the designation “the twelve,” he uses the phrase to identify disciples who are part of Jesus’ most intimate group of associates rather than to specify the actions or characteristics of the group.

Although readers may be primed to expect Jesus’ last supper to be eaten with the twelve, or that he will appear to the eleven alone in his resurrection, John specifies only that “the disciples” are present in each case. This designation suggests a more open-ended group of people included in Jesus’ words and actions.  After all, Jesus appeared to two disciples on the road to Emmaus—one of them is named Cleopas, Jesus’ uncle, and the other is unnamed, but arguably  would be his aunt Mary who was present at the crucifixion—before he appeared to the disciples of the “inner” circle.

But what then does it mean for Jesus to breathe out the Holy Spirit and to tell this larger group of disciples, “If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them”?  Remember, after all, that Thomas was not there when the “disciples” received the Holy Spirit—he would not have been commissioned then.   The passage is, instead, a commissioning scene for believers—a commissioning of the church as a whole, not an elite group of leaders.   It is a commissioning for us.

John’s language seems to grant broad powers to the church to forgive or retain sins, and we are the church.  It may help to remember that throughout John’s Gospel “sin” has referred to the rejection of Jesus and his ministry.  Jesus’ presence already reveals and condemns people’s belief or unbelief.  In Jesus’ absence the church steps into this role. The image is not a narrow one of a priest assigning penance but a broader recognition that the church [we] becomes the arbiters of acceptance or rejection of Jesus. 

Even so, part of our modern difficulty with this text may be that Jesus leaves this authority in the hands of disciples who are not themselves free from sin. John seems well aware of this, having positioned the story of commissioning in the midst of the disciples’ struggle to come to terms with their resurrection faith.  Instead of trying to “solve” the problem of this responsibility granted to the church, I would say instead that the passage seems consistent with John’s portrait of the disciples. They are called to do much more than they are capable of. Yet they occasionally achieve great clarity, and in those moments they manifest the hope of the resurrection.  We too are called to do much more than we are capable of doing, yet we can occasionally achieve great things in the name of the risen Jesus Christ and manifest, too, the hope of the resurrection.

With that being said, how can we, Jesus’ disciples, forgive sin, bringing people into the belief of the risen Jesus?  I would suggest that one way is to do what Jesus told us to do—feed the hungry.  We may do this with our pens by writing letters to our Senators, Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst in support of the Bread for the World letter writing campaign to our U.S. Senators.   This letter writing campaign is not a charity asking, it is an advocacy request.  Here’s why: 

The important Safety Net and Poverty-Focused Development Assistance Programs will be cut by [at least] 10% with the new 2018 federal budget.
These cuts will adversely affect programs like SNAP [food stamp], WIC [supplemental nutrition assistance program for women, infants and children,  the SCHOOL MEAL PROGRAM, PFDA [poverty focused foreign assistance] and the IFA [international food assistance program]
Social security/ unemployment and labor are 36% of the budget, Medicare and Medicaid is 24% of the budget, defense if 20% of the budget, net interest on the debt is 8%.  This leaves 12% of the federal budget for all other programs and only 3% is allowed for the department of Agriculture which administers these food programs—down from 4% last year.  This is a 25% reduction in money and services.
These programs are vital for the poor of this country and have been proven to lift people out of poverty in an effective manner. 
What we are asked to do is to write a hand written letter to our Senators and to other representatives if you wish encouraging them to pass legislation that will protect those who are hungry, poor and vulnerable in the United States and abroad.  This sort of personalized letter is the most influential way to influence a member of Congress.  Each hand-written letter is logged in and the number of letters received for or against a certain issue show members of congress how important the issue is to their constituents.   On-line petition and mass post card mailings are generally ignored.
I have some sample letter ideas here and if you are so inclined to forgive sins and manifest the hope of the resurrection in others, please write letters to our legislators requesting that they fully fund these needed food programs. 

Sunday- March 26, 2017

In chapter 9, the miracle story is told first in quick strokes. Following the miracle story itself John presents several dialogs that take place between various parties, all of whom are in one way or another trying to resolve a dilemma created by the miracle.

 Perhaps the overall theme can be stated succinctly in terms of light and darkness, seeing and blindness, faith and unfaith.
The first dilemma addressed is the issue of sin and blindness that the disciples raised at the beginning of the story. Such views of God must surely be put to rest once and for all. Yet when tragedies occur, people instinctively ask, why did God do this to me? Why is God punishing me?  Jesus says that there is no connection between sin and physical problems, ailments or disasters—none whatsoever, but even such tragedies may be an occasion for God’s manifestation to us.
The blind man's neighbors raise another sort of question. They don't believe that this is the same man that was blind.  This, they say, cannot happen. It's never heard of that someone born blind should receive their sight.  There is no suggestion here that we believe everything that comes our way; however, there is a suggestion we certainly cannot understand God. People with genuine faith recognize the limitations of their knowledge and reserve judgment until such time that there is a better understanding. The church in past history has condemned people like Copernicus, Galileo, and other scientists because of their novel theories about the solar system. Later the church had to retract its condemnation of these individuals when their theories became established facts. Even now, the Catholic Church continues with condemnation of new views.  Hasty pronouncements in the name of faith may not be genuine faith at all.
The parents of the healed man demonstrate another type of spiritual darkness. Fear of speaking out and failure to stand up for truth and justice will keep us in darkness.  In this narrative John presents the negative example of the Pharisees. They persist in their religious heritage so staunchly that they turn a deaf ear and close their eyes to new things that God was doing. That is blindness! One can apparently be extremely religious and faithful to the old-time religion and still be blind.  I would point to women as priests as a current case in point.
On the other hand, the narrative presents an opposite picture. At the center of the controversy is the lone figure of the blind man who was healed and now has to answer questions. His healing leads into turmoil instead of jubilation. Where is Jesus when the man is being questioned, harassed and attacked? Why is Jesus absent? While this healed man is trying his best to answer questions, it is obvious that his knowledge of Jesus is far from perfect. Yet in these circumstances there is no sudden flash of revelation and insight from heaven. The man simply stumbles along, doing his best with his limited knowledge of Jesus. But the more he is attacked, the deeper he seems to grow in his understanding of Jesus.
The question for John's circle of believers was how to go on living the life of faithfulness to Jesus when Jesus was not around. How do we answer difficult questions that opponents ask? How does a second, third or fourth generation faith community continue its life when the original founders of the movement are no longer around? How should a life of faith be lived out in these new times? What does it mean to be faithful to one's tradition and heritage and at the same time find answers to new questions that are being asked?
The Gospel of John is a good model for us. John takes the old stories of Jesus and recasts them in such a way that they bear witness to Jesus with great power and luster in a new setting that is linguistically and culturally so different from the Galilean, Judean, Palestinian setting where Jesus had lived and ministered. The Gospel of John tells the story of Jesus in an entirely different way than the other three gospels. Do our doctrines, theological language and categories of thought have to remain as they were fifty, one hundred, or two hundred years ago? We can learn a vital lesson from the Gospel of John--how to remain faithful in our witness to God's work in Christ while adapting our modes of expression to the cultural setting in which we live.
Yet in a real sense, Jesus was not absent in the story of John 9, nor is he absent from our own story today. Jesus is at the center of all the controversy, the questions, and the insults that the healed man is experiencing. He is giving witness to the work of God that Jesus had done. His witness is at times weak, incomplete, inadequate, but it is growing. And in the end, when he is kicked out by the Pharisees, Jesus finds him and leads him to a fuller understanding. Jesus does not abandon him. The blind man receives his sight, a miracle in the physical realm. But much more significantly, his spiritual eyes are opened and his darkness turns to light as he falls on his knees before Jesus and says, "Lord, I believe."
We must also open our spiritual eyes, remain faithful in our witness to God’s works in Christ and continually adapt our modes of expression to the cultural needs in which we live.  Jesus will not abandon us but lead us to a fuller understanding of God.

Presentation of the Child Jesus in the Temple: A New Beginning
Feb 12, 2017


First Reading:  Malachi 3:1-4

 “I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,” says the Lord Almighty.

2 But who can endure the day of his coming? Who can stand when he appears? For he will be like a refiner’s fire or a launderer’s soap. 3 He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver; he will purify the Levites and refine them like gold and silver. Then the Lord will have men who will bring offerings in righteousness, 4 and the offerings of Judah and Jerusalem will be acceptable to the Lord, as in days gone by, as in former years.

Second Reading: Hebrews 2:14-18

Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might break the power of him who holds the power of death—that is, the devil— 15 and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death. 16 For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham’s descendants. 17 For this reason he had to be made like them,[a] fully human in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people. 18 Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.

Gospel Reading: Luke 2:22-40

When the time came for the purification rites required by the Law of Moses, Joseph and Mary took him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every firstborn male is to be consecrated to the Lord”[a]), 24 and to offer a sacrifice in keeping with what is said in the Law of the Lord: “a pair of doves or two young pigeons.”[b]

25 Now there was a man in Jerusalem called Simeon, who was righteous and devout. He was waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was on him. 26 It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he had seen the Lord’s Messiah. 27 Moved by the Spirit, he went into the temple courts. When the parents brought in the child Jesus to do for him what the custom of the Law required, 28 Simeon took him in his arms and praised God, saying:

29 “Sovereign Lord, as you have promised,
    you may now dismiss[c] your servant in peace.
30 For my eyes have seen your salvation,
31     which you have prepared in the sight of all nations:
32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles,
    and the glory of your people Israel.”

33 The child’s father and mother marveled at what was said about him.34 Then Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, his mother: “This child is destined to cause the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be spoken against, 35 so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And a sword will pierce your own soul too.”

36 There was also a prophet, Anna, the daughter of Penuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was very old; she had lived with her husband seven years after her marriage, 37 and then was a widow until she was eighty-four.[d]She never left the temple but worshiped night and day, fasting and praying. 38 Coming up to them at that very moment, she gave thanks to God and spoke about the child to all who were looking forward to the redemption of Jerusalem.

39 When Joseph and Mary had done everything required by the Law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee to their own town of Nazareth. 40 And the child grew and became strong; he was filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was on him.


As the third oldest in our family of eight, I can remember mom bringing my younger siblings after they were born to church to offer them back to God.  We’d go during the day because, of course, churches were always open back then.  And mom would do the praying.  There was no priest involved, no community.  Just us and I thought it was lovely.  A wonderful way to bless our new family member and to remind the rest of us that God was primary in our lives.

Today we examine and celebrate this ancient Hebrew tradition that ultimately represented a love of God: Jesus Presentation in the Temple.  But before we focus on the Jesus part, I think it’s important that we understand what’s NOT said in today’s reading.  It was typical Jewish practice that a woman, after having given birth to a male, was deemed unclean for 40 days—so no going to Temple, no male visitors.  On the 40th day, she was to show herself to the Temple high priest (having been forbidden to enter prior to this time), have the purification rites performed and was then welcomed back to the Temple community.  Had she given birth to a girl, her wait was double, 80 days until she could be “purified” and returned to her community.  Do you see how direct the implication is?  Having a girl is much worse than having a boy—doubly worse.  Underneath this archaic ritual, was the primary belief that God was holy and deserving of all good.  Our messy human experiences like reproduction had to be cleansed, redeemed somehow, thus the purification rituals.  It makes me sad that this was simply an accepted part of Jewish tradition, no questions asked.  Mary did her part and life went on. 

But we are a very different generation from Jesus’ time.  We’ve come a long way.  After the Women’s March of recent weeks and more recently, the woman Senator, Elizabeth Warren, debating the legitimacy of the new Attorney General Sessions, and being told to “shut up”, it would be understandable if we balked at today’s liturgical celebration.  Yes, Jesus is the focus and thanks to Jesus, we have come a long way in truly appreciating the value of all people.  Still, our focus needs to be on what is not seen, the stories that are not told so that we do not simply accept what appears to be the norm—a ban on Muslim travel, an Attorney General who has a history of racism, a president who is not above the law.  We must speak out in truth whenever possible even when we have been warned, we have been given explanations.  Still we must persist.  That is what we are reminded of today at the Presentation of Jesus.  Times have changed, should change, must change until all people are seen as valuable.  You have been challenged to speak the truth because of Mary’s silence—

Now we can shift to Jesus.  Mary and Joseph come to offer their child back to God and instead God says, No, this child is my gift to you, for the whole world to see anew!  This is not what Joseph and Mary expected.  To have both Solomon and Anna affirm Jesus status as the One is fabulous!  Let us not miss the significance.  This is big.  Joseph and Mary knew their child was special and held their secret close, trusting that he would become who he was meant to be.  But to hear such public pronouncements made by respected religious leaders, must’ve been overwhelming.  What was it about Mary or Joseph or Jesus himself that made Solomon so certain he was the one?  This was an average family, offering two turtledoves to the high priest.  And yet, Solomon says aloud in prayer to God, “You may now dismiss your servant in peace. (Or, in other words, “I can die happy now.”)  For my eyes have seen your salvation, which you have prepared in the sight of all nations: a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel.”

Mary and Joseph’s beliefs have been confirmed by a higher authority.  Jesus has been offered back to God, been presented and has been received as God’s embodiment. So this presentation is a new beginning.  It’s a text that confirms Jesus as God’s gift to us.  Can we embrace this truth?  Can we see that this is a profound text.  Can we reclaim our passion for belief in Jesus?  I believe that this is a new beginning, an opportunity to affirm our Christianity, to proclaim that we believe—and we will persist in our efforts to continue what Jesus started. 

​​February 2, 2017

Baptism of Jesus 

First Reading:  Isaiah 42:1-4, 6-7

Here is my servant, whom I uphold,
    my chosen one in whom I delight;
I will put my Spirit on him,
    and he will bring justice to the nations.
2 He will not shout or cry out,
    or raise his voice in the streets.
3 A bruised reed he will not break,
    and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out.
In faithfulness he will bring forth justice;
4     he will not falter or be discouraged
till he establishes justice on earth.
    In his teaching the islands will put their hope.”

“I, the Lord, have called you in righteousness;
    I will take hold of your hand.
I will keep you and will make you
    to be a covenant for the people
    and a light for the Gentiles,
7 to open eyes that are blind,
    to free captives from prison
    and to release from the dungeon those who sit in darkness.

Second Reading: Acts 10:34-38

Then Peter began to speak: “I now realize how true it is that God show no partiality but accepts from every nation the one who fears him and does what is right. 36 You know the message God sent to the people of Israel, announcing the good news of peace through Jesus Christ, who is Lord of all. 37 You know what has happened throughout the province of Judea, beginning in Galilee after the baptism that John preached— 38 how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power, and how he went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil, because God was with him. 

Matthew 3:13-17

When Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to be baptized by John. 14 But John tried to deter him, saying, “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?”   Jesus replied, “Let it be so now; it is proper for us to do this to fulfill all righteousness.” Then John consented.   As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting on him. 17 And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Own, my Beloved, on whom my favor rests.”

Sermon:  (Have water nearby)

Mortality stinks!  Lately I’ve been surrounded by reminders of my mortality and it has not been a good thing.  I was sick for almost three weeks and felt how dependent I was on others.  Rarely have I been sick and it was a humbling experience.  At times, I needed help getting out of bed.  And I slept hour upon hour.  Ridiculous.  Then, last Friday I went to Louise’s funeral and that was truly a difficult experience.  Louise was my age, mother to 4 children, spouse of a doctor—there were too many similarities to ignore.  Finally, this past week, I’ve been caring for Anna who was very sick and out of school from Tuesday through Friday.  At times, I’d become angry with how stuck and frustrated I felt, like reliving the same bad dream over and over again, listening to her cough, hour after hour, time seemed to crawl and I found myself despairing.  Some of you live with chronic illness and know what I’m talking about in a very real way.  I cannot imagine how you endure.  I now appreciate how lonely it can be, how dark and disheartening.  Illness puts us in the grip of doubt, fear and death.  Perhaps this is what Peter meant when he talked about “being in the grip of the Devil.”  It felt very much like that—when all hope seems lost.

Which is why today’s readings made my heart sing.  Isaiah, the prophet, foreshadows Christ’s coming—calling Jesus a servant, God’s chosen one,   covenant of the people, a light of the nations, someone who will open the eyes of the blind, free captives and release those who have been living in darkness—like me.  How encouraging! 

Peter was becoming more wise and mature in his faith and comes upon his own aha—that God shows no partiality.  Mindblowing for a man of his time where everyone was judged by who they are, their family, their standing in the Temple.  He says, “No, I’ve discovered that those who fear God and do what is right are acceptable to God.”  Boom.  Done.  Such a proclamation.  Intention is everything—regardless of one’s status.  We are still trying to live that in this day and age, especially with a paranoid president who demands walls instead of bridges, judgement instead of mercy.  No partiality?  We’ve got a long way to go to help fight for the 11 million undocumented people in our midst.

Then in our gospel, Jesus comes to John to be baptized.  John wants no part of this.  He knows he is not worthy to perform such a sacrament.  But Jesus insists.  Jesus insists that John perform the rite, to fulfill the order of things, to do his baptism in the way that people will know and trust.  John complies and what happens?  The heavens open up!  Was there really a voice, God’s voice, God actually saying something that profound, to affirm the truth of who Jesus is?  Remarkable.  Miraculous.  Enough to change the world forever more.  Jesus wants us to reclaim hope, to defy the darkness of despair to challenge the norm of fear and division.  We are the baptized.  We are the chosen.  We are the ones Isaiah called the people, the captives.  And we have been set free, if we but notice and embrace the promise of our faith.  It should be enough to ignite our passion once again, to help us when we are faltering under life’s stress and strain, when we are overpowered by the Devil’s tenacious grip.

Jesus wanted us to be the ones to move his word into action—to be Christ in the world.  I’ve been reading Teilhard de Chardin who was a mystic to help inspire me in my faith. For Teilhard, Christ today is not just Jesus of Nazareth risen from the dead, but rather a huge, continually evolving Being as big as the universe. In this colossal, almost unimaginable Being each of us lives and develops in consciousness, like living cells in a huge organism. At various times, theologians have described this great Being as the Total Christ, the Cosmic Christ, the Whole Christ, the Universal Christ or the Mystical Body of Christ.  We are that Christ, not separate from a person who lived in the past but here and now, within and through us.

May today be a beginning for us, as a church and as individuals to reclaim our baptism, our choice to live as Christians who dispel darkness and defy darkness in all its forms, even when we are trapped by it ourselves.  May the water we feel, renew our faith to be active, to choose the light, the way and the truth.  Teilhard says, “All that is really worthwhile is action—faithful action for the world, and in God.”

The action I invite us take today is to see water here in a new light.  We will be blessing each other with the water from the baptismal font before we receive communion.  It’s a gesture of unity in memory of our baptism.  And it’s also a gesture of empowerment.  We are made of water, God has created us and gives us life through water, the birthing waters of our mother and the daily water we ingest to sustain life.  Whenever we encounter water, we engage with the divine.  That’s what today is about—Jesus being washed clean by the water (even though he didn’t need that).  Jesus being in the water, of the water at one with us.  We rely on water for survival.  We read stories of brave immigrants who cross the border with only water to sustain them.  Water wars in California with their droughts.  Today we bless the water of our baptism and reclaim its power to move us beyond our mortality.  We are mortal and immortal.  May our immortality always help us to choose the water, the light of God who rises above our mortality and invites us to do the same.

Sunday, January 23, 2017:
Martin Luther King, Jr. Celebration Mass

First Reading: Words from MLK:  “When our days become dreary with low-hovering clouds of despair, and when our nights become darker than a thousand midnights, let us remember that there is a creative force in this universe, working to pull down the gigantic mountains of evil, a power that is able to make a way out of no way and transform dark yesterdays into bright tomorrows.”

Second Reading:  Colossians 3:12-15

Therefore, as God’s chosen people, holy and dearly loved, clothe yourselves with compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience. Bear with each other and forgive one another if any of you has a grievance against someone. Forgive as the Lord forgave you.  And over all these virtues put on love, which binds them all together in perfect unity.   Let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, since as members of one body you were called to peace. 

Gospel Reading: Taken from “I Have a Dream speech”:

We have (also) come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quick sands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.

Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.  We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force. 

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.

This is our hope.   Let the People say, Amen! 


Today we celebrate Martin Luther King Jr. for how much his life compelled to move us forward towards unity.  His words affect us still today, just as they deeply affected those who first heard them on August 28, 1965 some 51 years ago.  His words have the rhythm of his culture, that call and response pattern which black people know so well.  It comes from their spirituals, hymns of hope and patient endurance.  Martin speaks to inspire, to encourage, to empower. Which is why he repeats his words, so we can remember:  Now is the time…I have a dream…you can hear it resound in the crowd like a mantra.  His words are steeped in faith—a deep, passionate belief that God is with him and will, in time, enable all people to get along, to share God’s goodness equally and without prejudice.  We are still a long way from his dream.  But not as far as when his words were first spoken.  Can I get an Amen.  Amen.

          Friday was Trump’s inauguration.  I didn’t watch it.  Instead I sat in a dark movie theater and watched two movies in a row, with friends.  We were trying to avoid the reality of what the day meant.  We wanted to have our own anti-inauguration day.  It was a difficult day.  But yesterday was the Women’s March.   Can I get an Amen!  Watching those crowds (and knowing my son was somewhere among them) empowered me in a way I couldn’t have imagined. Not just in DC but in Chicago, New York, Des Moines and 600 cities across the world, including London. Listening to women speak about being strong and fearless, about acting up and acting out if necessary, taking a stand and staying involved, volunteering and not backing down, not going back. 

          America Ferrera was probably the most powerful speaker when she said, “The president is not America.  The cabinet is not America.  The congress is not America.  We are America and we are here to stay.”  She also added, “We will not go from a nation of immigrants to a nation of ignorance.”

And that’s when I realized that I am not alone, that we are not alone.  What we have been grieving and sadly anticipating on Friday was spoken and heard and opposed around the world yesterday.  I kept staring at the women and men who were wearing their pussy hats in opposition and in love.  One Muslim black woman said that if you are wondering what to do now, you should follow women of color.  They are the ones who’ve been fighting this fight for a long, long time.  I’m ready to get in line.

I feel encouraged to do more.  My new mantra is “Inclusion revolution.”  Did you hear that?  That’s a phrase I’d not heard before but when I heard it, I wrote it down. And, I’ve been saying it over and over.  Inclusion revolution.  It’s the drumbeat that I want you to remember today.  Inclusion revolution.  We are part of this revolution for inclusion.  That started six and a half years ago, right? We are willing to take a stand for inclusion in the Catholic church, to not be silent when we witness division or prejudice.  We are moving forward despite what has happened.  Inclusion revolution, here we come. 

          Prof. Claude Steele, author of a book on racism tells the story of a black male college student who began to notice that fellow students on campus would avoid him or cross the street to get away from him. He realized from this kind of behavior that they were seeing him through the lens of a negative stereotype about African-Americans in that neighborhood. That perhaps as a young male, black male, he might be violent. And it was making his whole experience tense and awkward. So, he became very creative.  He learned how to whistle Vivaldi (a famous Italian composer) to deflect that stereotype.  When people heard the classical music being whistled, they said ‘Oh, this is a man of refinement’.  And they treated him with respect.  Isn’t that crazy?  And so brilliant.  It’s the world we live in—and need to help change.  Here’s Vivaldi.  (play) See?  We know it too.  The book is called, Whistling Vivaldi.

Professor Steele says that no one is immune from stereotype. Every one of us has something that we are judged for.  We are all part of some group affected by negative perceptions which I don’t think we realize.  Whether it is having a chronic illness or living with a family member who has mental illness, or not being able to lose weight, each of us has felt judged or shamed.  And that’s where our compassion needs to come from.   A place of discomfort and hurt—That’s where healing is found—when it is joined with another person who is hurting.  Together we find a way.  Together we find hope.  Together we find strength to move beyond fear.   

God is with us in this space.  God gives us the desire to reach out when we most want to withdraw.  That same God who empowered MLK to preach and mobilize others is with us now.  She is the God who empowered all those women and men to go to these marches and speak truth to power.  This is the God who moves us to an inclusion revolution!  A time when we will not go back to our closets or corners of society (or dark movie theaters) but when we give voice to unity. God will help us make a way out of no way. God will help us whistle Vivaldi when we are in doubt.  Let’s keep whistling all the way to the Kin-dom.  Can I get an Amen?  AMEN.


Epiphany 2018

Epiphany—a time of discovery and surprise.  The kind of surprise that empowers us—a new meaning that causes us to pause and reflect.  Why do we love this holiday?  What is it that draws us in?  Is it the magi—so closely tied to magic?  Is it the stars and their prediction of a child King?  Is it the travelers who firmly believed that they would find THIS child, the One who was to bring true peace?  There is much in this story that intrigues us and that calls us to ponder.  Above all, it is a story of a quest, discovery and deeper meaning—which is all our stories too.  We are born, we seek meaning and purpose and we journey to the unknown, questioning, hoping, trusting to make meaning out of life’s mysteries.  No wonder we love this celebration, not to mention the hats, the cake, the frankincense.

I can remember when my first son was born.  Before that, I had some idea of what love was about, but after his birth, I knew love in a very different way.  I felt a deep, fierce protectiveness of him—that no harm touch him.  He was that precious.  That’s an aha, an epiphany that comes from loving a child.  Love itself is a mystery beyond words.  We cannot fully name why we love so deeply, why we care so much.  That’s the power and the beauty of love.  It’s the thread throughout this story of Epiphany.

In Isaiah, we can’t help but get excited.  You hear the prophet’s triumphant pronouncement:  darkness is conquered, all people are coming together, God is here and all is well.  We may need to read this over and over in the next four years.  As much as I fear that darkness is settling in, let us take hope in Isaiah’s words.  One epiphany I’ve had about this whole Trump election is that now it is in the hands of the people to make change and that may be a very good thing.  My son Jon has been working with students from Harvard and Yale and they got 4,000 signatures from health care students that were delivered to Congress last week saying that if the ACA is repealed, there are six issues that must be addressed.  How good is that?  Our youth are rallying.

Let’s look at the characters involved in today’s gospel:  the Magi, Mary and Joseph and of course the child Jesus.  The Magi are intelligent men, dignitaries, foreigners who all agree on a theory, an interpretation of the stars and what they mean.  They believe so much that they are willing to plan and carry out a long journey, trekking to a faraway place to find a child who is to be great. And the purpose of this quest?  To pay homage, to affirm a new truth. Some say it took them two weeks, others say two years.  Because so much of this story has been pieced together, we don’t really know, which adds to its allure, its intrigue.  What we find riveting is that these magi represent the truth that the love of God is for all nations—the potential for unity for us all.  All nations coming together to pay homage to the One, a God whose greatest purpose is that all be One.  That’s what Paul reminds the Ephesians—that the Gentiles are heirs to God’s kin-dom.  We all are heirs.

 Mary is key to this story--how she miraculously delivered her child Jesus in a cave, by herself with no midwife or doctor at her side, with only her husband to help.  No medical care, maybe no clean water either.  Mary would’ve been careful to nourish her newborn son with her own breastmilk, keeping him warm and clean.  Who brought her the water and clean sheets?  Joseph must’ve done his part to help.  Together they were good partners because they had to be; they enabled Jesus to survive such unpleasant and unclean beginnings.  Because of their love and belief in God, they trusted that this child was the One.  Some of us parents hold that belief of each and every one of our  children—they are special.  They are going to do great things.  Mary is our model of how to nurture, how to believe in the not-yet. 

And then there’s Jesus, a tiny, vulnerable infant, no different from all the innocent baby boys who would be murdered because of Herod’s fear.  What made him unique?  At that time, before he could speak, it was the belief, the faith of his parents.  They made sure he would survive and grow to become who he was meant to be.  When the magi arrived with all their entourage, Mary must’ve smiled and felt proud that what she believed was being acknowledged by others, by men of great honor and rank in their countries.  She allowed them to pay homage, trusting that they would tell others of his birth—that one day the whole world would know and believe in her son, Jesus the Christ. 

Little did they all know that they would be remembered thousands of years later as we do our own searching for God.  What are the signs we trust?  Is it the stars, the news, the weather?  What helps us to be hopeful amidst difficult times.   That’s what Epiphany is all about.  Helping us to renew our hope that God is with us, here and now.  We celebrate Epiphany because it is a story that touches deep within us and helps us to remain hopeful.  It empowers us to trust.  Finally, it insists that we, like Mary, Joseph and the Magi, devote our lives to a very simple belief, that Jesus is the One, the One teacher who can bring us deeper meaning and life eternal.

So I ask us these questions to ponder:  What signs do we follow?  How do we commit to a journey towards the Divine?  What are the essentials to our journey?  What gift will you bring for Christ?

Speaking Truth to Power (Mark 6:14-29)                               June 24, 2018

By Nick Smith


What do the following people have in common?

Jesus, Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Nellie Bly insane asylums and Standard oil [Rockefeller and railroads], Gloria Steinem, Al Gore, John Dear, Dick Gregory, John Lennon, Nelson Mandela, Gandhi, Susan B. Anthony, Ralph Abernathy, Mary Kay Kusner, Madonna, Cesar Chavez, Malala - shot by a Taliban gunman in an assassination attempt in retaliation for her activism on educating girls,  Jessica Arbour –Catholic sex abuse scandal, Barbara Blaine - the Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests, which she founded in 1988 [SNAP], McKayla Maroney [Dr. Larry Nassar-Olympic doctor], and the people in this room.


All these people and thousands more have spoken truth to power.  What is “speaking truth to power?”  It is a nonviolent challenge to injustice and totalitarian forces, often perpetuated by institutions/government. It is the courage to stand upon one’s own conviction; it’s believing deeply in what you say and fighting to have it heard.  It may not be popular; it means taking a risk, it means standing for something.  It means being humble enough to accept that we only know the truth that we know, at any given point on our life’s journey. But the truth that we do know must be spoken. It means having the courage to say what we see.  It means the conviction to stand up for your beliefs even though sometimes there is a price to pay.  Speaking truth to power means: comforting the afflicted, and afflicting the comfortable. 

Speaking truth to power is no laughing matter. On the contrary, it is deadly serious, and it can be downright dangerous. In today’s gospel, we read: “King Herod heard of it,” that is, Herod heard of the ministry that Jesus was doing, preaching and teaching and calling people to repentance and casting out demons and healing the sick–“King Herod heard of it, for Jesus’ name had become known. Some said, ‘John the Baptist has been raised from the dead. That is why these miraculous powers are at work in him.’ But others said, ‘He is Elijah.’ And others said, ‘He is a prophet, like one of the prophets of old.’ But when Herod heard of it, he said, ‘John, whom I beheaded, has been raised.’”

So King Herod was saying to himself, “Geese, these reports I’m hearing about this guy Jesus–he sounds a lot like John, the fellow I just had beheaded. I wonder if this is John raised from the dead, come back to bother me all over again.” And this then is what prompts the flashback in our gospel, the account of how John had spoken truth to power and paid for it with his life. Herod had dumped his first wife and married his brother’s wife, a woman named Herodias. This was a rather immoral thing to do; a clear violation of God’s law. But Herod was in power, so who’s going to stop him?  Well, John may not have been able to stop him, but John was going to let Herod know that what he was doing was wrong. He kept on saying, publicly, openly: “Herod, you may be king. You may have a lot of power and might. But might does not make right. What you are doing is not right in God’s sight. John was not afraid to speak truth to power.

So Herod had John arrested and thrown into prison. Now, if I’m John the Baptist and I’m standing up for Jesus, and Jesus is doing miracles, I’m going to think Jesus is going to do something for me. I stand up for Him, He’ll come for me. Most likely John’s just waiting for Jesus to come for him - - - and he ends up waiting and waiting and waiting. Jesus didn’t break him out. He didn’t send 10-foot tall angels with fiery swords to rescue him. Jesus kept doing His ministry - - healing the sick, hanging out with the outcasts, while John waited.

John the Baptist was human. He did what we would have done. He started asking questions. We can see what John was thinking in Matthew 11: Now when John heard in prison about the deeds of the Christ, he sent word by his disciples and said to Jesus, “Are you the One who is to come, or shall we look for another?”  He was wondering:  “Is Jesus really who I thought He was?” John hears Jesus is healing people and performing miracles. But is He really the Christ, and maybe . . . why isn’t Jesus helping me?

In other words, Jesus, I’ve been doing all of this and you haven’t come through for me. So, maybe you aren’t the one I thought you were. How did Jesus reply? Jesus didn’t say “Hey, I’m the one. Hang on; I’m coming at midnight to break you out.” Instead, Jesus told John’s disciples:   “Go back and report to John what you have seen and heard: The blind receive sight, the lame walk, those who have leprosy are cured, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the good news is preached to the poor.  Blessed is the one who does not fall away on account of me.” It is not improbable that John wished Jesus publicly to proclaim himself as the Christ.  Jesus replied that John had sufficient evidence of Jesus’ Messiahship by his works; that a person might discover this truth if they chose to; and that one is blessed or happy who believes in God’s truth, who believes in Jesus even though God appears to be taking no action to help them— that God isn’t doing something for them.  God doesn’t always do what we expect or wish for or want.

Here’s the thing: Jesus and John and Elijah and the prophets of old and the prophets I mentioned in the beginning–they are all speaking God’s truth to power. And so God is with them. And if God is with us, who can be against us? Yes, the people in power can shut you down, they can even take your freedom—your life, but they cannot stop God’s word. Speaking truth to power may be high-risk, but even more so, it is high-reward because God will vindicate the truth in the end.


We must all continue to “speak truth to power” in order to make this a better world aligned with God’s kin-dom.  Keep up your good work and fight to be heard speaking God’s truth.Speaking Truth to Power (Mark 6:14-29)                               


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