READINGS AND REFLECTIONS
Full Circle Catholic Faith Community
Sunday Feb. 4, 2018
Jesus Heals Simon Peter’s M-In-Law
FIRST READING A Reading from the Book of Job 7:1-4, 6-7
Is not human life on earth a hard service? Are not our days like the days of field workers? Like a laborer longing for the shade, a hired hand who waits for wages? We have months of futility assigned to us. Then when evening falls, troubled nights can be our lot. While in bed we toss and wonder, “When will it be day that we may rise?”, We are filled with restlessness until dawn…. Then, our days are swifter than a weaver’s shuttle, and can come to an end without hope. Remember that our life is but a breath. We may not see happiness again.
The Word of a Wisdom writer.
Thanks be to God.
SECOND READING A Reading from Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians 9:1-6
Am I, Paul, not free? Am I not an apostle? Have I not seen Jesus the Christ? Are you not my work in the Christ? Although I may not be an apostle for others, I certainly am for you! I was sent to preach the Good News to you; so you are the seal of my apostleship in the Christ. My defense against those who would pass judgment on me for receiving hospitality and support is this: Do we not have the right to eat and drink? Do we not have the right to travel with our wives as do the rest of the apostles, and Peter, and the siblings of Jesus? Is it only myself and Barnabas who do not have these rights?
The Word of the Apostle Paul.
Thanks be to God.
GOSPEL A Reading from the Good News attributed to Mark 1:29-31
Glory to you, O God.
As soon as Jesus and the disciples left the synagogue, they entered the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. Now Simon’s mother-in-law was in bed with a fever, and they told him about her at once. Jesus came, and took her by the hand, and raised her up. Then the fever left her; and she began to serve, to deacon, to them.
The Gospel of Our God.
Praise to you, Jesus the Christ.
I learned a new word this week: intersectionality. Have you heard it? It’s been part of my education about being a white privileged woman. And I’m learning it from my beautiful brown daughter-in-law. Sonia is Indian as in her parents were born in India. She was born in Canada and raised in Texas but still knows what it feels like to be seen as a minority. Intersectionality is a theory which says that the various aspects of humanity, such as class, race, sexual orientation and gender, do not exist separately from each other, but are complexly interwoven, and that their relationships are essential to an understanding of the human condition. For example, women suffragettes won the vote for women in 1920. But it wasn’t until 1965 that black women were able to vote. I had never even thought about that until Sonia pointed it out to me. That’s the invisible events that we whites don’t question or consider because they are so far from our experience. Intersectionality is all the ways we criss-cross our judgement of others based on their skin color, their gender, their dress, their family, their job, etc.
In our gospel we have a woman who is part of a known group—she has a daughter who is married to a man named Simon. He and his brother Andrew were the heads of the household. Notice that his mother-in-law has no name. She was not important enough to be remembered and named in the scripture’s recounting of this event. But she was important enough to Jesus. We know she had a fever—something that could’ve been life-threatening in that day and age. No antibiotics, no pain relievers, nothing that was going to assure her healing.
Jesus takes her by the hand which is a very personal act. He doesn’t just stand at the door. He risks becoming unclean. He risks contracting whatever illness she has. He risks relationship out of a desire to help, a recognition of this woman as valuable. Immediately or so it seems, she is well again. She gets up and begins to serve. The verb used here is diekonei, the same verb Jesus uses to describe the essence of his own ministry in Mark 10:45. Isn’t that powerful? It is a verb that emphasizes the ability "to serve" rather than "to be served" and this is the verb that characterizes the Christ of God. The word Diekonei literally means, "kicking up dust" because the person is "on the move! We all know women like this—who you stay out of their way because they are movers and shakers. This verb is also "to serve" that characterizes Jesus’ disciples. Simon’s mother-in-law is no longer just someone who simply serves men all her life. Rather she is the first character in Mark's gospel who exemplifies true discipleship. It’s important to note that it is the women who are described as having served Jesus well later in Mark. This is not a verb used to describe Jesus' male disciples who sadly do not quite "get it" within Mark’s gospel.
Deacons are meant to serve others and to preach the gospel. Simon’s mother-in-law is seen as the first deacon of Jesus’ ministry. It is a profound experience of intersectionality. She was a dependent woman, totally at the mercy of her daughter’s husband and brother. Since she had not birthed a son, she had only one option, to stay in her daughter’s home and to serve. Being unable to do this was risky, not just because of her sickness but for her very future. But, the change in why she served is remarkable. She immediately began to serve out of love, reciprocating Jesus love of her, not out of duty or tradition. She is seen as the first deacon of the Christian faith. Jesus, by his acknowledgement of her as a human being, released her from the demeaning lowest position in the household to a place of equality. That’s today’s lesson in a nutshell. The message of Jesus restores us to who we are meant to be. Deacon, professor, activist, who are you meant to be?
Because today is Super Bowl Sunday, I wanted to point out the NFL used to be a white only group from 1933. In 1946 two black players were signed to the LA Rams and Cleveland Browns. Jackie Robinson changed everything just a year later. Now the NFL’s players are 70% black. We all know the name of Colin Kaeperick who at 29 bravely demonstrated that being black in America continues to be fraught with injustices. Most of the time he is seen as being ungrateful, as if we whites rescued him from the throes of certain poverty and eventual prison. Kaeperick remains unemployed, even though he played in Super Bowl 47, five years ago. That’s his punishment for speaking up.
This week we have James Conley in Des Moines who was racially profiled by an Old Navy employee who assumed he was trying to steal the coat he was wearing when he went to check out. She said, “You want to pay for the coat you’re wearing as well?” She made him take off his coat so she could scan the inside label. Then, she insisted he pay for it since scanning the label doesn’t prove anything. James asked her to view the video of him walking into the store to prove he was wearing it when he came in. He had gotten the coat in December. Once they reviewed the video, they let him go but not before they reprimanded him for videotaping the incident. By Friday that video had over 100,000 hits but by Saturday, it was hard to find. These are subtle or not so subtle forms of intersectionality, profiling, prejudicing against the “other”; those who are not like us.
I want to encourage us to use today’s Gospel, of an unnamed powerless woman to motivate us to see others like her in our midst and to begin speaking up, stepping out to say, “This must change.” We can be the Christ when we raise others up, restoring them to become who they are meant to be, like Jesus did for the unnamed mother-in-law of Simon.
January 28, 2018
Commentary on Mark 1:21-28
Pope Pius IX declares: 1866 “Slavery itself, considered as such in its essential nature, is not at all contrary to the natural and divine law, and there can be several just titles of slavery, and these are referred to by approved theologians and commentators of the sacred canons … It is not contrary to the natural and divine law for a slave to be sold, bought, exchanged or given”. This to be held definitively by the faithful.
Priests and Bishops were excommunicated for calling for the emancipation of slaves in the Americas.
Books, critical of slavery, were placed on the Index of Forbidden Books by the Holy Office.
Those crying out against the institution of slavery were silenced, excommunicated and disgraced as heretics, schematics and unfaithful persons.
Finally, in 1965, [52 years ago] the Second Vatican Council declared that forced slavery was an infamy that dishonored the Creator and was a poison in society.
Now, I’m not reporting this to be critical of the Roman Catholic Church; on the contrary, I report it because there were voices opposed to slavery, voices that for moral reasons persisted in voicing God’s truth that slavery—of any kind—was not a part of God’s kin-dom. It took 1900 years for those prophetic voices of God to be heard, but they were eventually heard.
So, you might ask: “What does this have to do with today’s gospel?” The answer is—everything. Mark portrays Jesus as a prophet, possessed by the Holy Spirit, fresh from successfully confronting Satan in the wilderness, preaching the reign of God, and now in the company of at least four followers, it’s time for Jesus’ public ministry to gather momentum. Mark wants us to know, here at the outset of Jesus’ public ministry -- that Jesus’ authority will be a contested authority. Jesus’ presence, words, and deeds threaten other forces that claim authority over people’s lives, and these other authorities have something to lose.
The man with the unclean spirit finds Jesus, initiating the exchange. His opening question, asked by the spirit that possesses him, conveys a sense of “Why are you picking this fight?” or “Couldn’t you have just left things as they were between us?” Jesus, by his sheer presence in this synagogue, has upset the order. He has crossed an established boundary. When Jesus strips the spirits of the ability to inhabit their human hosts, Jesus denies the unclean spirits’ capability to have an entrenched influence in the world, losing opportunities to win over people’s bodies and minds; they lose the authority they were thought to have.
The crowd’s amazement about the exorcism resonates with its reaction to Jesus’ teaching at the beginning of this passage. That Jesus was permitted to teach in a synagogue is not remarkable in itself; what captures attention is the manner of his teaching. Mark says Jesus teaches “as one having authority.” Apparently Jesus’ teaching style is more declarative than deliberative. That is, he interprets the law and speaks on behalf of God without engaging in much dialogue about traditions, as the scribes were known to do. The teaching and the exorcism are connected, then, since both result in amazement and acclamations about Jesus’ authority.
Mark depicts Jesus as the one uniquely authorized to declare and institute the reign of God. Through Jesus, then, we glimpse characteristics of God’s Kin-dom. It is intrusive, breaking old boundaries that benefited another kind of rule. It is about liberating people from the powers that afflict them and keep all creation -- including human bodies and human societies -- from flourishing. It is about articulating God’s intentions for the world, defying or reconfiguring some traditions to do so, if need be.
At minimum, this passage provokes us to stop assuming that “the way things are” must always equal “the way things must be.” The reign of God [the kin-dom] promises more, whether the “more” can be realized now or in a far-off future. The Kin-dom of God is growing; it is moving toward God’s will, it is moving toward God’s perfection. It continues to evolve because the kin-dom of God is not a two thousand year old stagnate event but a living, breathing progression forward to the final realization of God’s reign.
Most of us do not think of ourselves as prophets, and yet, if we would go back to our baptism, we would realize that every one of us is called to be a prophet. During the ceremony, we were anointed with holy chrism. “I anoint you with the chrism of salvation,” the priest says, and goes on to say, “As Jesus was priest, prophet and king, so may you also live always as a member of his body.” Through baptism we have been incorporated into the body of Christ—you are called to be what Jesus was: priest, prophet and ruler.
And that role of prophecy is to speak on behalf of God and God's truth. Every one of us has a calling to be prophetic, to be a prophet. In the Gospel, Jesus shows us the role of prophecy in the church, which is, speaking on behalf of God in a time when there's conflict within the community or conflict outside the community.
In our first reading from Deuteronomy, Moses’ impending death puts the Israelite community in jeopardy. Who will speak to God for them? Who will reveal God’s will? God promises that Prophets will rise from among their own people to reveal the will of God. These speakers of truth are home grown. They know the ways and the hearts of the people they speak to and connect with them; the only function of a prophet is to declare the word of God to God’s people.
In our second reading, Paul states that he has received both the office, and the grace by which he preaches, from God. He has not only his authority to preach, but that authority obliges Paul to preach; and if he did not, it should endanger his salvation. We, therefore, as prophets must speak God’s truth—we are obliged to do so or we endanger our very salvation. How can we do what Jesus asks—bring God’s love to bear on every situation in our lives. Faith is not just about longing for and acknowledging past manifestations of Jesus’ greatness and the gospel’s power; it’s also about discovering what deserves our amazement in our current lives.
The issues that called forth the prophetic messages of the Old Testament are very contemporary issues. There are still David’s around, whom, even though they may be good leaders and people of God at times, sometimes use their power in horribly destructive ways to achieve their own ambitious or selfish ends. There are still Herods caught between their own delusions of grandeur and even more powerful political forces, who are willing to sacrifice whomever is necessary to secure their own comfort and survival. There are still Pharisees who are so sure that their way is God's way that they are easily willing to crucify anyone who poses a threat to the status quo of their version of the truth.
And so, I think, there needs to be people today, Christians today, who will dare to stand and speak the truth. A truly prophetic voice is one who has the courage, perhaps even in some sense the calling of God, to look around at the community of faith in its status quo and say, "Not everyone who says 'Lord, Lord' will enter the kin-dom of heaven." A prophetic voice is one who calls God's people to return to their calling as a people of God. A prophetic voice is one that will not settle for the status quo, not for the sake of stability, or security, or comfort, or even for the sake of conserving traditions. A truly prophetic voice is a voice that calls for change, even if that change is a return to a vital tradition long obscured by false piety and self-righteousness.
A prophetic voice will not gloss over injustice or oppression, will not be silent in the face of bigotry or prejudice or false pride, and will not compromise faithfulness for practical ends no matter how noble those ends may be in themselves.
The prophetic voice is empowered by a vision of how things could be, a future in which the people and their leaders will live out their calling to be the people of God as a channel of blessing to the world. The prophets had the courage to call into question any preoccupation with the status quo on any level that interfered with that future. As a result, they were often in trouble with those who stood to lose the most if the status quo were changed and that "could be" future became a reality.
It is our duty to be modern prophets, speaking God’s truth through our words and our actions. God’s truth, then and now, centers on inclusion in the kin-dom of God. We must raise our prophetic voices for an inclusive Church and the inclusive reign of god.
Around the world [ according to an Australian study] priests say that domestic violence is "God's will" and that she must endure it because she'd promised in her marriage vows that she would, for better or worse. And in too many cases priests have told women that abuse is their "cross to bear".
The question as to why women cannot become priests is yet another challenge faced by the Catholic Church.
Those prophets who speak out through word and deed are excommunicated.
The Roman Catholic Church states they have no authority to ordain women and reason that only men can become priests due to the 12 men that Christ chose to serve as his apostles. [to be definitively held by all the faithful]
Social Justice Issues
poverty, housing, immigration, human rights, etc.
LGBTQ/Same Sex Marriage
Homosexual orientation is itself “objectively disordered” and homosexual acts are “intrinsically disordered.”
Speak up; speak out, even though your prophetic voice gets you in trouble with the authorities of the status quo who have something to lose. Speak God’s truth, and eventually, like the abolishment of slavery, God’s truth will be known and followed. When the status quo asks: “Why are you picking this fight?” or “Couldn’t you have just left things as they were between us?” Be a prophet in word and deed, speak God’s truth and let us [together] build the kin-dom of God.
January 21, 2018
FIRST READING A Reading from the Book of Jonah, A Satire on Prophecy
The Word of God came to Jonah again: “Get up and go into the great
city of Nineveh and proclaim to it the words that I give you.” So, this
time, Jonah set out and went to Nineveh, according to the word of God.
Now, Nineveh was an enormously large city. It took three days to walk
across it. Jonah began by going a day’s journey into the city,
proclaiming, “Only forty days more and Nineveh will be overthrown.”
And the people of Nineveh believed God. They declared a fast and
dressed in sackcloth, everyone from the greatest to the least.
The news reached the ruler of Nineveh who rose from the throne, laid
aside the royal robes, dressed in sackcloth and sat in ashes. Then, it was
proclaimed throughout the nation of Babylon: “No human being or
beast, cattle nor sheep, shall taste anything. They shall neither eat nor
drink. Human beings and beasts shall be covered in sackcloth and ashes
and call out loudly to God. Everyone shall turn from their evil ways and
the violence at hand. Who knows? God may repent and forgive,
withholding wrath, so that we will not perish.”
God saw by their actions that they had turned from their evil ways, and
God repented from the destruction God had promised to bring upon them. God did not carry it out.
The Word of an Ancient Story Teller.
Thanks be to God
A Reading from Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians 7:17-20, 36
The only rule is that everyone, each one of us, should live as we
were when God called us, as we were when we came to believe. I
give this rule in all the churches. If someone is called after he was
circumcised, he should not try to undo his circumcision.
If an uncircumcised person is called, he should not be circumcised.
Circumcision means nothing! Uncircumcision means nothing!
What matters is keeping God's commandments.
Everyone should remain in the state in which we were when we
However, if anyone has strong passions toward their beloved, marry as
you wish. It is no sin. Let lovers marry.
The Word of the Apostle Paul.
Thanks be to God.
A Reading from the Good News attributed to Mark 1:14-20; 2:13-17
Glory to you, O God.
After John had been arrested, Jesus went into Galilee. There he
proclaimed the good news from God saying, “The time is fulfilled, and
the reign of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the good news.”
As Jesus was walking along by the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and his
brother Andrew on the shore casting a net into the sea–for they were
fishers. And Jesus said to them, “Follow me, and I will make you
fishers of people.” Immediately they left their nets and followed him.
Going a little farther, he saw James, son of Zebedee, and his brother
John, who were in their boat mending nets. Immediately, he called
them. And leaving their father, Zebedee, in the boat with the hired
workers, they followed Jesus.
Another day, Jesus saw Levi,
son of Alphaeus, sitting at the customs
post and said to Levi, “Follow me.”
Levi got up and followed Jesus. While he was at table in his house,
many tax collectors and sinners sat with Jesus and his disciples.
There were many who followed him. Some scribes, who were Pharisees,
saw Jesus eating with sinners and tax collectors and said to his disciples, “Why does he eat with tax collectors and sinners?”
Jesus overheard their question and said to them,
“Those who are well don't need a physician,
but the sick do. I didn't come to call the righteous, but sinners.
The Gospel of Our God.
Praise to you, Jesus the Christ
Last week, I had a disturbing experience. Call it road rage but I beeped at a driver who was trying to cut in front of me. When she didn’t slow down, I stopped to let her go by. In response, she slammed on her brakes, put the car in park and got out to blast me, calling me a “F--White B---” She was a black woman. I was shocked, then I got angry. She put her hands on her hip in defiance. I was not going to get out of my car. Anna was with me and I realized that would only lead to escalating emotions. Then, she said, “You’re just going to have to wait.” She got back in her car and sat there, blocking me and the line that was forming behind me. So, I pointed to my wrist and said, “I’ve got all the time in the world.” Then I laughed at her. It was all so ridiculous. Finally, she moved a few feet, then stopped again. She was baiting me to pass her. I chose to stay behind her. We played this game for at least two to three blocks. Finally, we came to a stop sign and she went straight. I turned right. The incident bothered me for the rest of the day. Was it because I was white that she became so enraged? Or would she have done this to anyone? What should I have done? Now, looking back on it, I wish I would’ve been more kind, not shown the reaction that I did—certainly not laugh at her. Today’s readings remind me how human we all are—even when we don’t want to be.
In our first reading, we have Jonah, brave Jonah. He was a prophet who had come to Nineva to speak the truth. When do any of us want to hear from a prophet? Rarely, if ever. A prophet comes to challenge us, to make us change our ways. None of us want to hear that but most of us need to.
For some reason the people of Nineveh in our first reading did listen. Perhaps they saw Jonah come out of the whale’s mouth and thought that showed divine preference. Maybe they had heard the stories of how he lived in the belly of a whale for 3 days and 3 nights. Nothing symbolic about that now is there? Perhaps it was Jonah’s manner and passion. Being such a large city, it would take guts and stamina to deliver a message of “doom and gloom,” yelling to the masses for at least three days to walk across the whole city. For whatever reason, even the King took notice. He took off his robes and sat in ashes, a very astonishing act of humility for a king. Somehow, this king heard Jonah and was moved to act; he must’ve believed Jonah; he believed God had power over him.
God did relent because of the people’s actions. God saw that they had changed their ways. There was no need for the threatened punishment. I wonder what would happen if Jonah showed up today. I cannot imagine many of us responding, especially not our King in Washington who doesn’t listen to anyone but himself. Some of us are just as stubborn, like me with the woman yelling at me.
In our second reading, we have Paul reminding us of what’s important—not circumcision but living out the commandments: thou shalt not kill, thou shalt not covet, thou shalt honor thy parents. Basic rules for how we are to treat one another. Thou shalt not ridicule another, might be added.
Then in our gospel, we have Jesus speaking as a prophet, much like Jonah did so long before him. Jesus steps into John’s ministry and begins choosing disciples, those who will follow him and help him to spread his message of love. Of course, the Pharisees question him—he was taking all the attention away from them. Afterall, they were the religious leaders of the time. How dare Jesus a simple carpenter, suddenly show up and try to do ministry separate from the established church. Who did he think he was? And then he eats with sinners. Everyone knew that would make him unclean! But Jesus tells these Pharisees that he is here to help sinners, those who most need his help. Jesus wants to remind the Pharisees that they too are sinners. We are all sinners. But that would’ve been too much of a message for the church leaders to hear. Sometimes it’s too much for us as well.
This week we have our own Pope Francis disappointing many of us. We believed he was different. That he has a heart of compassion. But for whatever reason, there’s a blindspot when it comes to one bishop, Juan Barros. The pope appointed him Bishop of Osorno, Chile in 2015. A survivor of sex abuse, Mr. Cruz said that Barros was present when another priest, Fernando Karadima, then the bishop’s mentor, kissed and groped him and another boy. The people of Chile were outraged! Now in a visit to Chile, the pope poured gas on the fire, first seeming to honor victims of sexual abuse, then later affirming Barros as someone who was innocent, insisting on “proof.” Mr. Cruz said, “As if I could have taken a selfie or photo while Karadima abused me and others with Juan Barros standing next to him watching everything," he tweeted. “Nothing has changed, and his (the pope’s) plea for forgiveness is empty."
Why did the Pope create a commission in 2014 to study the problems of clerical sexual abuse and then not follow any of its recommendations? Two members who were survivors resigned from the commission. This group’s term officially ended just weeks ago in 2017.
All of us are sinners. We have our own blindspots, our loyalties, which is why we need the message of Jesus so much. We live in a world that pulls us backwards, back into pettiness, back into anger and the sense of self-righteousness. How often I have responded in anger when I have wanted to respond in kindness or humility. Only later do I realize my failings.
Over and over, Jesus calls us to soften, to listen and to not feel threatened by the voices of the other side. Perhaps it’s when everyone feels heard that progress can be made. Friday night, congress shut down the government because no one felt heard. Last week, white supremacist put out flyers in Iowa City. We as white citizens need to hear what that’s about. There’s a meeting at Old Brick on Monday night at 6:30pm to discuss this.
We don’t need to be swallowed by a whale to become prophets. We need only be as Christ—to listen and then act. Women took to the streets on Saturday to voice their outrage one year after our president was elected. The need to speak out has not diminished nor should our fervor. Yes, we are sinners AND we can do much good. May we start afresh to determine how we will act, how we will be prophets in our own time and place. Now is the time to speak our truth and to become people of change.
January 14, 2018
Invitation to open mic discussions.
A Reading from the First Book of Samuel 3:1-10, 19
Hannah’s boy, Samuel, was ministering to the Holy One under Eli. The word of God was rare in those days. Visions were not widespread. One night, Eli, whose eyesight had begun to grow dim so that he could not see, was lying down in his usual place. The lamp of God had not yet gone out, and Samuel was lying down in the House of God, where the ark of God was. Then God called, “Samuel! Samuel!” who responded, “Here I am!” Samuel ran to Eli, and said, “You called me? Here I am.” But Eli said, “I did not call you. Go back to bed.” So, Samuel went and lay down. God called again, “Samuel!” Samuel got up and went to Eli, and said, “You called me. Here I am.” But Eli said, “I did not call, my child. Go back to bed.” Now Samuel did not yet know God, and the word of God had not yet been revealed to him. God called Samuel again, a third time. He got up and went to Eli, and said, “You called me. Here I am.” Then Eli perceived that God was calling Samuel. Therefore, Eli said to Samuel, “Go, lie down. If God calls you, say, ‘Speak, Holy One. Your servant is listening.’” So, Samuel went and lay down in his place. Then God came and stood there, calling as before, “Samuel! Samuel!” And Samuel said, “Speak. Your servant is listening.” As Samuel grew up, God was with him and let none of Samuel’s words fall to the ground. The Word of an Israelite Court Historian. Thanks be to God.
PSALM Psalm 40:1-3, 6-8, 9-10
The Psalm response is: Your heart’s desire is our delight. R: Your heart’s desire is our delight. I waited patiently for God who turned to me and heard my cry. God put a new song in my mouth, a hymn of praise. More and more people are seeing this; they enter the mystery with faith. R: Your heart’s desire is our delight. Sacrifice and offering You do not desire, but You have given me an open ear. I said, “Here I am, I have come— it is written about me in the scroll. I delight to do Your heart's desire. Your law is within my heart.” R: Your heart’s desire is our delight. I have preached You to the whole assembly. I have not restrained my lips, as You know. I do not keep the news of Your ways a secret. I do not keep it to myself. I speak of Your faithfulness and Your love in action, holding nothing back. R: Your heart’s desire is our delight.
SECOND READING The First Letter of Paul to the Corinthians 6:12-13a, 14-15a,17,19,20b
“All things are lawful for me,” you say - but not all things are beneficial. “I have the right to do anything with my freedom,” you say - but I will not be dominated by anything. You say, “Food for the stomach and the stomach for food”; but both food and the stomach belong to God, and they will perish. The God who raised up Jesus the Christ, will raise up us too, by the same power. Do you not know that your bodies are members of the Christ? … Anyone united with the Christ in body, becomes one in spirit with the Christ. Do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own. Glorify God in your body. The Word of the Apostle Paul. Thanks be to God.
GOSPEL A Reading from the Gospel attributed to John 1:35-49
Glory to you, O God.
John the Baptizer was standing with two of his disciples, and as he watched Jesus walk by, he exclaimed, “Look, the Lamb of God!” The two disciples heard this, and they followed Jesus. When Jesus turned and saw them following, he said to them, “What are you looking for?” They replied, “Rabbi” (which translated means Teacher), “where are you staying?” Jesus said to them, “Come and see!” They went and saw where he was staying, and they remained with him that day. It was about four o’clock in the afternoon. One of the two who heard John speak and followed Jesus was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. The first thing Andrew did was to find his brother and say to him, “We have found the Messiah” (which translated means Anointed or the Christ). He brought Simon to Jesus, who looked at him and said, “You are Simon son of John. You are to be called Cephas (which translated means Peter). The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. He found Philip and said to him, “Follow me.” Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found the one about whom Moses in the Law and the prophets wrote: “Jesus, son of Joseph from Nazareth.” Nathanael said to him, “Nazareth? Can anything good come out of Nazareth?” Philip said to him, “Come and see.” When Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward him, he said of him, “Here is truly an Israelite in whom there is not deceit.” Nathanael asked, “How do you know me?” Jesus answered, “I saw you under the fig tree before Philip called you.” Nathanael replied, “Rabbi, you are one born of God! You are the Servant Leader of Israel!” The Gospel of Our God. Praise to you, Jesus the Christ.
Epiphany, January 7, 2018
FIRST READING A Reading from Sirach, of the Wisdom Literature 24:1-4, 12-20
Wisdom’s praises come from her own mouth; She tells of her glory in the midst of her people; In the assembly of the Cosmic Chorus, she opens her mouth; in the presence of the heavenly hosts, she sings her glory: “I came forth from the mouth of the God beyond the galaxies and I came to earth, covering earth like mist. My tent was in the highest heavens, and my throne was in a pillar of cloud.
I took root in a people honored by God, in God’s own portion and heritage. I have grown tall as a cedar in Lebanon, as a cypress on Mount Hermon.
I am raised aloft, as a palm in En-Gedi, as the rose bushes of Jericho.
I have grown tall as a fair olive tree in the field, and as a plane tree by the water.
I have yielded a perfume like cinnamon and camel’s thorn. I spread my fragrance like choice myrrh, like sweet spices and the smoke of frankincense in the tent. I have spread my branches like terebinth, and my branches are glorious.
Like the vine, I bud forth delights, and my blossoms bear the fruit of glory and richness.
Come to me, all you who desire me, and eat your fill of my fruit.
For the memory of me is sweeter than honey, and Wisdom, sweeter than the honeycomb.
The Wisdom of Our God.
Thanks be to God.
SECOND READING A Reading from Paul’s 1st letter to the Corinthians 1:18-25
The message about the cross is foolishness to those who seek winning-power, but to us who are being made whole, the cross is the power of God. For it is written,
“I will destroy the wisdom of the wise,
and the discernment of the discerning I will thwart.”
Where is the one who is wise? Where is the teacher of the law? Where is the philosopher of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the “rich and powerful”? For since in the Wisdom of God, the world did not know God through “wisdom”, God was pleased through the foolishness of our proclamation to lead those who trust in it into the fullness of life.
Judeans demand signs and Greeks desire wisdom, but we proclaim Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Judeans and absurd to Gentiles. But to those who are the called, both Judeans and Greeks: Christ, the power of God and the wisdom of God. For God’s foolishness is wiser than human wisdom, and God’s weakness is stronger than human strength.
The Word of the Apostle Paul. Thanks be to God.
GOSPEL: A Reading from the Good News attributed to Matthew 2:1-12
When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the days of Herod, Magi from the East arrived in Jerusalem, asking, “Where is the infant who has been born Ruler of the Judeans? We observed the child’s star at its rising, and have come to pay homage.” When Herod heard this, he was greatly troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. Assembling all the chief priests and the scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born. They told him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for this is what the prophet wrote:
‘And you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
Are by no means least among the rulers of Judah,
For from you shall come a ruler
Who is to shepherd my people Israel.’”
Then Herod summoned the Magi to see him secretly and ascertained from them the time of the star’s appearance. The he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, “Go and search diligently for the child, and when found, bring me word that I too may go and pay homage.”
After their audience with Herod, the Magi set out. And behold, the star they had seen at its rising preceded them until it stopped above the place where the child was. They were overjoyed at seeing the star! Entering the house, they saw the child and its mother Mary. Prostrating themselves, they paid homage. Then, they opened their treasures and offered the baby gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.
Having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed for their own country by an alternate route.
The Good News of Our God.
Praise to you, Jesus the Christ.
SERMON: Today we celebrate Epiphany—a surprise or better, a manifestation of God’s presence in our world. A here and now celebration of God with us. Whether there were two or three wise men or whether these visitors were astrologers or kings, one thing we know for sure is that this story told today is one that causes us to rejoice. An epiphany is a sudden or striking realization. It should be something that changes us. Once we have that “ahah”—we might then refer to it again and again as to how we think differently.
Certainly, there are always degrees of such experiences. After our trip to Ohio, I had an epiphany that we should never do that again. That’s a low manifestation, more obvious that striking. One that uses logic and emotion. Why did we ever think this was a good idea? You may have your own variation. But today’s Epiphany is bigger, much bigger.
For Christmas, Dave got me the book, “God—a Human History” by Reza Aslan, the same author who wrote Zealot, a very controversial book about Jesus. “God” was a fascinating read that made me think about Epiphany and how we got to this celebration. For many years, monotheism, the belief in one God was not accepted. People preferred praying to many gods—each for a differing need. This polytheism enabled individuals to pick and choose their favorite god and to emphasize their concerns accordingly. Several times an attempt was made to force mono-idolatory on people and this back-fired. The only way it finally worked was to imbue God with an all-inclusive nature. Aslan writes, “Think of God as a light that passes through a prism, refracting into countless colors. The individual colors seem different from each other but in reality they are the same; they have the same essence.” So too does God. God is creator of all, God seeks to be in relation with us, we believe. Our journey is towards deeper and deeper relationship with God, enabling us to learn how to be more authentic, more whole. These beliefs are the result of years of tradition and liturgy and our own becoming as a person and as a society.
Aslan himself believes in God but says that belief is a choice, not something that can be proven. Instead, his focus is on how our idea of God seems to be innate, something we have known instinctively from birth. Studies have been done with children and they indicate an understanding that we have two parts to us: body and soul. This is called “substance dualism.”
The best study on this was done by Jesse Bering and David Bjorklund. Children were told the story of a mouse and an alligator. The alligator is chasing the mouse and eventually eats it. The mouse is dead. Then the children are asked things like, “Will the mouse grow up to be a big mouse? Does his brain still work?” Children typically answer “no” to these questions. But when asked, “Does the mouse still like cheese? Does he still love his mother? Does he know that he’s dead?” the children will typically say “yes.” They believe that even though the mouse is not alive any more, its mental life persists. They have a sense of something more.
Aslan writes: “…we enter the world with an innate sense—untaught, unforced, unprompted—that we are more than just our physical bodies….When it comes to belief in the soul, we are, to put it simply, born believers.” From this, Aslan proposes that we can neither prove nor disprove that Creation was an act of God versus an accident of matter and energy. Were we created without cause, value or purpose or is there something that underlies the universe and binds us all together?
This question, this search may have been what led the three astrologers to follow the star, that star, that led them to a child to whom they paid homage. What did they hope to gain? They certainly didn’t need anything from a mere child and his parents. And yet, we have a sense that they leave with perhaps a peace of mind never before found in any of their other discoveries. God born among us—how wild and wonderful. Is that what they were seeking, wisdom that defies logic? A God who becomes as we are in order to help release us from such limitations? A God who experiences suffering and pain and joy is a God we can believe is our partner, our companion on the journey.
In our first reading we hear from Wisdom herself. She is setting the stage for what is to come. Isaiah is typically the first reading for Epiphany but I’m guessing that our lectionary creators believed that we needed to hear from a woman’s voice. Wisdom is always viewed as female, as Sophia, which is why we do our sign of the cross, invoking Sophia Wisdom instead of the Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost. Wisdom poetically tells us of her glory, her perfume and her worth that are beyond reproach. And, any of us who want her are bidden to come and eat of her fruit. It is a provocative invitation.
Then, in our second reading, Paul tells us that Wisdom isn’t always what we think she is. Power? Not so important. Richness? Not where it’s at. Those who are seen as foolish are really the wise ones. It’s all so paradoxical. This is setting the stage for the biggest riddle of all: God born of a woman in the form of a baby boy. How can this be? For thousands and thousands of years, God has been viewed as something outside of us in the form of the sun or moon, or in an animal form—a lion or an elephant. Something strong and big and powerful. The earliest representations of God as human came in the form of woman, typically a very fertile woman with large breasts. Only woman had the power to create life so she was worshiped and adored. Imagine that—those were the good old days. More recently, we have symbolized God as male but always with one or more superpowers: all knowing, all powerful, able to be present everywhere! Paul writes, “God’s weakness is stronger than human strength.” But now here at Epiphany he is born as a tiny human being. Why would this be?
From today’s gospel story we come to the main event: three total strangers go off on a quest. On their way they stop to visit a King, to alert him to their quest. It’s that important! King Herod is very intrigued but only in relation to himself and the possible threat this child might be to his power. His intention was murderous. We are grateful that dreams held such significance at that time! The strangers do not return to King Herod thanks to a dream, but sneak home on another route. Still Herod’s paranoia rages and leads him to murder about 20 innocent male babies (based on population studies of Bethlehem at that time). Remember, Herod ordered all male children under two to be killed. Thus, Jesus may have been anywhere from a few months old to two years old at the time of the Magi’s visit.
This past week, I got to meet my new niece, Rayven Elise. She is one month old today and she is a beauty. I held her for long periods of time because there is something so healing about a new baby. When awake, she would stare into my eyes forever. She has dark brown eyes where you can’t see her pupils so she has a sense of the eternal about her. Staring into those eyes of hers made me smile, every single time. And it made me feel so humbled to be holding such newness, such possibility, such purity of life.
Is that what the wise men saw? Perhaps they became wise after seeing the child Jesus. Did he evoke a sense of eternity, even before he could speak? Maybe he made these learned men feel more calm, less certain and needing to be less certain of things. We will never know. Some things remain a mystery, as they should. One of the deepest mysteries is that we are unique creatures who can think and wonder and seek to better understand. We know that there is more to us than meets the eye. We choose to believe that we are part of God and God is part of us. Together we hold infinite possibilities. May God bless us as we begin a new year, as we hope for more calm, less need for certainty and more delight in the mystery of life itself. Happy Epiphany. Let us say it again and again, Happy Epiphany! Amen.
FIRST READING A Reading from the Prophet Isaiah 9:2-9
In darkness a light was born;
From deep darkness a crest of dawn shines.
You enlarged life and Your people were born
Even though they knew pain and suffering, You increased their joy. They rejoice before You as with joy at the harvest, as children exult at play, and delight in sharing gifts.
For You have shattered the yoke that burdens them, the bar across their shoulders, the rod of their oppressor. Every warrior’s boot used in battle and every garment rolled in blood will be destined for burning, will be fuel for the fire.
For to us a baby is born, to us a child is given, on whose shoulders our future rests.
The child will be called:
Wonderful Counselor, Strength of God, Everlasting One, Champion of Peace. And of the peace this Child brings, there will be no end.
From the ancestral House of David and Bathsheba this child will come, bringing a reign built on justice, upheld with right living, from that time forward and forever.
The zeal of our Cosmic God will accomplish this.
The Word of First Isaiah. Thanks be to God.
SECOND READING A Reading from a Letter to the Colossians 1:15-20
We look at the Christ and see the God who cannot be seen; the Christ is firstborn of all creation. We look at this Christ and see the One in whom all things in the cosmos were created.
For everything, absolutely everything, above and below, visible and invisible, even ranks of angels, were created through this Cosmic Christ and for Christ. The Christ was there before any of it came into existence and the Cosmic Christ holds all things together.
If the church is the body, Christ is its head, for the Christ is firstborn from among the dead. So spacious, so roomy is the Christ, that everything of God finds its place without crowding. The broken and dislocated pieces of the universe – people, things, animals and atoms, will know healing and fit together in vibrant harmonies, reconciled. For death did not stop the Christ’s love from pouring out into the cosmos.
The Word of a Pauline writer. Thanks be to God
Our God is with you…
A Reading from the Good News attributed to Luke
2:1-14, or 1-20 Glory to you, O God.
In those days, a decree went out from Emperor Augustus that all the world should be registered. This was the first census and was taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria. All went to their own towns to be registered. Joseph also went from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to the city of Bethlehem, the home of David’s family, because he was descended from the house and family of David and Bathsheba. He went to be registered with Mary, to whom he was pledged to be married and who was expecting a child. While they were there, the time came for her to deliver her child. And she gave birth to her firstborn child and wrapped him in bands of cloth, and laid the newborn in a warm manger, because there was no place for them in the inn.
In that region there were shepherds living in the fields, keeping watch over their flocks by night. Then an angel, a messenger of God, stood before them, and the glory of God shone around them, and they were terrified. But the angel said to them, "Do not be afraid; for look—I am bringing you good news of great joy for all people:
To you is born this day in the city of David’s family, a Messiah, the Anointed One. This will be a sign for you: you will find a child wrapped in bands of cloth and lying in a manger." And suddenly there was with the messenger a multitude of the heavenly beings, praising God and singing, "Glory to God in the highest heaven, and on earth peace among all God's people!"
When the angels had left them, dissipating into cosmic splendor, the shepherds said to one another, "Let us go now to Bethlehem and see this thing that has taken place, which God has made known to us. "So they went with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the child lying in the manger. When they saw this, they made known what had been told them about this child; and all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds told them. But Mary treasured all these words and pondered them in her heart. The shepherds returned to their pastures, glorifying and praising God for all they had heard and seen, as it had been told them.
The Gospel of Our God.
Praise to you, Jesus the Christ.
Long, long ago Caesar Augustus, better known as Octavian, decreed that a regional census should be taken. He ruled Rome and the surrounding area from 27 BC to 14 AD. This census was probably made to help produce a registration list for taxes. Jews would be required to make a trip to the home of their ancestry, as would all citizens. For Mary and Joseph, the trip from Nazareth to Bethlehem was 90 miles and would’ve taken about three days times. Any woman in her ninth month of pregnancy would have resisted such a journey. There were too many unknowns: Where to stay? What to eat? Who to protect them from strangers? Not to mention the discomfort of riding an animal when one could barely breathe standing upright. And yet Mary went. We know this from the legends told, from scripture and from who we know Mary to be—no slacker, independent, devout and strong.
Appearances are deceiving. A young woman at Mary’s time had no power, no legitimacy except as a producer of babies, sons preferably. And yet she is the one who allows herself to be used by God for good. Ultimate good. How unlikely. How countercultural. How strange. In scripture and in our own lives, God surprises us again and again in ways we least expect.
Christmas is the epitome of surprise. We hear it in today’s gospel reading. God’s only son is born among the dirt of creation, in a cave, laid in an animal’s eating or drinking trough, wrapped in loose strips of cloth to protect his newborn skin. What is God doing? How are we to believe without any grandeur or glory? How can this fragile, innocent human being possibly find his way to Messianic legacy? And yet, if we listen and allow our hearts to open, we discover the paradox of our faith. It’s not a race. It’s not a victory march for power and wealth. It’s a very basic invitation we choose to accept. If you look too hard, you might miss the whole message.
Because Jesus was born in such a lowly state, we who are privileged must recognize that the lessons to be learned are found where we least expect them—in people with intellectual disabilities, in persons of different colored skin, in countries we may have never heard of. That is where God is, a God who embraces each and every one of us and who searches for those who are lost, afraid, alone, depressed. God’s birth into our world is a story of great love and affection. But we’ve lived a story of achievement and success and comparison, so we often miss the truth of it all.
A theologian wrote: “As unbelievable as it may seem, the one with authority over salvation spends his first nights not in a palace but in the open air among simple people like the shepherds. Born in the ancient equivalent of a tent village, Jesus arrives to fulfill God's promise.”
And that simple beginning has continued for century upon century, inviting us to discover the beauty of our faith amidst the tragic and joyous experiences of our lives. God invites us to choose love over all, to choose compassion over competition and to live with an eye for others rather than ourselves. Just as a Mother would for her children, just as Mary did for her child, Jesus, we choose to live as people of hope—always longing for unity and peace. Always.
When I was at the Women’s Clergy group, it was only our second time to meet, one woman said, “I heard the name Full Circle and I thought, that’s not a typical Catholic name for a church.” I laughed and said, “No, it’s not. And we are not a typical Catholic church, that’s for sure.” We are a small but mighty community. Appearances are deceiving. Some might think we are too small to make a difference. But nothing could be further from the truth. No one would guess what we’ve been able to do as a community this past year, as part of our outreach to others.
Here’s a recap: We donated $200 to Iowa City Compassion to help immigrants find ways to survive here in our community. We donated $350 to the Consultation for Religious Community to help the poor in our midst. We paid for a homeless woman to stay in a hotel. Somehow, we raised $1,370 for Puerto Rico and another $350 for Hurricane relief in Florida. More recently, we helped one of our families by giving them $1,475 dollars to help pay for medical bills. Finally, we gave the Bird House $350. That’s a total of $4,095. Amazing Also, we have to remember that we gave 63 pounds of peanut butter and jelly to the Crisis Center in February and 67 pounds of food in November.
We are generous beyond belief. And it continues to be our mission to challenge the notion that women cannot have the same opportunities as men. For that, I remain extremely grateful. Even with a pope that everyone loves, we hope to change the Church. Yes, Francis is a much more Christlike pope than we’ve had in a long time, but he remains firm on never allowing women to be ordained. That is an injustice that reverberates to all women, not just in the church but for all women, especially the poor and abused in countries that still see a great a divide between the sexes. We must continue to challenge the pope on this front; if he affirmed the equality of women, there would be social and a cultural ripple effect never before seen. That’s what Christ hoped to create; a message of love and affirmation for all. Which is why we are committed to raising our voices for change—not just change for us and our needs but change for all people who are disrespected, betrayed and ignored. We long for that day when there is more love than hatred, more peace than violence and where hope reigns once and for all. Helping to affirm women would move this reality ever closer.
Towards that end, we are now using a lectionary that was created by two women, smart women who are Womenpriests as well. Jane Via has been working on this for years and with the help of Nancy Corran was able to put it online for us to use as a faith community. Her reason for doing this is profound. Jane writes: “The first purpose of this lectionary is to include every significant story about women in the Bible not included in the canonical Sunday lectionary.” So we will be able to hear all the forgotten stories of women who have been unnamed, forgotten and hidden for too long. It brings me to tears. From now on we will embrace the impact that women made in moving our faith forward from the very beginning. Mary’s ‘yes’ in birthing Jesus will now be born again in our hearing on Sundays. For that we rejoice.
Finally, let us go to the manger, or animal trough, and take time to reflect on the paradoxes of our faith. It’s where we will find the chaos of life, not the idyllic photos of the nativity but of animals being smelly and rambunctious, and Jesus with Mary and Joseph representing the hope for all humanity. Merry Christmas one and all. Amen.
Readings for the 3rd Sunday in Advent
December 17, 2017
FIRST READING: A Reading from the Second Book of Samuel 7:1a, 2, 4-7, 12, 14a, 17
After the ruler, David, was settled in his palace, he confessed his
concern to Nathan the prophet, “Here I am, living in a house of
cedar, while the ark of God remains in a tent.”
But that night the word of God came to Nathan, saying:
“Go and tell my servant David, ‘This is what God says: Are you the
one to build me a house to dwell in? I have not lived in a house
from the day I brought the Israelites up out of Egypt
to this day. I have been moving from place to place with a tent as my dwelling.
Wherever I have moved with all the Israelites, did I ever say to any
of their rulers whom I called to shepherd my people Israel, “Why
have you not built me a house of cedar?
Now, when your days are over and you rest with your ancestors, I will raise up your offspring after you, your own flesh and blood, through whom I will establish a dynasty. It will be that one who will build a house for my Name;
and I will establish that reign and house forever. I will be the
mother of the one I raise up. I will be the father, and the one-to-come will be my child.” Nathan reported all the words of this revelation to David.
The Word of an Israelite court historian.
Thanks be to God.
SECOND READING: A Reading from Paul’s 1st Letter to the Thessalonians 5:16-24
Rejoice always. Pray without ceasing. Give thanks in all circumstances,
for this is the desire of God’s heart for you in Jesus the Christ. Do not
quench the spirit nor despise prophetic utterances. Test everything.
Retain what is good. Refrain from every kind of evil. May the God of Peace make you complete, holy; May the God of all make you whole.
And may you be preserved entirely blameless in spirit,
soul, and body at the coming of Jesus the Christ. The One who calls you
is faithful and will accomplish it in you.
The Word of the Apostle Paul.
Thanks be to God.
GOSPEL: A Reading from the Gospel attributed to Luke 1:26-38
In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, the angel Gabriel was sent
by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, to a young maiden
betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the House of David. The
maiden’s name was Mary. The messenger came to her and said, “Hail,
favored one! God is with you.” Mary was deeply disturbed by these
words and asked herself what this sort of greeting might mean. The
messenger said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found
favor with God. And now, you will conceive in your womb and bear a
child, whom you will name, ‘Jesus’.” Mary asked the angel, “How can this be, since I do not yet know man?” The messenger said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and
the power of the Holy One will cover you with its shadow, and so the child will be holy, and be called One Born of God.” And I tell you this too, your cousin Elizabeth, in her old age, has conceived. She whom people called barren, is now in her sixth month. For nothing is impossible for God.”
Then Mary said, “Here I am, a servant of God. It shall be with me
according to your Word.” Then the messenger departed from her.
The Gospel of our God.
Praise be to you, Jesus the Christ
Sermon: This past week I met with Dorothy Whiston. As you know she and I have been good friends ever since I came to Iowa City, 23 years ago. She was my spiritual director and helped me through Dave’s cancer, the birth of Anna and many other struggles. On Thursday, we were supposed to meet for lunch at 11:30am. About 11:20am I was driving around downtown trying to find a parking spot. Dorothy texted me. She said, “I just remembered. I don’t have a car! Can you come pick me up or should we cancel?” I laughed out loud and texted back, “On my way.” When I picked her up, she said, “I took my car in to get fixed this morning and completely forgot that I would need it for us to meet. Am I an idiot or what?” I said, “Oh this makes me feel so good. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve done something similar.” Then I told her about the time when I went to go shopping at HyVee and, after finishing my shopping, I went back to my car only to discover that I had left it running, keys in the ignition and doors locked. So, it had been running that whole time. I had no idea how I did this. Yep, we often provide our own laughter.
There’s a New York Times best seller called, “The Book of Joy.” It’s about how the author, , spent five days with the Dalai Lama and Archbishop Desmond Tutu together. The author said that most of that time was spent laughing. Both of these spiritual leaders believe that laughter is one of the best reflections of a mature spirituality. Isn’t that awesome? So, we must be very spiritually mature, based on how much we laugh here, right?
I have found over time that laughing is very therapeutic, especially when I’m laughing at myself. It takes a bit of humility to acknowledge that yep, I was too busy to notice that I had left the car running and yep, the only solution is to call Dave and to admit my mistake. He asked if I was doing okay. Humor, like humility comes from the same root word for humanity: humus. The lowly dirt, the substance of earth is the source for all three words. To laugh at ourselves reminds us of our shared humanity and how we are all dust and will eventually return to dust. Somewhere in between is great mystery, what I would call “sacred humor.”
Some say that laughter is the most direct link between any two people. Others says that laughter and crying are the sides of the same coin. One just feels better than the other. Kahlil Gibran says, “The deeper that sorrow carves into your being, the more joy you can contain.” Sometimes the pain is very deep. It carves into our being. The crying is an expression of that hurt. And yet, I’ve seen families switch from serious crying to hysterical laughing in a heartbeat while in a room with a dying loved one. Those are the ones I don’t worry about—they’ve just demonstrated that they have a very healthy attitude towards grief. They understand how sorrow and joy are so closely related. If only we can remember in our sorrow that there can be, that there will be some joy that will eventually fill this space that is breaking our heart. That is the ultimate silver lining—that Jesus comes to fulfill. Jesus is our silver lining in the sorrow of our lives. There will be joy, there will be meaning, even when we least expect it.
Today is Gaudete Sunday, joyous, happy Sunday. We rejoice because God’s coming is near, one more week to Christmas. We recognize the longing we’ve endured, like when a loved one is due to arrive home. Our Matt is coming from London on Weds. We haven’t seen him since June. I get butterflies just anticipating his homecoming and I anticipate tears of joy when I first see him. That’s the kind of joy we celebrate today. The homecoming of our God.
Pink is typically a color to represent baby girls but today it represents the possibility for new growth, like a pink rosebud waiting to blossom forth. In our Gospel reading, we have the Annunciation, Mary saying “yes” to God being born in her womb. It’s certainly a mystery, one that some question as more fiction than fact. Yet it preserves the notion that with God all things are possible. So rather than needing facts, today we allow our hearts to believe that God was born of woman, a holy and good woman who was given a choice. Mary is the first woman to have begun within her a truly physical connection with God who had formerly only been known through belief and words. Now God’s word was becoming tangible, incarnate within Mary’s body.
It really is an amazing story. We focus on Mary’s ‘yes’ but we understand that her yes, had been forming every day of her life. Through her prayer and spiritual discipline, Mary had been learning that saying ‘Yes’ to God is always a risk but one that can bring life and goodness. Now Mary’s ‘yes’ would forever change the world and the way we relate to the sacred.
In our second reading, Paul gives us the recipe for this way of risking with God: “Rejoice always. Pray without ceasing. Give thanks always. Test everything and retain what is good.” Mary was testing Gabriel when she challenged his statement. Afterall, she knew there was a problem with the angel’s pronouncement, with the logistics: no man, no baby. The angel then gives an explanation that sounds very improbably and complicated.
“Not to worry, the Holy Spirit will come upon you and the power of the Holy One will cover you with its shadow.” That sounds very scary and unbelievable. But it’s enough to convince Mary that this is a risk worth taking. “Yes, I’m in,” she responds. Can we maintain a similar stance?
Yes, O God, we will trust you. We will take you at your word and follow you. We will continue to suspend our rational minds even when we so want to pick apart all these mysteries of our faith. Help us to believe in a way that enables us to be authentic, holy and full of rejoicing, to believe in the unbelievable, in you, a God who comes to us as a fragile, innocent child born of a woman who said “yes.”
Maybe another word for rejoice is “yes” to a God who invites us again and again to believe, to pray for deeper faith and to laugh at how ridiculous it all is that there is a God who loves us enough to become one with us. This is our God, a God of love and risk and a God who promises us more than the darkness of life. Amen.
Feast of the Immaculate Conception December 10, 2017
“I am the Immaculate Conception.” These are the words Mary spoke to young Bernadette Soubirous [Sirbedes] when she appeared at Lourdes in 1858. On December 8th, Roman Catholics around the world celebrate the Feast Day of the Immaculate Conception. What does this mean? Many Catholics and non-Catholics mistakenly think that this day celebrates when Mary miraculously conceived Jesus; however, this feast day refers to Mary being conceived without original sin.
Through the centuries the Church has become ever more aware that Mary, "full of grace" through God, was redeemed from the moment of her conception. Mary was Immaculate because she had to be the Mother of God. She, herself has received the original grace of purity and the final state of the blessed life that we also, by collaborating with Divine Grace, hope one day to receive.
That is what the dogma of the Immaculate Conception confesses, as Pope Pius IX proclaimed on December 8, 1854, Ineffabilis Deus [infallible doctrine/dogma]: “We declare, pronounce, and define that the doctrine which holds that the most Blessed Virgin Mary, in the first instance of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege granted by Almighty God, in view of the merits of Jesus Christ, the Savior of the human race, was preserved free from all stain of original sin, is a doctrine revealed by God and therefore to be believed firmly and constantly by all the faithful.”
Hence, if anyone shall dare — which God forbid! — to think otherwise than as has been defined by us, let him know and understand that he is condemned by his own judgment; that he has suffered shipwreck in the faith; that he has separated from the unity of the Church; and that, furthermore, by his own action he incurs the penalties established by law if he should dare to express in words or writing or by any other outward means the errors he think in his heart.” — Catechism of the Catholic Church [CCC 492]
Only Roman Catholics believe this doctrine as an essential article of the Christian faith. Because the basis for the doctrine is formed from tradition, rather than scripture, all other Christian denominations, including the Eastern Orthodox Catholics, reject this believe as unsubstantiated in the gospels. Indeed, the idea of the Immaculate Conception is never mentioned once in the canonical books of the Bible and is found only in the Gospel of James, also known as the Infancy Gospel of James, an apocryphal Gospel, probably written about AD 145, which expands backward in time the infancy stories contained in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, and presents a narrative concerning the birth and upbringing of Mary, the mother of Jesus. This gospel was very popular among the early Christians and was included in the books of the Bible until it was condemned around 500 AD. The gospel persisted in its popularity, however, to this very day. It is this gospel and its tradition upon which the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception is built.
A short summary of this gospel follows:
Hanna [Anne] and her husband Joachim [WahKeem] were very wealthy. For years they gave a double offering to the temple—one for themselves and one for the people of Israel. As the day of the Lord approached, Rubim [high priest that year] rejected their offering, saying: “It is not right to accept your offering because you have no children.”
His wife Anne mourned in two mournings, saying: I shall bewail my widowhood; I shall bewail my childlessness. [Song of Anne]
And gazing towards the heaven, she saw a sparrow's nest in the laurel, and made a lamentation in herself, saying: “Alas! I have become a curse in the presence of the sons of Israel, and I have been reproached, and they have driven me out of the temple of the Lord."
And, behold, an angel of the Lord stood by, saying: Anne, Anne, the Lord has heard your prayer, and you shall conceive, and shall bring forth; and your seed shall be spoken of in all the world. And Anne said: As the Lord my God lives, if I beget either male or female, I will bring it as a gift to the Lord my God; and it shall minister to Him in holy things all the days of its life. And, behold, two angels came, saying to her: Behold, Joachim your husband is coming with his flocks. For an angel of the Lord went down to him, saying: Joachim, Joachim, the Lord God has heard your prayer Go down hence; for, behold your wife Anne shall conceive.
And her months were fulfilled, and she brought forth. And she said to the midwife: What have I brought forth? and she said: A girl. And said Anne: My soul has been magnified this day. And she laid her down and called her name Miriam [Mary].
In Mary’s third year, she was dedicated to the temple, and Mary was in the temple of the Lord as if she were a dove that dwelt there, and she received food from the hand of an angel. And when she was twelve years old there was held a council of the priests, saying: Behold, Mary has reached the age of twelve years in the temple of the Lord. What then shall we do with her, lest perchance she defile the sanctuary? And behold an angel of the Lord stood by him, saying unto him: Zacharias, Zacharias, go out and assemble the widowers of the people, and let them bring each his rod; and to whomsoever the Lord show a sign, his wife shall she be.
The widowers were assembled. The priest took their rods, entered the temple and prayed; and having ended his prayer, he distributed the rods back to them; and, behold, a dove came out of Joseph’s rod, and flew upon his head. And the priest said to Joseph, You have been chosen by lot to take into thy keeping the virgin of the Lord. But Joseph refused, saying: I have children, and I am an old man, and she is a young girl. But Joseph was persuaded and took her into his keeping. And Joseph said to Mary: Behold, I have received you from the temple of the Lord; and now I leave you in my house, and go away to build my buildings. The Lord will protect you.
And there was a council of the priests, saying: Let us make a veil for the temple of the Lord. And the priest remembered the child Mary that she was of the family of David, and undefiled before God. The true purple and the scarlet fell to the lot of Mary, and she took them, and went away to her house and spun them.
And she took the pitcher, and went out to fill it with water. And, behold, a voice saying: Hail, you who have received grace; the Lord is with you; blessed art you among women! The angel of the Lord said: Fear not, Mary; for you have found grace before the Lord of all, and you shall conceive, according to His word. And she hearing, reasoned with herself, saying: Shall I conceive by the Lord, the living God? and shall I bring forth as every woman brings forth? And the angel of the Lord said: Not so, Mary; for the power of the Lord shall overshadow you: also that holy thing which shall be born of you shall be called the Son of the Most High. And you shall call His name Jesus, for He shall save His people from their sins. And Mary said: Behold, the servant of the Lord before His face: let it be unto me according to thy word.
And she made the purple and the scarlet, and took them to the priest. And the priest blessed her, and said: Mary, the Lord God has magnified your name, and you shall be blessed in all the generations of the earth. And Mary, with great joy, went away to Elizabeth her kinswoman, and knocked at the door. And when Elizabeth heard her, she ran to the door, and opened it; and seeing Mary, she blessed her, and said: How is this that the mother of my Lord should come to me? for, behold, that which is in me leaped and blessed you. And she remained three months with Elizabeth; and day by day she grew bigger. And Mary being afraid, went away to her own house, and hid herself from the sons of Israel. And she was sixteen years old when these mysteries happened.
And she was in her sixth month when Joseph came back from his building, and, entering into his house, he discovered that she was big with child. Joseph was angry and cried out: Why have you brought low your soul, you that was brought up in the holy of holies, and that did receive food from the hand of an angel? And she said: I am innocent, and have known no man.
And Joseph was greatly afraid, and retired from her, and considered what he should do in regard to her. And Joseph said: If I conceal her sin, I find myself fighting against the law of the Lord; and if I expose her to the sons of Israel, I am afraid I shall be found giving up innocent blood to the doom of death. What then shall I do with her? I will put her away from me secretly. And night came upon him; and, behold, an angel of the Lord appears to him in a dream, saying: Be not afraid for this maiden, for that which is in her is of the Holy Spirit; and she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins. And Joseph arose from sleep, and glorified the God of Israel, who had given him this grace; and he kept her.
And Annas the scribe came to him, and said: Why have you not appeared in our assembly? And Joseph said to him: Because I was weary from my journey, and rested the first day. And the scribe turned, and saw that Mary was with child. Joseph and Mary were brought before the tribunal. And the priest said: Mary, why have you done this? And she wept bitterly, saying: As the Lord my God lives, I am pure before Him, and know not a man. And the priest said to Joseph: Why have you done this? And Joseph said: As the Lord lives, I am pure concerning her. Then said the priest: Bear not false witness, but speak the truth. You have married her by stealth, and have not revealed it to the sons of Israel, and have not bowed your head under the strong hand, that your seed might be blessed.
And the priest said: Give up the virgin whom you received out of the temple of the Lord. And Joseph protested. And the priest said: I will give you to drink of the water of the ordeal of the Lord, and He shall make manifest your sins. And the priest took the water, and gave Joseph to drink and sent him away to the hill-country; and he returned unhurt. And he gave to Mary also to drink, and sent her away to the hill-country; and she returned unhurt. And all the people wondered that sin did not appear in them. And the priest said: If the Lord God has not made manifest your sins, neither do I judge you. And he sent them away. And Joseph took Mary, and went away to his own house.
And there was an order from the Emperor Augustus, that all in Bethlehem of Judaea should be enrolled. And Joseph said: I shall enroll my sons, but what shall I do with this maiden? How shall I enroll her? As my wife? I am ashamed. As my daughter then? But all the sons of Israel know that she is not my daughter. And they journeyed toward Bethlehem. And they came into the middle of the journey, and Mary said to him: Take me down from off the ass, for that which is in me presses to come forth. And he took her down from off the ass, and said to her: Where shall I lead thee, and cover thy disgrace? for there is no place is the desert.
And he found a cave there, and led her into it; and leaving his two sons beside her, he went out to seek a midwife in the district of Bethlehem. And I Joseph was walking, and was not walking; and I looked up into the sky, and saw the sky astonished; and I looked up to the pole of the heavens, and saw it standing, and the birds of the air keeping still.
And I saw a woman coming down from the hill-country, and she said to me: O man, whither art thou going? And I said: I am seeking a Hebrew midwife. And she answered and said unto me: Art thou of Israel? And I said to her: Yes. And she said: And who is it that is bringing forth in the cave? And I said: A woman betrothed to me. And she said to me: Is she not thy wife? And I said to her: It is Mary that was reared in the temple of the Lord, and I obtained her by lot as my wife. And yet she is not my wife, but has conceived of the Holy Spirit. And the midwife said to him: Is this true? And Joseph said to her: Come and see. And the midwife went away with him. And the midwife went forth out of the cave, and Salome met her. And she said to her: Salome, Salome, I have a strange sight to relate to you: a virgin has brought forth -- a thing which her nature admits not of. Then said Salome: As the Lord my God lives; I will not believe this unless I see for myself.
And the midwife went in, and said to Mary: Show thyself; for no small controversy has arisen about you. And Salome examined her, and cried out, and said: Woe is me for my iniquity and my unbelief, because I have tempted the living God; and, behold, my skin is dropping off as if burned with fire. And, behold, an angel of the Lord stood by her, saying to her: Salome, Salome, the Lord has heard you. Put your hand to the infant, and carry it, and you will have safety and joy. And Salome went and carried it, saying: I will worship Him, because a great King has been born to Israel. And, behold, Salome was immediately cured, and she went forth out of the cave justified. And behold a voice saying: Salome, Salome, tell not the strange things you have seen, until the child has come into Jerusalem.
And, behold, Joseph was ready to go into Judaea. And there was a great commotion in Bethlehem of Judaea, for Magi came, saying: Where is he that is born king of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and have come to worship him. And the Magi saw the infant with His mother Mary; and they brought forth from their bag gold, and frankincense, and myrrh. And having been warned by the angel not to go into Judaea, they went into their own country by another road.
And when Herod knew that he had been mocked by the Magi, in a rage he sent murderers, saying to them: Slay the children from two years old and under. And Mary, having heard that the children were being killed, was afraid, and took the infant and swaddled Him, and put Him into an ox-stall. And Elizabeth, having heard that they were searching for John, took him and went up into the hill-country, and kept looking where to conceal him.
And Herod searched for John, and sent officers to Zacharias, saying: Where have you hid your son? And Zacharias was murdered about daybreak.
And after three days, the priests consulted as to whom they should put in Zacharias place; and the lot fell upon Simeon. For it was he who had been warned by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death until he should see the Christ in the flesh.
And I James that wrote this history in Jerusalem, a commotion having arisen when Herod died, withdrew myself to the wilderness until the commotion in Jerusalem ceased, glorifying the Lord God, who had given me the gift and the wisdom to write this history. And grace shall be with them that fear our Lord Jesus Christ, to whom be glory to ages of ages. Amen.
Anne was initially just a minor character in the legend of the Immaculate Conception derived from the gospel of James. But her role was capable of great significance because of what it could imply about the Virgin Mary and about the workings of God in this world.
In the twelfth century, a controversial question began to be raised about Mary’s conception and birth. Was she subject to sin like other human beings. The Council of Basel endorsed the unspotted, free from sin position in 1438, and Pope Pius IX approved it definitively as a doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church in 1854.
Anne also played a useful role for medieval commentators on the Bible when they attempted to explain the extended family of Jesus. St. Jerome [5th century] argued successfully that the "brothers" mentioned in the Gospels were Jesus's cousins, sons of Mary's sisters.
Biblical commentators in the early medieval West went on to identify those sisters with two other Maries mentioned in the Gospels (John 19:25 and Mark 16:1), to take Anne as the mother of all three, and to explain the names of her second and third daughters by creating the theory of the trinubium, or three marriages of Anne.
According to the trinubium, Joachim died soon after the birth of the Virgin Mary, so that Anne could marry a second husband named Cleophas, by whom she bore Mary Cleophas, and (after Cleophas's death) a third husband named Salome, by whom she bore Mary Salome. From these three daughters, the theory continued, came Jesus and all six "brothers" or cousins named in the Gospels. James the lesser or younger, Joseph or Joses, Simon, and Jude were explained as the sons of Mary Cleophas, who had married Alpheus; James the Greater and John the Evangelist, as the sons of Mary Salome, who had married Zebedee. Thus Anne became the grandmother of some of the most prominent apostles, as well as Jesus himself.
The trinubium theory was condemned in the twelfth century and later by a number of theologians, but the theory had a certain amount of internal logic on its side, given the way the legend equated fertility with blessedness and connected Anne with Hannah, the mother of Samuel, who was granted three more sons and two daughters after she dedicated her firstborn to God's service. The idea of the holy family as a large and powerful kinship had another advantage in medieval culture, of course, because it conformed so well to that culture's assumptions about family and class. The theory was incorporated into later stories and by those means became generally known and widely accepted in the later Middle Ages as part of Anne's life story.
I find it most interesting that one of the central dogmas of our faith is not found in any of the approved liturgies of our faith. Although the canonical books of the New Testament never mention the parents of the Virgin Mary, traditions about her family, childhood, education, and eventual betrothal to Joseph developed very early in the history of the church. That icon of the Nativity, with the birth in the cave, is from the Gospel of James. It is from this document that we have received the names of Mary’s parents – St. Joachim [WahKeem] and St. Anne. Over the course of the centuries, as the tradition and understanding of Mary’s conception developed, it was understood that original sin was not removed from Mary’s soul; rather it never existed in the first place.
We might consider the closing of the ecumenical council as we reflect on the Immaculate Conception of Mary, which read as follows:
But note what is taking place here this morning. While we close the ecumenical council, we are honoring Mary Most Holy, the mother of Christ, and consequently, as we declared on another occasion, the mother of God and our spiritual mother. We are honoring Mary Most Holy, the Immaculate One, therefore innocent, stupendous, and perfect. She is the woman, the true woman who is both ideal and real, the creature in whom the image of God is reflected with absolute clarity, without any disturbance, as happens in every other human creature.
Is it not perhaps in directing our gaze on this woman who is our humble sister and at the same time our heavenly mother and queen, the spotless and sacred mirror of infinite beauty, that we can terminate the spiritual ascent of the council and our final greeting? Is it not here that our post-conciliar work can begin? Does not the beauty of Mary Immaculate become for us an inspiring model, a comforting hope?
Advent: Sunday, Dec. 3, 2017
FIRST READING A Reading from the Book of Lamentations 5:1-5, 8-15
O Holy One, remember what has happened to us!
Pay attention and see our disgrace.
Our heritage has been handed over to strangers, our homes, to those who do not know us.
We've become orphans, without fathers.
Our mothers are like widows.
We pay money to drink our own water!
Our own wood comes at a price.
With a yoke on our necks, we are driven.
We are worn out, but allowed no rest... Servants rule over us, with no one to tear us from their hands. We risk our lives just to get bread, exposed to the desert heat. Our skin heats up like an oven, from the searing blasts of famine. Women are raped in Zion, young women in the cities of Judah. Princes have been hanged, elders shown no respect.
Young men carry millstones.
Boys stagger under loads of wood. The elders have abandoned the gate, the young their music.
The joy of our hearts has ceased.
Dancing has turned into mourning.
The Word of a poet left in Judah during the Exile.
Thanks be to God.
SECOND READING A Reading from the Second Letter of Peter 3:8-15a
Beloved, you must not ignore this one thing: that with God, one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like one day. God is not slow in carrying out promises, as some think of slowness. Rather God is patient, wanting no one to be lost, and all to come to repentance. But the day of God will come like a thief, and then the cosmos will pass away with an enormous roar. The elements will catch fire and melt away. The earth, and all that is in it, will dissolve in flames.
Consider, then, what sort of people we ought to be. We must lead lives of holiness and dedication, as we anticipate and hasten the coming of the day of God, when the cosmos will go up in flames and the elements melt in the heat. Relying on God’s promise, we wait for a new cosmos and a new earth where justice will be at home. So, beloved, while we are waiting, strive to live and be in peace, that God may find us unblemished and above reproach. And consider God’s patience an opportunity to become healed and whole.
The Word of an early church leader.
Thanks be to God.
GOSPEL: A Reading from the Gospel attributed to Mark
13:1a, 2, 3b-5a, 7-8, 14-27, 33-37
As Jesus was making his way out of the Temple area, Jesus said to the disciples, “Do you see these great buildings? There will not be one stone left upon another. All will be thrown down.
Later, Peter, James, John and Andrew asked Jesus privately, “Tell us when this will happen and what sign there will be when all these things are about to come to an end?...
Jesus replied: When you hear of wars and threats of wars, do not be alarmed. Such things happen; but it will not yet be the end. Nation will rise against nation and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes and fires...and there will be famines. These are the beginnings of the labor pains.
When you see the desolating sacrilege set up (in the Temple) where it ought not be..., then those in Judea must flee to the hills. The one on the housetop must not go down to enter the house or fetch anything out. The one in the field must not turn back to get a coat. Alas for those who are pregnant and those who are nursing infants in those days! Pray that it may not happen in winter. For in those days, there will be suffering such as has not been from the beginning when God created until now, and never will be. And if God had not cut short those days, no human being would survive; but God has cut short those days for the sake of those whom God chose.
If anyone says to you at that time, “Look! Here is the Messiah!” or “Look, there’s the one who will save us!”, do not believe it; for false leaders and false prophets will appear and produce signs and wonders to mislead the chosen if possible. Therefore, be watchful. Remember, I have warned you of everything...
In those days, after that time of distress, the sun will be darkened. The moon will not give its light. The fiery stars will fall from the heavens and all the powers in the cosmos will be shaken. And then they will see the Chosen One coming in the clouds with great power and splendor. The Chosen One will send out winged messengers, and gather the chosen from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of the cosmos.
In truth I tell you, before this generation passes away, all these things will have taken place. The heavens and the earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.
But as for that day or hour, no one knows, neither the cosmic messengers of God, nor the Chosen One. No one knows but God. So, be on your guard. Keep watch. For you do not know when the time will come. It’s like someone going on a journey, leaving home, putting others in charge, each with their own work, and ordering the guard to stand watch. Stay awake! For you do not know when the owner will come home, in the evening, at midnight, at cockcrow, or at dawn. You don’t want the owner to come unexpectedly and find you asleep. What I say to you, I say to all: Keep watch!”
The Gospel of Our God.
Praise to you, Jesus the Christ.
How many of you have your Christmas cards out? I’m still working on mine. I want it to be a snapshot of our past year and I’m struggling to choose which photos will do just that. How many of Anna, the boys and the girls in our lives? Where we went—London, the Grand Tetons, the adventures we had like seeing Hamilton, Lady Gaga and Bruno Mars. How do we capture what our lives have meant or what they mean today? The truth is we can’t. We can’t find one snapshot or one selection of photos that will sum up what our year or our lives have meant. Our lives are so much more than that. But, I’ll still try. We will all still try.
As Americans we seem to be driven to look ahead and to look behind. We record selfies and write journal entries to remember what we’ve done, who we’ve been with, what we’ve seen. And then we plan—I have a friend who already has her 2018 calendar pretty much planned with all her vacations and events. I can barely plan one month in advance, sometimes one day in advance. How organized do we have to be?
As you may have noticed, we are now using a new Lectionary. We are in Cycle B and we’ve been using the Inclusive Bible Lectionary. But just this past week, one of our own, a Womanpriest named Jane Via finally put out her own Lectionary. I’ve been bugging her for years to do this, once I heard her talk about developing this kind of a lectionary. Jane is a learned woman with a PhD and a JD! She wanted to do it right. Her copyright is still pending but we get to start using it for our new liturgical year. I’m so excited. Jane’s purpose is to put the women from scripture back into the Sunday readings. At last! So, not only have we switched to the Gospel of Mark, we have switched to hearing the lost stories of the brave forgotten women in scripture. I hope you will listen with new attention.
In today’s Gospel, Mark has a lot to say—and it can sound pretty frightening. Some believe Jesus was talking about the end time, the end of the world. It sounds very apocalyptic and urgent. Jesus tells his disciples to look for the signs of the times—wars and threats of wars, earthquakes. Hmmm, sounds like our own time, doesn’t it? Ultimately, Jesus tells us that there will be indicators but “as for the day or that hour, no one knows.” Our only option is to “Stay awake—to be ready.” Jesus was trying to prepare the disciples for his death, for how they would do without him at their side. He’s been trying to prepare us as well. Are you ready?
It’s important for us to know that Mark’s world was a dark one. The Romans had destroyed the Jewish temple which, for his listeners, was the center of their world.
They could have easily thought that the world was ending. Mark is offering them the hope of God’s coming. All is not lost, even if it seems so. We can only imagine how desperate Mark’s audience was to hear such words of reassurance. We need those same words to help us feel hopeful amidst the darkness of our world where celebrities, leaders and even the president have been accused of horrible acts against women.
Today is the beginning of Advent. A wonderful season whose focus is on finding the light; whose focus is mostly on the birth of Jesus on the 25th. I wonder if we might see things differently this year? Instead of our usual mode of planning and remembering, I wonder if we could hear what Jesus is saying as “Be awake, right now.” Not in 22 days from now but here and now. Can we, for a change, stop planning and remembering and simply be in the present? It’s a huge challenge. How many of you are already thinking about what you’re going to be doing after mass, or tonight or tomorrow? We are wired to do that—to think ahead.
I can remember learning a simple way of staying in the now and of marking the time. Typically, we rely on our cell phones or some other device to do this. When I was learning meditation, I was taught to take a mental snapshot of a scene. Last night it was the moon. Did you see it? No photo could capture its beauty, its brightness. Tonight it’s a super moon (which means it’s at its closest to the earth, it’s “perigee”). I took a mental snapshot, marking it in my mind. Now I can recall it vividly. That’s “marking it” a simple method of intentionally capturing a space in time. It’s really an effective way to help us be awake. And it helps us to be aware that all we really have is right now. This moment. And right now, we are just fine—alive and safe. That’s our gift, our blessing.
Time is changing. It’s Advent afterall. And it’s time to pay attention, not to prepare for the end of the world but to be aware of God’s appearance right now. How is God revealing herself to you right now? God is here with us in this very moment. And God is ultimately in control of our time, not us, as much as we’d like to believe we are the ones who are in control. God is directing time toward all this is good and true. Our time should be oriented by this awareness. God entered into our time and changed it for all time.
Peter, in our second reading gets it right. He says, “Beloved, you must not ignore this one thing: that with God, one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like one day.” Peter understands that God’s time is not like how we see time. God is slower, calmer, more trusting of time. Peter says, “So, beloved, while we are waiting, strive to live and be in peace.” There it is, that call to be in the present time. Take a snapshot of where you are right now. Mark it in your mind. See if you can’t practice doing that at least twice a day during Advent. Perhaps it will slow you down. Maybe it will help you breathe and be less stressed out by the season. Most of all, I hope it will deepen your sense of God’s presence, right along side you and within you. God is the God who comes, who already came and who is forever coming into our lives, time and time again.
Sunday, Nov. 26,2017
Matthew 25: 31-46
Then, Jesus said:
“I was hungry and you told me that it was my own fault for being lazy and believing that I was entitled to help from hard working people and that I’d probably spent all of my money on alcohol, cigarettes and drugs anyway.
I was thirsty and you assumed that I was desperate for booze.
I was naked and you said that I would have a better chance of getting a job if I took more care of my personal appearance.
I was poor and you told me I was a user who just wanted to sponge off the state.
I was sick and you denied me any help, told me to go back to work and assumed I was faking illness in order to scrounge.
I was in prison and you demanded that the key be thrown away and that I be kept away from all respectable, law-abiding members of society because I was a bad person who could never change.
I was a stranger and you told me to go home, that your country was full and that I was only there to steal your jobs and sell drugs.
For I tell you, whenever you did this to one of the least of my brothers or sisters, you did it to me”
In the Parable of the Sheep and the Goats, we are looking at people redeemed and saved, and people condemned and lost. A casual reading seems to suggest that salvation is the result of good works. The “sheep” acted charitably, giving food, drink, and clothing to the needy. The “goats” showed no charity. This seems to result in salvation for the sheep and damnation for the goats.
However, Scripture does not contradict itself, and the Bible clearly and repeatedly teaches that salvation is by faith through the grace of God and not by our good works. In fact, Jesus makes it clear in the parable that the salvation of the “sheep” is not based on their works—their inheritance was theirs “since the creation of the world”, long before they could ever do any good works!
The good works mentioned in the parable are not the cause of salvation but the effect of salvation. As Christians we become like Christ. Galatians 5:22 tells us that the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, gentleness, and faithfulness. Good works in a Christian’s life are the direct overflow of these traits, and are only acceptable to God because of the relationship that exists between the saved and the Savior, i.e. the sheep and their Shepherd.
The core message of the Parable of the Sheep and Goats is that God’s people will love others. Good works will result from our relationship to the Shepherd. Followers of Christ will treat others with kindness, serving them as if they were serving Christ Himself. The unbelieving live in the opposite manner. While “goats” can indeed perform acts of kindness and charity, their hearts are not right with God, and their actions are not for the right purpose – to honor and worship God.
The arresting thing is that Jesus is clearly saying that the ultimate mark of an authentic Christian is not their creed, or their faith, or their Bible knowledge, but the concern which is shown to those who are in need. The practical demonstration of love is the final proof. And note also that Jesus does not ask anyone to present their case or argue their cause. He asks no questions nor requests any evidence. Jesus simply extends to this one group the invitation, "Come, and inherit the kin-dom." Then he explains the basis of his choice. He has simply noted that when they had opportunity to help someone in need, they did it. Nothing more is required. It is sobering to realize that Jesus identifies himself with those in need. If you help them, he says, you are really helping me; and if you ignore them you are ignoring me.
But of course the issue really is one of faith. The sheep are asked to take their place on the right hand of the throne because all through their lives their genuine faith has been producing its inevitable fruit of good works. Unthinkingly, unconsciously, born of love for Jesus Christ, they have been responding to the pleas and the needs of those about them. They kept no records, they expected no praise. For them it has been a glad privilege. They were unaware they were doing anything unusual, but found a real delight in meeting the needs of others. There was no hardship involved. They felt it was a continuing joy to be permitted to minister in Christ's name. But not one deed performed in that way has ever escaped the eye of God. There is no need for Jesus to examine them. They had laid up abundant treasure in heaven.
Nothing reveals more sharply the radical difference between God's judging and man's than this story of the sheep and the goats. Even our treasured "good deeds" are shown up for what they are in the searching light from this throne of glory. Good deeds that are not the unconscious, automatic response of a heart indwelt by Jesus Christ are not truly "good" deeds. They are planned deeds, contrived deeds, carefully performed for the public eye deeds, or if in private, done in the hope that they will purchase some merit or favor before God deeds.
But God's judgments take note only of the unconscious moments of our lives, the times when we are off guard, when we are unaware. It is then that we truly reveal ourselves. The test comes, not in our remembered actions, but in our unconscious reactions, our instinctive, unplanned responses to the needs of others.
Sunday—33rd Sunday in Ordinary Time
November 19, 2017
First Reading: Proverbs 31:10-13, 19-20, 30-31
A perfect love—who can find her?
She is far more precious than jewels.
The heart of her husband trusts in her,
and he will have no lack of gain.
12She does him good, and not harm,
all the days of her life.
13She seeks wool and flax,
and works with willing hands.
19She puts her hands to the distaff,
and her hands hold the spindle.
20She opens her hand to the poor,
and reaches out her hands to the needy.
30Charm is deceitful, and beauty is vain,
but a woman who fears the Lord is to be praised.
31Give her a share in the fruit of her hands,
and let her works praise her in the city gates.
Second Reading: 1 Thessalonians 5:1-6
Now concerning the times and the seasons, brothers and sisters, you do not need to have anything written to you. 2For you yourselves know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night.3When they say, “There is peace and security,” then sudden destruction will come upon them, as labor pains come upon a pregnant woman, and there will be no escape! 4But you, beloved, are not in darkness, for that day to surprise you like a thief; 5for you are all children of light and children of the day; we are not of the night or of darkness. So then let us not fall asleep as others do, but let us keep awake and be sober.
Gospel Reading: Matthew 25:14-30
14“For it is as if a man, going on a journey, summoned his slaves and entrusted his property to them; 15to one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one, to each according to his ability. Then he went away.16The one who had received the five talents went off at once and traded with them, and made five more talents. 17In the same way, the one who had the two talents made two more talents. 18But the one who had received the one talent went off and dug a hole in the ground and hid his master’s money. 19After a long time the master of those slaves came and settled accounts with them. 20Then the one who had received the five talents came forward, bringing five more talents, saying, ‘Master, you handed over to me five talents; see, I have made five more talents.’ 21His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and trustworthy slave; you have been trustworthy in a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.’ 22And the one with the two talents also came forward, saying, ‘Master, you handed over to me two talents; see, I have made two more talents.’ 23His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and trustworthy slave; you have been trustworthy in a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.’24
Then the one who had received the one talent also came forward, saying, ‘Master, I knew that you were a harsh man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you did not scatter seed; 25so I was afraid, and I went and hid your talent in the ground. Here you have what is yours.’ 26But his master replied, ‘You wicked and lazy slave! You knew, did you, that I reap where I did not sow, and gather where I did not scatter? 27Then you ought to have invested my money with the bankers, and on my return I would have received what was my own with interest.28So take the talent from him, and give it to the one with the ten talents.29For to all those who have, more will be given, and they will have an abundance; but from those who have nothing, even what they have will be taken away. 30As for this worthless slave, throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’
This is a troubling gospel, one that I always hesitate to say, “Praise to you, Lord Jesus Christ,” as is our gospel response. Afterall, what are we praising in this reading? There are many troubling assumptions in this parable. First, let’s NOT assume that the master in this story represents God. It could be someone who has a position of power, but when we believe that it is God, we have to accept a misconception that God is a trickster. God sets us up for failure and punishes us if we don’t get it right. Also, if we follow the premise presented, we are left with the understanding that, when we’re given money, we should invest it and make more money. I don’t believe Jesus meant to imply that capitalism always wins. Remember all the other parables where Jesus praises those who are poor but have tremendous faith—that is the greater good. Never did Jesus say the poor should stay poor and the rich who invest win.
Some have tried to replace the word “funds” with the idea of our “talents.” That helps to soften the parable: if you have talents and you use them rather than hide them, you are rewarded. We can live with that. But I’d like to go a step further and say that this gospel lesson is about how we should live life; that if we live by fear and never risk anything, we miss opportunities to become our fullest selves, who God meant for us to be. This perspective helps to allow the gospel to apply to anyone, which is always a better way to see scripture. Currently, there is much that needs to be said about living beyond fear.
In the news, we have had many in power brought to their knees. Thanks to those who no longer live out of fear, men who have been in positions of power have now been identified for sexual harassment and abuse. This by women with no power who have risked telling their truth. CK Louis and Al Franken have been the latest and have at least admitted wrongdoing. Not so-- many of the Republicans who have shamed these women, calling them liars so as to maintain their power status. Did you know that the “Me Too” movement was started by an unknown black woman over ten years ago? who was an agent for social change on her MySpace page 10 years ago. Her name is Tarana Burke. I want us to know her name. She wrote on her MySpace page ten years ago that if others had experienced sexual violence, they should respond with “Me Too.” Tarana wanted the silence to end, for women to feel empowered to step forward. Many of us women have carried the experience of sexual violence with us for years—out of shame and the fear that we were somehow to blame.
Fear is what underlies so much of what needs to change in our world. And, if we noticed, our first reading is one of those readings that contributed to creating the rules that women are supposed to follow. This is part of the problem. It tells us that we as women are to be: “always busy with wool and with flax, bringing advantage to our man (that’s the usual translation), and instilling confidence in him.” Then it says, “Charm is deceitful and beauty empty.” There’s that subtle blame of women: “Don’t be too pretty or well-dressed. You’ll only cause a man to lust after you.” Those are the messages that have caused women to doubt whether they were part of the abuse or harassment and to keep quiet out of shame. Tarana Burke says, “Enough of all that.”
Much of Burke’s work has been focused on helping women understand that they are not to blame for what happened to them. Women are taught, she said, to follow the rules that include dressing modestly and staying out of certain neighborhoods. The reality, however, is that all too often women — and young girls — are attacked when they are following the rules. Or before they even know there are rules.
While living in Selma, Alabama during the late 1990s and early 2000s, Burke worked with young people, many of whom shared stories of sexual violence. She herself is a three-time survivor of sexual assault including rape. One day, she looked into a young woman’s eyes and instantly knew what the young lady was going to tell her. Burke, who hadn’t quite fully dealt with her past yet, avoided the young woman. Later, she felt horrible. “I cut her off,” Burke remembered. “She was so hurt and devastated. That moment taught me the power of empathy. All she needed was to hear the words, ‘Me, too.’”
Now we are calling all people, men and women, to be responsible for causing harm. I’m sure many are waiting for their name to be called next. Some argue, that that’s just the way it used to be—men taking advantage of women. How can we use a current, more enlightened measure of character when we didn’t realize it should’ve been our measure back then? Once the truth is made known, there is no turning back or lessening of values. We cannot pick and choose who gets a “pass” and who doesn’t.
Fear keeps us in our safe boxes, unaware of what someone so different from us—male, female, black, poor needs to feel respected and empowered. It may be difficult but there is no excuse. Not anymore. If we hear the gospel in this way, then the master’s anger feels very different. Perhaps that master is a woman who just discovered that fear caused her employee to ignore a report of abuse, calling it fake news. Then the anger is coming from a desire to say, “Step outside your box—risk finding the darkness of ignorance. There is so much more to lose by playing it safe and doing nothing.” And that’s the point. Rather than living with all the “What ifs” that keep us in crisis and afraid, can we move with a stance of “God is on my side and I choose to believe this can cause good.” Then, we will risk for the right reasons.
One author challenges us with these words: “Can we live as if we have nothing to lose?” Not recklessly but with a sense of confidence that doing the right thing, being bold and outspoken, is a way to live—forever challenging the norm, the status quo, maybe even challenging our fear of failure. That’s who we are. We are “outside the box” people who seek to shine the light on fear and ignorance and say, “Wake up.” Advent is just around the corner. And Thanksgiving is this Thursday. May we be truly grateful for hearing the truth and risking to maintain that truth. We have so much more to lose by playing it safe and doing nothing than by living as though we have nothing to lose. I challenge us to use gratitude as a means for empowering us. We have been blessed with so much. Can we move out of a sense of what we might gain instead of what we might lose? Then, we live not out of fear but out of great hope, the kind of hope that transforms, that changes life and changes us in the process. Amen.
Iroquois Prayer of Gratitude
We return thanks to our mother, the earth, which sustains us.
We return thanks to the rivers and streams, which supply us with waters.
We return thanks to all herbs, which furnish medicine for the cure of our diseases.
We return thanks to the corn, and to her sisters, the beans and the squashes, which give us life.
We return thanks to the wind, which moving the air has banished diseases.
We return thanks to the moon and the stars,
which have given us their light when the sun was gone.
We return thanks to the sun, that he has looked upon the earth with a beneficent eye.
Lastly, we return thanks to the Great Spirit, in whom is embodied all goodness, and who directs all things for the good of his children.
This is a Roman denarius, minted between 14 and 37 AD.
1] It is about the size of a dime. 2] An equivalent in copper coinage today at minimum wage would be 7,250 copper coins or about 50 pounds in weight. 100 = 2 and one half tons. 3] The obverse inscription reads: Ti[berius] Caesar Divi Aug[ustil] F[ilius] Augustus” (“Caesar Augustus Tiberius, son of the Divine Augustus”), claiming that Augustus Caesar was a god. 4] The reverse shows a seated female, usually identified as Livia [Tiberius’ mother] as PAX or pontifex maximus—this inscription “PONTIF MAXIM” is the shortened version of pontifex maximus or high priest of the Pax Romana [the Roman peace] which was the Roman state religion. 5] The emperor of Rome was the high priest by Tiberius’ time and claimed imperial authority over worship and spirituality.
6] Emperor Gratian declined the title of Pontifex Maximus in 381 A.D., and it was adopted by the Bishop of Rome, [Leo I] who claims to take the place of God on Earth. The Pope still retains this title.
The inscription called Tiberius the son of a god, Augustus, and also “Augustus” himself. The primarily religious title “Augustus” meant “majestic.” Tiberius was a step-son and (later) an adopted son of the (so-called) divine Caesar Augustus, but this coin claimed the “divine” role / title “Augustus” had passed down to Tiberius. “Augustus was divine, and now I [his son] am Augustus.” Not a son genetically, he claimed to be a son in divinity.
The Pontif Maxim or high priest of the PAX Romana is the essence of faith in Roman eyes. According to this perception of belief, Gods and Man have a treaty, in which the Gods are due certain things, and in exchange for getting them they would not unleash their fury on mankind (or on specific individuals or groups within it), and might aid mankind occasionally. This was the essence of the Peace of the Gods. The Roman gods demanded prayers, rituals, and sacrifices and, above all, respect. The gods did not expect you to like them, much less love them, nor did they expect piety from their believers. For that reason the Romans put much stress on the external forms of worship, neglecting completely all form of spiritual revelation.
Neglecting to perform your duties to the gods was a serious offence in Rome, punishable by death, because a personal violation of the Pax could bring the wrath of the Gods on the entire city. Thus, the worship of the Roman Deities became thoroughly identified with the operations of the state, and one's duties to it. Worship lost all its personal meaning and instead became a tedious and tiresome mandatory practice. Consequently, people began to find other sources of spiritual guidance. Oriental religions flourished in 1st and 2nd century Rome. Large cults were formed honoring other gods. This did not violate the Pax, as in polytheism one could believe in as many gods as they wanted. The problem began with two specific oriental cults: Judaism and then later Christianity.
People who converted to one of these religions could not participate in the Pax Romana, as their faiths preached that the Roman gods did not exist. Moreover these faiths declared that one should not take part in the ceremonies of those Gods. This was a threat to the very existence and lives of the Roman city and its citizens. For this reason the authorities forbade preaching either one of these religions within the city, but as the preaching didn't stop, it lead to a declaration of war against Judaism and Christianity.
The men who came to Jesus with their question thought they were putting Jesus in a bind, that whatever He answered they would have Him in trouble. Either they could denounce Him to the Romans as a rebel for encouraging non-payment, or they could denounce Him to the people as a supporter of Rome. He would either be arrested or the people would rise against Him. Either way, they had Him.
Some err, however, in interpreting this passage as if Jesus simply gave a clever answer to wriggle out of their trap. If that were the case, they could still have denounced Him to the people, since He was indeed saying to pay the tribute. They wouldn’t have gone away silenced if He said something they could use.
Nor do we do the passage justice if we say Jesus simply gave these evil hypocrites sound Biblical teaching on the relationship between civil and religious responsibilities. He wasn’t giving counsel to believers for living under godless government — they weren’t looking for wisdom, nor was He just using the coin as a visual prop in His teaching.
We have to remember that the “tribute money” was an idolatrous coin. It bore a graven image of a false god on both sides. It claimed Tiberius had authority over worship. It proclaimed a man to be divine, a false god.
Jesus didn’t just call them “hypocrites” for the satisfaction of telling them off. He made them present the coin (and acknowledge its nature) to show clearly their hypocrisy. It wasn’t love of God that made them hesitant to pay the tribute, but love of money.
Jesus drew their attention to the inscription, as well as the image, before He answered their question. “‘Show me the tax money.’ They brought to him a denarius”. The Torah forbids graven images. The Pharisees and Herodians [supporters of King Herod] are questioning Jesus within the walls of the temple—holy ground—and yet they have no problem producing the offending coin with its graven image, presumably from their own pockets. That act exposes their hypocrisy, because no truly observant Jew would carry a graven image in their pocket. Refusal to carry these coins would, no doubt, be inconvenient, but it would serve to witness to the fact that God called the Jews to be a people apart—a holy people—people living in accord with Jewish law.
Furthermore, in deference to Jewish sensibilities, Rome had made provision for Jews to make their own copper coins without Caesar’s image. But carrying a silver denarius was more convenient than carrying lots of copper coins.
So Jesus says, that’s an idolatrous coin, and Caesar may have it—God certainly doesn’t need it. People still might not want to pay the tax — but they won’t fault a Teacher for showing the idolatry and rebuking hypocrisy. “They marveled” — not only had their perfect trap failed to trap Jesus; He had turned it back on their own hypocrisy.
How is it that we might hear the impact of this story in our own contexts? What are the all-encompassing claims of ownership and right that Jesus would proclaim to his people today? At the core, the issues raised by this biblical passage are ones of allegiance. If God owns all, then we belong to God alone. Yet we live a life in which competing powers and influences vie to own us, to sway us, to capture our hearts. The tendency, for example, for what we own to exert ownership on us means we need to guard against consumerism and materialism as competing allegiances to our loyalty to God.
The questions raised by this text must address the call of Jesus to live in whole hearted allegiance to God, while navigating in life contexts that often pull at that allegiance. Such navigation is not easy, and we would do well to seek God's wisdom and discernment as we desire to follow Jesus in a world full of shinny things.
To render to Caesar what was Caesar's was to return his own coin to him; to render to God what was God's was to render worship to God alone. Neither the image nor the inscriptions on coins in common usage should prevent the Jewish people's single-minded devotion to God. The appropriate response to living in a society whose beliefs differ from one's own is to critically evaluate and withstand its claims, not to censor such claims from being heard or to boycott all participation in the society.
We are made in the image of God. We bear God’s image, and so it is appropriate to give ourselves back to God because God created us and we are an integral part of God’s realm. Jesus does not divide the world into two equal realms, clearly defining the boundaries between our obligations to Caesar and our obligations to God. Rather, His answer acknowledges our obligation to the state, but affirms our larger obligation to God. Coins bearing Caesar’s image may belong to Caesar, but all things (coins, Caesar, Rome, the planet, the universe) come from God. Caesar’s realm is but a speck within God’s realm. The days of Caesar’s realm are numbered, but God’s realm is eternal. We should give ourselves to God alone and navigate the claims of government and society. Our obligation to God is not a mere matter of words but a matter of actions—“you cannot serve both money and God" You cannot serve the state and God equally. You must serve God alone.
Oct. 15, 2017
The Wedding Feast: Put on Christ
First Reading: Isaiah 25:6-10
On this mountain the Lord of hosts will make for all peoples a feast of rich food, a feast of well-aged wines, of rich food filled with marrow, of well-aged wines strained clear. 7And he will destroy on this mountain the shroud that is cast over all peoples, the sheet that is spread over all nations; he will swallow up death forever. 8Then the Lord God will wipe away the tears from all faces, and the disgrace of his people he will take away from all the earth, for the Lord has spoken.
9It will be said on that day, Lord, this is our God; we have waited for him, so that he might save us. This is the Lord for whom we have waited; let us be glad and rejoice in his salvation. 10For the hand of the Lord will rest on this mountain. The Moabites shall be trodden down in their place as straw is trodden down in a dung-pit.
Second Reading: Philippians 4:12-14, 19-20
I know what it is to have little, and I know what it is to have plenty. In any and all circumstances I have learned the secret of being well-fed and of going hungry, of having plenty and of being in need. 13I can do all things through him who strengthens me. 14In any case, it was kind of you to share my distress. And my God will fully satisfy every need of yours according to his riches in glory in Christ Jesus. To our God and Father be glory forever and ever. Amen.
Gospel Reading: Matthew 22:1-14
Once more Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying: 2“The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding banquet for his son. 3He sent his slaves to call those who had been invited to the wedding banquet, but they would not come. 4Again he sent other slaves, saying, ‘Tell those who have been invited: Look, I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and my fat calves have been slaughtered, and everything is ready; come to the wedding banquet.’ 5But they made light of it and went away, one to his farm, another to his business, 6while the rest seized his slaves, mistreated them, and killed them.
7The king was enraged. He sent his troops, destroyed those murderers, and burned their city. 8Then he said to his slaves, ‘The wedding is ready, but those invited were not worthy. 9Go therefore into the main streets, and invite everyone you find to the wedding banquet.’ 10Those slaves went out into the streets and gathered all whom they found, both good and bad; so the wedding hall was filled with guests. 11“But when the king came in to see the guests, he noticed a man there who was not wearing a wedding robe,12and he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you get in here without a wedding robe?’ And he was speechless. 13Then the king said to the attendants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, and throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’ 14For many are called, but few are chosen.”
Fear is a powerful motivator. The final image of today’s gospel is disturbing. Being bound hand and foot and thrown into darkness is bad enough, but then there’s the wailing and gnashing of teeth. It’s an image of torment; horrible suffering that lasts. It reminds me of childhood images of hell. That’s motivating in a very negative way.
This would not be a wedding that I’d want to attend; not with a host who has the ability to judge me so harshly and then bind me and throw me out into the darkness into torment. Even symbolically there’s no good to be found in this. Unless we look at it historically. What did the audiences of Jesus’ time hear in this parable?
Scholars have suggested that Matthew’s parable comes from “Q” a hypothetical written source (Q stands for Quelle in German or source) that both Matthew and Luke seemed to use. It supposedly contains actual quotations from Jesus. Some argue that of course Mark, Matthew and Luke would use the same words because they were eyewitnesses to Jesus. They all wrote between 50-65 AD. Others believe that Mark was the first gospel written and that Matthew and Luke borrowed from him. There is no evidence of Q; that is, no tangible scroll or papyrus that has ever been found to indicate it exists. Rather, it has been so named by scholars trying to understand the history of the gospels. These three gospels have been named the Synoptic Gospels; like the word, synopsis, it means “seeing all together.” Often there are parallels made between these three gospels.
First, we must remember that Jesus was speaking to the Pharisees. He’s always more direct and authoritative in these situations. Jesus uses events of daily life that are very much understood by his listeners. In today’s gospel, the ruler in our Gospel is God. He first invited Israel to the Kingdom or wedding feast and they refused. It was not that they couldn’t come; rather that they wouldn’t come. Then those invited murdered the messengers. Everyone understands how wrong that is! Don’t kill the messenger—they are just delivering the message and in this case, the invitation. How absurd! No wonder God destroyed these ungrateful, proud people.
Then the ruler does something outrageous. He invites anyone and everyone; those who are worthy and those who are not. What kind of a God is this? A God who invites those regardless of their status in life, their money, their trade or reputation? Unheard of. Of course, these “everyone’s” are the Gentiles, those no one thought would be invited. And, guess what, they are more receptive to God’s invitation. How amazing is that?
Then, the key to understanding the rest of this gospel is a tradition that I never knew about. It’s very helpful to understand wass that in those times, any host would provide the wedding garment for his guests. This went out with the first invitation so that the guests had time to prepare themselves for the event. Then, a second invitation would go out to say it was time to come for the celebration. The messengers were essential to helping everyone to know when the wedding party was ready. It would’ve been a huge insult to not wear what was provided when it took so little effort and when time was given to “put on” the wedding garment.
The wedding garment was actually a robe. Traditionally, the wealthier you were, the more elaborate and ornate was the robe. These robes were often handed down in a family. But, being invited by a king or ruler was different. It was the king who provided the robe which helped to equalize all attendees. It was a robe that represented the king’s power and prestige, not the guests.
So, doesn’t that help in our understanding of the reason why the slouch who didn’t wear the right wedding garment was thrown out? He didn’t even bother—even though he was given the garment. That shows a level of pride or distain or ignorance. Now we know why the ruler was so angry—and had the man thrown out, gnashing his teeth in regret, perhaps.
The real point of the parable is that, we have been given the wedding garment. We have all been invited. The wedding garment represents God’s way of being in the world. All we need do is to accept this generous gift and wear it, be it, accept that indeed we are God’s guests. As in Galatians 3:27 we “put on” Christ. It says, “Put on Christ, for all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourself with Christ.” Or in another translation, “All who have been united with Christ in baptism have put on Christ, like putting on new clothes.”
For the Gentiles who came to the wedding and wore the wedding robe, this symbolized a change, a hearing Jesus’ lessons and believing his words so that how they behaved was different, more loving, we would hope. Certainly less judgmental. The wedding garment symbolizes our change of heart, the change in our outward behavior that we exemplify as followers of Jesus. We wear the wedding garment of love. We must “bother” to take time to dress in this manner, to wear the robe that God has provided for us and to be full of anticipation and delight for we will join the feast and celebrate. The wedding invitation is extended to anyone and everyone, total strangers, both good and bad. This invitation is given for a feast that is one of the most joyous occasions in Jesus’ time—free food and drink for sometimes a week-long celebration. For us, it’s for all eternity; for both our lifetime and the hereafter.
We understand this. We are mindful of this. All our actions should reflect the Christ we embody. For some, there is always an excuse. They refuse to come, even though they can certainly become a different kind of person. It’s easier to stay in my old ways, my rut of being indifferent or too proud. Some become defiant at the invitation and choose to kill those who would try to bring them the invitation. They have lost all perspective on life and on what is important.
But we know that God has invited us. Each day is an opportunity to wear that wedding robe, to celebrate that. We are not motivated by fear but by love. How blessed are we to have been invited.
So, I’d like us to ask ourselves, “Do we feel invited? Is it difficult to put on the robe? When are you aware of refusing the invitation? Are we motivated by fear or by love?”
The Cosmic Christ by Richard Rohr
The first and cosmic incarnation of the Eternal Christ, the perfect co-inherence of matter and Spirit (Ephesians 1:3-11), happened at the Big Bang 13.8 billion years ago. Christians believe that Jesus of Nazareth was the human incarnation of that same Mystery a mere 2,000 years ago, when we were perhaps ready for this revelation. Christ is not Jesus’ last name, but the title of his historical and cosmic purpose. Jesus presents himself as the “Anointed” or Christened One who was human and divine united in one human body—as our model and exemplar. Peter seems to get this, at least once (Matthew 16:16), but like most of the church, he also seems to regress. Christ is our shortcut word for “The Body of God” or “God materialized.”  This Christ is much bigger and older than either Jesus of Nazareth or the Christian religion, because the Christ is whenever the material and the divine co-exist—which is always and everywhere.
Ilia Delio writes, “The conventional visualization of the physical world was changed by Einstein’s special theory of relativity, which showed that matter itself was a form of energy. . . . For all practical purposes, energy is the ‘real world.’”  There it is: science revealing that everything is both matter and energy/spirit co-inhering as one; this is a Christocentric world. This realization changes everything. Matter has become a holy thing and the material world is the place where we can comfortably worship God just by walking on matter, by loving it, by respecting it. The Christ is God’s active power inside of the physical world. 
Delio continues: “Through his penetrating view of the universe Teilhard found Christ present in the entire cosmos, from the least particle of matter to the convergent human community. ‘The Incarnation,’ he declared, ‘is a making new . . . of all the universe’s forces and powers.’ Personal divine love is invested organically with all of creation, in the heart of matter, unifying the world.”  For many years, imitating Teilhard de Chardin, I used to end my letters with his own complementary close,
“Christ Ever Greater!” This had little to do with my hopes for the expanding of organized Christianity, not that there is anything wrong with that. I think we are all sad to admit that organized Christianity has often resisted and opposed the true coming of the Cosmic Christ. The coming of the Cosmic Christ is not the same as the growth of the Christian religion. It is the unification of all things.
Twenty-fourth Sunday of Ordinary Time 9/24/17
Matthew 20: 1-16
Workers in the vineyard
Of all the gospels read and discussed on Sunday mornings during church, this was the one I hated the most. I didn’t just hate it, I despised the entire parable. It wasn’t because I disagreed with the message or the interpretation of the reading; it was because I knew that after Mass I’d have to listen to what I called the “depression annunciation.” Here’s how it went:
They were married in 1935. 2. They lived for two years in a room above the gas station my father worked at for room and board without pay. 3. They moved to Vinton, Iowa to find work. 4. After a few weeks, they were declared as vagrants and ordered by the Benton County sheriff to leave the county. 5. They moved to Cedar Rapids. 6. They lived in the church rectory garage/storage shed. 7. Each day my father stood with hundreds of other men waiting to be picked as a day laborer. 8. The jobs paid one dollar per day. 9. He shoveled snow off the city streets.
My mother always pointed out how blessed they were—they had food on the table, a growing family and a place to live. “Count your blessings,” she’d say, “be happy with what you have and thank God for it. They claimed that those days were some of the happiest in their lives.
As a child in the fifties, I had little appreciation for the trials and sacrifices my parents faced in their young lives. After all, it was the fifties and things were pretty darn good as far as I could tell. Who cared about the old days—the depression meant nothing to me. My little brother and I finally decided that my parents at their advanced age [they were in their forties after all] had become senile and were probably crazy. The life lessons my parents were trying to explain were lost to me at that time.
The Great Depression in the United States was a terrible schoolmaster. People had to learn prudent living in order to survive. Rather than creating a spirit of envy or anger for what they did not have, they developed a spirit of gratitude for the meager, simple things, with which they were blessed, like hot, homemade bread, bean soup, enough garden produce to last the winter, family and friends.
Now, gratitude and justice is what today’s parable is about. With the Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard, Jesus spells out what the heavenly rewards system looks like. Keep in mind that Jesus gave this parable in answer to Peter’s question, “What then will we have?” (19:27). Peter, who had left everything to follow Jesus, must have heard this parable with some frustration, because it implies that the rewards that the apostles will receive will be the same as the rewards that lesser disciples will receive. That must have offended Peter’s sense of justice.
Frankly, it offends our sense of justice too! We are accustomed to functioning in a world where one’s rewards are proportionate to one’s service. (Although I have to wonder if a professional football player is really worth as much as a thousand school teachers or nurses.) We feel for the all-day workers, who received the same pay as the one-hour workers. Is that fair? Don’t they deserve more? Shouldn’t the employer treat them better? Not so with the Parable of the Workers, so we share the offense of the all-day workers. They have worked long and hard, but the employer put them on a par with all the rest. In like manner, God has put us on a par with everybody else—latecomers to the faith—and others who have done less or given less than we have.
But we don’t want to be on a par with others! We want to be better than others! We don’t want mercy (what God gives freely) but a sort of justice (what we have earned or merited). If God distributes rewards fairly, then we, who have worked all day, will get more than those who arrived at the last hour. We will receive what we have earned plus a generous bonus.
Those who have borne the famous ‘heat and burden of the day’ are resentful and complain that others who turned up later are getting paid the same wage for less work. However, the employer points out that the early workers have been paid exactly as they agreed – so where is the wrong? Why should they be so envious if he decides to be generous to the latecomers? And that, Jesus says, is what God is like!
A part of our problem in accepting the idea of this parable stems from our experience in a world where scarcity prevails. While some would argue that there is no scarcity (if we would just distribute goods equitably, there would be plenty for all) that fails to meet the test of our experience. While it might be possible to insure that everyone can enjoy a daily bowl of cheerios, it is not possible to give everyone a Lincoln Navigator—or a beachfront home with a white picket fence. At some point, life is a zero-sum game—a game where one side can win only if the other side loses. There is only so much beachfront land, and you and I cannot own the same beachfront lot. Either it is mine, or it is yours. If I own it, then you lose it. Knowing that some of our desires will go unmet, it is difficult for us (1) to rejoice at our neighbor’s good fortune and (2) to shift from this-world-thinking to God’s Kindom-thinking.
The ultimate reward of faith is eternal life and of that there is no scarcity. The Kindom of heaven is not a zero-sum game. When Jesus offers eternal life to the less deserving, he takes nothing from the more deserving. There is no need for spiritual competition, because our reward will be as good as it could possibly be. That is a hard lesson for competitive people to learn, but one we must learn. God takes nothing from us by showing mercy to others.
“But it’s not fair!” we say. That’s not justice! We want to bargain with God—to negotiate a more favorable deal for ourselves. But this parable unveils a truth that Matthew’s predominately Jewish readership needed to hear. It unveils a truth that Peter and the other apostles needed to hear. It unveils a truth that we need to hear. That truth is this: We are called to give ourselves unreservedly to God’s service and to trust in God. This parable does not deal with God’s justice; it deals with God’s mercy—God’s generosity toward us. It deals with the radical nature of God’s generosity, compassion and the promise of God’s Kindom. The radical moment of the parable is when those who were employed not only receive payment in reverse order, but also receive equal payment for their efforts! The parable reaches its crescendo with the question: “Or am I not free to do as I wish with my own money? Are you envious because I am generous?” The owner of the vineyard reserves the right to pay his employees not on the basis of their own merits but rather on the basis of his compassion. God views us on the basis of mercy and compassion, and we should be grateful for all the blessings we have received—thanking God, rather than complaining about what we lack.
Some theologians have interpreted this parable as Jesus teaching his fellow Jews that the Gentiles who are only now being called into the kingdom of God should not be resented, and that they are, and should be, made just as welcome as the Jews who have worshipped and served God for centuries. However we apply it, the basic message of the parable is that God is equally welcoming to all who respond to God’s invitation, whenever they decide to do so, and that no one should object to God’s generosity to others or make jealous comparisons. Think of the thief crucified with Jesus who asks to be with him in Paradise.
Surely, we say, those who had been laboring all day deserved more, or had earned more in return as a matter of justice? The answer has to be yes, if we understand justice in terms of recognition of merits or “just deserts.” We tend to described justice in terms of fairness—to identify justice with whatever would create the fairest conditions for everyone in society. It doesn’t seem fair, as in the parable, not to reward people in proportion to their efforts, or to distribute payments to people without taking into account the differences between their performances.
All the men in the market place, however, were looking for employment, being in the most insecure social position of daily casual laborers, totally dependent on the law of supply and demand. The last were still there in the late afternoon because “they had not been hired. “Yet, they had basic needs which had to be satisfied and they had to make a regular living through their work in order to meet their own needs and possibly those of their families.
Accordingly, when the landowner at the end of the day paid a denarius to all his workers, regardless of how much of the day each had spent in his service, we can think of him as not being simply a generous, or overgenerous, employer, but in fact as being a just employer, in the sense of being one who recognized the need that all his workers had for this amount of payment for their and their dependents’ daily sustenance, regardless of the hour at which they joined his work force. Social justice, according to this parable, means providing for the well-being of others, not because they merit it but because they need it.
Given the contrast between justice understood as recognizing merit, and justice understood as meeting people’s needs regardless of what they deserve, we must conclude that the latter is much more consistent with the gospel, both with regard to God’s attitude to us – as is the point of this parable – and also with regard to our desirable attitude to one another. Our whole attitude to God should not be one of claiming a proper reward for our efforts, but one of holding out our needs to God, confident of God’s continual concern for each one of us as individuals.
Being grateful and content was [I finally realized] the important lesson my parents were trying to explain with their depression stories—it was the key to happiness. Those who focused on what they had and how blessed they were, were never alone because God promised to sustain them, though not always in luxury. The real lesson of this parable is that justice based on need and given freely is much more important than merited justice.
Love for friends and family, the decency we exchange with those around us, the love we show to our fellow humans and the value of not doing "great things" but small things in a great ways. Those are life's moments that lead us to gratitude and social justice. Everyone needs to be accepted, appreciated, recognized, respected, valued, approved of and complimented. We can fulfill the needs of others through impact of our relationships, by showing mercy and compassion and by being grateful for the many blessings we have received through no merit of our own.
Sunday, Sept. 17, 2017
First Reading: Sirach 28:2-7
Forgive your neighbor the wrong he has done,
and then your sins will be pardoned when you pray.
Does a man harbor anger against another,
and yet seek for healing from the Lord?
Does he have no mercy toward a man like himself,
and yet pray for his own sins?
If he himself, being flesh, maintains wrath,
who will make expiation for his sins?
Remember the end of your life, and cease from enmity,
remember destruction and death, and be true to the commandments.
Remember the commandments, and do not be angry with your neighbor;
remember the covenant of the Most High, and overlook ignorance.
Second Reading: Romans 14: 7-9
We do not live to ourselves, and we do not die to ourselves. 8If we live, we live to the Lord, and if we die, we die to the Lord; so then, whether we live or whether we die, we are the Lord’s. 9For to this end Christ died and lived again, so that he might be Lord of both the dead and the living.
Gospel Reading: Matthew 18:21-35
Then Peter came and said to him, “Lord, if another member of the church sins against me, how often should I forgive? As many as seven times?” 22Jesus said to him, “Not seven times, but, I tell you, seventy-seven times. 23“For this reason the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished to settle accounts with his slaves. 24When he began the reckoning, one who owed him ten thousand talents was brought to him; 25and, as he could not pay, his lord ordered him to be sold, together with his wife and children and all his possessions, and payment to be made. 26So the slave fell on his knees before him, saying, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you everything.’ 27And out of pity for him, the lord of that slave released him and forgave him the debt. 28But that same slave, as he went out, came upon one of his fellow slaves who owed him a hundred denarii; and seizing him by the throat, he said, ‘Pay what you owe.’ 29Then his fellow slave fell down and pleaded with him, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you.’ 30But he refused; then he went and threw him into prison until he would pay the debt. 31When his fellow slaves saw what had happened, they were greatly distressed, and they went and reported to their lord all that had taken place. 32Then his lord summoned him and said to him, ‘You wicked slave! I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me. 33Should you not have had mercy on your fellow slave, as I had mercy on you?’ 34And in anger his lord handed him over to be tortured until he would pay his entire debt. 35So my heavenly Father will also do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother or sister from your heart.”
Forgiveness is one of the most important verbs in the Bible. It is relational. It is reciprocal. It is transformative. And it can be the most challenging act we ever do.
Today’s Gospel reading is not symbolic. It’s not difficult to interpret. It is very straight forward. Forgive, even huge debts and if you are forgiven, you are expected to forgive as well. We won’t focus on the torture that comes if you don’t forgive—that’s not the point. Lack of forgiveness is its own torture, we might say. We can spend a long time in resentment, in being stuck in our self-righteousness, sometimes even for years. Only forgiveness can change that. Rohr says that 2/3 of what Jesus’ teaches is about forgiveness. The other third is about inclusion. I appreciate that clarity. Jesus taught about forgiveness because he knew how difficult it is for us human beings. We want to be right, we believe we are right—and yet, there is always more to the story.
Last week, I met a mom of a young man who was dying from a heroin overdose. She was very angry at her son’s girlfriend who first introduced him to heroin and who left him alone. When she returned, hours later, he was unconscious. For several days, they kept him on life support, hoping he might “wake up.” When it became clear that he would not recover, they took him off life support. When he didn’t die immediately, the mom became very angry at God. “Why would God not take him now that we’ve decided to let him go?” I affirmed her anger—that it feels cruel to now have to watch her son slowly dying. I wanted her to know that being angry at God is okay, even necessary. And that God can take it. This is what will help her. Not shaming her or telling her she shouldn’t feel that way.
Deep down, you and I know that she’s also angry at her son and his poor life choices. Ultimately, she is also angry at herself as well. Any mom feels responsible for our kids and their choices, even when they become adults. It will take time, lots of time for this mom to get to forgiveness, if she’s ever able. In the meantime, she may lose faith in God, in herself and in the way the world works.
This is our fate. Our world is imperfect. We are imperfect. And so it goes. This is the way the world works. And we struggle with how God is part of this mess. One serious lesson I have learned is being able to forgive God. That may seem like a backwards way of having faith but I believe it’s part of our relationship with God. If we are in relationship with God, we will have anger. God set the world in motion and this is what we get? I certainly have some suggestions and I joke about when I get to heaven, what I’m going to ask/tell God. What we cannot understand but still have to endure requires forgiveness. The sudden death of loved ones, abuse of children, famine, genocide, hurricanes—this is our world. This is life.
Forgiveness eventually needs to become a way of life; an attitude. Otherwise, we become reclusive, withdrawn, trying to protect ourselves from life’s many hurts. And many people have learned how to forgive. We can learn from them. I Googled “Stories of Forgiveness” and found so many beautiful stories. The ones that touched me the most were those moms who were able to forgive the person who shot and killed their child. Iranian woman Samereh Alinejad had told the The Associated Press that “retribution had been her only thought” after her teenage son was murdered. But in a dramatic turn at the gallows, literally moments before the killer was to be executed, Alinejad made a last-minute decision to pardon the man. She is now considered a hero. Hero indeed. If she can do that, perhaps we can forgive too.
Forgiveness never means what happened was okay. It means we choose to move beyond the pain of what has happened. We choose to forgive. It’s the “giving” part that heals us.
In May 2014, New York Times photographer Peter Hiogo began a photo essay project in Rwanda to demonstrate the forgiveness between the Hutus and Tutsis—the two cultures involved in the 1994 Rwandan genocide that took millions of lives. In the photos, members from both cultures stand by side, illustrating a story of forgiveness and how the subjects’ lives are now thoroughly intertwined. Instead of allowing their anger to make them lifelong enemies, they are now lifelong friends. Amazing.
What keeps us from forgiveness? Pride? Fear? We so want to be right. Real forgiveness can’t be earned; it’s unconditional. Love is the impetus to forgive—it’s what underlies the act of forgiveness. And it’s not done for my self—but for the other. I forgive to release the other from guilt/shame. That’s love. That’s at the heart of forgiveness.
Finally, forgiveness is transformative—it changes things. Mostly it changes the one who has granted forgiveness but it also frees up the one forgiven. Who do we need to forgive in our lives? I have forgiven my parents again and again. I have forgiven my husband time and again. And I have forgiven myself for times that I have been so resentful and self-serving. I invite us to take time to realize how much energy we might be using to feed our woundedness rather than to move towards forgiveness. It’s very seductive to stay angry. It’s very difficult to shift. God’s grace can help us when we cannot help ourselves. May God grant us the awareness and motivation to move always in the direction of forgiveness. Amen.
Sunday, Sept. 3, 2017
Labor Day Commemoration
First Reading: Bread and Roses by James Oppenheim
As we go marching, marching
In the beauty of the day
A million darkened kitchens
A thousand mill lofts grey
Are touched with all the radiance
That a sudden sun discloses
For the people hear us singing
Bread and roses, bread and roses
As we go marching, marching
We battle too for men
For they are women's children
And we mother them again
Our lives shall not be sweetened
From birth until life closes
Hearts starve as well as bodies
Give us bread, but give us roses
As we go marching, marching
We bring the greater days
For the rising of the women
Means the rising of the race
No more the drudge and idler
Ten that toil where one reposes
But the sharing of life's glories
Bread and roses, bread and roses
Second Reading: Romans 12:1-2
Sister and brothers, I beg you through the mercy of God to offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy land acceptable to God—this is your spiritual act of worship. Do not conform yourselves to this age, but be transformed by the renewal of your minds, so that you may judge what God’s will is—what is good, pleasing and perfect.
Gospel Reading: Matthew 16:21-27
From that time on Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life.
Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. “Never, Lord!” he said. “This shall never happen to you!” Jesus turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; you do not have in mind the concerns of God, but merely human concerns.”
Then Jesus said to his disciples, “Whoever wants to be my disciple must deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me. 25 For whoever wants to save their life[a] will lose it, but whoever loses their life for me will find it. 26 What good will it be for someone to gain the whole world, yet forfeit their soul? Or what can anyone give in exchange for their soul? 27 For the Son of Man is going to come in his Father’s glory with his angels, and then he will reward each person according to what they have done.
Did you notice our First Reading? It’s called “Bread and Roses” and Bonnie chose it in honor of Labor Day. I had never heard of it before. “Bread and Roses" is a political slogan as well as the name of a poem and song. It came from a speech given by Rose Schneiderman for a textile strike in Massachusetts in 1912. Workers were fighting for fair wages and dignified conditions. Rose had a line in her speech saying, “The worker must have bread, but she must have roses, too.” James Oppenheim wrote the words to the poem that would be the basis for the song. “Bread and Roses” is sung in support of the laborer who is striving for respect and dignity in the workforce. We used it to remind all of us that tomorrow is Labor Day when all workers are remembered and the hope for a fair wage and dignified conditions continues.
It’s also a wonderful segue into our Gospel Reading that speaks about the ways of human beings versus the ways of God. Jesus is immediately angered by Paul’s seemingly innocent indignation of Jesus having to suffer. Unknowingly, he is acting as Satan would. Jesus understands that he must suffer and he instinctively reacts when Peter suggests otherwise. Suffering is part of the human condition and it can lead us to a deeper sense of what’s important, like roses for workers. We need to basics like bread to survive but we also need the beauty of life to feed our souls.
Just this past week, I was watching Ellen DeGeneres and Kim Kardashian was telling her story of being robbed at gun point last October. She was saying that she was really glad it happened to her. Really. (Always question those who are that thrilled about being held at gunpoint.) But, because of that experience, she now knows what’s important in life. And it is not material things. I’m very glad she could learn that lesson. The point is, most of us have had to endure difficult times and have come to realize (and rarely be grateful for) what is important—It’s always the people we love not the stuff we have.
And yet, we live in a world where having things—lots of things is the goal. Rarely do we recognize the evil of the world, where we are conned into seeing value in stuff. Richard Rohr says, “This may be the most hidden, the most disguised, and the most denied level of evil. We cannot see it because we are inside of it and because we cannot see beyond our own self-interest and self-protection.” He is speaking of systemic evil, the way groups, cultures and societies organize themselves to be in control. So, it’s almost impossible for an American to see capitalism or consumerism as a problem or a moral issue, because that’s the way our world operates. As Rohr says, “It is in our hard wiring. And, it’s difficult to critique the ground you are standing on.”
Jesus may have been trying to teach us that we need to be fully aware that evil is not so easy to identify. Even Peter, who just minutes earlier in this same dialogue had identified Jesus as the Messiah and had been lauded by Jesus for this awareness, even he suddenly gets it wrong. Jesus stops him in his tracks and must’ve gotten the attention of all gathered. He wants to get our attention too. Afterall, the word Lucifer means “Bearer of Light.” While most believe that this is referring to the King of Babylon, we often use this term to refer to the Devil. Perhaps it can serve as a caution—even those who were in the light can change and choose evil over love. We too can be duped in to believing something is good—prestige, wealth, fame but that can be used in negative ways—for sabotaging that which is good or loving. Jesus knew how tempted he would be to avoid the pain of the cross. He needed his friends to help alert and support him NOT encourage him to avoid it. We already have that temptation as part of our human condition. Thus, Jesus is pleading with Peter and others/ourselves included to be alert, to not fall subject to the falseness of evil that is disguised as something good.
Jesus urges us to protect our souls—the sacred part of ourselves that can be so susceptible to the allure of evil. It’s why the bread and roses image is so powerful. Yes, we need the basics to live—bread, water but we also need that which will feed our spirits—love and beauty. It’s to this that Jesus alerts Peter to—be careful, don’t be fooled.
Finally, Jesus speaks of a soul as if we all understand what a soul is— he distinguishes it from the body and even from the wants or desires of being successful. We sometimes use the word Spirit but even that remains vague.
Perhaps you’ve heard me tell the story of my Jonathan who, in his wisdom, helped explain this “soul” idea to his two older brothers. The story goes like this. We were driving back from soccer practice and the boys were being silly. Suddenly, Matt who was about 8 at the time said, “I wonder if you’re naked in heaven?” The expected laughter came from his brother David who was probably 6ish. And the very serious response came from 5 year old Jonathan who said, “You guys, you aren’t naked in heaven. You don’t have a body, you just have a self.”
Ever since I have marveled at the idea of a soul being the self—the essence of who we are, the part of us that cannot fully be explained—the je ne sais quoi—or I do not know what of us. And it is that part of ourselves that is so precious, so sacred that we must be very careful to never give it away. Jesus gets angry for very good reasons. Peter had his eyes opened. Are our eyes opened? Can we distinguish between that which is evil, hidden evil and that which feeds our soul? We must be wise as serpents and gentle as doves. That’s one of my favorite scriptures verses from Matthew’s gospel. It’s what Jesus tells the disciples before he sends them forth to preach and serve. It’s how we must see the world, as holding much that is good but also much that can lead us away from the path of God. So what would we say to “get behind us?” For me, it would be “Get behind me, fear. Get behind me, comparisons with others. Get behind me, worry.” What do you need to name? What threatens your very self? By naming these evils, may we be those who follow God’s path with open eyes and open hearts.
August 27, 2017
Twenty-First Sunday of Ordinary Time
Sermon: Matthew 16: 13-20
The account is also found in Mark 8:27-30 and Luke 9:18-22. The passage is treated similarly by all three Gospels. They all immediately follow the event with Jesus’ prediction of His death.
Jesus replied, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by flesh and blood, but by my Father in heaven. And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.” Then he ordered his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.
I will give you the keys to heaven.
So what the keys to heaven?
Jesus Himself said in the second half of the verse? "..Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven." Bind and loose were Jewish terms for ruling certain actions as either forbidden or permitted. It implies the church has the keys to determine what will be bound on people and what will be loosed. This passage is pretty clear—Jesus gave keys to somebody and they bind and loose things.
Presently, there are two predominant views concerning the “keys.” The first interprets binding and loosing as having to do with the church’s authority to legislate matters not specifically addressed in Scripture. This view sees the “whatever” of Matthew 16:19 and 18:18 as referring to rules or law--disciplines. The Catholic Church can and does legislate other mandates not found in the Bible. Proclamations made by the collective church become as binding and authoritative for the church as the Word of God itself. The Church claims that what the collective church decides is law on earth, Christ also makes law in heaven.
The second--Since he would not always be with the Church visibly, Christ gave this power to others so the Church, which is the continuation of his presence throughout time (Matt. 28:20), would be able to offer forgiveness to future generations. He gave this power to the apostles, and it was a power that could be passed on to their successors and agents, since the apostles wouldn’t always be on earth either, but people would still be sinning.
So, one interpretation sees Peter as the celestial gate keeper, with the power to allow or deny entry into heaven. Another interpretation sees Peter as the chief scribe that made judgments on the Law within the Jewish-Christian community. This controversy continues to this day. The Roman Catholic Church adopted both interpretations.
Jesus gave the church “keys to the kingdom.” 2. These keys are about “binding and loosing” on earth. 3. Whatever the church binds on earth gets bound in heaven. 3. Whatever the church looses on earth gets loosed in heaven. 4. When the church remits sins on earth they are remitted in heaven.
When the church retains sins on earth they are retained in heaven.
Acts chapter 15 expresses the first documented instance of loosening and binding; what has been later termed the Council at Jerusalem. Here the early controversy of circumcision was resolved, and loosened from being a qualification for salvation and acceptance into the community of believers.
The decision: “It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us not to burden you with anything beyond the following requirements: You are to abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from the meat of strangled animals and from sexual immorality. You will do well to avoid these things. Farewell.”
Now, the Church cannot change its doctrines [dogma]. The doctrines of the Catholic Church are the deposit of faith revealed by Jesus Christ, taught by the apostles, and handed down in their entirety by the apostles to their successors.
There are, however, many examples of this authority to bind and loose in the arena of Church discipline. Here are a few:
The Gratian code of canon law was established by the year 1400 with 4,000 canons. It was replaced by the 1917 Code of Canon Law which had 2,414 canons—1,586 fewer. The 1983 Code of Canon Law has 1,752 canons, or 662 fewer laws. In total, 2,248 canons have been bound and then loosed.
In the early Church married men were permitted to be ordained as priests in the West. This custom was changed and since then, in the Latin Rite, candidates for the priesthood must be celibate.
Until recent years it was forbidden under pain of mortal sin to eat meat on Fridays. The Church has "loosed" this discipline and now the new revised Code of Canon Law states, “Abstinence [is] to be observed on Ash Wednesday and on the Friday of the Passion and death of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
The old canon Law stated that a Catholic who wished to receive Holy Communion had to fast from midnight on. The current rules were introduced by Pope Paul VI on November 21, 1964, and are found in Canon 919 of the Code of Canon Law: A person who is to receive the Most Holy Eucharist is to abstain for at least one hour before Holy Communion from any food and drink, except for only water and medicine.
The 1917 Code of Canon Law: canon 1262, stated: It is desirable that, consistent with ancient discipline, women be separated from men in church and secondly that men… shall be bare-headed… women, however, shall have a covered head and be modestly dressed, especially when they approach the table of the Lord. This was dropped in the new ’83 code.
Canon 1101 and 1102 stated: It is not permitted to be present at the sacred rites of infidels and heretics in such a way that you would be judged to be in communion with them’. The reason for this teaching is clear: religious commitments are naturally manifested by outward acts; and to perform an outward act expressive of a false religious commitment is a sin against the true faith. Thus, attendance at other Christian services is prohibited. This ban was removed with the 1983 code.
Old law required that Catholics be buried in hallowed or sacred ground, forbidding cremation, but new canon law allows for cremation; however, ashes of loved ones are not allowed to be kept in urns at home. The new guidelines stipulate that cremated remains should be kept in a “sacred place,” most usually a cemetery. The scattering of ashes at sea, in woodland groves, or in volcanoes is now strictly prohibited. [Francis 2016]
The Roman Catholic Church made several authoritative declarations on the subject of limbo, stating that the souls of those who die in original sin only (i.e., unbaptized infants) descend into hell but are given lighter punishments than those souls guilty of actual sin. Benedict XVI regarding Limbo: Specifically he says: Limbo was never a defined truth of the faith. Personally, I would abandon it since it was only a theological hypothesis. The published April 7, 2007: study declared that there are theological and liturgical reasons to hope that infants who die without baptism may be saved and brought into eternal happiness even if there is not an explicit teaching on this question found in revelation.
( Priestly Ordination) is an ecclesiastical letter issued by Pope John Paul II on 22 May 1994 in which he discussed the Catholic Church's position requiring "the reservation of priestly ordination to men alone" and wrote that "the Church has no authority whatsoever to confer priestly ordination on women." [upheld by both Pope Benedict and Pope Francis]
Now, in the light of what I’ve just said, I have to ask: Why doesn’t the Catholic Church have the authority whatsoever to confer priestly ordination on women?
Come on! The Church claims authority based on the gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke to bind and loose anything on Earth. Because of these gospels the Church claims the authority to forgive sins, determining who can or cannot obtain salvation, but will not use the same scripture to authorized female ordination.
The Church used this concept to declare on December 7, 2016 that men “who practice homosexuality, present deep-seated homosexual tendencies or support the so-called ‘gay culture” cannot become priests. This is new and as such has been bound by the Church. The fact that they mixed up the definitions of homosexual and pedophile does not seem to bother the hierarchy. [9% ped. and 58% hom.]
The Church cannot have it both ways—claim the authority to bind and loose on the one hand and then claim to not have that authority on the other. They either do or they don’t. Based on this scripture and the traditions of the Roman Catholic Church, I have to insist that the Church certainly HAS the authority to ordain anyone they wish. The fact that they, so far, refuse to ordain women, therefore, must be for some other reason. Could it be that male-only ordination is sexist on the Church’s behalf? Could the Church be in error with some of its disciplines expressed in canon law? I would answer, yes. After all, more than 2,000 previously bound truths have been loosed.
So what should we do as faithful Catholics? I would suggest that we do exactly what we are doing—promote full inclusion within the Catholic Church whenever and wherever we can. We should by our words and actions express our faith and our belief that Christ welcomes all people to the Church without regard for their gender, stature, sexual orientation, wealth or ethnicity, and we have the right and duty to do so. We also have the authority from the Church to pursue the concepts of inclusion and to correct the errors of the Church.
According to Thomas Aquinas, every conscience binds, even an erring one. This means that if there is something that you believe you cannot do (after having taken care to form your conscience as well as you can), even if the Church commands it, then you cannot do it without committing a sin. Likewise, if there is something you believe you must do, even if the Church forbids it, then you must do it or else commit a sin. Conscience is an authority, and, in the end, it is what one has to obey.
Catechism of the Catholic Church [New Section]THE DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON, ARTICLE 6--MORAL CONSCIENCE
Can. 1776 "Deep within his conscience man discovers a law which he has not laid upon himself but which he must obey. Its voice, ever calling him to love and to do what is good and to avoid evil, sounds in his heart at the right moment. . . . For man has in his heart a law inscribed by God. . . . His conscience is man's most secret core and his sanctuary. There he is alone with God whose voice echoes in his depths."
Canons 1777 through 1802 basically follow the thinking of Thomas Aquinas in defining the conscience and the responsibility we each have to it.
New section of 1983 code of canon law: TITLE I : THE OBLIGATIONS AND RIGHTS OF ALL CHRIST'S FAITHFUL (Cann. 208 - 223)
Can. 212 §3. According to the knowledge, competence, and prestige which they possess, they have the right and even at times the duty to manifest to the sacred pastors their opinion on matters which pertain to the good of the Church and to make their opinion known to the rest of the Christian faithful, without prejudice to the integrity of faith and morals, [Can. 215] The Christian faithful are at liberty freely to found and direct associations for purposes of charity or piety or for the promotion of the Christian vocation in the world and to hold meetings for the common pursuit of these purposes. [Can. 222 §2.] and they are also obliged to promote social justice, and [Can. 223 §1] In exercising their rights, the Christian faithful, both as individuals and gathered together in associations, must take into account the common good of the Church, the rights of others, and their own duties toward others.
Therefore, I believe, it is our responsibility and our duty to continuously work toward correcting the errors of discipline presented by the Church. We must follow our consciences! According to Alexander Pope: To error is human; to forgive divine, and I’m going to add: to reform is inspired.
August 13, 2017
Assumption of Mary
First Reading: Revelation 11:19, 12:1-6, 10
God’s temple in heaven was opened,
and the ark of his covenant could be seen in the temple.
A great sign appeared in the sky, a woman clothed with the sun,
with the moon under her feet,
and on her head a crown of twelve stars.
She was with child and wailed aloud in pain as she labored to give birth.
Then another sign appeared in the sky;
it was a huge red dragon, with seven heads and ten horns,
and on its heads were seven diadems.
Its tail swept away a third of the stars in the sky
and hurled them down to the earth.
Then the dragon stood before the woman about to give birth,
to devour her child when she gave birth.
She gave birth to a son, a male child,
destined to rule all the nations with an iron rod.
Her child was caught up to God and his throne.
The woman herself fled into the desert
where she had a place prepared by God; there she was taken care of for twelve hundred and sixty days.
Then I heard a loud voice in heaven say:
“Now have salvation and power come,
and the Kingdom of our God
and the authority of his Anointed One.”
Second Reading: 1 Corinthians 15:20-26
Brothers and sisters:
Christ has been raised from the dead,
the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.
For since death came through man,
the resurrection of the dead came also through man.
For just as in Adam all die,
so too in Christ shall all be brought to life,
but each one in proper order:
Christ the firstfruits;
then, at his coming, those who belong to Christ;
then comes the end,
when he hands over the Kingdom to his God and Father,
when he has destroyed every sovereignty
and every authority and power.
For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet.
The last enemy to be destroyed is death.”
Gospel Reading: Luke 1:39-56
Within a few days, Mary set out
and traveled to the hill country in haste
to a town of Judah,
where she entered the house of Zechariah
and greeted Elizabeth.
When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting,
the infant leaped in her womb,
and Elizabeth, filled with the Holy Spirit,
cried out in a loud voice and said,
“Blessed are you among women,
and blessed is the fruit of your womb.
And how does this happen to me,
that the mother of my Lord should come to me?
For at the moment the sound of your greeting reached my ears,
the infant in my womb leaped for joy.
Blessed are you who believed
that what was spoken to you by the Lord
would be fulfilled.”
And Mary said:
“My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord;
my spirit rejoices in God my Savior
for he has looked with favor on his lowly servant.
From this day all generations will call me blessed:
the Almighty has done great things for me
and holy is his Name.
He has mercy on those who fear him
in every generation.
He has shown the strength of his arm,
and has scattered the proud in their conceit.
He has cast down the mighty from their thrones,
and has lifted up the lowly.
He has filled the hungry with good things,
and the rich he has sent away empty.
He has come to the help of his servant Israel
for he has remembered his promise of mercy,
the promise he made to our fathers,
to Abraham and his children forever.”
Mary remained with her about three months
and then returned to her home.
Today we celebrate the Assumption of Mary into heaven. It is a Catholic tradition to honor Mary in this way. We believe that she was assumed bodily into heaven and on August 15, we celebrate this as a Feast Day. Protestants argue that this event is no where to be found in the Bible so there is no basis for it. Catholic theologians accuse them of Biblicism, a word I had never heard. Just like racism, or sexism—Biblicism is seeing the Bible as the only source of truth.
In Catholicism, we refer to other texts such as writings from early church leaders. St. John Damascene in 750AD calls Mary the true Ark as he recounts the story of Mary’s assumption, noting why she is seen as such an important woman. Her faith in God and her trust are repeatedly praised. Obedience is her hallmark—but what is overlooked is that she was asked, not TOLD to bear a child. It was a decision. God saw her as able to decide for herself. Somehow I have missed this point for so many years. Now I embrace it as another affirmation of women being fully able to be in relationship with God, a God who respects women and men and co-creates with them.
Having heard about the events in Charlottesville, VA, I wanted to be able to talk about Mary in light of all the violence. Mary was certainly a woman of peace and wisdom. When I thought more about this, I decided that perhaps I should tell the story of Maryam. How better to stop violence than to learn about other’s beliefs? So, let us hear about the story of Maryam, the mother of Eesa or Isa, Jesus in Arabic.
In the Quran, she is the only woman who is named. There is a whole chapter devoted to her and her name is used 34 times, more than Mary in the Bible.
Chapter 19 of the Quran is entitled, “Maryam.” Here is her story as told from the Quran:
“And mention, [O Muhammad], in the Book [the story of] Maryam, when she withdrew from her family to a place toward the east. And she took, in seclusion from them, a screen. Then We sent to her Our Angel [i.e., Gabriel], and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned man. She said, ‘Indeed, I seek refuge in the Most Merciful from you, [so leave me], if you should be fearing of God.’ He said, ‘I am only the messenger of your Lord to give you [news of] a pure boy [i.e., son].’ She said, ‘How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?’ He said, “Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, ‘It is easy for Me, and We will make him a sign to the people and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter [already] decreed.’” So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a remote place.” (Quran 19:16–22)
From the Quranic description of events, we can deduce that Maryam spent most of her pregnancy alone. What happened to her during this period is not mentioned in the Quran. The Quran picks up the story at the moment that Maryam goes into labor.
“And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said, ‘Oh, I wish I had died before this and was in oblivion, forgotten.’ But he called her from below her, ‘Do not grieve; your Lord has provided beneath you a stream.’” (Quran 19:23-24)
“And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates. (Quran 19:25)
God, knowing the reaction of society, further guided her how to deal with the situation. When she carried the baby Jesus to her people, they questioned her; and as a baby in her arms, Jesus gave them the answer. The Quran describes this scene in detail:
“So eat and drink and be contented. And if you see from among humanity anyone, say, ‘Indeed, I have vowed to the Most Merciful abstention, so I will not speak today to [any] man.’ Then she brought him to her people, carrying him. They said, ‘O Maryam, you have certainly done a thing unprecedented. O sister of Aaron, your father was not a man of evil, nor was your mother unchaste.’ So she pointed to him. They said, ‘How can we speak to one who is in the cradle a child?’ [Jesus] said, ‘Indeed, I am the servant of God. He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet. And He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and zakah as long as I remain alive And [made me] dutiful to my mother, and he has not made me a wretched tyrant. And peace is on me the day I was born and the day I will die and the day I am raised alive.’” (Quran 19:26-33)
And so the baby Jesus defended his mother from any accusations of adultery, and in a nutshell, explained who he was and why he was sent by God.
In this tradition, Maryam maintains her virginity both before and after her pregnancy. This seems to be an essential belief; otherwise if she had been betrothed, it would’ve been said that her husband was the father. Also, she would have had to consummate the marriage and would no longer be a virgin. Upon her death, it is believed that she married Mohammed in heaven.
Knowing this story, having read it from the Muslim tradition, enables us to be able to converse with our brother and sister Muslim believers in a true honoring of Mary/Maryam. They continue to see Jesus as a prophet and uplift him but not as God become man.
This is a beginning of trying to understand a faith that is different from ours but not so different. We assume so much, about others and their differences.
How can we promote dialogue with others of differing faiths? How could the people in Charlotte, VA have avoided such violence?
July 23, 2017
Weeds and Seeds
First Reading: Wisdom of Solomon 12:13-19
For neither is there any god besides you, whose care is for all people, to whom you should prove that you have not judged unjustly; nor can any king or monarch confront you about those whom you have punished.
For your strength is the source of righteousness,
and your sovereignty over all causes you to spare all.
For you show your strength when people doubt the completeness of your power,
and you rebuke any insolence among those who know it.
Although you are sovereign in strength, you judge with mildness,
and with great forbearance you govern us;
for you have power to act whenever you choose.
Through such works you have taught your people
that the righteous must be kind,
and you have filled your children with good hope,
because you give repentance for sins.
Second Reading: Romans 8:26-27
In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us through wordless groans. And he who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for God’s people in accordance with the will of God.
Gospel Reading: Matthew 13:24-43
Jesus told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. 25 But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. 26 When the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared.
“The owner’s servants came to him and said, ‘Sir, didn’t you sow good seed in your field? Where then did the weeds come from?’
“‘An enemy did this,’ he replied.
“The servants asked him, ‘Do you want us to go and pull them up?’
“‘No,’ he answered, ‘because while you are pulling the weeds, you may uproot the wheat with them. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn.’”
31 He told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his field. 32 Though it is the smallest of all seeds, yet when it grows, it is the largest of garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds come and perch in its branches.”
33 He told them still another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed into about sixty pounds[a] of flour until it worked all through the dough.”
34 Jesus spoke all these things to the crowd in parables; he did not say anything to them without using a parable. 35 So was fulfilled what was spoken through the prophet:
“I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter things hidden since the creation of the world.” Then he left the crowd and went into the house. His disciples came to him and said, “Explain to us the parable of the weeds in the field.”
He answered, “The one who sowed the good seed is the Son of Man. 38 The field is the world, and the good seed stands for the people of the kingdom. The weeds are the people of the evil one, 39 and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels.
“As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age. 41 The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil. 42 They will throw them into the blazing furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Whoever has ears, let them hear.
We know all about weeds and seeds here in Iowa. This is the time of year when our gardens need to be fully weeded so that they can bear the fullness of their fruit. Jesus puts a twist on this logic—in the parable, the owner tells the servants to allow the weeds to grow. He shows mercy to the weeds. Later, he explains that the weeds are those who follow the evil one and yet, he allows them to grow. Some believe this shows God’s hope for people, that at any time, we can change and begin living FOR God—even to the end. Allowing those who have done evil gives them the opportunity to amend their ways, to learn how to live well WITH God. There’s always that chance, that hope for all of us.
The other unspoken piece here is that God is willing to take a risk for us. Allowing the weeds to grow along with the good seed is a risk—the weeds could affect the good seed, interfere with its growth, keep it from reaching its full potential. The weeds might grow stronger than the good seed, taking up the resources of sun and water. Why risk this? Again, this is the mercy of a God who loves us and wants to see all of us grow for good, not evil. God is willing to risk out of love. In the end, God must believe that we are worth that risk.
Finally, there is wisdom at work here. Wisdom to see what can be—to hope for what needs to be. So, without saying it, the owner shows wisdom that perplexes the servants who do not understand. They suggest tearing out the weeds, since that seems best but no, God sees beyond this initial impulse. With great wisdom, God sees things in a very different way; not obvious to us, but full of love, mercy and great hope for what might be.
Just two weeks ago I attended the RCWP Council. There were 79 of us womenpriests from across the nation. It was a powerful, renewing time to be together, to do liturgy and to sing. We also had a wonderful facilitator who helps churches and work groups learn how to thrive. She taught us the “Seeing Things Whole” model for organizational health. In this there are 3 dimensions. First, Identity/Culture: Who are we? Second, Purpose: Why do we exist/whom do we serve? And third, Stewardship: how do we manage our resources? Each of these dimensions needs focused energy in order for us to survive. These three dimensions exist in a creative and holy tension. Each dimension fights for our energy/for resources so the challenge is to balance these necessary parts. Based on this, we spent time in small groups discussing each of the three dimensions as they apply to RCWP. But of course, I kept thinking about Full Circle and our need to survive and thrive. And I’d love to know how we’d answer these three questions or dimensions. Rarely do we talk about our resources but now I see why that’s a very important dimension. In the end, it helped us to identify some “elephants in the room” and to commit to renewed efforts for the future.
What was most exciting was how fired up the Council made me. Here were amazing, strong women with a passion for moving forward, despite many obstacles. I’m now determined to make bumper stickers that say, “Women Priests are Here!” with our logo and I want to spread them far and wide.
One woman priest named Mary Kelderman lives in Philly with Bishop Tom Paprocki who has banned any sacramental support of gays. Her church which is called Holy Family Inclusive Church, “Where all families are holy.” They are in the shadow of the cathedral and wanted to do something in response to Paprocki. So they took out an $850 full page ad in the local paper. It was risky and it was brilliant and it took effort to raise that $850. Here’s what it said:
All Catholics/LGBT Catholics…it’s all so simple, really.
We have confidence to believe Isaiah when he wrote, “I have called you by name, you are Mine.” We take to heart Ezekiel’s writing: You shall be my people and I shall be your God.” We take it very seriously when week after week Jesus tells us to “Take and eat. Do it and remember me.” There are no caveats to his directive, no lists of who can or cannot eat the bread.
It’s all so simple, really. Just as Jesus would have welcomed all into his home in Nazareth, everyone is welcome at Holy Family. We would love to have you join us. We have formed a catholic community where “all families are holy—all are welcome to communion. No qualifiers.
Then they give the time of their mass, “every Saturday at 4:30pm” which I think is an interesting time to meet.
Pretty bold, don’t you think? The ad was on the opposite side of an interview with Paprocki which they didn’t know would happen. Also, there was a cartoon lambasting Paprocki in the same paper. Those last surprises were part of God’s doing for sure. So, if God is willing to take risks with us, I think we should be willing to take risks as well. We’re going to send Paprocki a letter once we all agree on what it should say. And I think we should send it to Mary’s church and the local paper as well.
Then, I want to invite us to think about doing a rather large project. Victoria Rue, another womenpriest and professor at San Jose University has written a play about the similarities of Mary and Maryam of the Quran. The stories of their lives are so similar that many believe they are the same person. Maryam is the only woman’s name in the whole Quran; it is written 34 times and one whole chapter is devoted to her. Victoria showed us a video of the play from a performance in LA. She is wanting others to do the play or to do a reading of the play where both Christians and Muslims come together to talk about it. It is an act of outrageous diversity aimed at unity. I think our community could pull this off, especially if we use the help of the Comparative Religions Dept at the U. But I would need your help.
I’d like us to begin risking more. Will you join me? What other risky things might we do?
May 28, 2017
We give very little time and little thought to the ascension of Christ. There are no pageants, no out-door scenes in front of our churches, no gift giving, no hymns of praise, no ascension rabbits or ascension “peeps” in ascension baskets, and no ascension tree branches or ascension flowers, yet the ascension of Jesus into heaven should be one of the greatest celebrations in Christianity because it marks the beginning of Jesus’ new position as High Priest and Mediator of the New Covenant. It is the great event of reversal and continuation into new life.
The ascension, however, cannot be understood unless we look at the 40 days between the resurrections and the ascension. Put the 4 Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles together and we get the following:
Mary Magdalene and some women [the other Mary, Salome and Joanna] go to the tomb. They are commissioned to tell the other disciples. Mary Magdalene sees and touches Jesus. They tell the other disciples but are not believed. 2. On the road to Emmaus, Cleopus and his companion [wife] see the risen Jesus. 3. On their return to Jerusalem, they are told that Simon Peter has seen the risen Jesus. 4. Ten disciples [not Thomas] see Christ. 5. Cleopus and the other disciple see Christ a second time with the other disciples. The ten disciples [and those who were with them] see Christ a second time. 6. The eleventh disciple [Thomas] sees the risen Christ for the first time, along with the other disciples. 7. Peter, Thomas, Nathanael, James & John Zebedee, and two others saw the risen Christ at the Sea of Galilee. 8. On a mountain in Galilee, eleven disciples saw the risen Christ. 9. More than 500 brothers and sisters saw the risen Christ, according to Paul, of whom the greater part remain to the present, but some have fallen asleep. 1 Cor 15.4-6. 10. James saw the risen Christ. 11. Then by all the disciples. 12. At the mount in Bethany, the Apostles saw the risen Christ, and watched as He ascended in the clouds. 13. 120 disciples—both men and women—saw the ascension and 9 days later receive the Holy Spirit in the form of tongues of fire.
The disciples touched Christ's body, felt His wounds, heard Him speak, & sat with Him as He ate food. In summary, the FORENSIC FACTs of Christ's resurrection are attested to by hundreds of eye-witnesses, who saw Jesus during multiple appearances over a period of 40 days.
I think the key to the new covenant lies in the very actions of Christ during these forty days, and although the future Church tried to “malinize” [made up word to be opposite of feminize] the new covenant of Christ, we can still see God’s grand commission in Jesus’ words and actions. Let me be clear: What I’m going to say is not the stance of the Catholic Church, so if you want to cover your ears or leave the room to avoid blasphemy, heresy or corruption, please feel free to do so.
Why did Jesus choose to reveal Himself first to Mary Magdalene and the other women after His resurrection? Why did He send them forth to the disciples as the first witness of His Good News of resurrection? What does this mean? 2. We begin to answer these questions by noting how Jesus again broke with tradition. In first-century Israel, women were not allowed to testify in a court of law: They were considered unreliable witnesses. Yet when Jesus was raised from the dead, and He wanted this fact proclaimed to the world, He first commissioned His female followers to spread the news. 3. This is Christ’s first commission and “a great reversal” of what I was taught by the Catholic catechism, but by using the garden imagery from Eden on the morning of His resurrection, God made it clear that He was breaking the curse of sin that came on the earth after the Fall—which became known as original sin. He was also saying that He has a new role for men and women in His plan. 4. Under the curse of original sin, the woman—Eve—not only came under the bondage of sin in a general sense, but was placed at a disadvantage in her relationship with men. God told her that her husband would rule over her (see Genesis 3:16. She would know pain, oppression, abuse and heartache. And she would also lose her voice. After the “Fall” [original sin] women did not exercise the authority that Eve enjoyed in the Garden. 5. Through the redemption of Christ, the woman got her voice back. Mary Magdalene was appointed to go and tell. She was commissioned to preach. Jesus did not limit her, restrict her or tell her to stay out of the pulpit. Instead, He ordained her to be a carrier of His glorious Gospel. 6. This tells me that women are no longer to be subservient; they are no longer relegated to suffer in silence in the face of abuse; they are no longer expected to blend into the background. Jesus has now called women to be His missionaries and His preachers.
7. This was dramatically illustrated on Easter morning, when Mary Magdalene was sent by Jesus to announce His Good News. Jesus did not pick Mary to be the first evangelist simply because she woke up earlier than the others that day. He was making it clear that, in Christ, there is “neither male nor female” (Galatians 3:28). Under the New Covenant, through the power of the Holy Spirit, both men and women can serve as ministers of His grace. And when He was raised from the dead, He commissioned His faithful disciple Mary Magdalene and the other women to blaze that trail for all women to follow. 8. In most of Jesus’ post-resurrection appearances, women are present as equal disciples with the men.
So why is the ascension so important?
It is about the ongoing function of Christ in the world. When we say in the
Apostles’ Creed, “he ascended into heaven,” we as Christians are making the claim that there is something cosmic at work here, something too big and grand to be limited by our narrow earth-bound categories. Jesus took all of human life, which he cared for so deeply, and brought it to God—to Herself. And as if that is not dramatic enough, Jesus says his on-going work will be enacted through us, his church, in the power of the Holy Spirit.
The work of Jesus continues by the power of the Spirit wherever and whenever an act of goodness, or kindness, peace or justice, is done in Christ’s name by us—God’s disciples. This is what it means for the church to be the Body of Christ, to reach out to the suffering refugee, the abused child or spouse, the victim of war, the lonely one in the nursing home, the student who struggles with depression or a lost sense of worth, those who are sick, all who are in difficult transitions in life.
This is what it means to be empowered by the Spirit. The ascension then is not a doctrine to be puzzled through in our minds and proved with a data set, but rather is to be embodied in our daily living.
Today we celebrate the ascension of Christ—God’s communion and commitment and commission to us. The bread that we will share today is a tangible reminder that we are the body of Christ in the world.
By being here today, we are saying that we accept and believe in the new covenant and commission given to us by Jesus. We accept the covenant to evangelize the good news, to bring people to Christ through our words, and actions, and to teach others how to carry out God’s desires. We attest by our presence here today that we affirm the new covenant to include all people in God’s Kin-dom, to see the dignity of all regardless of their station in life. We profess the rule of God in our lives and strive to enact God’s on-going work here on Earth. I’d like to end with a prayer written by St. Mother Theresa.
“Christ has no body on earth now but yours. No hands but yours. No feet but yours. Yours are the eyes through which to look at Christ’s compassion to the world. Yours are the feet with which he is to go about doing good. And yours are the hands with which he is to bless us now.”
Let us live our lives as the voice for the new covenant of God. Let us carry on God’s work in each of our lives. Let us strive for inclusion, justice, dignity and peace in our world as commissioned as purveyors of the new covenant of God.
Anyway, that’s my take on the Ascension. Would anyone like to comment or discuss?
Mother’s Day 2017
May 14, 2017
First Reading: by Joan Chittister
Gerard Manley Hopkins, the great Jesuit poet, said in his poem, “The May Magnificat,” that the reason May is Mary’s month is that it is the season of growth. In Mary grew the vision that made her open to the Incarnation; in Mary grew the image of the strong and independent woman; in Mary grew the Christ who changed the lives of all of us. Mary is not a plaster statue. Mary is the woman whose commitment and courage saved the world from self-centeredness.
Mary, our mother,” is one of Mary’s most common titles. We cling to it all our lives. Why? Because “mothering,” the sense of being cared for and protected, supported and understood, is the human being’s primal need. “Mother’s Day” is the call to all of us to remember those—both women and men—who have “mothered” us in life and then be conscious of our call to mother those around us, as well.
Hear the Word of Joan. AMEN.
Second Reading: 1 Peter 2:4-9
Come to him, a living stone, though rejected by mortals yet chosen and precious in God’s sight, and 5like living stones, let yourselves be built into a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. 6For it stands in scripture: “See, I am laying in Zion a stone, a cornerstone chosen and precious; and whoever believes in him will not be put to shame.” 7To you then who believe, he is precious; but for those who do not believe, “The stone that the builders rejected has become the very head of the corner,” 8and “A stone that makes them stumble, and a rock that makes them fall.” They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do.9But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s own people, in order that you may proclaim the mighty acts of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.
The Word of God.
Gospel Reading: John 14:1-12
“Do not let your hearts be troubled. Believe in God, believe also in me. 2In my Father’s house there are many dwelling places. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare a place for you?3And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, so that where I am, there you may be also.
4And you know the way to the place where I am going.” 5Thomas said to him, “Lord, we do not know where you are going. How can we know the way?” 6Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. 7If you know me, you will know my Father also. From now on you do know him and have seen him.”8Philip said to him, “Lord, show us the Father, and we will be satisfied.”9Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you all this time, Philip, and you still do not know me? Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 10Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own; but the Father who dwells in me does his works.11Believe me that I am in the Father and the Father is in me; but if you do not, then believe me because of the works themselves.
Very truly, I tell you, the one who believes in me will also do the works that I do and, in fact, will do greater works than these, because I am going to the Father.
What if this were the picture of the Blessed Mother? (Rosie the Riveter by Norman Rockwell) We are so used to the cowering, subservient images that I think it is difficult for us to remember how strong a woman Mary was. Any of us who were raised by mothers know that it takes a strong woman to make a household work. All that was just assumed—but for those of us here today, we live in praise of strong women.
My mother is still alive but her mother, my grandmother is my role model. She was a strong woman, who when I was about twelve, on a hot summer afternoon in Cincinnati, washed off ice cream from my hands with the sponge from the holy water font, to my delight and horror. She said, “Don’t worry. God understands. Just don’t tell your mother.” And that’s what made me love her. She truly knew what God was like, gentle, nurturing and with a good sense of humor. That’s the God I soon began to believe in once I got to college. That’s still the God I most resonate with, Grandmother God who chuckles, who is a little sneaky and who knows that rules are more important to the men in power than to those of us who simply want to live life, not control it.
In our gospel from John, Jesus is trying to reassure his disciples, trying to help them understand his message. He offers the image of home in the afterlife, a place that has been prepared for each of us. I often read this scripture passage to those who are dying, to help remind them that all of us have a home in God. That’s a mom thing to do, to help others feel that they are taken care of, always. Both Thomas and Philip ask for clarification—they want to better understand exactly what Jesus is meaning. And Jesus responds first with talk about the Incarnation which I’m not sure helped. That theology had yet to be developed. But the part they could understand was about his works, that we are to do what he has done, that our works are what matter.
Who imitates Christ more than a mother does, typically being very other focused as part of who she is. Mothers who work to show their children a better life. Mothers who clean and cook and clothe their children to show them love and nurturing. Mothers who show great emotion with the highs and lows of life, teaching that being emotional is not a sign of weakness, it’s a sign of love, deep, enduring love. Men are not exempt—they too can be oh so mothering if they are confident enough to allow their strong side to show. Strong in terms of caring, encouraging, being sensitive. That’s how Christ would act.
Jesus goes one step further and says we will do greater work than he has done. That’s a bold and intimidating statement. Who of us has suffered? Who of us has healed another person? Who of us has been able to love without condition? All of us have—and such love is what can change the world.
Today, we honor Mary who was strong and defiant, who broke the rules and transformed societal norms. She is a modern day Rosie, who challenges us to see beyond expectations of what a woman should do.
This past Thursday, there was an article on the front page of the Gazette about a woman trying to do good works and being punished by the religious leaders. She’s a Methodist minister who officiated at the wedding of a lesbian couple—an official act of sanctioning love. How terrible! Seventeen of her male clergy have filed a complaint against her for a second time. Her first offense was outing herself as gay. Such a brave stepping forward, out into the light.
In response, this woman named Anna Blaedel, (of course her name is Anna) said, “I knew that officiating at this wedding could cost me my credentials, could cost me my job.. But I also knew that saying “no” to one of my best friends would cost me my integrity and my soul.” Do you hear that? She is trying to help the good ole boys hear the word of God, that of love and inclusion. Just like Mary, she is trying to be brave and independent and to save the world from self-centeredness, like Joan Chittister (another very strong and prophetic woman) said. The Methodists use the Book of Discipline, which is probably the first problem. No ‘Book of Love’ here or ‘Book of Affirmation’. Maybe that’s where they should start in their complaint process. I called and left a message of support for Anna. Maybe we could all send her a Mother’s Day card, as she mothers all clergy who live in fear.
For today, let us remember all those who have helped grow new life, whether that be through physical birth or emotional, spiritual birth. Peter in our second reading reminds us: “You are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s own people, in order that you may proclaim the mighty acts of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.” As we step back into the sunlight of today, feel empowered to continue the work of many mothers and do what you can to do good works that will birth this world beyond its current state. Happy Mother’s Day.
April 23, 2017
If doubt is an attitude of uncertainty or a wavering of belief, then Thomas is anything but doubting. I believe that the tried and true sermons on doubting Thomas are not true to the text, and other approaches should be tried.
From the start, it is important to realize the story is not about Thomas. Rather, the story is about varied responses to the reality of the resurrection. Thomas’ response (though quite vivid) is but one in an assortment of responses presented in John 20. Various initial responses to the resurrection in 20:1-18 include:
Mary Magdalene's first response is one of consternation, because she concluded that Jesus' corpse was moved to some unknown location. Then, depending on the account, Mary sees the risen Jesus, believes and accepts the commission to tell the other disciples.
Peter's response is quite ambiguous. He sees the immediate evidence (the position of the linen clothes and the face cloth) but comes to no definitive conclusions.
The response of the Beloved Disciple is to see and believe even without knowing the scriptural prophecy regarding Jesus' resurrection.
Subsequently, Jesus moves Mary Magdalene to a response of faith in which she carries out Jesus' commission and testifies to the fact that she has seen the Lord.
As the text opens, the disciples display an initial response of fear because of the Jews. They are letting the world, rather than the risen Jesus, control their actions and attitudes. Jesus, however, breaks into their locked up, fearful lives and bids them peace as fulfillment of his promises. This triggers their new resurrection response of joy. The gift of the Holy Spirit enlivens the disciples to continue Jesus’ ministry without rendering them perfect believers.
Jesus immediately imparts the Holy Spirit onto those present, and commissions them to participate in the ongoing mission for which God had originally sent Jesus. As Mary Magdalene responded obediently to the commission the risen Lord gave her, so it is anticipated that the disciples will respond obediently to the commission the risen Jesus has given them regarding the forgiveness and retention of sins.
Thomas is missing when the other disciples encounter Jesus. Yet he hears from them the same proclamation they heard from Mary Magdalene: “We have seen the Lord!” Like Thomas, the disciples were not immediately transformed by Mary’s proclamation of the good news. They remain behind locked doors, where they are gathered out of fear. Like Thomas, the disciples only respond with joy to Jesus’ presence after he shows them his hands and his side.
Thomas presents a very different response to the reality of the resurrection. For their part, the disciples continue to reflect the proper Easter faith response in their report that they have seen the Lord, virtually repeating Mary's Easter faith response. Thomas responds, not with doubt, but with definite and emphatic conditions for believing.
The Greek construction is a clear-- "if this...then that ..." condition stated negatively. Essentially, Thomas is saying that if the conditions he establishes are not met, then he will definitely not believe.
Rather than "doubting Thomas," the text presents "conditional Thomas."
How often do we approach our faith relationship as a legal contract in which we seek to establish the terms by which we will respond with faith? "If I have historical proof...If I have a sign...If near-death experiences can verify...If God would do...If Jesus would cure...Then I will believe in Christ...Then I will know that God exists...Then I will know that there is life after death...Then I will make a commitment of faith."
We replicate the folly of conditional Thomas each time we establish for Christ how Christ needs to operate in our lives and each time we ground our faith in what we demand from God, rather than in what God does in Jesus Christ and through the Holy Spirit. An initial reading of this gospel might lead one to conclude that Thomas comes to believe because Jesus meets his conditions. John's text, however, is more subtle than that.
On the one hand, Jesus gives several commands to Thomas, echoing the conditions Thomas had established in the first place. On the other hand, Thomas never physically examines or inspects Jesus' wounds as he claimed he needed to do before he would believe. Instead, the key is the closing command Jesus gives, "Don't be unbelieving but believing." Thomas responds, "My Lord and my God."
Through the series of responses to the reality of Easter presented in this Gospel, we discover that believing is neither a matter of physical proofs nor having our conditions met. Likewise, believing is not simply a matter of seeing but transcends seeing, as Jesus' congratulatory remark makes clear —“You have become a believer because you saw me. Blessed are they who have not seen and yet have believed.”
Although the narrator proclaims “blessed” the one who has not seen and yet has believed, this is true of none of Jesus’ disciples, except perhaps the beloved disciple. Instead, John portrays the disciples as still reaching toward belief in Jesus. Even Thomas’s confession, “My Lord and my God!” does not mark the completion of faith. His statement is a significant confession, but it is not the end of the story. The disciples embody a belief that reaches toward but never quite achieves complete understanding of Jesus.
The question this Gospel raises explicitly is the reader’s relationship to Jesus’ disciples. What is expected of later followers of Jesus, and should they understand themselves as like or unlike the disciples of the story? Jesus breathes the Holy Spirit onto the disciples. Is this a special possession of the early church? Some interpreters imagine “the disciples” here as a limited group of the twelve (minus Judas and Thomas) who are commissioned as official apostles with particular duties that raise them above the level of the average believer. Jesus’ words to them, “If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them...” reinforces the perception for many that the disciples have a unique role.
Yet it may be better to understand the disciples as a group that reflects John’s understanding of discipleship as a whole. As is often the case in John, “the disciples” are unnumbered and unnamed. Although John clearly knows of the designation “the twelve,” he uses the phrase to identify disciples who are part of Jesus’ most intimate group of associates rather than to specify the actions or characteristics of the group.
Although readers may be primed to expect Jesus’ last supper to be eaten with the twelve, or that he will appear to the eleven alone in his resurrection, John specifies only that “the disciples” are present in each case. This designation suggests a more open-ended group of people included in Jesus’ words and actions. After all, Jesus appeared to two disciples on the road to Emmaus—one of them is named Cleopas, Jesus’ uncle, and the other is unnamed, but arguably would be his aunt Mary who was present at the crucifixion—before he appeared to the disciples of the “inner” circle.
But what then does it mean for Jesus to breathe out the Holy Spirit and to tell this larger group of disciples, “If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them”? Remember, after all, that Thomas was not there when the “disciples” received the Holy Spirit—he would not have been commissioned then. The passage is, instead, a commissioning scene for believers—a commissioning of the church as a whole, not an elite group of leaders. It is a commissioning for us.
John’s language seems to grant broad powers to the church to forgive or retain sins, and we are the church. It may help to remember that throughout John’s Gospel “sin” has referred to the rejection of Jesus and his ministry. Jesus’ presence already reveals and condemns people’s belief or unbelief. In Jesus’ absence the church steps into this role. The image is not a narrow one of a priest assigning penance but a broader recognition that the church [we] becomes the arbiters of acceptance or rejection of Jesus.
Even so, part of our modern difficulty with this text may be that Jesus leaves this authority in the hands of disciples who are not themselves free from sin. John seems well aware of this, having positioned the story of commissioning in the midst of the disciples’ struggle to come to terms with their resurrection faith. Instead of trying to “solve” the problem of this responsibility granted to the church, I would say instead that the passage seems consistent with John’s portrait of the disciples. They are called to do much more than they are capable of. Yet they occasionally achieve great clarity, and in those moments they manifest the hope of the resurrection. We too are called to do much more than we are capable of doing, yet we can occasionally achieve great things in the name of the risen Jesus Christ and manifest, too, the hope of the resurrection.
With that being said, how can we, Jesus’ disciples, forgive sin, bringing people into the belief of the risen Jesus? I would suggest that one way is to do what Jesus told us to do—feed the hungry. We may do this with our pens by writing letters to our Senators, Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst in support of the Bread for the World letter writing campaign to our U.S. Senators. This letter writing campaign is not a charity asking, it is an advocacy request. Here’s why:
The important Safety Net and Poverty-Focused Development Assistance Programs will be cut by [at least] 10% with the new 2018 federal budget.
These cuts will adversely affect programs like SNAP [food stamp], WIC [supplemental nutrition assistance program for women, infants and children, the SCHOOL MEAL PROGRAM, PFDA [poverty focused foreign assistance] and the IFA [international food assistance program]
Social security/ unemployment and labor are 36% of the budget, Medicare and Medicaid is 24% of the budget, defense if 20% of the budget, net interest on the debt is 8%. This leaves 12% of the federal budget for all other programs and only 3% is allowed for the department of Agriculture which administers these food programs—down from 4% last year. This is a 25% reduction in money and services.
These programs are vital for the poor of this country and have been proven to lift people out of poverty in an effective manner.
What we are asked to do is to write a hand written letter to our Senators and to other representatives if you wish encouraging them to pass legislation that will protect those who are hungry, poor and vulnerable in the United States and abroad. This sort of personalized letter is the most influential way to influence a member of Congress. Each hand-written letter is logged in and the number of letters received for or against a certain issue show members of congress how important the issue is to their constituents. On-line petition and mass post card mailings are generally ignored.
I have some sample letter ideas here and if you are so inclined to forgive sins and manifest the hope of the resurrection in others, please write letters to our legislators requesting that they fully fund these needed food programs.
Sunday- March 26, 2017
In chapter 9, the miracle story is told first in quick strokes. Following the miracle story itself John presents several dialogs that take place between various parties, all of whom are in one way or another trying to resolve a dilemma created by the miracle.
Perhaps the overall theme can be stated succinctly in terms of light and darkness, seeing and blindness, faith and unfaith.
The first dilemma addressed is the issue of sin and blindness that the disciples raised at the beginning of the story. Such views of God must surely be put to rest once and for all. Yet when tragedies occur, people instinctively ask, why did God do this to me? Why is God punishing me? Jesus says that there is no connection between sin and physical problems, ailments or disasters—none whatsoever, but even such tragedies may be an occasion for God’s manifestation to us.
The blind man's neighbors raise another sort of question. They don't believe that this is the same man that was blind. This, they say, cannot happen. It's never heard of that someone born blind should receive their sight. There is no suggestion here that we believe everything that comes our way; however, there is a suggestion we certainly cannot understand God. People with genuine faith recognize the limitations of their knowledge and reserve judgment until such time that there is a better understanding. The church in past history has condemned people like Copernicus, Galileo, and other scientists because of their novel theories about the solar system. Later the church had to retract its condemnation of these individuals when their theories became established facts. Even now, the Catholic Church continues with condemnation of new views. Hasty pronouncements in the name of faith may not be genuine faith at all.
The parents of the healed man demonstrate another type of spiritual darkness. Fear of speaking out and failure to stand up for truth and justice will keep us in darkness. In this narrative John presents the negative example of the Pharisees. They persist in their religious heritage so staunchly that they turn a deaf ear and close their eyes to new things that God was doing. That is blindness! One can apparently be extremely religious and faithful to the old-time religion and still be blind. I would point to women as priests as a current case in point.
On the other hand, the narrative presents an opposite picture. At the center of the controversy is the lone figure of the blind man who was healed and now has to answer questions. His healing leads into turmoil instead of jubilation. Where is Jesus when the man is being questioned, harassed and attacked? Why is Jesus absent? While this healed man is trying his best to answer questions, it is obvious that his knowledge of Jesus is far from perfect. Yet in these circumstances there is no sudden flash of revelation and insight from heaven. The man simply stumbles along, doing his best with his limited knowledge of Jesus. But the more he is attacked, the deeper he seems to grow in his understanding of Jesus.
The question for John's circle of believers was how to go on living the life of faithfulness to Jesus when Jesus was not around. How do we answer difficult questions that opponents ask? How does a second, third or fourth generation faith community continue its life when the original founders of the movement are no longer around? How should a life of faith be lived out in these new times? What does it mean to be faithful to one's tradition and heritage and at the same time find answers to new questions that are being asked?
The Gospel of John is a good model for us. John takes the old stories of Jesus and recasts them in such a way that they bear witness to Jesus with great power and luster in a new setting that is linguistically and culturally so different from the Galilean, Judean, Palestinian setting where Jesus had lived and ministered. The Gospel of John tells the story of Jesus in an entirely different way than the other three gospels. Do our doctrines, theological language and categories of thought have to remain as they were fifty, one hundred, or two hundred years ago? We can learn a vital lesson from the Gospel of John--how to remain faithful in our witness to God's work in Christ while adapting our modes of expression to the cultural setting in which we live.
Yet in a real sense, Jesus was not absent in the story of John 9, nor is he absent from our own story today. Jesus is at the center of all the controversy, the questions, and the insults that the healed man is experiencing. He is giving witness to the work of God that Jesus had done. His witness is at times weak, incomplete, inadequate, but it is growing. And in the end, when he is kicked out by the Pharisees, Jesus finds him and leads him to a fuller understanding. Jesus does not abandon him. The blind man receives his sight, a miracle in the physical realm. But much more significantly, his spiritual eyes are opened and his darkness turns to light as he falls on his knees before Jesus and says, "Lord, I believe."
We must also open our spiritual eyes, remain faithful in our witness to God’s works in Christ and continually adapt our modes of expression to the cultural needs in which we live. Jesus will not abandon us but lead us to a fuller understanding of God.
Presentation of the Child Jesus in the Temple: A New Beginning
Feb 12, 2017
First Reading: Malachi 3:1-4
“I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,” says the Lord Almighty.
2 But who can endure the day of his coming? Who can stand when he appears? For he will be like a refiner’s fire or a launderer’s soap. 3 He will sit as a refiner and purifier of silver; he will purify the Levites and refine them like gold and silver. Then the Lord will have men who will bring offerings in righteousness, 4 and the offerings of Judah and Jerusalem will be acceptable to the Lord, as in days gone by, as in former years.
Second Reading: Hebrews 2:14-18
Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might break the power of him who holds the power of death—that is, the devil— 15 and free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death. 16 For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham’s descendants. 17 For this reason he had to be made like them,[a] fully human in every way, in order that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people. 18 Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.
Gospel Reading: Luke 2:22-40
When the time came for the purification rites required by the Law of Moses, Joseph and Mary took him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord 23 (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every firstborn male is to be consecrated to the Lord”[a]), 24 and to offer a sacrifice in keeping with what is said in the Law of the Lord: “a pair of doves or two young pigeons.”[b]
25 Now there was a man in Jerusalem called Simeon, who was righteous and devout. He was waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was on him. 26 It had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not die before he had seen the Lord’s Messiah. 27 Moved by the Spirit, he went into the temple courts. When the parents brought in the child Jesus to do for him what the custom of the Law required, 28 Simeon took him in his arms and praised God, saying:
29 “Sovereign Lord, as you have promised,
you may now dismiss[c] your servant in peace.
30 For my eyes have seen your salvation,
31 which you have prepared in the sight of all nations:
32 a light for revelation to the Gentiles,
and the glory of your people Israel.”
33 The child’s father and mother marveled at what was said about him.34 Then Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, his mother: “This child is destined to cause the falling and rising of many in Israel, and to be a sign that will be spoken against, 35 so that the thoughts of many hearts will be revealed. And a sword will pierce your own soul too.”
36 There was also a prophet, Anna, the daughter of Penuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was very old; she had lived with her husband seven years after her marriage, 37 and then was a widow until she was eighty-four.[d]She never left the temple but worshiped night and day, fasting and praying. 38 Coming up to them at that very moment, she gave thanks to God and spoke about the child to all who were looking forward to the redemption of Jerusalem.
39 When Joseph and Mary had done everything required by the Law of the Lord, they returned to Galilee to their own town of Nazareth. 40 And the child grew and became strong; he was filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was on him.
As the third oldest in our family of eight, I can remember mom bringing my younger siblings after they were born to church to offer them back to God. We’d go during the day because, of course, churches were always open back then. And mom would do the praying. There was no priest involved, no community. Just us and I thought it was lovely. A wonderful way to bless our new family member and to remind the rest of us that God was primary in our lives.
Today we examine and celebrate this ancient Hebrew tradition that ultimately represented a love of God: Jesus Presentation in the Temple. But before we focus on the Jesus part, I think it’s important that we understand what’s NOT said in today’s reading. It was typical Jewish practice that a woman, after having given birth to a male, was deemed unclean for 40 days—so no going to Temple, no male visitors. On the 40th day, she was to show herself to the Temple high priest (having been forbidden to enter prior to this time), have the purification rites performed and was then welcomed back to the Temple community. Had she given birth to a girl, her wait was double, 80 days until she could be “purified” and returned to her community. Do you see how direct the implication is? Having a girl is much worse than having a boy—doubly worse. Underneath this archaic ritual, was the primary belief that God was holy and deserving of all good. Our messy human experiences like reproduction had to be cleansed, redeemed somehow, thus the purification rituals. It makes me sad that this was simply an accepted part of Jewish tradition, no questions asked. Mary did her part and life went on.
But we are a very different generation from Jesus’ time. We’ve come a long way. After the Women’s March of recent weeks and more recently, the woman Senator, Elizabeth Warren, debating the legitimacy of the new Attorney General Sessions, and being told to “shut up”, it would be understandable if we balked at today’s liturgical celebration. Yes, Jesus is the focus and thanks to Jesus, we have come a long way in truly appreciating the value of all people. Still, our focus needs to be on what is not seen, the stories that are not told so that we do not simply accept what appears to be the norm—a ban on Muslim travel, an Attorney General who has a history of racism, a president who is not above the law. We must speak out in truth whenever possible even when we have been warned, we have been given explanations. Still we must persist. That is what we are reminded of today at the Presentation of Jesus. Times have changed, should change, must change until all people are seen as valuable. You have been challenged to speak the truth because of Mary’s silence—
Now we can shift to Jesus. Mary and Joseph come to offer their child back to God and instead God says, No, this child is my gift to you, for the whole world to see anew! This is not what Joseph and Mary expected. To have both Solomon and Anna affirm Jesus status as the One is fabulous! Let us not miss the significance. This is big. Joseph and Mary knew their child was special and held their secret close, trusting that he would become who he was meant to be. But to hear such public pronouncements made by respected religious leaders, must’ve been overwhelming. What was it about Mary or Joseph or Jesus himself that made Solomon so certain he was the one? This was an average family, offering two turtledoves to the high priest. And yet, Solomon says aloud in prayer to God, “You may now dismiss your servant in peace. (Or, in other words, “I can die happy now.”) For my eyes have seen your salvation, which you have prepared in the sight of all nations: a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel.”
Mary and Joseph’s beliefs have been confirmed by a higher authority. Jesus has been offered back to God, been presented and has been received as God’s embodiment. So this presentation is a new beginning. It’s a text that confirms Jesus as God’s gift to us. Can we embrace this truth? Can we see that this is a profound text. Can we reclaim our passion for belief in Jesus? I believe that this is a new beginning, an opportunity to affirm our Christianity, to proclaim that we believe—and we will persist in our efforts to continue what Jesus started.
February 2, 2017
Baptism of Jesus
First Reading: Isaiah 42:1-4, 6-7
Here is my servant, whom I uphold,
my chosen one in whom I delight;
I will put my Spirit on him,
and he will bring justice to the nations.
2 He will not shout or cry out,
or raise his voice in the streets.
3 A bruised reed he will not break,
and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out.
In faithfulness he will bring forth justice;
4 he will not falter or be discouraged
till he establishes justice on earth.
In his teaching the islands will put their hope.”
“I, the Lord, have called you in righteousness;
I will take hold of your hand.
I will keep you and will make you
to be a covenant for the people
and a light for the Gentiles,
7 to open eyes that are blind,
to free captives from prison
and to release from the dungeon those who sit in darkness.
Second Reading: Acts 10:34-38
Then Peter began to speak: “I now realize how true it is that God show no partiality but accepts from every nation the one who fears him and does what is right. 36 You know the message God sent to the people of Israel, announcing the good news of peace through Jesus Christ, who is Lord of all. 37 You know what has happened throughout the province of Judea, beginning in Galilee after the baptism that John preached— 38 how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power, and how he went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil, because God was with him.
When Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to be baptized by John. 14 But John tried to deter him, saying, “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?” Jesus replied, “Let it be so now; it is proper for us to do this to fulfill all righteousness.” Then John consented. As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting on him. 17 And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Own, my Beloved, on whom my favor rests.”
Sermon: (Have water nearby)
Mortality stinks! Lately I’ve been surrounded by reminders of my mortality and it has not been a good thing. I was sick for almost three weeks and felt how dependent I was on others. Rarely have I been sick and it was a humbling experience. At times, I needed help getting out of bed. And I slept hour upon hour. Ridiculous. Then, last Friday I went to Louise’s funeral and that was truly a difficult experience. Louise was my age, mother to 4 children, spouse of a doctor—there were too many similarities to ignore. Finally, this past week, I’ve been caring for Anna who was very sick and out of school from Tuesday through Friday. At times, I’d become angry with how stuck and frustrated I felt, like reliving the same bad dream over and over again, listening to her cough, hour after hour, time seemed to crawl and I found myself despairing. Some of you live with chronic illness and know what I’m talking about in a very real way. I cannot imagine how you endure. I now appreciate how lonely it can be, how dark and disheartening. Illness puts us in the grip of doubt, fear and death. Perhaps this is what Peter meant when he talked about “being in the grip of the Devil.” It felt very much like that—when all hope seems lost.
Which is why today’s readings made my heart sing. Isaiah, the prophet, foreshadows Christ’s coming—calling Jesus a servant, God’s chosen one, covenant of the people, a light of the nations, someone who will open the eyes of the blind, free captives and release those who have been living in darkness—like me. How encouraging!
Peter was becoming more wise and mature in his faith and comes upon his own aha—that God shows no partiality. Mindblowing for a man of his time where everyone was judged by who they are, their family, their standing in the Temple. He says, “No, I’ve discovered that those who fear God and do what is right are acceptable to God.” Boom. Done. Such a proclamation. Intention is everything—regardless of one’s status. We are still trying to live that in this day and age, especially with a paranoid president who demands walls instead of bridges, judgement instead of mercy. No partiality? We’ve got a long way to go to help fight for the 11 million undocumented people in our midst.
Then in our gospel, Jesus comes to John to be baptized. John wants no part of this. He knows he is not worthy to perform such a sacrament. But Jesus insists. Jesus insists that John perform the rite, to fulfill the order of things, to do his baptism in the way that people will know and trust. John complies and what happens? The heavens open up! Was there really a voice, God’s voice, God actually saying something that profound, to affirm the truth of who Jesus is? Remarkable. Miraculous. Enough to change the world forever more. Jesus wants us to reclaim hope, to defy the darkness of despair to challenge the norm of fear and division. We are the baptized. We are the chosen. We are the ones Isaiah called the people, the captives. And we have been set free, if we but notice and embrace the promise of our faith. It should be enough to ignite our passion once again, to help us when we are faltering under life’s stress and strain, when we are overpowered by the Devil’s tenacious grip.
Jesus wanted us to be the ones to move his word into action—to be Christ in the world. I’ve been reading Teilhard de Chardin who was a mystic to help inspire me in my faith. For Teilhard, Christ today is not just Jesus of Nazareth risen from the dead, but rather a huge, continually evolving Being as big as the universe. In this colossal, almost unimaginable Being each of us lives and develops in consciousness, like living cells in a huge organism. At various times, theologians have described this great Being as the Total Christ, the Cosmic Christ, the Whole Christ, the Universal Christ or the Mystical Body of Christ. We are that Christ, not separate from a person who lived in the past but here and now, within and through us.
May today be a beginning for us, as a church and as individuals to reclaim our baptism, our choice to live as Christians who dispel darkness and defy darkness in all its forms, even when we are trapped by it ourselves. May the water we feel, renew our faith to be active, to choose the light, the way and the truth. Teilhard says, “All that is really worthwhile is action—faithful action for the world, and in God.”
The action I invite us take today is to see water here in a new light. We will be blessing each other with the water from the baptismal font before we receive communion. It’s a gesture of unity in memory of our baptism. And it’s also a gesture of empowerment. We are made of water, God has created us and gives us life through water, the birthing waters of our mother and the daily water we ingest to sustain life. Whenever we encounter water, we engage with the divine. That’s what today is about—Jesus being washed clean by the water (even though he didn’t need that). Jesus being in the water, of the water at one with us. We rely on water for survival. We read stories of brave immigrants who cross the border with only water to sustain them. Water wars in California with their droughts. Today we bless the water of our baptism and reclaim its power to move us beyond our mortality. We are mortal and immortal. May our immortality always help us to choose the water, the light of God who rises above our mortality and invites us to do the same.
Sunday, January 23, 2016:
Martin Luther King, Jr. Celebration Mass
First Reading: Words from MLK: “When our days become dreary with low-hovering clouds of despair, and when our nights become darker than a thousand midnights, let us remember that there is a creative force in this universe, working to pull down the gigantic mountains of evil, a power that is able to make a way out of no way and transform dark yesterdays into bright tomorrows.”
Second Reading: Colossians 3:12-15
Therefore, as God’s chosen people, holy and dearly loved, clothe yourselves with compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience. Bear with each other and forgive one another if any of you has a grievance against someone. Forgive as the Lord forgave you. And over all these virtues put on love, which binds them all together in perfect unity. Let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, since as members of one body you were called to peace.
Gospel Reading: Taken from “I Have a Dream speech”:
We have (also) come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quick sands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.
Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force.
I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.
This is our hope. Let the People say, Amen!
Today we celebrate Martin Luther King Jr. for how much his life compelled to move us forward towards unity. His words affect us still today, just as they deeply affected those who first heard them on August 28, 1965 some 51 years ago. His words have the rhythm of his culture, that call and response pattern which black people know so well. It comes from their spirituals, hymns of hope and patient endurance. Martin speaks to inspire, to encourage, to empower. Which is why he repeats his words, so we can remember: Now is the time…I have a dream…you can hear it resound in the crowd like a mantra. His words are steeped in faith—a deep, passionate belief that God is with him and will, in time, enable all people to get along, to share God’s goodness equally and without prejudice. We are still a long way from his dream. But not as far as when his words were first spoken. Can I get an Amen. Amen.
Friday was Trump’s inauguration. I didn’t watch it. Instead I sat in a dark movie theater and watched two movies in a row, with friends. We were trying to avoid the reality of what the day meant. We wanted to have our own anti-inauguration day. It was a difficult day. But yesterday was the Women’s March. Can I get an Amen! Watching those crowds (and knowing my son was somewhere among them) empowered me in a way I couldn’t have imagined. Not just in DC but in Chicago, New York, Des Moines and 600 cities across the world, including London. Listening to women speak about being strong and fearless, about acting up and acting out if necessary, taking a stand and staying involved, volunteering and not backing down, not going back.
America Ferrera was probably the most powerful speaker when she said, “The president is not America. The cabinet is not America. The congress is not America. We are America and we are here to stay.” She also added, “We will not go from a nation of immigrants to a nation of ignorance.”
And that’s when I realized that I am not alone, that we are not alone. What we have been grieving and sadly anticipating on Friday was spoken and heard and opposed around the world yesterday. I kept staring at the women and men who were wearing their pussy hats in opposition and in love. One Muslim black woman said that if you are wondering what to do now, you should follow women of color. They are the ones who’ve been fighting this fight for a long, long time. I’m ready to get in line.
I feel encouraged to do more. My new mantra is “Inclusion revolution.” Did you hear that? That’s a phrase I’d not heard before but when I heard it, I wrote it down. And, I’ve been saying it over and over. Inclusion revolution. It’s the drumbeat that I want you to remember today. Inclusion revolution. We are part of this revolution for inclusion. That started six and a half years ago, right? We are willing to take a stand for inclusion in the Catholic church, to not be silent when we witness division or prejudice. We are moving forward despite what has happened. Inclusion revolution, here we come.
Prof. Claude Steele, author of a book on racism tells the story of a black male college student who began to notice that fellow students on campus would avoid him or cross the street to get away from him. He realized from this kind of behavior that they were seeing him through the lens of a negative stereotype about African-Americans in that neighborhood. That perhaps as a young male, black male, he might be violent. And it was making his whole experience tense and awkward. So, he became very creative. He learned how to whistle Vivaldi (a famous Italian composer) to deflect that stereotype. When people heard the classical music being whistled, they said ‘Oh, this is a man of refinement’. And they treated him with respect. Isn’t that crazy? And so brilliant. It’s the world we live in—and need to help change. Here’s Vivaldi. (play) See? We know it too. The book is called, Whistling Vivaldi.
Professor Steele says that no one is immune from stereotype. Every one of us has something that we are judged for. We are all part of some group affected by negative perceptions which I don’t think we realize. Whether it is having a chronic illness or living with a family member who has mental illness, or not being able to lose weight, each of us has felt judged or shamed. And that’s where our compassion needs to come from. A place of discomfort and hurt—That’s where healing is found—when it is joined with another person who is hurting. Together we find a way. Together we find hope. Together we find strength to move beyond fear.
God is with us in this space. God gives us the desire to reach out when we most want to withdraw. That same God who empowered MLK to preach and mobilize others is with us now. She is the God who empowered all those women and men to go to these marches and speak truth to power. This is the God who moves us to an inclusion revolution! A time when we will not go back to our closets or corners of society (or dark movie theaters) but when we give voice to unity. God will help us make a way out of no way. God will help us whistle Vivaldi when we are in doubt. Let’s keep whistling all the way to the Kin-dom. Can I get an Amen? AMEN.
Epiphany—a time of discovery and surprise. The kind of surprise that empowers us—a new meaning that causes us to pause and reflect. Why do we love this holiday? What is it that draws us in? Is it the magi—so closely tied to magic? Is it the stars and their prediction of a child King? Is it the travelers who firmly believed that they would find THIS child, the One who was to bring true peace? There is much in this story that intrigues us and that calls us to ponder. Above all, it is a story of a quest, discovery and deeper meaning—which is all our stories too. We are born, we seek meaning and purpose and we journey to the unknown, questioning, hoping, trusting to make meaning out of life’s mysteries. No wonder we love this celebration, not to mention the hats, the cake, the frankincense.
I can remember when my first son was born. Before that, I had some idea of what love was about, but after his birth, I knew love in a very different way. I felt a deep, fierce protectiveness of him—that no harm touch him. He was that precious. That’s an aha, an epiphany that comes from loving a child. Love itself is a mystery beyond words. We cannot fully name why we love so deeply, why we care so much. That’s the power and the beauty of love. It’s the thread throughout this story of Epiphany.
In Isaiah, we can’t help but get excited. You hear the prophet’s triumphant pronouncement: darkness is conquered, all people are coming together, God is here and all is well. We may need to read this over and over in the next four years. As much as I fear that darkness is settling in, let us take hope in Isaiah’s words. One epiphany I’ve had about this whole Trump election is that now it is in the hands of the people to make change and that may be a very good thing. My son Jon has been working with students from Harvard and Yale and they got 4,000 signatures from health care students that were delivered to Congress last week saying that if the ACA is repealed, there are six issues that must be addressed. How good is that? Our youth are rallying.
Let’s look at the characters involved in today’s gospel: the Magi, Mary and Joseph and of course the child Jesus. The Magi are intelligent men, dignitaries, foreigners who all agree on a theory, an interpretation of the stars and what they mean. They believe so much that they are willing to plan and carry out a long journey, trekking to a faraway place to find a child who is to be great. And the purpose of this quest? To pay homage, to affirm a new truth. Some say it took them two weeks, others say two years. Because so much of this story has been pieced together, we don’t really know, which adds to its allure, its intrigue. What we find riveting is that these magi represent the truth that the love of God is for all nations—the potential for unity for us all. All nations coming together to pay homage to the One, a God whose greatest purpose is that all be One. That’s what Paul reminds the Ephesians—that the Gentiles are heirs to God’s kin-dom. We all are heirs.
Mary is key to this story--how she miraculously delivered her child Jesus in a cave, by herself with no midwife or doctor at her side, with only her husband to help. No medical care, maybe no clean water either. Mary would’ve been careful to nourish her newborn son with her own breastmilk, keeping him warm and clean. Who brought her the water and clean sheets? Joseph must’ve done his part to help. Together they were good partners because they had to be; they enabled Jesus to survive such unpleasant and unclean beginnings. Because of their love and belief in God, they trusted that this child was the One. Some of us parents hold that belief of each and every one of our children—they are special. They are going to do great things. Mary is our model of how to nurture, how to believe in the not-yet.
And then there’s Jesus, a tiny, vulnerable infant, no different from all the innocent baby boys who would be murdered because of Herod’s fear. What made him unique? At that time, before he could speak, it was the belief, the faith of his parents. They made sure he would survive and grow to become who he was meant to be. When the magi arrived with all their entourage, Mary must’ve smiled and felt proud that what she believed was being acknowledged by others, by men of great honor and rank in their countries. She allowed them to pay homage, trusting that they would tell others of his birth—that one day the whole world would know and believe in her son, Jesus the Christ.
Little did they all know that they would be remembered thousands of years later as we do our own searching for God. What are the signs we trust? Is it the stars, the news, the weather? What helps us to be hopeful amidst difficult times. That’s what Epiphany is all about. Helping us to renew our hope that God is with us, here and now. We celebrate Epiphany because it is a story that touches deep within us and helps us to remain hopeful. It empowers us to trust. Finally, it insists that we, like Mary, Joseph and the Magi, devote our lives to a very simple belief, that Jesus is the One, the One teacher who can bring us deeper meaning and life eternal.
So I ask us these questions to ponder: What signs do we follow? How do we commit to a journey towards the Divine? What are the essentials to our journey? What gift will you bring for Christ?
Homily: First Week of Advent
November 27, 2016
Menards started tearing down their patio furniture display and setting up their Christmas displays the week after the fourth of July. Lowes followed on August first. Hy-Vee started advertising for Christmas in late September, and most retail stores began the Christmas season before Halloween. In America we are ready for Christmas. Sales this year are expected to top 4 trillion dollars for the season. In America, we love Christmas!
We decorate our homes with Christmas lights—two of my neighbors had theirs up in October—and several keep them up all year long, turning them on now and again. Black Friday sales start in early August and some last year-round. We hang out the greenery, put up the wreaths and dig out the Christmas music for the coming of Santa and the coming of Jesus. We prepare for Christmas, yet only 47% of Americans attend church services on Christmas day.
Today is the first day of Advent—the anticipation of the Christ-child’s birth in Bethlehem. Christ is coming—God is coming as the savior of the world. We all know the scene—refugees looking for a place to stay, no room at the inn, birth in a manger, and the celebration in both heaven and earth at God’s first coming. We are ready; we are prepared; we put our best forward, roll out the red carpet, clean the house—in other words we are expecting an honored guest into our lives and into our world. Waiting is the hard part. Having done all the preparation, we’re primed; we’re pumped to let the coming begin. It’s hard to wait, we’re antsy like little children—filled with anticipation, but it is hard when the anticipated moment is left unspecified.
In our observance of Advent, for example, when we focus on the birth of Jesus, we know from the start that the climax will come on December 25th. Between now and then, we’ll read the prophecies of the Old Testament and light a new candle each Sunday; then we’ll gather on Christmas Eve to hear the Christmas story and sing the carols; then we’ll get up on Christmas morning and open our gifts. It’s all so predictable.
But there are two comings of Christ—the first has happened; the second is yet to come. The second coming is not talked about much, and it isn’t known when it will occur, but Jesus will return to raise the dead and usher in a new world. Jesus could come at any time; he could arrive right now—this very moment or it could be millennials before the arrival. There is simply no telling when. As Jesus told his disciples: “But no one knows of that day and hour, not even the angels of heaven, but my Father only.” (Matthew 24:36)
That makes the waiting doubly hard, and it can lead us to ask, “Is he coming, or not?” The answer lies in the gospel reading for this morning: “Yes, he’s coming … at a moment when you least expect him.” So, look for the sign of Noah. That’s your cue to knowing that the end is near and that our honored guest is at the door.
What, exactly, is the sign of Noah? In the Old Testament, the story of Noah and the great flood was brought on by the sinfulness of the world. Genesis 6:5 says,
“Yahweh saw that the wickedness of people was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.” (Genesis 6:5)
The picture that comes to mind is that of wholesale immorality, lewdness, debauchery, hedonism and sinfulness to the max. So, you might think that the sign of Noah has to do with the decadence of the world around us and its preoccupation with evil and violence and every form of bad behavior – that if the world is truly going to hell in a hand basket, it’d be a sure sign that the Second Coming is near.
But no, that’s not what Jesus said. He said: “For as in those days which were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ship…” (Matthew 24:38)
As far as Jesus is concerned, it’s not the people’s sinfulness that’s the problem, it’s their complacency, their relative ease and comfort. Jesus compares the normalcy of their daily lives with the normalcy that will prevail before the Second Coming. Eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage! Who can fault that! The fault is not that people are doing these things, but that they are so caught up in the routine of daily living that they take no thought for their spiritual lives. Their problem is not ‘gross sin’ but ‘indifference’ – ‘nonchalance about God.'
No, it’s not the vile nature of the world in which we live that’s the problem, it’s our indifference. We live as if everything is A-OK, when, in reality, the rug can be pulled out from underneath us without a moment’s notice. We live on thin ice. Why don’t we live as if God were the sole source of our strength and hope for the future?
This is what Noah did. Scripture says, “Noah walked with God.” (Genesis 6:9) He dared to live out of synch with the world around him in order to live in harmony with the Spirit of the living God. You know the story: While the rest of the world went on living as if they were invulnerable, Noah listened to God and obeyed God’s Word. Noah did something while the rest of the world payed no attention to God’s word, living their lives with indifference to others and ignoring their own spiritual lives.
Years ago, I knew a family that lived the American dream. The father was a successful business person—a hardworking, community minded individual. The mother was a full-time mom, PTA president, community volunteer and major cheer-leader for their boys. One of their sons was in my class and the other was two years behind me in my little brother’s class. These boys were popular, clean-cut, all-American, polite and respectful children. They attended St. Mary’s Catholic Church, the same as my family.
Here’s what happened: The younger son had a Volkswagen Bug that he loved to race around town in. He had a habit of playing what he called “car-dodge” while driving on highway 218 through town. He would place his body from the waste up through the window, driving down the road. He’d get dangerously close to oncoming cars and give them a big grin through their windshield as they passed by. Dumb and stupid and dangerous, right!
One evening the unthinkable happened: either his car lurched to the left or the oncoming semi did. When the Volkswagen came to a stop, his headless body lay in the ditch.
When news reached the family, they turned to the church, and the church members did all they could to offer comfort and reassurance and hope; but it wasn’t enough. Living the American dream wasn’t enough when their world was shattered. Without the strength of an inner, seasoned faith, they were hopelessly ill-prepared to face such a loss. Their life of normalcy had been destroyed in one silly, fleeting moment. They became emotionally distraught, angry and bitter – mad at God and the world.
Today’s gospel warning and the word to the wise is this: Be prepared through your faith in Christ; get your priorities straight now, while you can. Cultivate your relationship to the best of your ability with Jesus Christ; be like an athlete in training, ready to go into the game on a moment’s notice when the coach calls your number.
This is the Good News I hope you’ll take home with you this afternoon and carry with you throughout the season of Advent: Be active in your faith; be grounded in the good news of God; be out of synch with the world; be on good “speaking” terms with God; anticipate Jesus’ second coming like we anticipate Christmas. Instead of saying, “Is he coming, or not?” Instead of asking, “When will Jesus return?” Say, “Thank God! He is already here!”
Nov. 13, 2016, 33rd Sunday in Ordinary Time
Now What: Post Election Grief
First Reading: Malachi 4:1-2
See, the day is coming, burning like an oven, when all the arrogant and all evildoers will be stubble; the day that comes shall burn them up, says the Lord of hosts, so that it will leave them neither root nor branch. 2But for you who revere my name the sun of righteousness shall rise, with healing in its wings. You shall go out leaping like calves from the stall.
Second Reading: Thessalonians 3:7-12
For you yourselves know how you ought to imitate us; we were not idle when we were with you, 8and we did not eat anyone’s bread without paying for it; but with toil and labor we worked night and day, so that we might not burden any of you.9This was not because we do not have that right, but in order to give you an example to imitate. 10For even when we were with you, we gave you this command: Anyone unwilling to work should not eat. 11For we hear that some of you are living in idleness, mere busybodies, not doing any work. 12Now such persons we command and exhort in the Lord Jesus Christ to do their work quietly and to earn their own living. Brothers and sisters, do not be weary in doing what is right.
Gospel Reading: Luke 21:5-19
5When some were speaking about the temple, how it was adorned with beautiful stones and gifts dedicated to God, Jesus said, 6“As for these things that you see, the days will come when not one stone will be left upon another; all will be thrown down.” 7They asked him, “Teacher, when will this be, and what will be the sign that this is about to take place?” 8And he said, “Beware that you are not led astray; for many will come in my name and say, ‘I am he!’ and, ‘The time is near!’ Do not go after them.9“When you hear of wars and insurrections, do not be terrified; for these things must take place first, but the end will not follow immediately.”
Then he said to them, “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; 11there will be great earthquakes, and in various places famines and plagues; and there will be dreadful portents and great signs from heaven. 12“But before all this occurs, they will arrest you and persecute you; they will hand you over to synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before kings and governors because of my name.13This will give you an opportunity to testify.
So make up your minds not to prepare your defense in advance; for I will give you words and a wisdom that none of your opponents will be able to withstand or contradict. 16You will be betrayed even by parents and brothers, by relatives and friends; and they will put some of you to death. 17You will be hated by all because of my name. 18But not a hair of your head will perish. 19By your endurance you will gain your souls.
Somehow it has happened. The sky has fallen. Hell has frozen over. Pigs now fly. Whatever the analogy, it fits. Trump is going to be our president and I’m still in shock as to how this happened. It has been very challenging to find the silver lining with this outcome. Many analysts have said it’s because people want change. Well, thing are certainly going to change now. I’m not so sure this is the change anyone really expects or wants. Time will tell but having Trump as president is a frightening reality to many of us.
Wednesday morning, we chaplains gathered in our office and broke bread. Okay, it was bagels, but it helped to be with like-minded people to share the shock and the sadness. One brought the music for “There is a Balm in Gilead,” an African American spiritual that says, “There is a balm in Gilead to make the wounded whole.” These words help, just as they helped the slaves who sang them so many years ago. Now we too feel the desperation and the need for words that soothe, alleviate and calm.
There are so many things to grieve, causes that now may be threatened as never before: climate change, healthcare, diversity, same sex marriage. We hear our brothers and sisters who were just beginning to feel safe now feel anxious and worried for their safety. On the news Thursday night, we witnessed a high school cafeteria in Detroit where chants of “white power” and “build that wall” caused Latino kids to cry.
I’ve been saying that the phrase, “Make America great again” translates into “Make America Hate again.” It’s going back to the “good ole days” when whites were truly in power and no one else really mattered. That’s the old message that young kids get and are now promoting. So yes, we have reason to grieve for all that is lost by this election. And I am not one to encourage anyone to move beyond their grief until they are ready and able.
Our readings are very apocalyptic—which seems appropriate. The world that we hoped was moving forward has suddenly taken a giant step backwards. Malachi speaks about “the day is coming when the bad will be like stubble but the good will endure.” It also says that the “sun of righteousness shall rise” for those who believe. These are words of hope. Jesus talks about his coming and that those of us who believe will be persecuted but this will give us an opportunity to testify. We certainly saw that with our City High youth on Friday night. As a parent, I’m not so sure blocking I-80 is the safest way to testify but it certainly makes a statement.
We must be very wise and respectful with how we voice our protest. I was very saddened to see video of a group of black men pulling a white man who voted for Trump from his car and beat him up while others cheered them on. That shows just how deep the divide is and how high emotions are, especially fear. As you know, anger is fear disguised. There is much to be fearful about and if one’s only hope is “going it alone” without faith, then anger is the logical next step.
But we are a people of faith. We believe that death is not the end so in our grief we must seek out the sacred. Where are the little pieces of light, as Joyce Rupp would say? How do we come full circle through the Spirit’s guidance? It is the sacred that is our balm and our hope. Let us turn to God and cry out, Help us, O God.
In Thessalonians, Paul is encouraging new Christians to work hard, to not be idle and the very next line (which is left out) is, Brothers and sisters, do not be weary in doing what is right. None of us can grow tired of standing up for the poor and marginalized—be it for the Dakota Access Pipeline, Black Lives Matter, the Free Clinic or IC Compassion, we will continue to use our energy and our faith to work towards a more loving world. Perhaps this grief will be our catalyst for even greater efforts. Despite our discouragement, we must eventually gather strength to continue the effort—to not become weary.
And in our gospel, Jesus is tells us, “Beware, do not be led astray. Nation will rise against Nation.” That’s all our fears; that war is not far off with such a leader as Trump. We may be persecuted and betrayed, but in the end, not a hair of our heads will be harmed—seems like an oxymoron but of course, Jesus is speaking about our spiritual selves. In the end, when we remain true to the cause for peace, for inclusion, that all may be one-we believe that we will be “saved.” That is our hope.
This is our liturgy for Thanksgiving but I couldn’t begin with that—I had to speak first about our collective pain. In eleven days we will hope to give thanks. Let us allow the sacred to heal our hearts so that we can stand back and see our blessings. Now it is all the more important that we use those blessings in ways we might not have imagined before. So, grieve all you need to grieve, then look to the sacred for your balm, and do not grow weary in doing what is right. Above all, know that we are blessed by a God who will be with us no matter what. Amen.
What has your response been to this election? How do our blessings help us in our grief?
Perhaps the World Ends Here
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BY JOY HARJO
The world begins at a kitchen table. No matter what, we must eat to live.
The gifts of earth are brought and prepared, set on the table. So it has been since creation, and it will go on.
We chase chickens or dogs away from it. Babies teethe at the corners. They scrape their knees under it.
It is here that children are given instructions on what it means to be human. We make men at it, we make women.
At this table we gossip, recall enemies and the ghosts of lovers.
Our dreams drink coffee with us as they put their arms around our children. They laugh with us at our poor falling-down selves and as we put ourselves back together once again at the table.
This table has been a house in the rain, an umbrella in the sun.
Wars have begun and ended at this table. It is a place to hide in the shadow of terror. A place to celebrate the terrible victory.
We have given birth on this table, and have prepared our parents for burial here.
At this table we sing with joy, with sorrow. We pray of suffering and remorse. We give thanks.
Perhaps the world will end at the kitchen table, while we are laughing and crying, eating of the last sweet bite.
"Perhaps the World Ends Here" from The Woman Who Fell From the Sky by Joy Harjo. Copyright © 1994 by Joy Harjo. Used by permission of W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., www.wwnorton.com.
Thirtieth Sunday in Ordinary Time October 23, 2016
Luke 18: 9-14
Knowing that Pharisees are regularly cast in the gospels as Jesus' opposition, we all too easily judge the Pharisee to be a self-righteous hypocrite and assume that the moral of this story is to be humble. The difficulty with such an interpretive tack, however, is that we might as well end up praying, "Lord, I thank you that I am not like other people: hypocrites, overly pious, self-righteous, or even like that Pharisee. I come to church, I give to charity, and I have learned that I should always be humble."
In order to avoid the kind of self-congratulatory reading of the parable, it may help to note that, in fact, everything the Pharisee says is true. He has set himself apart from others by his faithful adherence to the law. He is, by the standards both Luke and Jesus seem to employ, righteous. It isn't that the Pharisee is speaking falsely, but rather that the Pharisee misses the true nature of his blessing. As Luke states in his introductory sentence, he has trusted in himself. His prayer of gratitude may be spoken to God, but it is really about himself. He credits his righteousness entirely in his own actions and being.
The tax collector, on the other hand, knows that he possesses no means by which to claim righteousness. He has done nothing of merit; indeed, he has done much to offend the law of Israel. For this reason he stands back, hardly daring to approach the Temple, and throws himself on the mercy of the Lord.
Here is the essential contrast. One makes a claim to righteousness based on his own accomplishments, while the other relies entirely upon the Lord's benevolence. Rather than be grateful for his blessings, the Pharisee appears smug to the point of despising others. In his mind there are two kinds of people: the righteous and the immoral, and he is grateful that he has placed himself among the righteous. The tax collector, on the other hand, isn't so much humble as desperate. He is too overwhelmed by his plight to take time to divide humanity into sides. All he recognizes as he stands near the Temple is his own great need. He therefore stakes his hopes and claims not on anything he has done or deserved but entirely on the mercy of God.
I don't think it's an accident that this exchange takes place at the Temple. On the grounds of the Temple, Jews were always aware of who they were, of what status they had, of what they could expect from God. There were "insiders" and "outsiders," and according to these rules there was no question of where the Pharisee and tax collector stood, but when Jesus dies all this changes. As the gospels report, the curtain in the Temple is torn in two, symbolically erasing all divisions of humanity before God. That act is prefigured here, as God justifies not the one favored by Temple law, but rather the one standing outside the Temple gate, and aware only of his utter need.
This is what makes this parable a trap. For as soon as we fall prey to the temptation to divide humanity into groups of people, we have aligned ourselves squarely with the Pharisee. Anytime you draw a line between who's "in" and who's "out," this parable asserts, you will find God on the other side. Read this way, the parable ultimately escapes even its narrative setting and reveals that it is not about self-righteousness and humility any more than it is about a pious Pharisee and desperate tax collector. Rather, this parable is about God: God who alone can judge the human heart; God who determines to justify the ungodly.
At the end of this story, the Pharisee will leave the Temple and return to his home righteous. This hasn't changed; he was righteous when he came up and righteous as he goes back down. The tax collector, however, will leave the Temple and go back down to his home justified—that is, accounted righteous by the God. How has this happened? The tax collector makes neither sacrifice nor restitution. On what basis, then, is he named as righteous? On the basis of God's divine mercy! Therefore, this parable is best understood, I believe, if we see ourselves as the tax collector with noting to claim before God but our dependence on God’s mercy. When this happens and we forget if only for a moment our human-constructed divisions and stand before God aware only of our need, then we, too, are justified by God and invited to return to our homes in mercy, grace, and gratitude.
A novel published in 1982, Schindler's Ark (released in America as Schindler's List) by Australian novelist Thomas Keneally, and later adapted into a highly successful movie directed by Steven Spielberg illustrates this point.
The book, based on truth, tells the story of Oskar Schindler, a Catholic, a Nazi Party member, a spy, a rogue, a profiteer and a criminal who turns into an unlikely hero by saving 1,200 Polish Jews from the extermination camps. There is a frightening incident in the book. The SS, the Gestapo surrounded the synagogue Stara Boznica the oldest synagogue in Poland in the Warsaw Ghetto. There, they found a group of traditional Jews with beards, side locks and prayer shawls, orthodox Jews, good people. But they wanted numbers. They combed the surrounding buildings. Among those who were pushed into the synagogue was a notorious criminal Max Redlicht, a Jew by birth but one who had ceased to practice, a figure in the Warsaw underworld. Redlicht was a horrible person who extorted money from his own people, robbed and murdered. He was despised and feared by everyone. When the synagogue was full, the doors were locked and an SS officer broke open the Ark which housed the sacred scrolls and placed the Torah on the ground. They then ordered the congregation to line up and file past the Torah and spit on it, under the threat that if they failed to do so they would be shot. In the end, everyone did, except Max Redlicht. When his turn came he walked up and said: No, I will not do this, I have done many horrible things in my life but I will not do this. The SS shot him in the head.
This parable is not about the bad Pharisee and the good tax collector. The people of Jesus’ day would have seen it as just the opposite. Pharisees were respected, educated, pious, faithful and holy. They did what was right. The tax collector, however, was the worst kind of a crook—a legal one. He colluded with the Roman Empire to extort money from his own people. He was a bad guy, despised and feared like Max Redlicht.
From the outside the Pharisee and tax collector seem very different. They are not, however, as different as we might think, for on the inside they are both dead; lost, broken, and in need of God. The difference is not their place in society. The real difference is that the tax collector knows he is dead and the Pharisee does not. The difference is that the Pharisee keeps score and the tax collector cries out, “God be merciful to me, a sinner!
The tax collector went home justified, not because he was good or better than the Pharisee, he wasn’t, but because he offered God a dead life not a scorecard. God did not withhold anything from the Pharisee. God simply gave him what he asked for—nothing. For the tax collector God’s mercy has opened the door to a new life, a new world, a new self-understanding, and a new relationship with God. We don’t know what happened after he got home but we know this. A choice now lay before him, the choice to walk into his own resurrection. That does not tell us how the story ends. It tells us, rather, how it might begin.
The beginning of a new story, a new life, is a choice God sets before each one of us. It is a choice we make every time we tally up the points. It is a choice we make every time we cry out for mercy.
27th Sunday: Where is God?
First Reading: Habakkuk 1:2-3, 2:2-4
O Lord, how long shall I cry for help, and you will not listen? Or cry to you “Violence!” and you will not save? 3Why do you make me see wrong-doing and look at trouble? Destruction and violence are before me; strife and contention arise. Then the Lord answered me and said: Write the vision; make it plain on tablets, so that a runner may read it. 3For there is still a vision for the appointed time; it speaks of the end, and does not lie. If it seems to tarry, wait for it; it will surely come, it will not delay. 4Look at the proud! Their spirit is not right in them, but the righteous live by their faith.
Second Reading: 2 Timothy 1:6-8, 13-14
For this reason I remind you to rekindle the gift of God that is within you through the laying on of my hands; 7for God did not give us a spirit of cowardice, but rather a spirit of power and of love and of self-discipline.8Do not be ashamed, then, of the testimony about our Lord or of me his prisoner, but join with me in suffering for the gospel, relying on the power of God. Hold to the standard of sound teaching that you have heard from me, in the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus. 14Guard the good treasure entrusted to you, with the help of the Holy Spirit living in us.
Gospel Reading: Luke 17:5-10
The apostles said to the Lord, “Increase our faith!” 6The Lord replied, “If you had faith the size of a mustard seed, you could say to this mulberry tree, ‘Be uprooted and planted in the sea,’ and it would obey you. 7“Who among you would say to your slave who has just come in from plowing or tending sheep in the field, ‘Come here at once and take your place at the table’? 8Would you not rather say to him, ‘Prepare supper for me, put on your apron and serve me while I eat and drink; later you may eat and drink’? 9Do you thank the slave for doing what was commanded? 10So you also, when you have done all that you were ordered to do, say, ‘We are simple workers. We have done no more than our duty!’”
Increase our faith, the disciples beg Jesus. They knew they were in way over their heads. In a sense, we are all in over our heads. How can we be about God’s work when we are so human, so simple?
This past week, I was riding in the car with a friend who said, “Tell me how God makes a difference in the world.” He was demanding an explanation for all that’s wrong—the 6 year-old autistic boy who was shot in Louisiana, climate change and all those whom ISIS has killed. “Where is God in that,” he insisted. “He needs to be held accountable.” I fell silent. When I tried to say that “My God is a woman who is with those in pain,” he wasn’t buying it. “That’s not an answer,” he said. “God needs to account for all the pain in the world.”
So when I hear the disciples asking for more faith and Jesus telling the apostles if they had faith the size of a teeny mustard seed, and that it would be sufficient to simply do their jobs—for we are no more than servants or slaves (in some translations) of God, I can’t say that I feel especially inspired. I feel inadequate all over again. If only I had more faith—or at least better answers, I’d be a better Christian. It made me wonder why I believe what I do. I was reminded of Job, asking questions that have no satisfying answers.
As I was trying to understand this more, I found a guy on-line named Ryan Bell who was a pastor for 19 years. Someone asked him the very same question, “How does God make a difference in the world?” He couldn’t answer that and decided to test it out. He really wanted to better understand what it was like to be an atheist. So for a year, he gave it all up—his beliefs, his practices. After a year, he concluded that it didn’t make any difference, a belief in God so he now writes a blog called, “Life After God,” where he and many other “Nones” are creating community outside the religious world of their former lives.
“Deconversion” is a word they used—and much of what this experience is about is sharing the abuse of intensely religious churches. Each of the members had been judged and found lacking. One told of being the pastor’s son and once he told others that he was gay, was publicly humiliated in front of the whole church while they tried to pray him straight. I get this kind of anger—those representatives of God who have failed and hurt their fellow believers. In some ways, we’re doing the same kind of “leave taking” to create a community out of our collective wounds but we are very grounded in a belief in God that does make a difference in the world and in our own lives.
Why do we profess belief in God? Does God make a difference in our lives? Does prayer work? Is God a Being who acts or is God more abstract like the Source of all Love? Can we have a personal relationship with God? These are the kinds of questions I’ve been pondering—much like the prophet Habakkuk in our first reading who has questions of his own: “How long am I to cry for help while you do not listen?” God replies that “a time will come—when those who uphold justice will live.” Wait. Be patient. Trust. I’m here—just in a different timeframe than yours. Which has always been frustrating for most of us.
God is not a short order cook. God is not a puppet or a puppeteer. It’s almost easier to say what God is not so as to clarify our argument for God. God is not just a good feeling but is belief in God can be tied to our feelings. I have felt God when I was lonely or afraid or confused. There’s no proof, just a deep down honest sense that there is more, more than just my despair or suffering. Is that only because I want that to be true? Perhaps but it’s enough to make me question less and to be still more.
I never did give my friend an answer. His anger is too deep for me to heal. And I know that blaming God gives him a place for his sadness. At some point, we might be able to talk more about this but I’m okay with not having all the answers, with letting my life and my choices speak for themselves. I’d make a very bad Evangelical pastor—which I why I’m not that. Instead, I very much consider myself a seeker along with all of you, trying to grow in my belief. Faith for me is living the question (or questions).
Paul gives us some encouragement in his letter to Timothy. He tells us to “fan into flame the gift of God—God gave us a spirit of power, of love and self-discipline.” Paul is reminding us that we have all we need to be faithful--and that we could use a little encouragement to deepen our faith, by fanning the flames.
We went to a friend’s wedding on Friday and it was a very Christian ceremony. I hope the new couple will have a wonderful marriage but I could not forget the three necessary biblical phrases they are to use: sovereignty, submission and sacrifice. Those are probably the three words that do the least for my faith, especially the second one. Even while trying to soften it, that pastor still put the man first and then the woman. Yes, it’s alive and well—all that lovely interpretation of the gospel that causes harm and shifts the message of Christ into something less.
May we try to own our faith as something essential to us. May our beliefs be open to question. And may we find comfort in knowing that Jesus believed in us first, claimed us first—It is our choice as to whether we answer the invitation. Amen.
Sunday Sept 25, 2016
In last week’s Gospel, Jesus tells the parable of the dishonest steward. Jesus ends his teaching by underscoring the idea that one cannot serve both God and money. Between that parable and the next is a 5 verse bridge that is normally left out of our readings. It reads as follows: “And the Pharisees also, who were lovers of money, heard these things: and they scoffed at him. “But he said to them, “you are those who justify yourselves before people, but God knows your hearts: for what is exalted among people is an abomination in the sight of God.” Jesus, then, directs the parable of Lazarus and the rich man directly to the Pharisees.
This parable is often depicted as a picture of heaven and hell—a fire and brimstone warning against eternal damnation, frightening people through fear to follow certain beliefs, but that message misses the point Jesus intends to convey because Jesus takes this well-known motif and changes it with an unexpected epilogue—a plea to send Lazarus to warn the rich man’s five brothers of the consequences of their actions.
Why did Jesus extend the original story by adding the second part? It’s clear from both parts that appropriate choices need to be made in life. But what choices? The rich man would have argued that his wealth, his comfort, stemmed directly from God, and were a clear sign that he was blessed. He could even have quoted from scripture to support that view, as many still do today. “My cup runneth over, I’m truly blessed or point a finger to heaven when you do something—like score a touchdown, is still seen as a validation from God.
So why then the slur about not listening to Moses and the prophets? Perhaps this story is an echo of the previous charge of not being able to serve two masters, about having to make choices about what’s important in life. Well, that’s part of it, but I also think Jesus’ message is to hear scripture with different ears, to listen for and understand a message of God’s mercy, justice and grace. I hear an overall message here in the paired story that speaks of not using bits and pieces of scripture to justify one’s narrow perception of blessings, but instead, hearing in scripture how God’s love will be visited in ways we never guessed and upon people we could not imagine, just as it was visited upon Lazarus, not because Lazarus earned God’s favor; not because Lazarus kept all the laws of purity; certainly not because Lazarus made all the right and righteous observances – he wouldn’t have been allowed within a mile of the temple for fear of contamination.
With this addition, Jesus seems to be making it clear that the key to the life choices we need to make is contained in scripture—in his own message of God’s radical grace offered not just to the wealthy, not just to the righteous, not just to those who would be pure and sinless, but that God’s grace is given to those who hear, and accept God’s word. This is one more example of Jesus portraying how God’s favor is not, as many would have it, for the apparently deserving, but for those who need it.
We should note that the rich man is not accused of greed, theft, adultery, “or, in fact, of any wrongdoing. More than the measure of wealth, this parable asks the question of compassion. The rich man lacks compassion. When must those that have give dignity to those that lack?
Do we recognize the special place of the poor? When we serve them, do we act as if we are doing them a favor, or do we see they are doing us a favor? Do we not realize their presence is an invitation to intimacy with God?
Who are the poor? Most of the time we connect the poor with those who lack material goods. But, look again at Jesus' parable. The poor are the disdained, the hated, those kept at arm’s length, those simply not like us—our enemies. At what point do we show them compassion?
In these tragic times in which we are tempted to cry out for vengeance, let us remember we are to seek justice. For justice allows room for compassion. How can we see the poor, the sick, the outcast, as God's people in need of help? How can we view our adversaries as God's agents that challenge us to change?
It would be tragic to miss the actual point of the parable by removing it from the setting in which Jesus gave it. The Pharisees were seen as rich—blessed by God, while most others were viewed as poor—not blessed by God. The question in Luke 16:31 is a direct challenge to the Pharisees, who are the symbolic “rich man.” "If you do not believe in Scripture, how can you believe in one raised from the dead?" The Jews had been blessed above measure by knowledge of God and the plan of salvation. They had received “the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises.”
By contrast, Lazarus symbolizes all those people in spiritual poverty—the Gentiles—with whom the Israelites were to share their heritage. The words of Isaiah were well known to the Jews. “I will also give you a light to the Gentiles, that you may be my salvation unto the end of the earth.” Isaiah 49:6.
Unfortunately, the Jews had not shared their spiritual wealth with the Gentiles at all. Instead, they considered them as “dogs” that would have to be satisfied with the spiritual crumbs falling from their masters’ tables. The metaphor was known. Jesus had used it before in testing the faith of the Canaanite woman. “It is not meet to take the children’s bread, and to cast it to dogs.” She responded accordingly: “Truth, Lord: yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters’ tables.” Matthew 15:26, 27.
The rich Jews had hoarded the truth, and in so doing, they had corrupted themselves. The Jews had enjoyed “the good life” while on earth but had done nothing to bless or enrich their neighbors. No further reward was due. “Conversely, the poor in spirit, symbolized by Lazarus, would inherit the kin-dom of heaven. The Gentiles who hungered and thirsted after righteousness would be filled. The “dogs” and sinners, so despised by the self-righteous Pharisees, would enter heaven before they would.
The parable concludes with the rich man begging for his brethren to be warned against sharing his fate. Asking Abraham to send Lazarus on this mission, he alleges “if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent.” Luke 16:30. Abraham replies, “If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.” Verse 31.
Jesus thus rebuked the Pharisees for their disregard of the Scriptures, foreseeing that even a supernatural event would not change the hearts of those who persistently rejected the teachings of “Moses and the prophets.” From these few examples, we begin to see that in this parable, Jesus was not trying to explain the physical realities of the afterlife. Instead, He was referring to the unfaithfulness of the Jews regarding their assigned responsibility. As stewards of the special message of truth, they utterly failed to share it with the Gentiles, who were eager to hear it.
Let’s accept the lesson Jesus was trying to teach and apply it to our own lives.
Are we doing all we can to spread the message of salvation to others? Do we have a genuine love for those around us, and have we invited them to share our spiritual inheritance? If we hoard our riches, like the Jews of old, we will become self-righteous and corrupt, prideful and uncompassionate. In contrast, by active, loving service, our relationship with Christ as well as with others will become stronger and more meaningful.
Twenty-fourth Sunday September 11, 2016
The fifteenth chapter of Luke consists of three parables: the Lost Sheep (verses 3-7); the Lost Coin (verses 8-10); and the Prodigal Son (verses 11-32) which is not in today’s reading.
When Jesus teaches us about the kin-dom of God, he’s teaching us about a God who demands even more of us than what He asked of the people of the Old Testament because of the relationship that Christ invites us into, the God whom Moses approached in awe and fear we approach in love. The God, who commanded Moses and the people of Israel to follow the Law in all its parts, commands the disciples and us, the members of the Church, to follow God with loving faith. As we remember today, the 15th anniversary of the terrorist attacks against our nation, this loving faith can help us respond with the love of Christ even to those who hate us, even to those who harm us and even to those who reject us.
It’s harder to live by Love than it is to live by the Law. It takes courage to live by love. The Law offers sure knowledge of what lies ahead—follow the law and get these rewards. Love, sadly, demands that we journey through darkness, unsure of the outcome. At first, it seems that it would be easier to approach God as a loving God into whose arms we can run, than as a Lawgiver who towers over us, threatening to destroy all who are unfaithful, as in the First Reading. We tend to think of love as something that’s freeing, that lets us be who we want to be, and lets us do what we want to do. But in fact, that’s not what real love is like. Real love is when people are not disappointed or angry when we make our foolish mistakes, when we don’t do what they want, or when we inconvenience them with our needs. Real love doesn’t go away when circumstances become difficult—it survives and even grows during hardship and struggle. That is what today’s gospel is all about.
The chapter begins with a contrast between “tax collectors and sinners” and “Pharisees and scribes.” Apparently, sinners are drawn to Jesus, but religious leaders complain that he accepts and even eats with sinners. What is it about Jesus and what he does that elicits such different responses? The Pharisees and the scribes follow the law and are confident in their reward. The “sinners” are seeking a different relationship with God, and that is what Christ offers. Jesus is trying to reveal the true nature of God’s relationship to people through his teaching and his actions. Although Jesus does not judge or remark on any of the “sinner’s” behavior, there seems to be some sort of transformation taking place in their lives for them to be crowding around Jesus.
The shepherd and the woman in today’s gospel evoke images of a God who not only actively seeks out individuals who are lost -- note the emphasis on the “one” out of the ninety-nine and the ten -- but also rejoices when they are found. This God is not a tyrant who demands subservience to impossible demands, but rather a God who actively seeks restoration.
In these stories, the drama centers on something that was lost. Paired with both finding and saving, the Greek verb for “lost” (apollumi) refers not only to losing something, but also to causing or experiencing destruction. Jesus seems to be saying to the Pharisees and scribes that they are, by following the strict laws, destroying the relationship between God and the people. Jesus doesn’t say they are evil or corrupt, but they are in need of repentance.
So what happens when the sheep or the lost coin are found? Note that the verb here has to do not with forgiving but with finding. The Greek word for “find” (eurisko) occurs seven times in the chapter. When the sheep or lost coin is found, no comment is made on any sinful behavior but a connection is made between (a) God’s finding and rejoicing over what was lost and (b) “the one sinner who repents”.
Unlike the English word repentance, which implies contrition and remorse, the Greek word metanoia has to do with a change of mind and a change of purpose -- a shift in how we perceive and respond to life. When God finds us when we are lost, our usual ways of perceiving and responding to life are transformed. When we repent, we embrace a foundational change that shows in our actions, our way of being, our relating to others and our perceptions of others—it supports our values and our actions becoming aligned. It gives us the capacity to act from a strategy of empathy toward others. Repentance is not sorrow for something we’ve done, therefore, but a joy from changing our lives.
And when this happens, there is great rejoicing over the “one sinner who repents.” In the parable of the Lost Sheep, this phrase is contrasted with “righteous persons who need no repentance”, echoing the contrast that introduces the parables in this gospel reading.
We should note, however, that the emphasis here is not on a contrast between two different types of people: “tax collectors and sinners” versus “Pharisees and scribes.” Taking literally about these types misses the theological point of these parables and, unfortunately, has led to much violence against Jews in the history of Christianity. Luke does not praise the behavior of sinners. Tax collectors were corrupt, dishonest, and had colluded with the Roman Empire. By contrast, the Pharisees and scribes were the religious leaders of the day, much like professional clergy in our time.
At issue here are two different types of responses to God’s love. Sinners repent because they know they are lost and thus can avail themselves of the transformation that comes with God’s finding them. By contrast, the righteous do not need to repent (or change their ways) presumably because they already experience God’s love. They don’t need God to find them; they are justified and reconciled to God in their lives. The fact that the Pharisees do not see a need for repentance [change] is not lost with Jesus who often calls them blind. What they need is a change of mind and a change of purpose. They need less regard for the law and its assurances of reward and more regard for God’s people and the needs they have.
The parables in today’s gospel are more than simple folk stories; they are expressions of Jesus’ view of God, people, salvation, and the new age which dawned in his ministry. Jesus ate with tax collectors and sinners. The Pharisees and scribes, the "religious experts" of Jesus' day, saw such action as disgusting because, in their view, it transgressed God's holiness. If Jesus truly were a righteous man, they reasoned, then He would not associate with such people; He would keep Himself pure and separate from sinners. In response to their murmuring Jesus said God rejoices more over the repentance of one sinner (those sitting with Him at table) than over "ninety-nine just persons who need no repentance"-- that is, than over the religious professionals who congratulate themselves over their own self-achieved "goodness".
So, what does this mean for us today? I most parts of America, religion lacks the cultural clout to define righteous people from sinner people. Most churches actually lack the moral authority to make such a determination. Our society, however, does name its losers, and we have the task—like the Pharisees should have done—to take the side of the underdog in society, rather than condemn them.
We must ask ourselves if we have the courage, first, to speak out loud who are the so called “sinners” in our culture, and, secondly, to take sides with them. Politicians, demagogues and the righteous are constantly scapegoating people as “sinners” who place a burden on the rest of society. As we move from one public debate to another, “sinners” include undocumented immigrants, welfare recipients, the unemployed, the homeless, single mothers, ethnic groups not our own, the elderly, the poor—the list goes on and on, but apparently does not include “respectable” people who prevent group homes from entering their neighborhoods, people who conduct business in predatory ways, people who prey on the weak and less fortunate—and this list goes on and on. Eating with sinners means taking sides.
So this gospel got me thinking. Rather than thinking of the shepherd and the woman as representing Jesus, perhaps the shepherd and the woman both represent the tax collectors and sinners. The shepherd risks everything on finding his lost treasure--the lost sheep. The woman spends a great deal of time focusing on finding her lost treasure--the lost coin. In both cases, others are invited to join with them, rejoice and celebrate because they found what was lost. This would seem consistent with other teachings of Jesus where he talks about the cost of discipleship. Thus, the Pharisees and the teachers of the law should be rejoicing because the tax collectors and sinners have repented and found what they have lost--salvation...the kin-dom of heaven...God? After all, the tax collectors and sinners would have probably been Jewish rather than Gentile. They have found what they have lost, and the Pharisees should be rejoicing.
Let me leave you with this old story about a cold night in England many years age. A group of children slipped into a church to get warm. The minister was preaching on Luke 15: 1-10, todays gospel, which in the King James Version of the Bible reads, “This man receiveth sinners and eateth with them.” Afterwards, one of the children, a little girl of about 7 years old, went up to the pastor and said, “Pardon me, sir, but I never knew that my name was in the Bible.” He asked, “What is your name, child?” “Edith, sir,” she replied. “I’m sorry,” said the pastor, “Edith is not in the Bible.”
“Yes it is, sir,” she said, “I heard you say, ‘This man receiveth sinners, and Edith with them.”
Even though that little girl misunderstood the text, she applied the truth of it personally to her situation. Put your name in that little girl’s understanding and see how it works for you. “This man receives sinners, and [Nick] with them.” “This man receives sinners, and [Bonnie] with them.” “This man receives sinners, and [Jerry] with them.” “This man receives sinners, and [Mary] with them.”
Perhaps we should all rejoice in our recognition by God.
Sunday, August 21, 2016
First Reading: Isaiah 66:18-21
For I know their works and their thoughts, and I am coming to gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come and shall see my glory,19and I will set a sign among them. From them I will send survivors to the nations, to Tarshish, Put, and Lud—which draw the bow—to Tubal and Javan, to the coastlands far away that have not heard of my fame or seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the nations. 20They shall bring all your kindred from all the nations as an offering to the Lord, on horses, and in chariots, and in litters, and on mules, and on dromedaries, to my holy mountain Jerusalem, says the Lord, just as the Israelites bring a grain offering in a clean vessel to the house of the Lord.21And I will also take some of them as priests and as Levites, says the Lord.
Second Reading: Taken from “A Joseph Campbell Companion” by Diane Osbon
"As we love ourselves, we move toward our own bliss, by which Joseph Campbell meant our highest enthusiasm. The word ‘entheos’ means ‘god-filled.’ Moving towards that which fills us with the godhood, that place where time is not, is all we need to do to change the world around us. Then we, naturally and without effort, love others and allow them to move beyond their self-imposed limitations, and in their own ways. The goal is to evolve to that place where the energy that had been projected outward to correct the world is turned around to correct oneself—to get on our own track and to dance, to balance, between the worlds.”
Gospel Reading: Luke 13:22-30
Jesus went through one town and village after another, teaching as he made his way to Jerusalem. 23Someone asked him, “Lord, will only a few be saved?” He said to them,24“Strive to enter through the narrow door; for many, I tell you, will try to enter and will not be able. 25When once the owner of the house has got up and shut the door, and you begin to stand outside and to knock at the door, saying, ‘Lord, open to us,’ then in reply he will say to you, ‘I do not know where you come from.’ 26Then you will begin to say, ‘We ate and drank with you, and you taught in our streets.’ 27But he will say, ‘I do not know where you come from; go away from me, all you evildoers!’ 28There will be weeping and gnashing of teeth when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrown out. 29Then people will come from east and west, from north and south, and will eat in the kingdom of God. 30Indeed, some are last who will be first, and some are first who will be last.”
You may be wondering why we have a Joseph Campbell reading in place of our second reading today. Today’s second reading was all about punishment so we decided to switch it up. There was a need for something that could inspire, not negate or judge. Even our gospel ends with somewhat of a threat—some are last who will be first, and some are first who will be last. Boom. It’s important to remember that Jesus was speaking to a stubborn, simple minded people. I’d like to believe we’re just a bit different, a bit more developed.
Whenever I’ve heard this the first will be last and the last will be first reading, I’ve naturally thought, OK, I’ll be last because of course I want to be first. And there’s certainly something to be said for allowing others to go first. First in line, no, you go ahead, I’m good. Watching the Olympics has reinforced this. Gold is best. First is best. The more gold medals makes us the better nation. This is a very linear way of thinking. And we’ve done it all our lives.
Joseph Campbell is a mythologist and a writer who says:
We must be willing to get rid of the life we've planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us.
The goal of life is to make your heartbeat match the beat of the universe, to match your nature with Nature.
The privilege of a lifetime is being who you are.
He is trying to teach us something that leaves our typical way of thinking behind. He’s moving us beyond linear time and space. Remember Star Trek? Time is very different there--You can not only be in a different place in the blink of an eye, there can be multiple you’s in several places at once. Campbell is trying to get us away from the idea that there is any line or comparison, indeed not any competition between us. Life is not about what those people were asking Jesus, “Lord, will only a few be saved? How many?” There are no limits to God’s love. There is no first or last. There is love, joy and that’s what should guide us.
Campbell’s says “Follow your bliss,” which sounds very new age. What he means is, “What fills you with joy? What gives you a sense of deep purpose and meaning?” Whatever that is—that is what you should be focused on. Do what you love to do because that’s what causes you to be “god-filled.” And when you are God-filled, there is no need for comparison. You are whole. When we are whole, we invite others to be who they are without judgement or barriers. He says that this is a place or a way of being where “time is not.”
We should long to be god-filled, inspired, full of God. Love seems to be the basis of this way of being—which means we have to truly love ourselves before we can know or discover what it is that bring us bliss. What causes us to feel full of God? Rarely is it something that doesn’t impact others as well. For me, it’s working with others who are seeking, struggling to find meaning in the darkness. For others, it’s being creative, baking, sewing, making art, caring or being with loved ones, caring for them. Dancing can be a form of being god-filled.
Campbell tells us to dance, to balance between the two worlds. Taking all that energy that is focused outward to fixing the world and turning it inward until we know how to simply be enthused. The word for this is ENTHEOS which means “full of the God, inspired, possessed.” It is the root for the word “enthusiasm.” (Handout)
And I hope you’ve heard about what happened at the Olympics when one woman clipped another woman on the track when they were trying to qualify for the 5000 meter competition. The American D’Agostino clipped the Netherlands Hamblin. They both went flying with 2,000 meters left to run. D’Agostino got up but Hamblin did not so D’Agostino stopped her race, went over to Hamblin and helped her up, saying, “You’ve got to get up.” She did and began running but notice D’Agostino was struggling with an injury. Hamblin waited for her but then finished the race. Later she noticed that D’Agostino had finally hobbled to the finish. As she was being taken away in a wheelchair, they hugged. Hamblin said that that was the Olympic spirit at work—and that’s what she’ll remember from the race. Even though neither of them qualified for the finals, the Olympic committee let them both run in the finals because of the way they helped each other. Entheos. D’Agostino knew she was following her bliss by helping her colleague. That’s the attitude, the way of being, using entheos to inspire—May we find our bliss and cultivate it until it changes the way we react to life.
The Assumption of Mary
Aug. 15 2016
First Reading: Revelation 11:19 - 12:10
Then God’s temple in heaven was opened, and the ark of his covenant was seen within his temple; and there were flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, an earthquake, and heavy hail.
A great portent appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars. 2She was pregnant and was crying out in birthpangs, in the agony of giving birth. 3Then another portent appeared in heaven: a great red dragon, with seven heads and ten horns, and seven diadems on his heads. 4His tail swept down a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. Then the dragon stood before the woman who was about to bear a child, so that he might devour her child as soon as it was born.5And she gave birth to a son, a male child, who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron. But her child was snatched away and taken to God and to his throne; 6and the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, so that there she can be nourished for one thousand two hundred sixty days. 7And war broke out in heaven; Michael and his angels fought against the dragon. The dragon and his angels fought back, 8but they were defeated, and there was no longer any place for them in heaven. 9The great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the Devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world—he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10Then I heard a loud voice in heaven, proclaiming, “Now have come the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Messiah, for the accuser of our comrades has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God
Second Reading: 1 Corinthians 15:9-28
9For I am the least of the apostles, unfit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. 10But by the grace of God I am what I am, and his grace toward me has not been in vain. On the contrary, I worked harder than any of them—though it was not I, but the grace of God that is with me. 11Whether then it was I or they, so we proclaim and so you have come to believe.
12Now if Christ is proclaimed as raised from the dead, how can some of you say there is no resurrection of the dead? 13If there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ has not been raised; 14and if Christ has not been raised, then our proclamation has been in vain and your faith has been in vain. 15We are even found to be misrepresenting God, because we testified of God that he raised Christ—whom he did not raise if it is true that the dead are not raised. 16For if the dead are not raised, then Christ has not been raised. 17If Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins. 18Then those also who have died in Christ have perished. 19If for this life only we have hoped in Christ, we are of all people most to be pitied.
20But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have died. 21For since death came through a human being, the resurrection of the dead has also come through a human being; 22for as all die in Adam, so all will be made alive in Christ. 23But each in his own order: Christ the first fruits, then at his coming those who belong to Christ. 24Then comes the end, when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father, after he has destroyed every ruler and every authority and power. 25For he must reign until he has put all his enemies under his feet.26The last enemy to be destroyed is death. 27For “God has put all things in subjection under his feet.” But when it says, “All things are put in subjection,” it is plain that this does not include the one who put all things in subjection under him. 28When all things are subjected to him, then the Son himself will also be subjected to the one who put all things in subjection under him, so that God may be all in all.
Gospel Reading: Luke 1:39-56
39In those days Mary set out and went with haste to a Judean town in the hill country, 40where she entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. 41When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the child leaped in her womb. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit 42and exclaimed with a loud cry, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb. 43And why has this happened to me, that the mother of my Lord comes to me? 44For as soon as I heard the sound of your greeting, the child in my womb leaped for joy. 45And blessed is she who believed that there would be a fulfillment of what was spoken to her by the Lord.”46And Mary said, “My soul magnifies the Lord, 47and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior, 48for he has looked with favor on the lowliness of his servant. Surely, from now on all generations will call me blessed; 49for the Mighty One has done great things for me, and holy is his name. 50His mercy is for those who fear him from generation to generation. 51He has shown strength with his arm; he has scattered the proud in the thoughts of their hearts. 52He has brought down the powerful from their thrones, and lifted up the lowly; 53he has filled the hungry with good things, and sent the rich away empty. 54He has helped his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy, 55according to the promise he made to our ancestors, to Abraham and to his descendants forever.” 56And Mary remained with her about three months and then returned to her home.
Sermon: Today we celebrate Mary, the mother of Jesus, the cousin to Elizabeth, the young girl who was visited by an angel who said she was to be the Mother of God. Her yes started a cataclysmic set of events that changed the world. We are who we are because of her willingness to hear God’s call and to act.
If Mary hadn’t been the bold, confident girl she was, there would be no Jesus, no disciples, no churches, no Pope. It’s astonishing how all of Christianity hinges on Mary. Many, many assumptions have been made about her. Even the feast of the Assumption is rather assuming. It has no scriptural basis in the New Testament. Scriptures used are Genesis (3:15) and Revelations from our first reading (12:1-2)—the first and last books of the Bible. Both are a bit of a stretch. And yet, Pope Pius XII in 1950 determined as infallible that Mary did indeed assume into heaven, bodily. There are great variations on this belief. Some say that she died first and was resurrected in three days and then assumed into heaven. Others believe she never died but was fully alive as she was lifted into the clouds. The other word used for today’s feast is the Dormition of Mary or the falling asleep of Mary.
This feast was initially called the Memory of Mary. But, when it was discovered that there were no relics of Mary, it changed. The story goes that the disciples were with Mary when she died but when they visited her tomb later, there was no body, so they believe she was resurrected. A priest who wrote about the Assumption said, “The Assumption is God's crowning of His work as Mary ends her earthly life and enters eternity. The feast turns our eyes in that direction, where we will follow when our earthly life is over.” This feast certainly lauds Mary as a woman of faith whom God blessed in many ways. As Catholics, it has led to many evangelical groups criticizing our practice of “worshiping” Mary, even though none of us sees it that way. I can remember May crownings were such a special time of honoring who Mary was. Never did I believe I was worshiping her but I can see how others might view those practices as such.
Today my goal is not to argue this doctrine, that Mary was assumed into heaven, but to remind us that Mary was an amazing woman who was far ahead of her time, who raised her son in a way that enabled him to be inclusive of all people, who loved her son unconditionally so that he could love others in the same way, who taught Jesus to respect women and to see them as valid human beings who could carry his message to others.
The only words we have from Mary were when Jesus at age twelve scared her to death because she thought he was lost. In Luke she says, “Son, why have you done this to us? You see that your father and I were so worried looking for you.” And then at the wedding feast at Cana when she tells the servants, “Do whatever he tells you to do.” In both instances there is tension between Mary and Jesus which clearly indicates a mom who is not passive or shy. Even if he is the son of God, he’s also Mary’s son and she is going to state her case. Jewish mothers have a reputation for being rather strong-willed.
Some of the songs that laud Mary do not get close to this: “Sing of Mary, pure and lowly, virgin mother undefiled.” That’s an attempt to lessen her strength, to encourage other women to be that way, pure, lowly. And we are in a time of great change, of a woman being president perhaps. Of women now serving in the army, in all fields where they were never allowed before. The Church must recognize this reality—and see that this is part of God’s doing. So perhaps the song could be, “Sing of Mary, strong and confident, Jewish mother not to be denied.”
There is some evidence that the Church is trying, or on the verge of trying. On August 2, the Pope called for a commission to study the diaconate of women. It’s an exciting prospect, one that we haven’t had for a long time. As we know, women were deacons in the early church, (Phoebe is named in Romans) mostly to baptize other women but the pope has said that he wants women to have more of a role in the church. This commission is made up of six men and six women and overseen by a Jesuit. The members are an impressive group of professors, nuns and priests. This may indicate a more respectful attitude towards women in the church. Whether it will lead to any significant change remains to be seen.
Finally, the best indication we have that Mary was a strong woman is the words she says about herself. In today’s gospel, Mary speaks of how she is the one whom God has chosen: from now on all generations shall call me blessed. As a woman of faith, I cannot imagine saying those words. Mary was clearly transformed by her encounter with the angel Gabrielle; she believed beyond logical proof, that indeed God had chosen her. That’s a woman of strength, fierce belief and confidence. And she maintained that belief, that confidence throughout Jesus’ birth, life, ministry and death. She, perhaps more than anyone else, understood the power of her “yes.” Mary claims her value and her role in the Magnificat. Today our gospel stands as testimony to the power of a woman to change the world. Amen.
Prayer after Communion:
A CHANGE OF HEART Question of the Day: How have you experienced “birthpangs”?
All this is only the beginning of the birthpangs.
~ Matthew 24:8, JB
“Birthpangs” is an apt metaphor used by the prophets referring to something painful that is bringing about something better (see, for example, Isaiah 13:8 or Jeremiah 21:9). The price for bringing about something better is invariably to go through the pain of birth. In most mythology, male gods create by a flick of their creative finger. Female gods often create by labor pains of some sort.
Much of patriarchal Christianity has been trying to avoid pain, as we already see in the twelve apostles (e.g., Mark 8:31-33). Males hope they can avoid birthpangs by making an “end run” around them. Maybe that is why we could not hear a lot of the transformational teaching of Jesus. It also shows us that Jesus was a very untypical male, surely not a patriarch.
If we had an image of God as a great Mother who is always giving birth, I think birth pangs would have been preached about and understood a lot more. Maybe that was the image of Mary as the “Sorrowful Mother” at the foot of the cross or with the pierced heart, for many Catholics and Orthodox Christians. Any woman, who has had a child, consciously understands something I will never understand: she knows the necessary connection between pain and new life. Jesus says it clearly, “a woman in childbirth suffers,” but afterwards she has joy (John 16:20-21)! We must allow Mary, mothers, and all women to more inform our reading of the Gospels or we might end up missing the core message.
~ Richard Rohr
Sunday, August 7, 2016
Faith: Where Your Treasure Is
First Reading: Wisdom of Solomon 18:6-9
That night was made known beforehand to our ancestors,
so that they might rejoice in sure knowledge of the oaths in which they trusted.
The deliverance of the righteous and the destruction of their enemies
were expected by your people.
For by the same means by which you punished our enemies
you called us to yourself and glorified us.
For in secret the holy children of good people offered sacrifices,
and with one accord agreed to the divine law,
so that the saints would share alike the same things,
both blessings and dangers;
and already they were singing the praises of the ancestors.
Second Reading: Hebrews 11:1-2, 8-19
Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. 2Indeed, by faith our ancestors received approval.
By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to set out for a place that he was to receive as an inheritance; and he set out, not knowing where he was going. 9By faith he stayed for a time in the land he had been promised, as in a foreign land, living in tents, as did Isaac and Jacob, who were heirs with him of the same promise. 10For he looked forward to the city that has foundations, whose architect and builder is God. 11By faith he received power of procreation, even though he was too old—and Sarah herself was barren—because he considered him faithful who had promised. 12Therefore from one person, and this one as good as dead, descendants were born, “as many as the stars of heaven and as the innumerable grains of sand by the seashore.” 13All of these died in faith without having received the promises, but from a distance they saw and greeted them. They confessed that they were strangers and foreigners on the earth, 14for people who speak in this way make it clear that they are seeking a homeland. 15If they had been thinking of the land that they had left behind, they would have had opportunity to return. 16But as it is, they desire a better country, that is, a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God; indeed, he has prepared a city for them.
Gospel Reading: Luke 12:32-48
“Do not be afraid, little flock, for it is your Father’s good pleasure to give you the kingdom. 33Sell your possessions, and give alms. Make purses for yourselves that do not wear out, an unfailing treasure in heaven, where no thief comes near and no moth destroys. 34For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also. 35“Be dressed for action and have your lamps lit; 36be like those who are waiting for their master to return from the wedding banquet, so that they may open the door for him as soon as he comes and knocks. 37Blessed are those slaves whom the master finds alert when he comes; truly I tell you, he will fasten his belt and have them sit down to eat, and he will come and serve them.38If he comes during the middle of the night, or near dawn, and finds them so, blessed are those slaves. 39“But know this: if the owner of the house had known at what hour the thief was coming, he would not have let his house be broken into. 40You also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an unexpected hour.”
41Peter said, “Lord, are you telling this parable for us or for everyone?”42And the Lord said, “Who then is the faithful and prudent manager whom his master will put in charge of his slaves, to give them their allowance of food at the proper time? 43Blessed is that slave whom his master will find at work when he arrives. 44Truly I tell you, he will put that one in charge of all his possessions. 45But if that slave says to himself, ‘My master is delayed in coming,’ and if he begins to beat the other slaves, men and women, and to eat and drink and get drunk, 46the master of that slave will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour that he does not know, and will cut him in pieces, and put him with the unfaithful. 47That slave who knew what his master wanted, but did not prepare himself or do what was wanted, will receive a severe beating. 48But the one who did not know and did what deserved a beating will receive a light beating. From everyone to whom much has been given, much will be required; and from the one to whom much has been entrusted, even more will be demanded.
What a horrible ending of a gospel reading—be prepared or you will be punished, maybe even severely punished. We are those to whom much has been given—all of us are the privileged few—so to whom much is given, much will be required—much, much more will be asked. How terrifying.
Remember, Jesus began this lesson with the words, “Fear not.” How strange to end with such a threat. This is the kind of fire and brimstone scripture that many evangelical preachers love. Which is why I had such trouble with it. What are we to believe? What lesson can feed our souls?
Jesus spoke as if his listeners should be prepared at any time for the end of the world, when God would come and judge each and every one of them. Two thousand years have passed and still, we’re supposed to be waiting? After a while, the threat wears thin. And as adult Catholics, we don’t do well with being threatened. But we can all be challenged, invited, encouraged.
Let’s go back to these scriptures and examine what is meant by treasures: “Wherever your treasure is, that is where your heart will be.” Jesus is speaking about our priorities, making sure that our life has the right priorities, the correct values. That’s something we can all reexamine.
We just got back from Boston last night after being surrounded by very intelligent people at Haavaad. Our Jonathan is starting medical school there and we attended his white coat ceremony. The Dean said that we shouldn’t be surprised if our son/daughter doesn’t finish in four years—that only 40% of the class typically graduates in four years. Now, many students get a Masters or do a year of research. The bar keeps getting raised. I didn’t know whether to feel proud or overwhelmed. Afterwards we had good conversations with Jon. He certainly feels the pressure of performing well—of now being among the best and still overachieving—but he’s very much aware of the pitfalls of that. Thankfully, Jon was able to say that while he sees the opportunities ahead of him, he also wants a “life”—that is, a wife and children, not just a career. So I breathed a sigh of relief. His sense of accountability was much more in balance than his parents, thank heavens.
During the ceremony, his class ended with an oath, one that they had created during the previous week. It sounded so grounded, so honest, sjo well-intentioned in how to care for patients. Here is some of it:
“Breathe together, watch together, be together and pause. Listen. We pledge to respect how people become patients. To recognize the whole person, who encompasses far more than disease. We seek to understand our patients’ lives, not direct them. To remember that our profession and our continual learning intertwine with the lives of others. When our patients show us their pain, we will see them, when our patients tell us their stories we will hear them.” It went on and finally ended with, “We strive to listen to every person, (to) wake up to the realities of the world, strengthen our abilities, and rise up so that we may share wisdom, truth and kindness in all that we do.”
Not bad, right? I was especially pleased to hear the “kindness” part. Being kind was promoted throughout the day. Rather than our treasures being something external, it was clear that the treasure was found within, in the intention to connect. No fear or threat, but a gentle call for kindness. Kindness to self was also promoted. Above all, it was having self-awareness to stay balanced, exactly what Jon was talking about. Phew.
Paul says in his letter to the Hebrews that faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the reality of all that is hoped for, the proof or conviction of all that is unseen. We left feeling very hopeful. I have great faith in what the next generation can cause—maybe even world peace is possible.
Rather than threat or punishment, let us focus on trust and hope for the not yet. Afterall, it is our faith that we celebrate each and every Sunday when we gather here. It’s the reason we continue to read from scripture and struggle with mystery and life. Faith is our foundation, what helps us continue to hope. It’s what sustains us when times are tough, especially in the face of illness, physical or mental, or when times are so uncertain, like our upcoming election process. Faith is what calms us, makes us take a breath and say, “All will be well. Yes, I believe. Now I remember. Be still and know that God is near. Fear not.”
It is my faith that enabled me to leave Boston last night and to come home with a deep sense of gratitude. I left a bit of my treasure in Boston, my Jon. Another little bit is now in London, my Matt. I have to believe that for all of us, our hope is for good and not for bad. That takes faith because we know that there are thieves and crazy people with knives who maim and kill. There are threats everywhere. So I believe that faith is a choice. We either choose to believe or not to believe. And to believe in what? To believe in God, in goodness, in good overcoming evil? Yes, yes and yes. May each of us, take time to pause and reclaim our faith, our treasures and our sense of accountability. We are right where we need to be and God is with us. Amen.
To have faith is to defy logic. It takes faith to think positively. It takes faith to believe that there is a loving God who cares deeply about our pain. To believe in life, the universe, or yourself after numerous failures is to have courage. Faith is an act of courage. It is choosing to get up in the morning and face our fears and believe that God will help us. You have to find some way to not become a cynical or negative person, a person who keeps walking around and opening your eyes in the outside world but inside you close down, a person who stops expecting tomorrow to be better than today.
Read more at: http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/r/richardroh527289.html
July 3, 2016
First Reading: Isaiah 66:10-16
Rejoice with Jerusalem, and be glad for her, all you who love her; rejoice with her in joy, all you who mourn over her— 11that you may nurse and be satisfied from her consoling breast; that you may drink deeply with delight from her glorious bosom. 12For thus says the Lord: I will extend prosperity to her like a river, and the wealth of the nations like an overflowing stream; and you shall nurse and be carried on her arm, and dandled on her knees. 13As a mother comforts her child, so I will comfort you; you shall be comforted in Jerusalem. 14You shall see, and your heart shall rejoice; your bodies shall flourish like the grass; and it shall be known that the hand of the Lord is with his servants, and his indignation is against his enemies.
For the Lord will come in fire, and his chariots like the whirlwind, to pay back his anger in fury, and his rebuke in flames of fire. 16For by fire will the Lord execute judgment, and by his sword, on all flesh; and those slain by the Lord shall be many.
Second Reading: Galatians 6:14-18
May I never boast of anything except the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world.15For neither circumcision nor uncircumcision is anything; but a new creation is everything! 16As for those who will follow this rule—peace be upon them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God. 17From now on, let no one make trouble for me; for I carry the marks of Jesus branded on my body. 18May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit, brothers and sisters. Amen.
Gospel Reading: Luke 10:1-20
After this the Lord appointed seventy others and sent them on ahead of him in pairs to every town and place where he himself intended to go. 2He said to them, “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few; therefore ask the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest. 3Go on your way. See, I am sending you out like lambs into the midst of wolves. 4Carry no purse, no bag, no sandals; and greet no one on the road. 5Whatever house you enter, first say, ‘Peace to this house!’ 6And if anyone is there who shares in peace, your peace will rest on that person; but if not, it will return to you. 7Remain in the same house, eating and drinking whatever they provide, for the laborer deserves to be paid. Do not move about from house to house. 8Whenever you enter a town and its people welcome you, eat what is set before you;9cure the sick who are there, and say to them, ‘The kingdom of God has come near to you.’ 10But whenever you enter a town and they do not welcome you, go out into its streets and say, 11‘Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet, we wipe off in protest against you. Yet know this: the kingdom of God has come near.’ 12I tell you, on that day it will be more tolerable for Sodom than for that town.
The seventy returned with joy, saying, “Lord, in your name even the demons submit to us!” 18He said to them, “I watched Satan fall from heaven like a flash of lightning. 19See, I have given you authority to tread on snakes and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy; and nothing will hurt you. 20Nevertheless, do not rejoice at this, that the spirits submit to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.”
There is an art to hospitality. Yesterday, we had friends over and it made us clean and prep and try new recipes. We had been anticipating their coming and we’re very excited when they finally arrived. Anna had been saying their names over and over beforehand. We had games for the kids to play. It was an expected stress and a wonderful time together.
When people arrive unexpectedly, there is a different kind of stress. Our house is not always spotless, so I am guarded about how far someone can come into our space. It’s pride, protection and a bit of anxiety.
In the time of Christ, guests coming and going would have been common. I’d imagine that you’d have certain things ready most of the time for the unexpected guest, for their comfort—water to wash their feet, a drink of goat’s milk and a taste of whatever the woman of the house was baking. That would have been the basics.
In our gospel today, Jesus sends forth seventy disciples to have them prepare the way for his visiting these cities later. He wants them to trust in the hospitality of others. He tells them to bring nothing—no purse, no bag, no sandals which meant no money, no provisions, and nothing to protect their feet, which were their only mode of transportation. Ouch.
These pairs of disciples must have had such passion for the journey. They are completely trusting of Jesus sending them forth—even though he says they are like lambs in the midst of wolves. Jesus expects their success, that they would be able to heal and preach and touch many lives, and that they would be taken care of thanks to the kindness of a host. If the numbers are correct, it would mean that together, they would have brought Jesus’s message to 35 cities overall. The good news was spreading far and wide. Now these towns could prepare for his coming. They would be ready to help host him and to hear from Jesus directly. How exciting.
But for those cities who did not receive the disciples, Jesus gives strong directions—they should get a warning. The disciples could wipe the dust off their feet because in this town no one offered water for them to wash their feet; such was their lack of hospitality. For these towns, their fear of the stranger was greater than their faith in the potential good that might come their way. Jesus warns those that live in fear: fear cannot be the way of life. Fear leads us inward, keeps our doors and hearts closed. These people might have a second chance, if they change their ways.
And there was great success. The disciples returned with joy, telling their stories of how even the demons obeyed them. Jesus celebrates this but reminds them not to feel their own power but to remember it is God working through them. Always that is our focus. Whenever we help heal or give comfort, it is important to know that like the pairs of disciples in our gospel today, we are God’s instruments. And our names will be written in heaven, like signing the guest book for eternity. For the disciples this was the promise that inspired them, to live forever with God in heaven. It remains a strong motivation for many of us, the promise of eternal life.
Today’s gospel might be summarized like this: 1) May we always do any work for God in pairs, the core of relationship. 2) May we rely less on our provisions and more on God, not letting money or material possessions block the way for God to work in and through us. Simplicity enables God to remain the focus of our lives and our work. 3) May our doors be open to the stranger, not living in fear. Then we may reap gifts of healing and unexpected good news. 4) May we always remember it is God working through us that enables miracles to happen.
In the words of St. Teresa of Avila, may we live God’s call:
Christ has no body on earth but yours; no hands but yours; no feet but yours.
Yours are the eyes through which the compassion of Christ looks out to the world.
Yours are the feet with which he is to go about doing good.
Yours are the hands with which he is to bless others now.